Inna and its sisters


إِنَّ and its sisters ( أَنَّ، لَكِنَّ، لَعَلَّ، كَأنَّ ، لَيْتَ ) do the opposite in a sentence as kaana and its sisters. Whereas kaana and its sisters change the ending of the predicate (khabr), Inna and its sisters change the ending of the subject (mubtada). Ex:

البَيْتُ نَظِيْفٌ The house is clean.

إنَّ البَيْتَ نَظِيفٌ Indeed, the house is clean.

So the subject went from being marfoo’ (having dammah) to mansoob (having fat-hah). Whereas the ending of the predicate (which tells about the subject- it is blue) does not change.

Meanings of إنّ and its sisters:

إنَّ Indeed, verily (emphasizes)

أنَّ that

لَكِنَّ but

كَأنَّ It seems like, it is as if

لَعَلَّ may convey hope or fear

لَيْتَ used when mentioning something impossible or extremely difficult

See pages 70-76 of Naho Wadih 1 from here:


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