Forming the Doer of the action (فاعِل ) for 3 letter root, bare verbs

For thulaathee (3 letter root ) mujarrad (bare) verbs, the doer of the action (and the doer may be a person OR a thing) is formed upon the pattern :



حَفِظَ to memorize

حَافِظٌ one who memorizes (just add ة to make it feminine: حَافِظَةٌ)

فَهِمَ to understand

فَاهِمٌ one who understands (just add oon to make it فَاهِمُوْنَ)

نَطَقَ to speak

نَاطِقٌ one who speaks (just add aat to make it نَاطِقَاتٌ )

The doer may also be formed on the mubaalaghah patterns. Examples:

فَقِهَ to understand

فَقِيْهٌ one with deep understanding

and likewise خَطِيْبٌ -lecturer – is from خَطَبَ

Another common mabalaghah pattern is فَعَّالٌ . Examples:

خَبَّازٌ Baker from خبز – to bake

حَلَّاقٌ Barber from حلق – to shave

غَسَّالَةٌ Washing Machine (Washer) from – غسل to wash

(for more professions: )


Do not confuse this pattern with فُعَّالٌ which is a plural form (and has dammah over the first letter). Examples:

رُكَّاب Passengers

حُكَّامٌ Judges

كُفَّارٌ Disbelievers

Doers for double letter verbs (3 letter root, bare) are formed like this:

حَجَّ to make Hajj

حَاجٌّ pilgrim (person who makes Hajj)

Doers for weak middle letter verbs are formed like this:

سَاقَ to drive

سَائِقٌ Driver

Doers for weak last letter verbs are formed like this:

رَقَى to recite ruqya (not to be confused with رَقِيَ to climb)

رَاقٍ (qaf has two kasrahs) One who recites ruqya (ruqya is reciting words in the hopes of curing a sick person.  There are two types of ruqya: 1.Legislated (from Quran and authentic Sunnah) and 2.Not legislated (may involve disbelief, polytheism or other things contradictory to Islam).  An excellent book on the subject is The rules and etiquettes of Ruqya by Shaikh Saalih ibn Abdil Azeez Aali Sheikh with comments by Shaikh Ibn Baaz  and Shaikh Rabee ibn Haddee al Madkhalee, published by al-ibaanah)

As a side note, doers which are formed like this (above) take a ي as an ending in three cases:

1.when it has ال .Example: المُحَامِيْ the lawyer (مُحَامِيَةٌ female lawyer)

2.when it is mudaf هُوَ قَاضِيُ المَدِيْنَةِ He is the judge of the town

3.when it is mansoob زَارَ مُحَامٍ قَاضِياً A lawyer visited a judge

See Madinah Book 3, lesson 1


On how to form the Doer of an action (فاعِلٌ ) see Madinah Book 3, lesson 5


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