The Late Scholar Hamood at-Tuwayjiree

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His name and Lineage:

The Shaikh’s full name was Abu Abdillaah, Hamood bin Abdillaah bin Hamood bin Abdir-Rahmaan At-Tuwaijiree, from the tribe of Bakr bin Waail Batn from Rabeeýah in Saudi Arabia. He was born in the city of Al-Majmaah on Friday, the 15th of Dhul-Hijjah 1334H (October 15, 1916) and his father died in the year 1342H (1924) when he was eight years old.

His Educational Studies:

As a boy, Hamood At-Tuwaijiree began reading at the hand of Shaikh Ahmad As-Saaniý in the year 1342H, just days before the death of his father. He learned, at the Shaikh’s hand, the fundamentals of reading and writing and he memorized the Qur’aan at the age of eleven. He also learned from the book Al-Usool ath-Thalaathah by Shaikh Muhammad bin Abdil-Wahhaab (may Allaah have mercy on him). He began learning the book Al-Fiqh al-Akbarý with Shaikh Abdullaah bin Abdil-Azeez Al-Anawee, the judge of Al-Majmaah and had mastered it by the age of 13. He learned many sciences and arts by his thirties: Tafseer, Hadeeth, Tawheed, Fiqh, Language, History, Literature and others. He had committed to memory a number of Islamic texts. He earned an ijaazah in narrating the Saheeh books, the Sunan and the Masaaneed as well as relating the books of Shaikh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah and his student, Ibn Al-Qayyim, and in teaching the Hanbalee madh-hab as well as all of the books of authentic narrations (marwiyaat li-kutub al-athbaat). Additionally, he studied at the hand of the jurist, Al-ýAllaamah Muhammad bin ýAbdil-Muhsin Al-Khayyaal, the judge of Madeenah, in grammar and Al-Faraaýid. He also studied under his eminence, Shaikh ýAbdullaah bin Muhammad bin Humaid (rahimahullaah), a judge of Al-Majmaýah, in language and Al-Faraaýid.

His Positions and Efforts in Daýwah:

The Shaikh became a judge in Raheemah and Ras At-Tanoorah in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia in the year 1368H (1949) for six months. He then took over a judgeship in Az-Zulfi in 1369H (1950) until the end of 1372H (1953) until he took an excuse from judging. He was asked to work for many academic associations and was asked to teach in Al-Maýahad Al-Ilmiyyah Ibbaan then in the college of Shareeah, then in the Islamic University in Madeenah, then to work for Daar-ul-Iftaa, but he refused all of that in order to be free to study, do research, and write.

The Shaikh continued in his pursuit of knowledge and in its dissemination through many writings, which were widely accepted by scholars and students of his time. His writings were highly acclaimed by scholars such as Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem Aali Shaikh (rahimahullaah), Shaikh Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin Humaid (rahimahullaah), Shaikh ýAbdul-ýAzeez bin Abdillaah bin Baaz (rahimahullaah) and Shaikh ýAbdur-Razaaq ýAfeefee. The Shaikh wrote on diverse topics in ýAqeedah, Ahkaam, Adaab and Sulook.

His Written works:

He opposed every one of he atheistic modernists and rebutted them with his pen in defense of the Sunnah and sound Aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaaýah. And his refutations were published in booklets, articles and in national and international journals. The Shaikh has over fifty writings, forty of which have been published such as:

1. Encirclement of the Jamaaah by what will come from Trials, Slaughter and Signs of the Hourý
2. The Conclusive Refutation against the Sinful Criminal (Rebuttal of those who attack Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree)
3. Severe and Sharp Finish to those who would oppose the Book, the Sunnah, the Consensus and the Traditionsý {Rebuttal of those who have permitted interest in the banks)
4. Affirmation of Allaah being High Above His Creationý
5. A Heated Word on Ordering the Good and Forbidding the Evil
6. The Belief of the People of Faith regarding the Creation of Adam upon the Image of Ar-Rahmaan
7. Clarification and Explanation of those matters which many fall into regarding the confusions of the Mushrikeen
8. And the work presently in hand

The Shaikh also provided commentary to many books.

His Students:
His students were few because of his involvement in the work previously described. However, some of them were Abdullaah Ar-Roomee, Abdullaah Muhammad Hamood and Naasir At-Tareeree. The Shaikhýs sons: Abdullaah, Muhammad, Abdul-Azeez, Abdul-Kareem, Saalih and Ibraaheem learned from him, continued many of his works and are versed in all of his works.

His Character and Manners:
The Shaikh was known for his high and noble character. He spoke softly and with wisdom and he was not overly talkative, but rather full of ideas and serious thought. He was also gentle, mild-tempered and one who would sit with his children and the members of his household. He was easy with them without making distinctions between them and always applied fairness between male and female. His fairness was such that upon his death none of his children could say which from among them was more beloved. His kindness and compassion to the young and the womenfolk was evident in his speech and behavior.

He loved to offer advice through practical example in speech and deed. He never withheld advice or shunned consultation even with the youngest of his children and many times he changed what he was writing, or left a matter that he was attending to, or took up what he had left off, based upon such consultation or advice. He always upheld Allaahýs limits whenever he found proof from the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and never put before them the word of a friend or the opinion of a scholar. He was as was said of Imaam Ash-Shaafiee  that when he was convinced of a proof from the Sunnah of Muhammad (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) he would never leave it for what may have been said by people. He always turned tot he truth and stopped at that. He would talk every step to rectify what he saw that may have been in error when shown what was correct.
The eminent Muhaddith, Shaikh Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee mentioned his love for the Shaikh, his admiration for him, and praise for him.

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