The Ruling on Women Learning Qur’an from Men

Taken from: http://www.al-sunan.org/vb/showthread.php?t=3919

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السلام عليكم فضيلة الشيخ احدى الاخوات تسأل عن حكم تعلم القران على يد شيخ؟ وهل يجوز الاشتراك في المسابقات القرانية علما بأن لجنة التحكيم من الرجال وحكم القراة امامهم؟واذا كان جائزا ماهي الضوابط ؟

 

 

Question: Assalamu alaikum Noble Shaikh.  One of the sisters asks what is the ruling on women learning Quran from a male Shaikh?  And is it permissible to participate in Quran competitions knowing that the judges will be men and they must recite in front of them?  And if it is permissible, then what are the limitations?

 

 

 

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

لايجوز كما بين الشيخ محمد ناصر الألباني للمرأة عرض القرآن مجودا على الرجال لأن في المد والتغني فتنة وخضوع بالقول للرجال قال تعالى يَا نِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَدٍ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ إِنِ اتَّقَيْتُنَّ فَلا تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِي فِي قَلْبِهِ مَرَضٌ وَقُلْنَ قَوْلا مَعْرُوفًا (32) وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الأولَى وَأَقِمْنَ الصَّلاةَ وآتِينَ الزَّكَاةَ وَأَطِعْنَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا
روى البخاري في صحيحه عَنْ أُسَامَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ مَا تَرَكْتُ بَعْدِي فِتْنَةً أَضَرَّ عَلَى الرِّجَالِ مِنْ النِّسَاءِوهم لابد أن يقرأن القرآن بالتجويد والمد والتطريب في المسابقات وأما إذا قرأن قرآءة ساذجة من وراء حجاب للتصحيح عرضا لإصلاح اللحن بلا مد وتغني أو قرأت بالتجويد على هرم لاشهوة له فلابأس

Answer (Shaikh Maahir al Qahtaani): In the Name of God, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy. 

It is not permissible – as Shaikh Albaanee clarified – for a woman to recite Qur’an with tajweed to men because in the elongation (of the vowel sounds) and in the beautification of it (when recited) is fitnah (trial) and softening of speech for the men.  Allah, The Most High, said (translated),

O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women. If you keep your duty (to Allâh), then be not soft in speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease (of hypocrisy, or evil desire for adultery, etc.) should be moved with desire, but speak in an honourable manner.  And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance, and perform As-Salât (Iqamât­as­Salât), and give Zakât and obey Allâh and His Messenger. Allâh wishes only to remove Ar­Rijs (evil deeds and sins, etc.) from you, O members of the family (of the Prophet SAW), and to purify you with a thorough purification.’ (33:32-33)1

And Bukhari narrated in his Saheeh, from Usaamah bin Zaid – Allah be pleased with them – from the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe alayhe wa sallam – that he said (translated),‘I haven’t left anything after me that is a more harmful trial for the men than the women.’2

And it is necessary for them in competitions to recite the Qur’an with tajweed, elongation (of the vowels), and with beautification of the recitation.

As for when they recite plainly from behind a barrier  for the purpose of correction of grammatical errors without elongation or beautification, or if she recites with tajweed to a very old man who has no desire, then there is no harm in that.

1Translation of the Qur’anic verses taken from: http://www.thenoblequran.com/sps/nbq/

2In the Book of Marriage

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