“And Don’t Transgress…”

Allah (God, The Creator) says in the Quran1 (translated):

And fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but don’t transgress. Indeed, Allah doesn’t like the transgressors.” 2:190

Imam Baghawee said in explanation of this verse:

ومعنى قوله: ( وَلا تَعْتَدُوا ) أي لا تقتلوا النساء والصبيان والشيخ الكبير والرهبان ولا من ألقى إليكم السلام هذا قول ابن عباس ومجاهد:

And the meaning of His Statement “And don’t transgress” is: Don’t kill women, or children, or old people, or monks, nor anyone who gives  you the salaam.  This is the statement of Ibn Abbaas and Muhaahid

:Imam Ibn Kathir said2 in explanation of this verse

وقوله: ( وَلا تَعْتَدُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ ) أي: قاتلوا في سبيل الله ولا تعتدوا في ذلك ويدخل في ذلك ارتكاب المناهي كما قاله الحسن البصري من المَثُلة، والغُلُول، وقتل النساء والصبيان والشيوخ الذين لا رأي لهم ولا قتال فيهم، والرهبان وأصحاب الصوامع، وتحريق الأشجار وقتل  الحيوان لغير مصلحة، كما قال ذلك ابن عباس، وعمر بن عبد العزيز، ومقاتل بن حيان، وغيرهم

And His (God’s ) Statement: “And don’t transgress, indeed Allah doesn’t like the transgressors” means: Fight in the way of Allah but don’t transgress in that.  Included in that is the commission of prohibited acts – as al-Hasan al-Basree said – from the mutilation (of bodies), stealing from the war booty, and killing women, children, and senile old men who are unable to fight, and (prohibited are) the killing of monks and hermits, and the burning of trees, and killing animals for no beneficial reason – as was said by Ibn Abbaas, Umar bin Abdul Azeez, Muqaatil bin Hayyaan, and others.

1The last book sent down  for mankind before the Day of Judgement

2Tafaaseer taken from http://qurancomplex.org/

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