Ali bin Abu Taalib

From: http://www.salafitalk.com/entries/15-Brief-Insights-Sahaabah-Ali-bin-Abi-Taalib

 

He is ‘Alee bin Abee Taalib bin ‘Abdil-Muttalib – and the name of Abu Taalib is ‘Abd-Manaaf, and the Kunyah of ‘Alee is Abul-Hasan

 
He was the fourth of the Rightly Guided Caliphs (Successors) of Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam). He was the son of the paternal uncle of Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam). His father was Abu Taalib and his actual name was ‘Abd-Manaaf, but it is also said that his name was in fact his kunyah, i.e. Abu Taalib. His mother was Faatimah bint Asad al-Haashimiyyah. She was the first woman to be born to the Haashimees. She died before the migration to Madeenah as a Muslim. ‘Alee’s (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) kunyah was Abul-Hasan, and he was the first to embrace Islaam from the children. He witnessed every battle alongside the Messenger with the exception of the battle of Tabook. He married the beloved daughter of the Messenger, Faatimah bint Muhammad (radhiyallaahu ‘anhaa). His father was the full brother of ‘Abdullaah, the father of Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam). The Messenger used to call him Abu Turaab and according to a narration in al-Bukhaaree, no one called him that except Allaah’s Messenger. His Caliphate lasted three months short of five years. He was assassinated and martyred in the year 40AH (may Allaah be pleased with him).

 
See: 1. Kitaab at-Taareekh wa Asmaa al-Muhadditheen wa Kunaahum, of Abu Abdillaah Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Muqaddamee al-Qaadhee (died 301H) p. 25 (Daar al-Kitaab was-Sunnah, Karachi, 1415H).

2. Al-Istee’aab (1855).

3. Al-Isaabah (5682).

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