Umar bin al Khattab

From: http://www.salafitalk.com/entries/13-Brief-Insights-Sahaabah-Umar-bin-al-Khattaab

 

He is ‘Umar bin al-Khattaab bin Nufail al-‘Adawee, his kunyah was Abu Hafs

 
He is the Second Khaleefah (Successor) of Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) after Abu Bakr (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu). He was the first to be called Ameer al-Mu’mineen (the Leader of the Faithful). Before he embraced Islaam, he was a severe adversary of the Muslims, then he embraced Islaam and became a relief and a comfort for them. The Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) named him al-Faarooq meaning “the one who distinguishes between truth and falsehood”. Allaah’s Messenger married his daughter Hafsah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhaa). His Caliphate lasted 10 years and six months. He was assassinated and martyred in Dhil-Hijjah (the month of Hajj) in the year 23AH (may Allaah be pleased with him).
See: 1. Kitaab at-Taareekh wa Asmaa al-Muhadditheen wa Kunaahum, of Abu Abdillaah Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Muqaddamee al-Qaadhee (died 301H) p. 25 (Daar al-Kitaab was-Sunnah, Karachi, 1415H).

2. Al-Istee’aab (1878).

3. Al-Isaabah (5731).

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