Women Working – Shaikh Bin Baz

 

 

 

 

The following translated from:

http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/93

 

 

 

Question: What is the Islamic ruling on the woman working and her leaving the home with her clothing which we see in the street, the school, the home, etc.  Also (what is the ruling on) the country woman working with her husband in the field?

 

 

 

Answer (by Shaikh Bin Baz): There is no doubt that Islam brought nobility to the woman, preservation of her, protection of her from the wolves of mankind.  It preserved her rights and raised her station.  It made her have a share, along with the male, in the inheritance and prohibited the killing of the female infants.  It made obligatory seeking her permission in marriage and granted her unrestricted control of her wealth when she is upright.  It made obligatory on her husband many rights (he must fulfill) for her.  And it has made obligatory on her father and her relatives spending upon her for her needs.  And it has made obligatory upon her covering from foreign men looking at her so that she does not become a cheap commodity that is enjoyed by everyone.

 

 

 

Allah, The Most High, said in suratul Ahzaab (translated):

 

“And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a screen, that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts” (33:53)1

 

And He – free from all deficiencies and defects is He – said in the surah mentioned (translated):

 

“O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e.screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allâh is Ever Oft­Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Al-Ahzab 33:59)2

 

And He, The Most High, said in suratun Noor (translated):

 

“Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.). That is purer for them. Verily, Allâh is All-Aware of what they do.

 

“And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like palms of hands or one eye or both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer dress like veil, gloves, head-cover, apron, etc.), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms, etc.) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers…”3

 

 

The lofty Companion Abdullah ibn Mas’ood – (we ask that) Allah be pleased with him – explained His Statement – free is He from all deficiencies and defects – (translated): except only that which is apparent” to mean the outer garments.  Because those are not possible to cover except with great difficulty.  Ibn Abbaas – (we ask that) Allah be pleased with them both (him and his father) explained it (“except only that which is apparent”) – in what is well known from him –  to mean the face and hands.  But the weighter opinion in that is the statement of Ibn Mas’ood. Because the previously mentioned verses of hijaab show the obligation of covering them.  And because of their being from the most beautiful areas, covering them is very important.

 

 

 

Shaikh ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah – rahimahullah – said: “They used to be uncovered in the beginning of Islam.  Then the verses of hijaab were revealed which obligated covering them.”  Because uncovering them (the face and hands) in the presence of non-mahrams4 is from the greatest causes of fitnah (trial).  And from the greatest causes (of fitnah) are uncovering other than these two.  And when the face and hands are beautified with kohl5 and makeup and the like from the types of beautifications, uncovering them is prohibited by consensus.  And most women today beautify them, so the prohibition of uncovering them is obligatory due to the previous statements.

 

 

 

As for what women of today do from uncovering the head, neck, chest, arms, legs, and part of the thigh, then this is a munkar (evil, rejected thing) by the consensus of the Muslims about which there is no doubt for the one who has the least bit of insight.  The trial in that is tremendous, and the resulting evil is very great.  We ask that Allah gives success to the leaders of the Muslims to prevent and terminate that and the return of the woman to what Allah has made obligatory upon her from the hijaab and distancing herself from the causes of fitnah

 

 

 

And from what has been mentioned about this topic is the His statement – free is He from all deficiencies and defects (translated):

 

And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance…” (33:33)6

 

And His statement – free is He from all deficiencies and defects (translated):

 

And as for women past child-bearing who do not expect wed-lock, it is no sin on them if they discard their (outer) clothing in such a way as not to show their adornment. But to refrain (i.e. not to discard their outer clothing) is better for them. And Allâh is All-Hearer, All-Knower.” (An-Nur 24:60)7

 

So Allah – free is He from all deficiencies and defects – commanded the women in the first verse (33:33) to stick to their homes. Because their exiting, most of the time, is from the causes of fitnah.

 

 

 

 

 

And indeed the legislative evidences show that it is allowed for a woman to leave along with wearing hijaab and distancing herself from causes for doubt.  But their sticking to their houses is the foundation and is better for them, more correct, and further from fitnah.  Then it prohibited them from revealing their adornment like in Pre-Islamic times.  And that is by exposing the beautiful points and the allures.

 

It was allowed in the second verse for the “Qawaa’id” – and they are the old ladies who do not hope to get married – the laying down of the clothing – which means the lack of hijaab – on the condition that they do not display themselves in a beautiful manner. The old ladies should stick to wearing the hijaab when there is beauty.  It is not allowed for them to leave the hijaab except with the absence of beauty, and that they are not a trial and that there is no desire for them.  So what about the young ladies who put people to trial. 

 

Then He – exalted and free from all deficiencies and defects is He – informed us that the refraining of the old ladies by wearing hijaab is better for them – even if they were not revealing their adornment.  All of this is clear regarding the encouragement of the women for the hijaab and distancing from uncovering the face and (other) causes of fitnah, and Allah is The One Whose Help is sought.

 

As for a woman working along with her husband in the field, the factory, or the house, then there is no harm in that .  Likewise (if she works) along with her mahrams when there is not a foreign (non-Mahram) man with them.  And likewise (she can work) along with the women.  It is only prohibited for her to work along with men who are not mahram for her.  Because that leads to great evil and tremendous trials, like leading to being alone with her and seeing some of her beauty.  The entire Islamic Sharee’ah brought obtainment of the benefits  along with perfection of them, as well as repelling the harms and minimizing them.  And it has blocked the ways leading to what Allah has forbidden in numerous places (in the Quran and Sunnah).  There is no path to happiness, honor, and salvation in this life and the next except by firmly grasping the Sharee’ah (Quran and Sunnah), sticking to its rulings, warning from what opposes it, calling to it, and having patience in that (call)

 

(We ask that) Allah gives us all success to that which He is pleased with and that He gives us all protection from the misguiding fitnahs. Indeed He is Jawwaad, Kareem.

 

(end of first article)

 

 

 

 

The following translated from:

http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/11019

 

 

Question: Is it upon the woman to work since the Messenger – (we ask that) Allah raise his rank and grant him peace – commanded us to work – I mean working outside of the home?

Answer (Shaikh Bin Baz): When she does not have money, nor anyone to spend upon her, it is for her to work, rather it is obligatory for her to work in order to live and preserve her life.   She must work as a seamstress, or other than that from work. Or in a trade that she is good at – weaving, or other than that.  Something that she can do without mixing with men, and without being alone with men – (working) in her house or in a protected place – where there is no cause for suspicion.  She can work doing what she is able, from weaving, sewing, from the art of smithing8, or other than that from what she is able to in order to preserve her life and those under her care from her offspring. 

 

As for when she has someone to take care of her  –  (like) her father, or her husband, then it is not upon her to work.  Rather, she is sufficed with this and works taking care of the home and in the obedience of her husband.

 

 

(Footnotes)

 

1Translation of the verse taken from: http://thenoblequran.com/sps/nbq/

2Translation of the verse taken from: http://thenoblequran.com/sps/nbq/

3Translation of the verse taken from: http://thenoblequran.com/sps/nbq/

4Mahram: a man a woman can never marry like her father, father’s brother, sister’s brother, grandfather, brother, son, etc.  Her husband is also mahram for her.

5Which is put around the eyes

6Translation of the verse taken from: http://thenoblequran.com/sps/nbq/

7Translation of the verse taken from: http://thenoblequran.com/sps/nbq/

8e.g. as an ironsmith or blacksmith

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