The Difference Between Naseehah (Advice) and Ta’yeer (Degradation)

These are just a couple of sentences from Shaikh Rabee and Shaikh Saalih Suhaymee from their commentaries on Imam Ibn Rajab’s book – The Difference Between an-Naseehah and at-Ta’yeer

 

 

Shaikh Rabee – hafithahullah – said:

 

This book is: The difference between Naseehah (advice) and Ta’yeer (degradation/belittlement) (by Ibn Rajab)

 

When you criticize an individual, it is obligatory upon you to stick to the truth, honesty, and sincerity (ikhlaas).  And that your intention is to clarify the truth and point out the error which contradicts the truth.

 

When this is your intention, then this is a noble intention and a tremendous affair which the entire ummah should be grateful for.  And it is not permissible for anyone to accuse you of (doing) evil.

But if you have evil intentions and it becomes clear after study and examination that you are Saahibu Hawaa (a person of desires), then the people have the right to speak about you.

 

Al-Haafith Ibn Rajab – rahimahullah – said:

 

“All praises and thanks are only for the Lord of the Universe (Allah).  His Salaah and Salaam be upon the Imaam of those who have taqwa – the Seal of the Prophets – and upon his family, Companions, and those who follow them perfectly (in belief, statements, and actions) until the Day of Recompense (Day of Judgement).  As for what follows:

These are some brief words gathered together  regarding the difference between an-Naseehah and at-Ta’yeer. Because these two are similar in that both of them are: mentioning about a person what he dislikes to be mentioned.  There is no difference between them with most of the people.  And Allah is the one who grants success (in being guided) to what is correct.”

 

Meaning: an-Naseehah is mentioning about a person something he dislikes and at-Ta’yeer is also mentioning about a person what he dislikes.  So there can be some similarity between an-Naseehah and at-Ta’yeer.

 

At-Ta’yeer is that you mention a fault (or flaw)  and an-Naseehah is that you mention a fault also – so that the people can be warned from him if he has an innovation or an error – when your intention is seeking the Face of Allah – He is the Blessed and Most High – then this is an-Naseehah.

 

And if you mentioned his flaw to satisfy your own desire, you never had a legislated goal, your goal was only to satisfy your desire, then this is ta’yeer and is degradation and a sin….

 

 

http://rabee.net/show_book.aspx?id=884&pid=5&bid=154

 

 

 

 

And Shaikh Saalih Suhaymee – hafithahullah – said:

 

التعيير هو تنقص عيَّره أي تنقصه بنسبه أو بصَنْعَتِه

أو بشكله أو بلونه أو نحو ذلك وكل هذا محرم

At-ta’yeer is belittlement, he reviles him – meaning – he belittles him because of his lineage, or his job, or his appearance, or his color, or what is similar to that – all of this is haraam….

والشاهد أن التَعْيِيْر من عَيَّرَ الشخصَ

أي تنقَّصَه سواءً طعن في حسبه أو نسبه

أو قبلَ ذلك في دينهِ

أو في بلده أو في لونه أو في شكله أو في خلقه

وكل ذلك محَرَّمٌ ولا يجوز الوصف بقصد التعيير وتنقص

…The point of benefit is that at-ta’yeer is when someone reviles another person – meaning he belittles him – the same whether he reviles him due to his status, his lineage, or before that in his deen, or his country, his color, his appearance, or in his body – all of that is haraam.  It is not permissible to describe a person with the intention of revilement or degradation (belittlement)…

 

From: http://www.alharamain.gov.sa/index.cfm?do=cms.scholarsubject&schid=5755&subjid=6020&audiotype=lectures&browseby=speaker

 

الفرق بين النصيحة و التعيير/ قول المؤلف أفامة الحجج الشرعية والأدلة

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