Archive for August, 2013

Fa’eel is an intensive form and may mean the Faa’il or the Maf’ool

August 27, 2013

 

The following are some quotes from Shaikh Uthaymeen (and one quote from the Tafseer book of semester four of the Madinah series) regarding the meaning of the pattern فَعِيْل

 

 

The following from:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_18119.shtml

واللقيط في اللغة العربية فعيل بمعنى مفعول؛ لأن فعيلاً في اللغة العربية تأتي بمعنى مفعول في مواطن كثيرة، يقال: قتيل بمعنى مقتول، وجريح بمعنى مجروح، وإلا فالأصل أن فعيلاً بمعنى فاعل،

And “laqeet” in the Arabic language has the meaning of “maf’ool” (the object).  Because (a word on the pattern of) “fa’eel” in the Arabic language comes with the meaning of “maf’ool” in many places.  It is said: “qateel”, meaning – “maqtool” (killed) and “jareeh”, meaning – “majrooh” (injured).  And if it doesn’t mean that, then the foundational principle is that “fa’eel” has the meaning of “faa’il” (the doer of the action)…

 

(end of quote)

 

 

 

It is mentioned in a Madinah series side book for semester 4 (the book of tafseer) concerning the meaning of the word “rajeem” in the isti’aadhah:

 

والرجيم: فعيل بمعنى مفعول أي أنه مرجوم مطرود عن الخير

 

And “ar-rajeem” is (on the pattern of) “fa’eel” with the meaning of “maf’ool” (the object), meaning that he (shaytaan) is “marjoom” (cursed), “matrood” (expelled) from the good

 

(end of quote)

 

 

 

The following from:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/printer_18335.shtml

 

{ {الْحَكِيمُ} }: فعيل بمعنى مُفْعِل، وفعيل بمعنى فاعل، أما فعيل بمعنى فاعل فهو كثير في اللغة العربية، مثل: قدير بمعنى قادر، وسميع بمعنى سامع،

“al-Hakeem” is (on the pattern of) “fa’eel” which has the meaning of “Muf’il”1 and “fa’eel” which has the meaning of “faa’il” (doer of the verb).  As for “fa’eel” meaning “faa’il”, then this occurs many times in the Arabic language.  For example: “qadeer” meaning “qaadir” (one possessing power, ability), and “samee’” meaning “saami’” (one who hears)

 

(end of quote)

 

 

 

The following from:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/printer_18056.shtml

 

«حميد»: فعيل بمعنى فاعل، وبمعنى مفعول، فهو حامد ومحمود، حامد لعباده وأوليائه الذين قاموا بأمره، ومحمود يُحمدُ عزّ وجل على ما له من صفات الكمال، وجزيل الإنعام.

وأما «المجيد»: فهي فعيل بمعنى فاعل، أي: ذو المجد. والمجدُ هو: العظمة وكمالُ السُّلطان،

“Hameed” is: (on the pattern of) “Fa’eel” with the meaning of the “Faa’il” (Doer of the action).  And (also) with the meaning of the “Maf’ool” (object). For He is The Praiser and the Praised One.  He is the Praiser of His servants and His Awliyaa (righteous servants) who obey His commands.  And He is Mahmood (Praised), He is praised – Exalted and Lofty is He – for what He has from perfect Attributes and (His) abundance of favors (upon the creation).

 

As for “al-Majeed” then it is (on the pattern of) “Fa’eel” with the meaning of the “Faa’il”. Meaning: The One Who possesses al-majd.  And al-Majd is tremendous greatness and complete sovereignty.

 

(end of quote)

 

 

 

The following from:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_17954.shtml

 

وقوله: ( رحيم ): هذه أيضاً اسم فاعل محول إلي صيغة المبالغة، وأصل اسم الفاعل من رحم: راحم، لكن حول إلى رحيم لكثرة رحمة الله عز وجل وكثرة من يرحمهم الله عز وجل

 

His statement: “Raheem”, this is also the “Faa’il” (Doer of the action) changed to a pattern of intensification.  The origin of the “Faa’il” for (the verb) rahima is: “Raahim”, however it was changed to (the intensive pattern) “Raheem” due to the abundance of Allah’s – Exalted and Lofty is He – Mercy and the abundance of those whom He – Lofty and Exalted is He – bestows His Mercy upon

 

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

 

 

1This is the “faa’il” (doer of the verb) pattern for three letter root verbs increased by 1 letter (and that one letter is a hamzah on an alif أ put at the front of the verb) for example: أَسْلَمَ and أَشْرَكَ (so the “doer” pattern for these two is “muf’il”, i.e. مُسْلِم and مُشْرِك )

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Who are the Awliyaa, and The Difference between the Karaamah and the Mu’jizah

August 25, 2013

 

 

 

 

The following translated from:

http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/20394

 

 

Q: Do the Awliyaa have miracles, like what we hear about them?  Do they have free disposal in the world, the dominions of the heavens and the earth?  And do they intercede for people in the life of this world while they are in the barzakh or not?

A (Shaikh Bin Baz): The Awliyaa are the Believers.  The Awliyaa of Allah are the People of Imaan. (Allah) Lofty and Exalted is He, said (translated):

No doubt! Verily, the Auliyâ’ of Allâh [i.e. those who believe in the Oneness of Allâh and fear Allâh much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which he has forbidden), and love Allâh much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve,

 

Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism), and used to fear Allâh much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by doing righteous deeds). (Yunus 10:62-63)1

 

These are those who are the Awliyaa2 of Allah, from mankind and the jinn, from the men and the women. (Allah) The Most High said (translated):

 

The believers, men and women, are Auliyâ’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma’rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islâm has forbidden); they perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât) and give the Zakât, and obey Allâh and His Messenger. Allâh will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (At-Tawbah 9:71)3

And they have Karaamaat4 (miracles) when they are upright upon Eemaan (faith).  Allah may honor them with making it easy for them to practice their religion. The presence of comfort at the time of hardship is from the Karaamaat of Allah to them – that He relieves their hardship when they are surrounded by enemies, or when the enemies have gained power over them – Allah relieves them so that they are safe from their evil. Or (He helps them) with practicing their religion and with removing their difficult matters.  Or by saving them from thieves, or from predatory animals, or what is similar to that.  These are (all) from the Karaamaat of Allah to them.  And it (a karaamah) is a Ni’mah (blessing, favor) which happens to them which is out of the ordinary. This is what is called “a Karaamah” and this happens for the Awliyaa and for the Messengers.  With regards to the Messengers it is called: “a Mu’jizah” and with regards to the Awliyaa it is called: “a Karaamah”.  However (a Walee5) does not have free disposal over the dominions (of the heavens and earth).  They do not have free disposal over the creation, nor over the heavens, nor the earth.  They are restricted.  They do not have free disposal (in anything) except in what Allah has legislated, in what Allah has allowed for them.  And they do not know the unseen. And they do not have free disposal in the sky, nor the earth, except in what Allah permits.  Except in what Allah has legislated like buying, selling, farming and similar to that from what Allah has legislated for His servants.

As for what the Sufis and those who resemble them think – that the Awliyaa have free disposal (over the affairs) and that they know the unseen, then this is falsehood.  And it is ignorance.  The Awliyaa are like other than them – they have no sovereignty except what Allah has given them sovereignty over in farming and trade and other than that.  However, Allah may give them a Karaamah such as relieving their hardship or making easy their affairs as a bounty from Him to them in the time of need.  At the time of hardship and need Allah grants them a Karaamah like what happened to the People of the Cave. Allah honored them and they stayed in the cave for 300 (solar) years increased nine years (when  calculated by the lunar cycle) and nothing harmed them until Allah caused them to die the death he had prescribed for them.  And like what happened to ‘Abbaad bin Bishr and Usaid bin Hudhair – one night they were with the prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – talking.  So when they left his presence on that dark night, each of their whips was lit up with a light until they reached their houses.  Allah put a light in their whips until they reached their houses.  This is a Karaamah from Allah, Exalted and Lofty is He.  And like what happened to ‘Amr bin at-Tafeel  when he came to his people, ad-Daws, he said, “O Messenger of Allaah!  Make for me an Aayah (sign) that they can benefit from” So he (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) asked Allah to make for him an Aayah.  So He made for him a light like that of a lamp in his face.  He said: “O my Lord, in other than my face.” So Allah put it (the light) in his whip.  When he raised it up, it would fill with light like a lamp.  So it was an Aayah for his people.  So Allah guided them because of it and they became Muslim. This is a Karaamah.  However, they (the Awliyaa) do not know the unseen, nor do they have free disposal over the affairs except with what Allah permits and what He gives them – Exalted and Lofty is He…

(end of the speech of Shaikh Bin Baz)

 

 

 

 

The following translated from:

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_16931.shtml

The belief (tareeqah) of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah with regards to the Awliyaa and the Imaams

The Imaams of this Islamic Legislation, and to Allah is due all the praise, are well-known Imaams whom the Ummah has praised and known their value.  However, it is not believed that they are infallible. Because there is none according to Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah who is protected from (making) mistakes nor from acknowledging the mistake except for the Messenger – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam.   He was protected (by Allaah) from (making) mistakes (in the religion).  As for other than him, then no matter what level he has reached in being an Imam, he is still not infallible, ever.  Everyone makes mistakes. And everyone will have his speech taken (when he is in agreement with the Quran and Sunnah on the understanding of the Salaf) or left (when his speech opposes that) except for the Messenger of Allah – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – whom Allah, The Most High, has commanded us to obey unconditionally (in all cases).

So they (Ahlus Sunnah) say, undoubtedly, that there are Imaams in this Ummah, and undoubtedly there are Awliyaa in it, however, we do not intend by that to affirm infallibility for anyone from these Imaams, nor (do we intend by that) to affirm for anyone from the Awliyaa that he knows the unseen or has free disposal over the creation.  Nor do they (Ahlus Sunnah) consider to be a Walee (singular of Awliyaa) everyone who says that he is a Walee or who brings false propaganda with the purpose of drawing the people to him.  They (Ahlus Sunnah) say: Indeed Allah, The Most High, has made clear who the Walee is in His statement (translated):

No doubt! Verily, the Auliyâ’ of Allâh [i.e. those who believe in the Oneness of Allâh and fear Allâh much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which he has forbidden), and love Allâh much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve,

 

Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism), and used to fear Allâh much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by doing righteous deeds).” (Yunus 10:62-63)6

These are the Awliyaa: Those who believe (have eemaan) and have taqwaa. So Eemaan (faith) is: The Aqeedah (belief system).  And Taqwaa is: (good) deeds, whether from speech or actions.

And Shaikh ul Islam (Ibn Taymiyyah) took (came up with) from this verse (10:63) a good expression and it is his statement:

من كان مؤمناً تقياً كان لله ولياً

“Whoever is a believer and has taqwaa is a Walee of Allaah”

This is the Walee in reality.  The Walee is not the one who draws the people to him, who gathers attendants (about him) and says, “I did (this)”, who seeks the help of the devils to try to find out the hidden matters, who dazzles the people with his speech so that they say: “This is a Walee”

No, because al-wilaayah7 comes from following the Messenger – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam, and from a person’s Eemaan and his taqwaa. So if he is a Believer who has taqwaa, then he is a Walee.

Additionally, it is not necessary for every Walee that Allah gives him a Karaamah8. How numerous are the Awliyaa who have no Karaamah.  Because the Karaamah, most of the time, doesn’t come except to support the truth or repel falsehood.  It doesn’t come to make someone firm through seeing it with his eyes.  Therefore it is not obligatory for every Walee to have a Karaamah.  It may be that a Walee lives and dies and he does not have any Karaamah. And it may be that (a Walee) has numerous Karaamaat.  

The People of Knowledge say that every Karaamah for a Walee is indeed an Aayah for the Prophet whom he is following.  And I dont say “Mu’jizah” because it is more befitting that we call it an Aayah.  Because this is a Quranic expression (i.e. “Aayah”) and “Aayah” is more eloquent than “mu’jizah”. Because the meaning of “Aayah” is: a sign for the truthfulness of the Messenger who brought it.  Whereas the “mu’jizah” may happen at the hand of a magician or a strong person may do something which other than him are unable to do.  However, the expression: “Aayah” is more eloquent and more precise and it is a Quranic expression.  So that we call the “mu’jizaat” “Aayaat” is what is correct.

There are some people in this Ummah, according to what we have heard, who claim that they are Awliyaa.  However, whoever contemplates their situation finds that they are far from al-wilaayah and that they have no share in it (al-wilaayah).  However, they have devils who help them with whatever they want, so they use that to deceive the simple-minded people.

(end of Shaikh Uthaymeen’s speech)

 

 

 

The following question was answered by the Lajnah Daa’imah (Permanent Committee) consisting of the Scholars: Shaikh Bin Baz, Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq al Afeefee, Shaikh Ghudyaan, Shaikh Fawzaan, Shaikh Abdul Azeez Aalush-Shaikh (current Grand Mufti) and one other.

 

Fourth Question of Fatwa no. 164269

 

Q: What is the difference between the “Mu’jizah” and the “Karaamah”? And who are the “Awliyaa” of Allah?  Please give us a fatwa and we hope that Allah rewards you

 

 

A: The “Mu’jizah” is something out of the ordinary that Allah causes to happen at the hand of a Prophet as a confirmation of the truth that is with him which men are not capable of doing.  Like the she-camel (that came out of the middle of a rock10) of (Prophet) Saalih – peace be upon him.  And like the hand and stick of Musa11. And (like) the mu’jizah (miracle) of the Quran (revealed) to Muhammad – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam.

 

And the “Karaamah” is something out of the ordinary that Allah causes to happen at the hand of a righteous servant as an honor to him, like in the story of Maryam, and the Companions of the Cave (mentioned in suratul Kahf (18)).  And this karaamah is a mu’jizah for the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – whom the righteous servant is following.  Because he doesn’t receive it (karaamah) except by being truthful in his following of him (the Prophet).  And it is not affirmed that it is a karaamah except when it occurs from one who is known to be upright following the legislation of (revealed to) Muhammad – (we ask that) Allah raise his rank and grant him peace.

 

With Allah is the success.  And peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his Companions and followers.

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

1Translation of these two verses taken from www.thenoblequran.com

2Shaikh Uthaymeen mentioned that Shaikhul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah came up with an expression based on verse 10:63 regarding who is a Walee (sg of Awliyaa):

مَنْ كَانَ مُؤْمِنًا تَقِيًّا كَانَ لله وَلِيًّا

Whoever is a Believer and has taqwaa is a Wali of Allah”

See: http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_16931.shtml

 

3Translation of this verse taken from www.thenoblequran.com

4Karaamah: the name of a miracle or something extraordinary that Allah gives to His righteous servants (other than the Prophets -their miracles are named “mu’jizah” and Shaikh Uthaymeen said that it is more befitting to call a miracle of the Prophets an “Aayah”)

5Walee is the singular of Awliyaa

6Translation of these two verses taken from www.thenoblequran.com

7Al-wilaayah: in this context – what makes someone a Walee

8Karaamah: the name of a miracle or something extraordinary that Allah gives to His righteous servants (other than the Prophets -their miracles are named “mu’jizah” and Shaikh Uthaymeen said that it is more befitting to call a miracle of the Prophets an “Aayah”)

9Translated from: www.alifta.net

10

وقد أتاهم بناقة أخرجها الله له من الصخرة

And he (Prophet Saalih) brought them a she-camel that Allah had made to come out of a large rock for him”

See Tafseer Muyassar for verse 26:155 www.qurancomplex.com

11

فألقى موسى عصاه فتحولت ثعبانًا حقيقيًا, ليس تمويهًا كما يفعل السحرة, وأخرج يده مِن جيبه فإذا هي بيضاء كالثلج من غير برص، تَبْهَر الناظرين

So Musa threw his stick and it turned into a real live serpent, not a fake like the sorcerer’s do.  And he brought his hand out from his pocket and suddenly it was white like snow – without any leprosy – dazzling the onlookers”

See Tafsir Muyassar for verses 26:32-33 www.qurancomplex.com

Arabic Saudi Curriculum Books (High School Grade 12)

August 24, 2013

Grade 12

الصف الثالث الثانوي

Tawheed Shar’ee (12)

Tawheed (12)

Tarbiyyah Wataniyyah (12)

Tafseer (12)

Tafseer Shar’ee (12)

Taareekh al Mamlakah (12)

Taareekh al Mamlakah (2)

تاريخ س 2

Geography (1)

جغرافيا 1

Geography (2)

جغرافيا 2

Economics

إقتصاد

Ahyaa (1)

أحياء 1

Ahyaa (2)

أحياء 2

 

Mutaali’ah (12)

Math (2) (12)

Math (1) (12)

Maktabah wa Bahth (12)

Ilm al Ijtimaa’ Shar’ee (12)

Hadeeth wa Thiqaafah Islamiyyah Shar’ee (12)

Hadeeth and Islamic culture (11)

Grammar and Sarf 2 (12)

Grammar and Sarf 1 (12)

Fiqh wa Usooluhu Shar’ee (12)

Fiqh (12)

English workbook 2 (12)

English workbook 1 (12)

English Student’s Book 2 (12)

English Student’s Book 1 (12)

Diraasaat min al Aalam al Islaamiyyah (12)

Barmajah wa taqniyyah ma’loomaat Workbook (12)

Barmajah wa taqniyyah ma’loomaat Student’s book (12)

Balaaghah wa Naqd Shar’ee (12)

Balaaghah wa Naqd Shar’ee (2) (12)

al Adabul Arab 2 (12)

al Adabul Arab 1 (12)

al Adabul Arab 1 (12)

Arabic Saudi Curriculum Books (High School Grade 11)

August 24, 2013

 

 

Grade 11

الصف الثاني الثانوي

 

 

Tawheed (11)

Tawheed (2) (11)

Tafseer wa Usooluhu

Hadeeth and Islamic culture (11)

Fiqh (11)

Mutaali’ah (11)

Tarbiyyah Wataniyyah (11)

Balaaghah wa Naqd (1) (11)

Balaaghah wa Naqd (2) (11)

al Adabul Arab (1) (11)

al Adabul Arab (2) (11)

Grammar and Sarf (2) (11)

Grammar and Sarf (1) (11)

al Ahyaa (11)

al Ahyaa (2) (11)

Uloom wa Tatbeeqaat al Haasib (11)

Physics (11)

Maktabah wa Bahth (11)

 

Geography (1)

جغرافيا عامة 1

Geography (2)

جغرافيا عامة 2

Jawaanib min Taareekh ul Muslimeen (11)

IlmunNafs (11)

IlmunNafs (2)

علم نفس 2

Economics

إقتصاد

History

تاريخ بنين

Tareekhus Sunnah

تاريخ السنة

 

Ilmul Ijtimaa’ (11)

Geography Bashariyyah (11)

English Student’s Book (1) (11)

English Student’s Book (2) (11)

Chemistry (11)

Math (1) (11)

Math (2) (11)

Math (3) (11)

Arabic Saudi Curriculum Books (High School Grade 10) ا

August 24, 2013

 

Grade 10

الصف الأول الثانوي

 

Tawheed (10)

Tafseer (10)

Tafseer (Tahfeeth) (10)

Ahkaam al Qiraa’aat (10)

Uloom Quran (10)

Mutaali’ah (10)

Hadeeth (10)

History of the Prophets, the Prophetic Biography and the Spread of Islam (10)

Tarbiyyah Wataniyyah (10)

al Adabul ‘Arab (2) (10)

al Adabul ‘Arab (1) (10)

Math (1) (10)

Math (2) (10)

Physics (10)

Geography (1)

جغرافيا 1

Geography (2)

جغرافيا 2

 

Natural Geography and the Science of Mapmaking (10)

Library and Research (10)

Haasib Workbook (10)

Haasib (10)

Grammar and Sarf (2) (10)

Grammar and Sarf (1) (10)

Fiqh (10)

English Student’s Book (2) (10)

English Student’s Book (1) (10)

Chemistry (10)

Balaaghah wa Naqd (2) (10)

Balaaghah wa Naqd (1) (10)

al Ahyaa (10)

Arabic Saudi Curriculum Books (Middle Grade 9)

August 24, 2013

 

Grade 9

الصف الثالث المتوسط

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arabic Saudi Curriculum Books (Middle Grades 7-8)

August 23, 2013

 

Grade 7

الصف الأول المتوسط

 

Grade 8

الصف الثاني المتوسط

 

 

 

Arabic Saudi Curriculum Books (Middle Grade 8)

August 22, 2013

This is a self-extracting zip file and will require a program like winzip or WinRAR to open it.

Saudi Curriculum Grade 8:

http://archive.org/details/ScGrade8

(on the left side beside “All files:” click on HTTPS then ScGrade8.exe  )

There may be a message after the download is completed saying that this file is not commonly downloaded and could harm your computer.   Click on Actions then Run Anyway

 

Saudi Curriculum for Grade 8 in five smaller files (all are self-extracting zip files containing pdf files):

 

http://k002.kiwi6.com/hotlink/rr3fc2q0am/grade_8_math_2_nusoos_2_reading_2_science_2_.exe

 

http://k002.kiwi6.com/hotlink/3s9lkrxh60/grade_8_dictation_2_grammar_rules_2_english_4_.exe

 

http://k002.kiwi6.com/hotlink/00rizhn55y/grade_8_islamic_history_tafseer_tajweed_tarbiyyah_wataniyyah.exe

 

http://k002.kiwi6.com/hotlink/75t2g2syu8/grade_8_explanation_of_kitaabut_tawheed_8_.exe

 

http://k002.kiwi6.com/hotlink/yh3408q0e2/grade_8_fiqh_geography_hadeeth.exe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arabic Saudi Curriculum Books (Middle Grade 7)

August 22, 2013

This includes 20 of the 23 books.  I was unable to find the books on Tawheed, Hadeeth, and Tafseer for this particular grade so they are not included.  This is a self-extracting zip file and will require a program like winzip or WinRAR to open it.

Saudi Curriculum Grade 7:

http://k002.kiwi6.com/hotlink/00yg1yu9u8/sc_grade_7.exe

 

There may be a message after the download is completed saying that this file is not commonly downloaded and could harm your computer.   Click on Actions then Run Anyway

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arabic Saudi Curriculum Books (Elementary Grades 5-6)

August 21, 2013

Grade 5

الصف الخامس الابتدائي

 

Grade 6
الصف السادس الابتدائي