Archive for the ‘AA Translations’ Category

Allaah’s Mercy is more vast than your sins

December 28, 2015

 

 

The following was translated from Imaam Muhammad Amaan al-Jaamee’s explanation of Shaikh Uthaymeen’s excellent book:

 

القواعد المثلى في صفات الله وأسمائه الحسنى

Exemplary Principles Concerning the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allaah

 

This was taken from the fourth tape (or audio), starting at approximately minute 50.  It can be listened to here:

http://subulsalam.com/play.php?catsmktba=3198

 

 

The Question (summarized): The questioner says that he has transgressed against his soul numerous time and he fears for himself an evil end due to the abundance of transgressions and the lack of firmness in tawbah, so he wants to know what should he do?

 

Answer (Shaikh Muhammad Amaan al Jaamee): Firstly, we ask Allaah for yourself and for ourselves for a sincere repentance and for firmness in that repentance.  And we remind you of the statement of Allaah – He is free of all deficiencies and defects and The Most High, where He encouraged those who transgressed against themselves to repent, He called them “servants”, and He ascribed them to Himself in the statement:

 

قل يا عبادي الذين أسرفوا على أنفسهم لا تقنطوا من رحمة الله إن الله يغفر الذنوب جميعا إنه هو الغفور الرحيم

 

“Say: O My servants who have transgressed against themselves, do not give up hope of receiving Allaah’s Mercy.  Indeed Allaah forgives all sins.  Indeed He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” (39:53)

 

And there is encouragement after this encouragement.  He didn’t say (addressing them): “O Transgressors” or “O Sinners”.  Rather, He said:

 

“Say: O My servants”

 

He addressed them – while they are transgressors – He addressed them as “servants”, ascribing them to Himself with a kind ascription that encourages the sinner to rush to repentance.

 

“O My servants who have transgressed against themselves”

 

And committed many sins.

 

“Don’t give up hope of receiving Allaah’s Mercy”

 

We say to the questioner: your enemy Shaytaan has overpowered you and made you fall into sins and evil deeds.  Now he wants to make you fall again into something much more dangerous than those sins: giving up hope for Allaah’s Mercy.  And this is much more dangerous that all of those sins that you committed.

 

Don’t give up hope.  Don’t give up hope for Allaah’s Mercy.  No matter what you have committed, not matter what evil you have done, no matter how much you have transgressed,

 

Allaah’s Mercy is more vast that your sins.

 

Repent to Allaah.  Turn to Allaah having a good intention with your Lord – He is free from all deficiencies and defects and The Most High.  Fight against your soul.

 

If you have sinned then you admit it, you leave that sin, feel regret for it and are determined not to return to it.  Seeking repentance is admitting (your sin), feeling sincere regret, and that a person has sincere determination not to return to that sin.

If after that you slip and fall (into sin again), then know that your first repentance remains valid.  It wasn’t broken or nullified or corrupted if you were sincere and truthful with Allaah that time.  So repent again.

 

It is mentioned in some of the narrations that when a servant commits a sin, then he says: O my Lord, I have sinned

 

Allaah, The Most High, says: My servant knows that he has a Lord Who forgives sins.

 

If he slips (and sins) again, and says (the same thing), then Allaah says the same thing.  (The Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) mentioned this three times.[1]

 

Allaah – He is free from all deficiencies and defects and The Most High – spreads His two hands at night to accept the repentance of the one who does evil by day, and (He also does so) during the day to accept the repentance of the one who does evil by night.

 

Allaah – subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa – is tremendously pleased with the repentance of His believing servant – the likes of this pleasure has no comparison.  The Messenger of Allaah – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – affirmed that when he gave the example of the owner of the she-camel who was traveling with his she-camel in the earth[2].  So (he stopped to rest and) sleep overcame him.  He slept under a tree.  His camel left and upon it was his food and drink.  He woke up and searched for it but didn’t find it, so he accepted that he was going to die.  He returned to sleep and to die under that tree.  Sleep overcame him and when he woke up there was his she-camel standing at his head with his food and drink.

 

So he turned to it and said due to the severity of his happiness: O Allaah, I am your Lord and you are my servant (and he meant: You are my Lord and I am Your servant).  The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) said that he made that mistake due to the severity of his happiness.

 

The Messenger – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – said: “Allaah is more pleased with the repentance of His servant when he turns penitently towards Him than one of you would be on finding the lost camel.”[3]

 

What do you want, O you who has transgressed against your soul, and how numerous are those who transgress against their souls!  What more could you want than this encouragement?  Return to your Lord and your Lord will be pleased with you.  Because you are a runaway slave, return to your Master and Guardian, so that He will accept you.  Receive glad tidings of good.  We ask Allaah for ourselves and for yourself for a sincere repentance and for firmness.

 

 

Footnotes

[1] For example the hadeeth in Saheeh Bukhari, Book of Tawheed, narrated by Abu Hurairah:

 

I heard the Prophet saying, “If somebody commits a sin and then says, ‘O my Lord! I have sinned, please forgive me!’ and his Lord says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it, I therefore have forgiven my slave (his sins).’ Then he remains without committing any sin for a while and then again commits another sin and says, ‘O my Lord, I have committed another sin, please forgive me,’ and Allah says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it, I therefore have forgiven my slave (his sin). Then he remains without Committing any another sin for a while and then commits another sin (for the third time) and says, ‘O my Lord, I have committed another sin, please forgive me,’ and Allah says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it I therefore have forgiven My slave (his sin), he can do whatever he likes.” Translation of the hadeeth from: http://spubs.com/sps/sbk/

[2] See Saheeh Muslim, Book of Repentance, chapter: Exhortation for Repentance

[3] See Saheeh Muslim, Book of Repentance, Chapter: Exhortation for Repentance.  Translation of the hadeeth from: http://spubs.com/sps/smm/

How to be safe from the plots and traps of shaytaan

October 13, 2015

Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullah) said in Ighaathatul Luhfaan:

فلَا نَجَاةَ مِنْ مَصَائِدِهِ وَمَكَائِدِهِ إِلَّا بِدَوَامِ الإِسْتَعَانَةِ بِاللهِ تَعَالَى

There is no safety from the traps and plots of shaytaan except by constantly seeking the help of Allaah, The Most High

How can I obtain khashyah of Allaah?

September 18, 2015

The following was translated from:

http://ar.miraath.net/fatwah/12160

Question: (We ask that) Allaah bless you, our Shaikh.  The seventh question is: How can I truthfully obtain khashyah of Allaah, Mighty and Majestic is He?

Answer by Shaikh Ubaid al Jaabiree:

We advise you, O my young son, with several things:

(1) Reciting the Noble Quran a lot

(2) Doing many acts of worship: Preserving the acts of worship that Allaah has made obligatory and increasing in the extra (nawaafil) good deeds

Thirdly, mentioning the Name of Allaah – He is the Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects – a lot by saying:

subhaanAllaah (this means that you declare that Allaah is Free from all deficiencies, faults, and defects)

laa illaaha illallaah

Allaahu akbar

Alhamdulillah

(4) Sitting with the good people (Tayyibeen) wherever they gather in the masjids, at the times of the five prayers in congregation and at jumuah

“The Jamaa’ah” meaning: Those who unite upon the truth…

September 8, 2015

وَفِيْ رِوَايَةٍ “الجَمَاعَةُ” يعني

الجماعة الذين اجتمعوا على الحق الذي جاء به محمد

من ص13 الفرقة الناجية أصولها وعقائدها للشيخ ربيع المدخلي

And in one narration, “The Jamaa’ah” meaning:

those who unite upon the truth that

Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) brought

From the book: The Foundational Beliefs and Principles of the Saved Sect (p.13)

By Shaikh Rabee al Madkhalee

Listening to Quran at bedtime to remove anxiety

May 4, 2015

Translated from:

http://www.binbaz.org.sa/node/19453

Question: I sometimes feel afraid when I sleep by myself in a room or in my room. I feel compelled to play the Quran because I am able to sleep upon hearing its verses. Is this permissible?

Answer (by Shaikh Bin Baz): I do not know of anything wrong with this. Because the Quran is the companion of the Believer. And it is the remembrance of Allaah, The Mighty and Majestic. Listening to it is worship. So when a person needs to listen to it to remove anxiety or to put his heart at ease, then there is no problem with that. Alhamdulillah.

Nov 2014 Advice to the people of Yemen – Shaikh Rabee

November 11, 2014

The following was translated from

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=148368

(the audio and written text may be found there)

Question: Our Shaikh – (we ask that) Allaah preserve you – what do you advise the people of ‘Adan and other than this city (in Yemen) to do when faced with the Houthis (Shia)? (we ask that) Allaah preserve you.

Answer: (after praising Allaah and sending salaah and salaam upon the Messenger): To proceed: Indeed I advise all of the people of Yemen from all parts Yemen to make two or three battlefronts in two or three regions to fight against these Baatinee Raafidee (Shia) Houthis who are the worst enemies to Islam, the worst enemies to the noble Companions, and the worst enemies to Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah.

This repulsive group (the Shia Houthis) has not waged war against them except due to severe enmity towards Islaam and its people – the previous generations and the later ones. So I see it as being obligatory upon all of the people of Yemen – in Ibb, Ta’iz, ‘Adan, al-Baydhaa, and everywhere else – until even in San’aa, that they make some strong battlefronts to defeat this group and to annihilate them and exterminate their tribulations. And do not be easy with them, because this is from the greatest of jihads.

By Allaah, if the people of Yemen were to surrender to the Houthis, Islaam would be completely lost. And Yemen would certainly become like Iran or worse, showing enmity to the Companions, waging war against the Quran, waging war against the (Mothers of the Believers) wives of the noble Messenger – alayhe as-Salaatu was salaam.

So it is obligatory upon them to rise up with all seriousness and determination. And it is obligatory for them to utilize everything at their disposal (that is halaal) to destroy this tribulation (fitnah) and to raise the banner of the true Islam.

I ask Allaah to grant them success, and that He unites their word upon the truth, and that He unifies their ranks, and that He helps them and makes their word (laa ilaaha illaallaah – none deserves to be worshiped except for Allaah – who is God, The Supreme Creator) the uppermost. Indeed our Lord is the One Who answers the supplications. And the salaah and salaam be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and his Companions

Muharram 14, 1436

The meeting between ibn Ladin and the Scholar from Mali

August 30, 2014

 

This is a summary translation of an extract of Shaikh Abdullah Bukhari’s speech in which he recounted a meeting between one of his teachers – The illustrious scholar from Mali Hammaad al Ansaree – rahimahullah – and the extremist, the terrorist, Osama ibn Ladin. Taken from:

http://www.albaidha.net/vb/showthread.php?t=51284

(This recounting starts about halfway down the page)

I mention to you (what happened) in the year 1407 (1986 CE) after the Hijrah, that this one (Osama bin Ladin) came to our Shaikh, Shaikh Hammaad al-Ansaaree – rahimahullah at his house which was in the area which we know – the street of al-a’madah – the Shaikh’s old house. And I was there in the library of the Shaikh with him along with some other people. So this one (ibn Ladin) entered and with him were two other people. He said, “O Shaikh! I want to speak.”

Shaikh Hammaad said, “Who are you?”

He said, “I am Osama ibn Ladin”

The Shaikh didn’t know him. He had no idea who he was.

Shaikh Hammaad said, “What do you want”

Ibn Ladin said, “I want to speak.”

Shaikh Hammaad said, “Say what you like.”

Ibn Ladin said, “O Shaikh! We read in the biographies of the Scholars that one would, for example, fight in the path of Allaah in this battle. And that he did this and that and he fought in the path of Allaah. So who is like this! Upon examination, this speech is false. This can not be said in the biography of every Imaam, right?

This (fighting in the path of Allaah) was done by some of them, but not all of them….But we find nowadays that the Scholars do not even fire one bullet in the path of Allaah!”

Shaikh Hammaad didn’t let him finish. He silenced him and said to him, “Who told you that?! Who told you that?! Every day we are firing numerous bullets: bullets of knowledge! Everyday we are firing numerous bullets: bullets of knowledge! So where are you getting this speech of yours (that the Scholars nowadays do not fight or do not fire bullets in the path of Allaah)?”

Of course, Ibn Ladin was unable to reply so he sought his permission to leave and then left.

Do not give up hope of receiving Allaah’s Mercy

July 9, 2014

 

This is an excerpt from Imaam Ibn Kathir’s tafseer and an excerpt from Imaam as-Sa’dee’s tafseer regarding the following verse (39:53) followed by a question answered by Shaikh Ibn Baz.

The verse:

Say: O My servants who have transgressed against themselves! Do not give up hope of the Mercy of Allaah! Indeed Allaah forgives all sins (when the servant repents from them)! Indeed He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” (39:53)

The Arabic for the excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir and Tafseer as-Sadee can be downloaded from here:

Arabic tafseer zumar 53

Imaam Ibn Kathir mentioned as part of his tafseer (explanation):

So all of these (previously mentioned) ahaadeeth show that what is meant is that all of that (i.e. those sins) are forgiven when a person repents from them. And the servant should definitely not give up hope for the Mercy of Allaah (God, The Creator) – even if his sins are tremendous and numerous. For indeed the door to Mercy and taubah (repentance) is wide. Allaah, The Most High, said (translated):

Do they not know that Allaah accepts the repentance of His servants” (9:104)

And He, Lofty and Exalted is He, said (translated):

Whoever does evil or wrongs himself, then seeks forgiveness from Allaah, will find Allaah Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” (4:110)

And He, Lofty and Exalted is He, said regarding the reality of the Hypocrites (translated):

Indeed the Hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire and you will never find for them any helper. Except for those who repent (by becoming Muslim in reality) and rectify themselves” (4:145-6)

And He, Lofty is His Majesty, said (translated):

Indeed those have disbelieved who say, ‘Allaah (God) is the third of three (in a trinity).’ But there is none who deserves to be worshiped except for the One God. If they do not stop what they are saying, a painful punishment will befall the disbelievers (who don’t become Muslim) from amongst them.” (5:73)

Then He, Exalted is His Magnificence, said (in the next verse, translated):

Will they not repent to Allaah (by becoming Muslim) and seek His Forgiveness? Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (5:74)

And He, Blessed and Exalted is He, said (translated):

Indeed those who put the Believing men and women to trial (by torturing and killing them), then they do not repent…” (85:10)

(The eminent scholar) Al-Hasan al Basree – (we ask that) Allaah’s Mercy be upon him – said: “Look at this generosity and kindness (of Allaah)! They killed his righteous believing servants and He calls them to repentance and forgiveness” And the verses like this are very numerous.

And in the two Saheehs from Abu Sa’eed (we ask that) Allaah be pleased with him) who narrated from the Messenger of Allaah – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – the hadeeth of the man who killed 99 people. Then he became regretful (and he searched for the most knowledgeable person) and he asked a worshiper from the worshipers from the offspring of the Prophet Ya’qoob (Jacob) if there was any repentance for him. The worshiper told him, “No.” So he killed him and now he had killed 100 people. Then (he searched for the most knowledgeable person and) he asked a scholar from the scholars from the offspring of Prophet Ya’qoob – was there any repentance for him? So he said, “(Yes) and who can come between you and repentance? (meaning: no one can come between you and your repenting to Allaah alone)”

Then the Scholar commanded him to go to a place where the people worshiped only Allaah. So he went out and he intended to reach this place when death came to him while he was traveling. So the angels of mercy and the angels of punishment disputed (over who should take his soul). So Allaah, The Mighty and Majestic, commanded them to measure the distance between the two lands and find out which one he was closer to. They found that he was closer to the land he was emigrating to by a hand span (or foot). So the angels of mercy took his soul.

And it has been mentioned that he was crawling on his chest when death came to him and that Allaah – The Blessed and Most High – commanded the land of good to come closer (to him) and commanded the land he came from to distance itself (from him). This is the meaning of the hadeeth and we have recorded it (this hadeeth) in another place with its exact wording.

Ali bin Abu Talhah narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas – (we ask that) Allaah be pleased with him and his father (‘Abbaas) – regarding His – Mighty and Majestic is He – Statement (translated):

Say: O My servants who have transgressed against themselves! Do not give up hope of the Mercy of Allaah! Indeed Allaah forgives all sins (when the servant repents from them)!” (39:53) until the end of the verse

(Ibn Abbaas) said: “Indeed Allaah, The Most High, invites to His Forgiveness the one who claims that al-Maseeh (Prophet Jesus, son of Mary) is Allaah (God, The Creator), and the one who claims that al-Maseeh is the son of Allaah, and the one who claims that ‘Uzair (Prophet ‘Ezra) is the son of Allaah, and the one who claims that Allaah is poor, and the one who claims that the Hand of Allaah is tied up, and the one who claims that Allaah, The Most High – is the third of three (in a trinity). Allaah says to these people (translated):

Will they not repent to Allaah (by becoming Muslim) and seek His Forgiveness? Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (5:74)

And He invited to repentance (79:18-19) the one who said worse statements than these, the one (Pharoah) who said: “I am your Lord, The Most High” (79:24) and he (Pharoah) said: I do not know that you have any god other than myself” (28:38)

Ibn Abbaas – (we ask that) Allaah, The Most High, be pleased with them both (him and his father) – said: “Whoever from the servants of Allaah gives up hope of repenting to Allaah after this then he has indeed rejected the Book of Allaah – The Mighty and Majestic…”

(end of quoting from Tafseer Ibn Katheer)

The following is an excerpt from the Tafseer of Imaam as-Sa’dee for this verse (39:53):

The Most High informs His servants who have transgressed against themselves of the vastness of His generosity. And He encourages them to repent before they are unable to do that (i.e. before death). He said: “Say” (meaning): O Messenger and whoever follows him in calling to the religion of Allaah, informing the servants about their Lord. “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves!” (meaning): by following what their souls invite them to from sins and pursuing that which displeases and angers The All-Knower of the unseen.

Do not give up hope of the Mercy of Allaah” meaning: Do not despair of it so that you throw yourself into destruction by your own hands saying: “My sins have become numerous and my faults have accumulated, so there is no way to remove them and no way to change them” – so that you remain, due to that – continuous upon disobedience, increasing in what will cause The Most Merciful to be angry with you.

Rather, know your Lord by His Names which show His generosity and kindness. And know that He forgives all sins (when the servant repents from them) including: polytheism (shirk), killing, fornication (all types), interest, oppression, and other than that from the major sins and minor ones….

…However, there are reasons (or causes) to obtain His Forgiveness and Mercy, if the servant does not do them, then he has indeed shut upon himself the door to mercy and forgiveness. The highest and most important of them – and there is no reason (to obtain them) other than this – is turning to Allaah with repentance and sincerity, along with dua, humility, and worship. So come to this highest of causes and this most important of paths (to obtaining Allaah’s Forgiveness and Mercy)

(end of quoting from Tafseer Imaam as-Sa’dee)

Shaikh Bin Baz was asked the following1:

I am a youth who is 19 years old and I have transgressed against myself with sins many times – to the point that I don’t pray in the masjid and I have never fasted the entire month of Ramadan in my life. I do other evil deeds. Many times I have committed myself to repenting but I return to the sin. I accompany youths in my area who are not completely upright – like many of the friends of my brothers who come to our house – they too are not righteous. And Allaah knows that I have indeed transgressed against myself with sins many times and that I have done atrocious deeds. But every time I decide to repent, I return again (to the sin) as I did before. I implore you to guide me to the way which will bring me closer to my Lord and distance me from these evil deeds.

Shaikh Bin Baz replied:

Allaah, Mighty and Majestic is He, says (translated):

Say: O My servants who have transgressed against themselves! Do not give up hope of the Mercy of Allaah! Indeed Allaah forgives all sins (when the servant repents from them)! Indeed He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” (39:53)

The scholars have agreed that this noble verse was sent down regarding those who repent. So whoever repents from his sins with a sincere repentance, Allaah will forgive all of His sins due to this noble verse. And due to His – free is He from all deficiencies and defects – Statement (translated):

O you who believe! Repent to Allaah with a sincere repentance! Your Lord will expiate your sins2 and enter you into gardens under which rivers flow.” (66:8)

So He – free is He from all deficiencies and defects – connected in this verse the expiation of sins and the entrance into Paradise to the sincere repentance. And that (sincere repentance) includes: leaving the sins, and staying away from them, and regretting what one has committed in the past from them along with a firm, truthful decision not to return to them out of magnifying Allaah – free is He from all deficiencies and defects – and desiring His reward and fearing His punishment. From the conditions of the sincere repentance is to right the wrongdoings with those who were wronged or to make amends for them (those sins) with them (those wronged) when the sin was a wrong committed regarding blood, wealth, or honor. But if it is not easy to make amends with his brother with regards to his honor, then he prays a lot for him and mentions about him the best deeds that he knows about him in the same places where he backbit him. For indeed the good deeds expiate the evil deeds. And He – free is He from all deficiencies and defects – said (translated):

And repent to Allaah – all of you – O Believers – so that you may be successful” (24:31)

So He – Mighty and Majestic is He- in this verse connected success to repentance. This shows that the one who repents is successful and happy. And when the one repenting follows his repentance with faith and good deeds, Allaah erases his evil deeds and replaces them with good deeds.

As He – free is He from all deficiencies and defects – said in surah al-Furqaan after He mentioned (in a prohibitive way) shirk, murder, and fornication (translated):

And whoever does that (those previously mentioned sins) will meet the punishment. His punishment will be multiplied on the Day of Judgement and he will live in it (the punishment in the Fire) in humiliation. Except for the one who repents and believes and does good deeds. Those – Allaah will change their evil deeds into good deeds. And Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (25:68-70)

And from the causes of repentance (being accepted) is humility to Allaah – free is He from all deficiencies and defects – and asking Him for guidance and asking Him for success and asking Him to grant you a (successful) repentance. He is the One Who – free is He from all deficiencies and defects – said (translated):

Call upon Me (alone) and I will answer you” (40:60)

And He is the One Who – Mighty and Majestic is He – said (translated):

And when My servants ask you (O Muhammad – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) about Me, I am indeed near to them (with My Knowledge). I answer the du’a of the one who calls upon Me when he calls upon Me.” (2:186)

Also from the causes of the repentance (being successful) and being upright upon it is: accompanying the best of the people and following their example in their righteous good deeds along with distancing oneself from accompanying evil people. It has been authentically narrated from the Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – that he said (translated):

A man is upon the religion of his close friend, so let each one of you look at (i.e. choose carefully) who he takes as a close friend”3

And he – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam – said (translated):

“The example of a good companion (who sits with you) in comparison with a bad one, is I like that of the musk seller and the blacksmith’s bellows (or furnace); from the first you would either buy musk or enjoy its good smell while the bellows would either burn your clothes or your house, or you get a bad nasty smell thereof.”4

Footnotes

2Imaam as-Sa’dee said regarding this verse : “Allaah ordered (us) with sincere repentance in this verse. And he promised in exchange for it the expiation of sins, entrance into Paradise, and success…”

3Shaikh Albaanee graded it Hasan (good) in “Al-Imaan” of Ibn Taymiyyah (60). And there is a similar wording (using theword “rajul” instead of “mar’” which is also graded hasan by Shaikh Albaanee (for example in Saheeh Abu Dawood #4833) and others

4From Saheeh Bukhari, Kitaab ul Buyoo’ (Book of Sales and Trade). Translation of this hadeeth taken from: http://spubs.com/sps/sbk/

The Ruling on Saying صُدْفَة “sudfah” (coincidence)

April 17, 2014

 

The following question was posed to the Eminent Scholar Saalih Fawzaan

Arabic audio for the Q & A:

http://www.fileswap.com/dl/vYEU5v0d9k/sudfah.mp3.html

Arabic text1:

sudfah text

Q: Noble Shaikh, (we ask that) Allaah grant you success, is the following statement permissible: “I met this person by coincidence” when it was a meeting without a prior appointment?

A: When a person intends by sudfah (coincidence): without a prior appointment, then there is no harm in this. As for when a person intends by sudfah (coincidence) that this was something that was not already decreed (by Allaah) in a previous decree, then this is not permissible. This is rejection of qadr (divine predecree). However, most of the Muslims don’t mean this, they don’t mean the rejection of qadr. They mean by sudfah (coincidence) that they weren’t expecting it and that there was no previous agreement.

Shaikh Albaanee was asked2 about saying “sudfah”, specifically the expression:

حدث هذا صدفة

‘This happened by coincidence.’

and part of his reply was:

So if he intends by sudfah (coincidence) that there is no qadr (divine pre-decree), then he has disbelieved….As for when he intends by it that all of this is by the command of Allaah and His decree then there is nothing wrong with it.”

Footnotes

2In the series al-Hudaa wan-Noor, audio/tape #216, http://www.alalbany.net/849 (p.8 in the file)

Mahthooth محظوظ

April 4, 2014

 

In Gateway Book 4, in the conversation on p.16, it reads:

بيتكم على بعد خطوات قليلة فقط من الحرم الشريف! ما شاء الله! أنت محظوظة جدا.

Your house is only a short distance from the Noble Sanctuary (in Makkah)! Maa shaa Allaah! You are very Mahthoothah” (my translation)

On page 17, the book defines مَحْظُوظ as: “lucky, fortunate”

Firstly, with regards to saying “maa shaa Allaah” (out of admiration) to protect from the evil eye, Shaikh Maahir al Qahtaani said:

“…. And I have not been able to, up until this very moment, find a proof in this matter showing the correctness of saying ‘maa shaa Allah’ to defend against the evil eye. Rather, what should be said is, ‘Allahumma baarik lahu’ or ‘(Allahumma baarik) alaihee’ or ‘(Allahummah baarik) feehee’…”1

(see the article here: https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/09/27/what-to-say-to-protect-from-the-evil-eye-shaikh-maahir-al-qahtaani/ )

Next, I wanted to point out that sometimes Arabic words are translated to mean “luck” or “lucky” when those words don’t actually mean that. One example is in this hadeeth from Saheeh Bukhari, Book of Knowledge, narrated by Abu Hurairah:

قيل : يا رسولَ اللهِ ، مَن أسعَدُ الناسِ بشَفاعتِك يومَ القيامةِ

It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, who will be the happiest person with your intercession on the Day of Resurrection?’…”

Many times this word – as’adu – is translated as “luckiest” whereas its meaning is “happiest” (or what is similar in meaning). The root of as’adu is seen, ain, daal, from which we get the word: سَعِيْدhappy.

This word (sa’eed) is found in the Quran (11:105) and is translated in The Noble Quran as “blessed”

As for common usage, person may say,

أنَا سَعِيْدٌ

I am happy

or أَنَا سَعِيدٌ بِلِقَائِك

I am glad (or happy) to meet you

Shaikh Fawzaan has a beneficial lecture titled

الحَيَاة السَعِيْدَة

(How to Obtain) A Happy Life

And Imaam as-Sa’dee has a short yet beneficial book titled

الوسائل المفيدة للحياة السعيدة

Beneficial Means Leading to a Happy Life

So just because a word is translated as “luck” or “lucky”, that doesn’t mean that the word actually takes the meaning of “luck”.

As for the word mahthooth

مَحْظُوْظٌ

then it is from the word hathth

حَظٌّ

This word “hathth” is used in the Quran (for example: (28:79) and (41:35)) and its meaning is: “naseeb”2 (which is also used in the Quran, for example: (2:202) and (4:53)) which means a portion or a share (of something)

As for mahthooth ( مَحْظُوظٌ ) then it is in the object form (ism maf’ool – see Madinah Book 3, ch.4) and means – someone or something that has been given a “hathth” (portion or share of something)3

So mahthooth does not mean “lucky, fortunate”. And the definition of luck, according to merriam-webster.com, is:

the things that happen to a person because of chance : the accidental way things happen without being planned”, and: “a force that brings good fortune or adversity”

The Muslim does not believe in luck. The Muslim believes that Allaah (God), The Sole Creator of the Universe and everything within it, has created all things with Qadar (Divine Decree).

Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation, as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz).” (54:49)4

In the following fatwa, the Permanent Committee of Scholars is asked about the expressions “Husnut-Taali’” and “Soo’ut-Taali’” (see the Arabic5 for spellings in Arabic) which actually do take the meaning of “good luck” and “bad luck”

The first question of Fatwa no. 21699

 

Q 1: I want to know the ruling on the following frequently said phrases:

 

1. Bad luck and good luck.

 

2. All praise be to Allah, besides Whom no other can be praised for something bad.

 

3. I seek refuge with Allah from the evil of whoever has evil.

 

A: First: It is Haram (prohibited) to use the expressions: (luckily/fortunately) and (unluckily/unfortunately), because they are attributing the occurrence of good or adverse events to luck (fortune), which has no control over anything and is not the cause for good or ill fate. Allah (Exalted be He) says: Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment.(7:54) If the sayer of this thinks that such fortunes act by themselves, without the intervention of Allah, this is major Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship). However, if they think that everything is subject to Allah’s Decree Alone and they have only verbally said it, then it falls under polytheistic words, which conflicts with the obligation to have perfect Tawhid (belief in the Oneness of Allah). The basic ruling concerning this is the Hadith reported by Muslim in his “Sahih (Book of Authentic Hadith)”, that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “There is no ‘Adwa (contagion, disease transmission naturally by itself not by the Decree of Allah), nor is there Hamah (pre-Islamic superstitious belief that the bones of a dead person turn into an owl), nor is there Naw’ (stars bringing rain), nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during pre-Islamic time).”

Also, it was authentically reported in the two Sahih (authentic) Books of Hadith (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) on the authority of Zayd ibn Khalid Al-Juhany (may Allah be pleased with him), who said, “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) led us in the Subh (Dawn) Prayer at Al-Hudaybiyyah after a rainfall during the night. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) had finished praying, he faced the people and said, ‘Do you know what your Lord has said?’ They replied, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, ‘Some of My slaves have entered the morning as Mu’min (believers) in Me and (others) as Kafirs (disbelievers). Those who said, ‘We had rain by the Bounty of Allah and His Mercy,’ are believers in Me and disbelievers in the stars; and those who said, ‘We had rain by such-and-such a star,’ are disbelievers in Me and believers in the stars.’…

(Taken from www.alifta.com, go to the main page, click on Advanced Search, click on Search by Fatwa Number, enter the Fatwa no. which in this case is 21699)

As for saying “mahthooth” then Shaikh Fawzaan was asked6:

Is the statement of the people correct: This person is “mahthooth” (someone who has been given a share of something) or that person is “ghairu mahthooth” (someone who has not been given a share of something) – and this is widespread amongst the people?

He replied:

ينبغي التفاؤل بالخير فلان محظوظ أو فلان له حظ هذا تفاؤل لا بأس طيّب، أمّا فلان غير محظوظ هذا لا يجوز هذا تشاؤم هذا تشاؤم ……الواجب أن الإنسان يحفظ لسانه نعم

It is befitting to be optimistic (expecting good). (Saying) that a -person is mahthooth or that he has a hathth – this is optimism – there is no problem with it. As for (saying) that a person is ghairu mahthooth, this is not permissible. This is pessimism (expecting bad/evil)…. What is obligatory is that a person guards his tongue.”7

Footnotes

1 Which is asking Allah to bless it, based on the hadeeth:

إِذَا رَأَى أَحَدُكُم مِنْ أَخِيْهِ مَا يُعْجِبُهُ فَلْيَدْعُ لَهُ بِالبَرَكَة

When one of you sees from his brother something he likes, then let him supplicate for blessings for him”

narrated by Abu Umaamah, declared Saheeh by Shaikh Albanee in Saheeh al Jaamee 4020

2See Tafsir Ibn Kathir for (41:35) and Lisan ul Arab (حظ)

3And in Lisan ul Arab, mahthooth is defined as: ذو حَظٍّ من الرِّزق Possessing a “hathth” (portion/share) from the sustenance (that Allaah has given)”

4Translation of this verse taken from www.thenoblequran.com

5The Arabic for Fatwa no.21699 can be found here: http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=25046, or on alifta.com (do advanced search in Arabic)

7The Arabic was transcribed for me by one of our African Salafee sisters as I could not hear the Shaikh’s answer clearly on the audio – baarakallaahu feehaa!