Archive for the ‘Expressions’ Category

The Ruling on Saying صُدْفَة “sudfah” (coincidence)

April 17, 2014

 

The following question was posed to the Eminent Scholar Saalih Fawzaan

Arabic audio for the Q & A:

http://www.fileswap.com/dl/vYEU5v0d9k/sudfah.mp3.html

Arabic text1:

sudfah text

Q: Noble Shaikh, (we ask that) Allaah grant you success, is the following statement permissible: “I met this person by coincidence” when it was a meeting without a prior appointment?

A: When a person intends by sudfah (coincidence): without a prior appointment, then there is no harm in this. As for when a person intends by sudfah (coincidence) that this was something that was not already decreed (by Allaah) in a previous decree, then this is not permissible. This is rejection of qadr (divine predecree). However, most of the Muslims don’t mean this, they don’t mean the rejection of qadr. They mean by sudfah (coincidence) that they weren’t expecting it and that there was no previous agreement.

Shaikh Albaanee was asked2 about saying “sudfah”, specifically the expression:

حدث هذا صدفة

‘This happened by coincidence.’

and part of his reply was:

So if he intends by sudfah (coincidence) that there is no qadr (divine pre-decree), then he has disbelieved….As for when he intends by it that all of this is by the command of Allaah and His decree then there is nothing wrong with it.”

Footnotes

2In the series al-Hudaa wan-Noor, audio/tape #216, http://www.alalbany.net/849 (p.8 in the file)

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Mahthooth محظوظ

April 4, 2014

 

In Gateway Book 4, in the conversation on p.16, it reads:

بيتكم على بعد خطوات قليلة فقط من الحرم الشريف! ما شاء الله! أنت محظوظة جدا.

Your house is only a short distance from the Noble Sanctuary (in Makkah)! Maa shaa Allaah! You are very Mahthoothah” (my translation)

On page 17, the book defines مَحْظُوظ as: “lucky, fortunate”

Firstly, with regards to saying “maa shaa Allaah” (out of admiration) to protect from the evil eye, Shaikh Maahir al Qahtaani said:

“…. And I have not been able to, up until this very moment, find a proof in this matter showing the correctness of saying ‘maa shaa Allah’ to defend against the evil eye. Rather, what should be said is, ‘Allahumma baarik lahu’ or ‘(Allahumma baarik) alaihee’ or ‘(Allahummah baarik) feehee’…”1

(see the article here: https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/09/27/what-to-say-to-protect-from-the-evil-eye-shaikh-maahir-al-qahtaani/ )

Next, I wanted to point out that sometimes Arabic words are translated to mean “luck” or “lucky” when those words don’t actually mean that. One example is in this hadeeth from Saheeh Bukhari, Book of Knowledge, narrated by Abu Hurairah:

قيل : يا رسولَ اللهِ ، مَن أسعَدُ الناسِ بشَفاعتِك يومَ القيامةِ

It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, who will be the happiest person with your intercession on the Day of Resurrection?’…”

Many times this word – as’adu – is translated as “luckiest” whereas its meaning is “happiest” (or what is similar in meaning). The root of as’adu is seen, ain, daal, from which we get the word: سَعِيْدhappy.

This word (sa’eed) is found in the Quran (11:105) and is translated in The Noble Quran as “blessed”

As for common usage, person may say,

أنَا سَعِيْدٌ

I am happy

or أَنَا سَعِيدٌ بِلِقَائِك

I am glad (or happy) to meet you

Shaikh Fawzaan has a beneficial lecture titled

الحَيَاة السَعِيْدَة

(How to Obtain) A Happy Life

And Imaam as-Sa’dee has a short yet beneficial book titled

الوسائل المفيدة للحياة السعيدة

Beneficial Means Leading to a Happy Life

So just because a word is translated as “luck” or “lucky”, that doesn’t mean that the word actually takes the meaning of “luck”.

As for the word mahthooth

مَحْظُوْظٌ

then it is from the word hathth

حَظٌّ

This word “hathth” is used in the Quran (for example: (28:79) and (41:35)) and its meaning is: “naseeb”2 (which is also used in the Quran, for example: (2:202) and (4:53)) which means a portion or a share (of something)

As for mahthooth ( مَحْظُوظٌ ) then it is in the object form (ism maf’ool – see Madinah Book 3, ch.4) and means – someone or something that has been given a “hathth” (portion or share of something)3

So mahthooth does not mean “lucky, fortunate”. And the definition of luck, according to merriam-webster.com, is:

the things that happen to a person because of chance : the accidental way things happen without being planned”, and: “a force that brings good fortune or adversity”

The Muslim does not believe in luck. The Muslim believes that Allaah (God), The Sole Creator of the Universe and everything within it, has created all things with Qadar (Divine Decree).

Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation, as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz).” (54:49)4

In the following fatwa, the Permanent Committee of Scholars is asked about the expressions “Husnut-Taali’” and “Soo’ut-Taali’” (see the Arabic5 for spellings in Arabic) which actually do take the meaning of “good luck” and “bad luck”

The first question of Fatwa no. 21699

 

Q 1: I want to know the ruling on the following frequently said phrases:

 

1. Bad luck and good luck.

 

2. All praise be to Allah, besides Whom no other can be praised for something bad.

 

3. I seek refuge with Allah from the evil of whoever has evil.

 

A: First: It is Haram (prohibited) to use the expressions: (luckily/fortunately) and (unluckily/unfortunately), because they are attributing the occurrence of good or adverse events to luck (fortune), which has no control over anything and is not the cause for good or ill fate. Allah (Exalted be He) says: Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment.(7:54) If the sayer of this thinks that such fortunes act by themselves, without the intervention of Allah, this is major Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship). However, if they think that everything is subject to Allah’s Decree Alone and they have only verbally said it, then it falls under polytheistic words, which conflicts with the obligation to have perfect Tawhid (belief in the Oneness of Allah). The basic ruling concerning this is the Hadith reported by Muslim in his “Sahih (Book of Authentic Hadith)”, that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “There is no ‘Adwa (contagion, disease transmission naturally by itself not by the Decree of Allah), nor is there Hamah (pre-Islamic superstitious belief that the bones of a dead person turn into an owl), nor is there Naw’ (stars bringing rain), nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during pre-Islamic time).”

Also, it was authentically reported in the two Sahih (authentic) Books of Hadith (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) on the authority of Zayd ibn Khalid Al-Juhany (may Allah be pleased with him), who said, “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) led us in the Subh (Dawn) Prayer at Al-Hudaybiyyah after a rainfall during the night. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) had finished praying, he faced the people and said, ‘Do you know what your Lord has said?’ They replied, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, ‘Some of My slaves have entered the morning as Mu’min (believers) in Me and (others) as Kafirs (disbelievers). Those who said, ‘We had rain by the Bounty of Allah and His Mercy,’ are believers in Me and disbelievers in the stars; and those who said, ‘We had rain by such-and-such a star,’ are disbelievers in Me and believers in the stars.’…

(Taken from www.alifta.com, go to the main page, click on Advanced Search, click on Search by Fatwa Number, enter the Fatwa no. which in this case is 21699)

As for saying “mahthooth” then Shaikh Fawzaan was asked6:

Is the statement of the people correct: This person is “mahthooth” (someone who has been given a share of something) or that person is “ghairu mahthooth” (someone who has not been given a share of something) – and this is widespread amongst the people?

He replied:

ينبغي التفاؤل بالخير فلان محظوظ أو فلان له حظ هذا تفاؤل لا بأس طيّب، أمّا فلان غير محظوظ هذا لا يجوز هذا تشاؤم هذا تشاؤم ……الواجب أن الإنسان يحفظ لسانه نعم

It is befitting to be optimistic (expecting good). (Saying) that a -person is mahthooth or that he has a hathth – this is optimism – there is no problem with it. As for (saying) that a person is ghairu mahthooth, this is not permissible. This is pessimism (expecting bad/evil)…. What is obligatory is that a person guards his tongue.”7

Footnotes

1 Which is asking Allah to bless it, based on the hadeeth:

إِذَا رَأَى أَحَدُكُم مِنْ أَخِيْهِ مَا يُعْجِبُهُ فَلْيَدْعُ لَهُ بِالبَرَكَة

When one of you sees from his brother something he likes, then let him supplicate for blessings for him”

narrated by Abu Umaamah, declared Saheeh by Shaikh Albanee in Saheeh al Jaamee 4020

2See Tafsir Ibn Kathir for (41:35) and Lisan ul Arab (حظ)

3And in Lisan ul Arab, mahthooth is defined as: ذو حَظٍّ من الرِّزق Possessing a “hathth” (portion/share) from the sustenance (that Allaah has given)”

4Translation of this verse taken from www.thenoblequran.com

5The Arabic for Fatwa no.21699 can be found here: http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=25046, or on alifta.com (do advanced search in Arabic)

7The Arabic was transcribed for me by one of our African Salafee sisters as I could not hear the Shaikh’s answer clearly on the audio – baarakallaahu feehaa!

A Treasure from the Treasures of Paradise

March 18, 2014

 

In Gateway ( مفتاح العربية ) Book 4, p.47, the expression:

 

لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ

 

(There is neither might nor power except with Allaah)

 

This expression is defined in the vocabulary box and after the definition is given for it, it says:

 

– an expression indicating despair or annoyance”

 

 

Imaam Ibn Baz – rahimahullah – said1:

 

The statement:

 

لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ

 

(There is neither might nor power except with Allaah)

 

Is a tremendous statement.  The Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – said to Abu Musa al-Ash’aree – radiallaahu anhu – regarding it:

 

‘Shall I not direct you to a treasure from the treasures of Paradise? (It is the statement) Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah (There is neither might nor power except with Allaah).’2

 

So it is appropriate to increase in saying it at all times – in the mornings, in the evenings, and other than those times.”

 

 

Shaikh AbdurRazzaq bin Abdul Muhsin al-Badr – hafithahullah – said3:

 

Its meaning is: A person doesn’t change from one state to another, nor is any strength gained by the servant except with Allaah – meaning with His Allowance – He is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects.

 

A person doesn’t change from sickness to health, nor from misguidance to guidance, nor from disbelief to faith, nor from weakness to strength, nor from fragility to firmness except with Allaah (granting him that) – He is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects.

 

So all of the affairs of a person and all of his situations are in the Hand of Allaah – He is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects.

 

‘There is neither might nor power except with Allaah’ means: you can’t do any action except if Allaah helps you with it…

 

It is legislated for the Muslim when he leaves his house that he says:

 

بِاسْمِ اللهِ, تَوَكَلْتُ عَلَى اللهِ, لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ

 

(In the Name of Allaah, I put my trust in Allaah, there is neither might nor power except with Allaah)

 

It is from the Sunnah that he says that every time he leaves his house4. And in this (statement) is a request for help – that Allaah, The Mighty and Majestic, helps him with whatever he is about to do that is from the beneficial good deeds in his religion and his worldly affairs.”

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

 

 

2Saheeh Bukhari, Book of Invocations (Da’waat)

3In his second tape/audio explaining the book: Saheeh al-Kalim at-Tayyib, translated from:

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=29099

4From the hadeeth narrated by Anas bin Malik that the Prophet Muhammad – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – said:

 

من قالَ يَعني إذا خرجَ من بيتِهِ : بِسمِ اللَّهِ ، توَكَّلتُ على اللَّهِ ، لا حَولَ ولا قوَّةَ إلَّا باللَّهِ ، يقالُ لَهُ : كُفيتَ ، ووُقيتَ ، وتنحَّى عنهُ الشَّيطانُ

 

Whoever says when he leaves his house: ‘Bismillaah, tawakkaltu ‘alaallaah,  Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah’ (In the Name of Allaah, I put my trust in Allaah, there is neither might nor power except with Allaah), is sufficed and protected and Shaytaan withdraws from him.”

 

Imaam al-Albaanee said that it was Saheeh in Saheeh at-Tirmidhee (3426)

 

The Importance of Saying: “O Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm on your religion”

September 19, 2013

 

 

 

 

 

Anas bin Malik narrated:

 

كانَ رسولُ اللَّهِ صلَّى اللَّهُ علَيهِ وسلَّمَ يُكْثِرُ

أن يقولَ : يا مُقلِّبَ القلوبِ ثبِّت قَلبي على دينِكَ ، فقلتُ : يا

رسولَ اللَّهِ ، آمنَّا بِكَ وبما جئتَ بِهِ فَهَل

تخافُ علَينا ؟ قالَ : نعَم ، إنَّ القُلوبَ

بينَ إصبُعَيْنِ مِن أصابعِ اللَّهِ يقلِّبُها كيفَ شاءَ

The Messenger of Allaah -sallalahu alayhe wa sallam – used to say a lot:

يا مُقلِّبَ القُلُوْبِ

ثَبِّت قَلْبِي عَلَى دِيْنِكَ

 

 

“O Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm upon your religion”

So I (Anas) said: O Messenger of Allaah, we have believed in you and believed in everything you have been sent with, so are you afraid for us? He said: “Yes.  Indeed the hearts are between two fingers from the fingers of Allaah – He turns them however He wills”

 

Shaikh Albanee declared this hadeeth to be Saheeh in Saheeh at Tirmidhee (2140)

The following translated from:

http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/12115

 

 

Question: The Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – used to say: Allahumma Muqallibal-quloob thabbit qalbee ‘alaa deenik (O Allaah, The Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm on your religion)1. And he said to ‘Aa’ishah (radiallahu anhaa): Indeed the hearts are between the two fingers of The Most Merciful2. What is the correct way to understand this hadeeth?

 

 

 

 

A (Shaikh Bin Baz): The hadeeth is clear. He – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – said:

 

إن القلوب بين أصبعين من أصابع الرحمن يقلبها كيف يشاء

Indeed the hearts are between two fingers from the fingers of The Most Merciful – He turns them however He wills”3

The meaning is that Allaah – Lofty and Exalted is He – He is the One in Whose Hand is the giving of firmness in (all) the affairs. So the Believer asks his Lord to keep him firm upon faith and keep him firm upon the truth. The hearts turn and they are between two fingers from the fingers of The Most Merciful – this is according to what is befitting to Allaah. It is established that Allaah has fingers in a manner that is befitting to Allaah4

And that Allaah – Lofty and Exalted is He – in His Hand is the ability to change the affairs and turn the hearts however He wills. He turns the heart of this one, so he apostates from his deen5, He turns the heart of this one and he becomes Muslim, and He turns the heart of this one and he falls into sin.

So the hearts are in the hand of Allaah – Lofty and Exalted is He – He is the One Who changes them however He wills – He is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects. The Believer asks his Lord (by saying):

اللَهُمَّ ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِي عَلَى دِيْنِكَ

‘O Allaah, keep my heart firm upon your religion’

(and by saying):

اللَهُمَّ يَا مُقَلِّبَ القُلُوْبِ ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِي عَلَى دِيْنِكَ

‘O Allaah, O Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm upon your religion’

(and by saying):

اللَهُمَّ يَا مُصَرِّفَ القُلُوْبِ صَرِّفْ قَلْبِي عَلَى طَاعَتِكَ

O Allaah, O Turner of the hearts, turn my heart to your obedience”6

(The Believer) asks his Lord for firmness.

And Allaah – Exalted and Lofty is He – is described as having fingers, and He has a hand – Exalted and Lofty is He – in a manner that is befitting to Him – He is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects.

He does not resemble the things He has created – not in the hand, nor the fingers, nor in speech, nor in being pleased, nor in being angry, nor in other than that just as He – Who is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects – said (translated):

There is nothing like Him, and He is The All-Hearing, The All-Seeing” (42:11)

 

and He, The Most High, said (translated):

 

To Allaah belongs the most beautiful Names, so call upon Him by them.” (7:180)

 

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

 

1 Anas bin Malik narrated it with this wording:

 

اللهم يا مُقلِّبَ القلوبِ ، ثبِّتْ قلبي على دينِك

Shaikh Albaanee declared it to be saheeh in Saheeh al Adab al Mufrad (527)

2 ‘Aa’isha narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) used to say a lot:

يامُثَبِّتَ القلوبِ ثبِّتْ قلبي على دينِكَ

O One Who makes the hearts firm, make my heart firm upon your religion”. So I (‘Aa’ishah) said: “O Messenger of Allaah, you make this du’a a lot, are you afraid?” He said: “Yes. Who would keep me safe, O ‘Aa’ishah, while the hearts of the servants are between two fingers from the fingers of The Most Merciful?”

Shaikh Albaanee declared it saheeh in Takhreej Kitaab wa Sunnah (233)

http://dorar.net/enc/hadith (a hadeeth encyclopedia)

3 With the wording:

إنَّ القُلوبَ بينَ إصبُعَيْنِ مِن أصابعِ اللَّهِ يقلِّبُها كيفَ شاءَ

Narrated by Anas bin Malik. Shaikh Albaanee declared it saheeh in Saheeh at-Tirmidhee (2140). There are various authentic and similar wordings for this dua and hadeeth. And Allaah knows best.

http://dorar.net/enc/hadith (a hadeeth encyclopedia)

4 Translator’s note: we don’t say that Allaah’s Face is like the face of anything from His creation, or that His hearing is like the hearing of any of the creation, or that His fingers are like the fingers of any of the creation. While it is established that He has these attributes, we do not know “how” they are – but we do know that they befit His Majesty. And He has said (translated): “There is nothing like Him, and He is The All-Hearing, The All-Seeing” (42:11) And He said (translated): “So put not forward similitudes for Allâh (as there is nothing similar to Him, nor He resembles anything). Truly! Allâh knows and you know not. (An-Nahl 16:74) (translation of that verse taken from: www.thenoblequran.com). For an excellent book on the topic of Allaah’s Names and Attributes and what are the correct beliefs regarding them, see here:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/08/10/book-recommendation-exemplary-principles-concerning-the-names-and-attributes-of-allaah/ as well as here:

http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?secID=SCL&subsecID=SCL08&loadpage=displaysubsection.cfm

5 And Allaah is never unjust.

Verily! Allâh will not change the good condition of a people as long as they do not change their state of goodness themselves (by committing sins and by being ungrateful and disobedient to Allâh).” (13:11)

 

This is because of that (evil) which your hands have sent before you. And certainly, Allâh is never unjust to (His) slaves.” (Aali Imran 3:182)

Translation of both verses taken from: www.thenoblequran.com

6 With the wording:

اللَّهمَّ مُصرِّفَ القلوبِ صرِّف قلوبَنا على طاعتِكَ

Narrated by Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin al-‘Aas, from Saheeh Muslim, Book of al-Qadr (The Book of Divine Decree)

Fa’eel is an intensive form and may mean the Faa’il or the Maf’ool

August 27, 2013

 

The following are some quotes from Shaikh Uthaymeen (and one quote from the Tafseer book of semester four of the Madinah series) regarding the meaning of the pattern فَعِيْل

 

 

The following from:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_18119.shtml

واللقيط في اللغة العربية فعيل بمعنى مفعول؛ لأن فعيلاً في اللغة العربية تأتي بمعنى مفعول في مواطن كثيرة، يقال: قتيل بمعنى مقتول، وجريح بمعنى مجروح، وإلا فالأصل أن فعيلاً بمعنى فاعل،

And “laqeet” in the Arabic language has the meaning of “maf’ool” (the object).  Because (a word on the pattern of) “fa’eel” in the Arabic language comes with the meaning of “maf’ool” in many places.  It is said: “qateel”, meaning – “maqtool” (killed) and “jareeh”, meaning – “majrooh” (injured).  And if it doesn’t mean that, then the foundational principle is that “fa’eel” has the meaning of “faa’il” (the doer of the action)…

 

(end of quote)

 

 

 

It is mentioned in a Madinah series side book for semester 4 (the book of tafseer) concerning the meaning of the word “rajeem” in the isti’aadhah:

 

والرجيم: فعيل بمعنى مفعول أي أنه مرجوم مطرود عن الخير

 

And “ar-rajeem” is (on the pattern of) “fa’eel” with the meaning of “maf’ool” (the object), meaning that he (shaytaan) is “marjoom” (cursed), “matrood” (expelled) from the good

 

(end of quote)

 

 

 

The following from:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/printer_18335.shtml

 

{ {الْحَكِيمُ} }: فعيل بمعنى مُفْعِل، وفعيل بمعنى فاعل، أما فعيل بمعنى فاعل فهو كثير في اللغة العربية، مثل: قدير بمعنى قادر، وسميع بمعنى سامع،

“al-Hakeem” is (on the pattern of) “fa’eel” which has the meaning of “Muf’il”1 and “fa’eel” which has the meaning of “faa’il” (doer of the verb).  As for “fa’eel” meaning “faa’il”, then this occurs many times in the Arabic language.  For example: “qadeer” meaning “qaadir” (one possessing power, ability), and “samee’” meaning “saami’” (one who hears)

 

(end of quote)

 

 

 

The following from:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/printer_18056.shtml

 

«حميد»: فعيل بمعنى فاعل، وبمعنى مفعول، فهو حامد ومحمود، حامد لعباده وأوليائه الذين قاموا بأمره، ومحمود يُحمدُ عزّ وجل على ما له من صفات الكمال، وجزيل الإنعام.

وأما «المجيد»: فهي فعيل بمعنى فاعل، أي: ذو المجد. والمجدُ هو: العظمة وكمالُ السُّلطان،

“Hameed” is: (on the pattern of) “Fa’eel” with the meaning of the “Faa’il” (Doer of the action).  And (also) with the meaning of the “Maf’ool” (object). For He is The Praiser and the Praised One.  He is the Praiser of His servants and His Awliyaa (righteous servants) who obey His commands.  And He is Mahmood (Praised), He is praised – Exalted and Lofty is He – for what He has from perfect Attributes and (His) abundance of favors (upon the creation).

 

As for “al-Majeed” then it is (on the pattern of) “Fa’eel” with the meaning of the “Faa’il”. Meaning: The One Who possesses al-majd.  And al-Majd is tremendous greatness and complete sovereignty.

 

(end of quote)

 

 

 

The following from:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_17954.shtml

 

وقوله: ( رحيم ): هذه أيضاً اسم فاعل محول إلي صيغة المبالغة، وأصل اسم الفاعل من رحم: راحم، لكن حول إلى رحيم لكثرة رحمة الله عز وجل وكثرة من يرحمهم الله عز وجل

 

His statement: “Raheem”, this is also the “Faa’il” (Doer of the action) changed to a pattern of intensification.  The origin of the “Faa’il” for (the verb) rahima is: “Raahim”, however it was changed to (the intensive pattern) “Raheem” due to the abundance of Allah’s – Exalted and Lofty is He – Mercy and the abundance of those whom He – Lofty and Exalted is He – bestows His Mercy upon

 

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

 

 

1This is the “faa’il” (doer of the verb) pattern for three letter root verbs increased by 1 letter (and that one letter is a hamzah on an alif أ put at the front of the verb) for example: أَسْلَمَ and أَشْرَكَ (so the “doer” pattern for these two is “muf’il”, i.e. مُسْلِم and مُشْرِك )

Who are the Awliyaa, and The Difference between the Karaamah and the Mu’jizah

August 25, 2013

 

 

 

 

The following translated from:

http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/20394

 

 

Q: Do the Awliyaa have miracles, like what we hear about them?  Do they have free disposal in the world, the dominions of the heavens and the earth?  And do they intercede for people in the life of this world while they are in the barzakh or not?

A (Shaikh Bin Baz): The Awliyaa are the Believers.  The Awliyaa of Allah are the People of Imaan. (Allah) Lofty and Exalted is He, said (translated):

No doubt! Verily, the Auliyâ’ of Allâh [i.e. those who believe in the Oneness of Allâh and fear Allâh much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which he has forbidden), and love Allâh much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve,

 

Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism), and used to fear Allâh much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by doing righteous deeds). (Yunus 10:62-63)1

 

These are those who are the Awliyaa2 of Allah, from mankind and the jinn, from the men and the women. (Allah) The Most High said (translated):

 

The believers, men and women, are Auliyâ’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma’rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islâm has forbidden); they perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât) and give the Zakât, and obey Allâh and His Messenger. Allâh will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (At-Tawbah 9:71)3

And they have Karaamaat4 (miracles) when they are upright upon Eemaan (faith).  Allah may honor them with making it easy for them to practice their religion. The presence of comfort at the time of hardship is from the Karaamaat of Allah to them – that He relieves their hardship when they are surrounded by enemies, or when the enemies have gained power over them – Allah relieves them so that they are safe from their evil. Or (He helps them) with practicing their religion and with removing their difficult matters.  Or by saving them from thieves, or from predatory animals, or what is similar to that.  These are (all) from the Karaamaat of Allah to them.  And it (a karaamah) is a Ni’mah (blessing, favor) which happens to them which is out of the ordinary. This is what is called “a Karaamah” and this happens for the Awliyaa and for the Messengers.  With regards to the Messengers it is called: “a Mu’jizah” and with regards to the Awliyaa it is called: “a Karaamah”.  However (a Walee5) does not have free disposal over the dominions (of the heavens and earth).  They do not have free disposal over the creation, nor over the heavens, nor the earth.  They are restricted.  They do not have free disposal (in anything) except in what Allah has legislated, in what Allah has allowed for them.  And they do not know the unseen. And they do not have free disposal in the sky, nor the earth, except in what Allah permits.  Except in what Allah has legislated like buying, selling, farming and similar to that from what Allah has legislated for His servants.

As for what the Sufis and those who resemble them think – that the Awliyaa have free disposal (over the affairs) and that they know the unseen, then this is falsehood.  And it is ignorance.  The Awliyaa are like other than them – they have no sovereignty except what Allah has given them sovereignty over in farming and trade and other than that.  However, Allah may give them a Karaamah such as relieving their hardship or making easy their affairs as a bounty from Him to them in the time of need.  At the time of hardship and need Allah grants them a Karaamah like what happened to the People of the Cave. Allah honored them and they stayed in the cave for 300 (solar) years increased nine years (when  calculated by the lunar cycle) and nothing harmed them until Allah caused them to die the death he had prescribed for them.  And like what happened to ‘Abbaad bin Bishr and Usaid bin Hudhair – one night they were with the prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – talking.  So when they left his presence on that dark night, each of their whips was lit up with a light until they reached their houses.  Allah put a light in their whips until they reached their houses.  This is a Karaamah from Allah, Exalted and Lofty is He.  And like what happened to ‘Amr bin at-Tafeel  when he came to his people, ad-Daws, he said, “O Messenger of Allaah!  Make for me an Aayah (sign) that they can benefit from” So he (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) asked Allah to make for him an Aayah.  So He made for him a light like that of a lamp in his face.  He said: “O my Lord, in other than my face.” So Allah put it (the light) in his whip.  When he raised it up, it would fill with light like a lamp.  So it was an Aayah for his people.  So Allah guided them because of it and they became Muslim. This is a Karaamah.  However, they (the Awliyaa) do not know the unseen, nor do they have free disposal over the affairs except with what Allah permits and what He gives them – Exalted and Lofty is He…

(end of the speech of Shaikh Bin Baz)

 

 

 

 

The following translated from:

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_16931.shtml

The belief (tareeqah) of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah with regards to the Awliyaa and the Imaams

The Imaams of this Islamic Legislation, and to Allah is due all the praise, are well-known Imaams whom the Ummah has praised and known their value.  However, it is not believed that they are infallible. Because there is none according to Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah who is protected from (making) mistakes nor from acknowledging the mistake except for the Messenger – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam.   He was protected (by Allaah) from (making) mistakes (in the religion).  As for other than him, then no matter what level he has reached in being an Imam, he is still not infallible, ever.  Everyone makes mistakes. And everyone will have his speech taken (when he is in agreement with the Quran and Sunnah on the understanding of the Salaf) or left (when his speech opposes that) except for the Messenger of Allah – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – whom Allah, The Most High, has commanded us to obey unconditionally (in all cases).

So they (Ahlus Sunnah) say, undoubtedly, that there are Imaams in this Ummah, and undoubtedly there are Awliyaa in it, however, we do not intend by that to affirm infallibility for anyone from these Imaams, nor (do we intend by that) to affirm for anyone from the Awliyaa that he knows the unseen or has free disposal over the creation.  Nor do they (Ahlus Sunnah) consider to be a Walee (singular of Awliyaa) everyone who says that he is a Walee or who brings false propaganda with the purpose of drawing the people to him.  They (Ahlus Sunnah) say: Indeed Allah, The Most High, has made clear who the Walee is in His statement (translated):

No doubt! Verily, the Auliyâ’ of Allâh [i.e. those who believe in the Oneness of Allâh and fear Allâh much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which he has forbidden), and love Allâh much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve,

 

Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism), and used to fear Allâh much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by doing righteous deeds).” (Yunus 10:62-63)6

These are the Awliyaa: Those who believe (have eemaan) and have taqwaa. So Eemaan (faith) is: The Aqeedah (belief system).  And Taqwaa is: (good) deeds, whether from speech or actions.

And Shaikh ul Islam (Ibn Taymiyyah) took (came up with) from this verse (10:63) a good expression and it is his statement:

من كان مؤمناً تقياً كان لله ولياً

“Whoever is a believer and has taqwaa is a Walee of Allaah”

This is the Walee in reality.  The Walee is not the one who draws the people to him, who gathers attendants (about him) and says, “I did (this)”, who seeks the help of the devils to try to find out the hidden matters, who dazzles the people with his speech so that they say: “This is a Walee”

No, because al-wilaayah7 comes from following the Messenger – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam, and from a person’s Eemaan and his taqwaa. So if he is a Believer who has taqwaa, then he is a Walee.

Additionally, it is not necessary for every Walee that Allah gives him a Karaamah8. How numerous are the Awliyaa who have no Karaamah.  Because the Karaamah, most of the time, doesn’t come except to support the truth or repel falsehood.  It doesn’t come to make someone firm through seeing it with his eyes.  Therefore it is not obligatory for every Walee to have a Karaamah.  It may be that a Walee lives and dies and he does not have any Karaamah. And it may be that (a Walee) has numerous Karaamaat.  

The People of Knowledge say that every Karaamah for a Walee is indeed an Aayah for the Prophet whom he is following.  And I dont say “Mu’jizah” because it is more befitting that we call it an Aayah.  Because this is a Quranic expression (i.e. “Aayah”) and “Aayah” is more eloquent than “mu’jizah”. Because the meaning of “Aayah” is: a sign for the truthfulness of the Messenger who brought it.  Whereas the “mu’jizah” may happen at the hand of a magician or a strong person may do something which other than him are unable to do.  However, the expression: “Aayah” is more eloquent and more precise and it is a Quranic expression.  So that we call the “mu’jizaat” “Aayaat” is what is correct.

There are some people in this Ummah, according to what we have heard, who claim that they are Awliyaa.  However, whoever contemplates their situation finds that they are far from al-wilaayah and that they have no share in it (al-wilaayah).  However, they have devils who help them with whatever they want, so they use that to deceive the simple-minded people.

(end of Shaikh Uthaymeen’s speech)

 

 

 

The following question was answered by the Lajnah Daa’imah (Permanent Committee) consisting of the Scholars: Shaikh Bin Baz, Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq al Afeefee, Shaikh Ghudyaan, Shaikh Fawzaan, Shaikh Abdul Azeez Aalush-Shaikh (current Grand Mufti) and one other.

 

Fourth Question of Fatwa no. 164269

 

Q: What is the difference between the “Mu’jizah” and the “Karaamah”? And who are the “Awliyaa” of Allah?  Please give us a fatwa and we hope that Allah rewards you

 

 

A: The “Mu’jizah” is something out of the ordinary that Allah causes to happen at the hand of a Prophet as a confirmation of the truth that is with him which men are not capable of doing.  Like the she-camel (that came out of the middle of a rock10) of (Prophet) Saalih – peace be upon him.  And like the hand and stick of Musa11. And (like) the mu’jizah (miracle) of the Quran (revealed) to Muhammad – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam.

 

And the “Karaamah” is something out of the ordinary that Allah causes to happen at the hand of a righteous servant as an honor to him, like in the story of Maryam, and the Companions of the Cave (mentioned in suratul Kahf (18)).  And this karaamah is a mu’jizah for the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – whom the righteous servant is following.  Because he doesn’t receive it (karaamah) except by being truthful in his following of him (the Prophet).  And it is not affirmed that it is a karaamah except when it occurs from one who is known to be upright following the legislation of (revealed to) Muhammad – (we ask that) Allah raise his rank and grant him peace.

 

With Allah is the success.  And peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his Companions and followers.

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

1Translation of these two verses taken from www.thenoblequran.com

2Shaikh Uthaymeen mentioned that Shaikhul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah came up with an expression based on verse 10:63 regarding who is a Walee (sg of Awliyaa):

مَنْ كَانَ مُؤْمِنًا تَقِيًّا كَانَ لله وَلِيًّا

Whoever is a Believer and has taqwaa is a Wali of Allah”

See: http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_16931.shtml

 

3Translation of this verse taken from www.thenoblequran.com

4Karaamah: the name of a miracle or something extraordinary that Allah gives to His righteous servants (other than the Prophets -their miracles are named “mu’jizah” and Shaikh Uthaymeen said that it is more befitting to call a miracle of the Prophets an “Aayah”)

5Walee is the singular of Awliyaa

6Translation of these two verses taken from www.thenoblequran.com

7Al-wilaayah: in this context – what makes someone a Walee

8Karaamah: the name of a miracle or something extraordinary that Allah gives to His righteous servants (other than the Prophets -their miracles are named “mu’jizah” and Shaikh Uthaymeen said that it is more befitting to call a miracle of the Prophets an “Aayah”)

9Translated from: www.alifta.net

10

وقد أتاهم بناقة أخرجها الله له من الصخرة

And he (Prophet Saalih) brought them a she-camel that Allah had made to come out of a large rock for him”

See Tafseer Muyassar for verse 26:155 www.qurancomplex.com

11

فألقى موسى عصاه فتحولت ثعبانًا حقيقيًا, ليس تمويهًا كما يفعل السحرة, وأخرج يده مِن جيبه فإذا هي بيضاء كالثلج من غير برص، تَبْهَر الناظرين

So Musa threw his stick and it turned into a real live serpent, not a fake like the sorcerer’s do.  And he brought his hand out from his pocket and suddenly it was white like snow – without any leprosy – dazzling the onlookers”

See Tafsir Muyassar for verses 26:32-33 www.qurancomplex.com

The Definition of Taqwaa

June 17, 2013

 

 

 

Shaikh Uthaymeen said about the definition of taqwaa:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_18016.shtml

(From his Explanation of Riyadhus Saaliheen, The Chapter of Taqwaa)

 

 

وهو أن يتخذ الإنسان ما يَقِيه من عذاب الله. والذي يقيك من عذاب الله هو فعل أوامر الله ،واجتناب نواهيه

 

 

And it (taqwaa) is that a person takes what will protect him from the punishment of Allah. And what protects you from the punishment of Allah is doing what He has commanded and avoiding His prohibitions”

 

 

 

 

Shaikh Fawzaan said in his lecture about attaining a happy life:

 

يتقون يعني  يتخذون وقاية من غضب الله  وعذابه

وما هي الوقاية؟

هل هي الدروع الحصون والجنود؟ لا

أو الثياب؟ لا

الوقاية العمل الصالح

الوقاية العمل الصالح

وتقوى الله أن تعمل  بطاعة الله على نور من الله ترجو ثواب الله

وأن تترك معصية الله على نور من الله تخاف من عقاب الله

ها هى التقوى

سُمِّيَ تقوى لأنها تقيك من غضب الله وتقيك من العذاب

هذه التقوى

 

 

 

They have taqwaa – meaning – they take something to protect them from Allah’s Anger and Punishment

What is the protection?

Is it armor, fortresses, and armies? No.

Is it clothing? No.

The protection is righteous deeds

The protection is righteous deeds

Having taqwaa of Allah is that you act in Allah’s obedience upon a light from Him, seeking the Reward of Allah

And that you leave off disobedience to Allah, upon a light from Him, fearing Allah’s punishment

This is taqwaa

It is called taqwaa because it protects you from the Anger of Allah and it protects you from the punishment. 

This is taqwaa

 

 

 

The root of تَقْوَى is from the verbوَقَى, يَقِيْ which means “to protect”. 

It’s masdar (verbal noun) is وِقَايَةٌ (protection) and its amr ( command ) form is:

قِ (m.sg), قِيْ (f.sg), قُوا (m.pl, see verse 66:6), and قِيْنَ (f.pl)

 

تَقِيٌّ is “having taqwaa”

 

For example:

 

وَكَانَ تَقِيًّا

 

And he (Yahyaa) was one having taqwaa” (19:13)

 

(taqee is mansoob in the verse due to kaana)

 

The verb meaning “to have taqwaa” is اِتَّقَى   يَتَّقِي   اِتَّقِ  

(53:32, 92:5, 33:1, )

 

The comparative/superlative form (اسْمُ التَفْضِيْل ) is أَتْقَىwhich is having more or having the most taqwaa (depending on the context) (49:13).  Other words that follow this pattern:

 

خَفِيٌّ hidden (19:3)  أَخْفَى more/most hidden1

Like in the saying of the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe was sallam – that shirk is:

أَخْفَى من دبيب النمل

more hidden than the crawling of the ant…”2

شَقِيٌّ wretched (11:105)  أَشْقَى more/most wretched (91:12, 92:15)

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

1أَخْفَى is also a verb meaning “to hide (something)”

2 Recorded by many of the hadeeth scholars, authenticated by Shaikh Albanee in Saheeh al Adab al Mufrad, narrated by Ma’qal bin Yasaar

What does it mean that Allah is “fees-samaa'” في السماء ?

February 19, 2013

 

The following quote from Shaikh Uthaymeen taken from:

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=114876

This is part of what Shaikh Uthaymeen said in his brief commentary on Lum’atul I’tiqaad:

 

المعنى الصحيح لكون الله في السماء أن الله تعالى على السماء، ف فيبمعنى علىا

 

The correct meaning of Allah being “fees-samaa'” is that Allah the Most High is over the samaa’.

So “fee” means “alaa”

 

 

And Shaikh Fawzaan said in his explanation of Aqeedatul Waasitiyyah  p.66

(إثبات علو الله على مخلوقاته)

وقوله تعالى:

And His, The Most High’s, statement:

(أ أمنتم)

Do you feel safe…” (67:16)

أمن ضد الخوف

Safety is the opposite of fear

(من في السماء)

…that the One Who is fees-samaa’…” (67:16)

أي: عقوبة من في السماء وهو الله سبحانه

Meaning: (do you feel safe from) the punishment of the One Who is fees-samaa’ and He is Allah, Free is He from all deficiencies and defects

ومعنى (في السماء) أي على السماء

And “fees-samaa’” means over the heavens

 

 

“We” in the Quran – explained by Shaikh Uthaymeen

October 11, 2012

 

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/we-in-the-quran-shaikh-uthaymeen/

How to say Stepfather/stepson

October 9, 2012

 

 

 

 

Stepmother رَابِّيَةٌ Stepfather1 رَابٌّ
Stepdaughter رَبِيْبَةٌ Stepson رَبِيْبٌ
Stepdaughters2 رَبَائِب

 

 

والرابُّ زوج الأُمِّ. والرابَّةُ امرأة الأب. وربيبُ الرجلِ: ابنُ امرأته من غيره، وهو بمعنى مَرْبوبٍ؛ والأنثى رَبيبَة.

 

 

 

And the Raabb (stepfather) is the husband of the mother.

 

And the Raabbah (stepmother) is the wife of the father.

 

And the Rabeeb (stepson) of a man is the son of his wife whom he is not the father of.  And Rabeeb means Marboob (on the object pattern – one who is nurtured, cultivated), its feminine is Rabeebah (stepdaughter).”3

 

 

 

 

 

And from Tafsir at Tabari of verse 4:234:

 

 

 

أما الربائب فإنه جمع ربيبة ، وهي ابنة امرأة الرجل. قيل لها ربيبة لتربيته إياها، وإنما هيمربوبة صرفت إلى ربيبة ، كما يقال: ” هي قتيلة من مقتولة “.  وقد يقال لزوج المرأة: ” هو ربيب ابن امرأته ، يعني به: ” هو رَابُّه ، كما يقال: ” هو خابر، وخبير و شاهد، وشهيد “.

 

 

 

As for “Rabaa’ib”, then it is the plural of “Rabeebah (stepdaughter)” and it is the daughter of a man’s wife.  She is called “Rabeebah” because of his nurturing5 her.

 

 

 

And she is “Marboobah” (the object form – one cultivated, nurtured) which is changed to “Rabeebah”6. Just like it is said, “She is Qateelah (killed)” (Qateelah is) from “Maqtoolah”

 

 

 

And it is said about the woman’s husband (the stepfather) that “he is Rabeeb of the woman’s son”, meaning “He is his Raabb (Nurturer)”7. Just like it is said, “He is Khaabir and Khabeer (both mean ‘aware’)” and “Shaahid and Shaheed (both mean ‘witness’)”

 

 

 

(end of translation of tafsir Imam at Tabari)

 

 

 

This may be a helpful file (some intensive pattern forms – it gives fa’eel and mentions that it is for the doer form (only), though fa’eel can be the form of the doer – like Shaheed (witness) which Imam at Tabari mentioned, or the form of the object, like Qateel (killed) which Imam at Tabari also mentioned):

 

 

 

https://sughayyirah.files.wordpress.com/2010/04/mubaalaghah.pdf

 

 

 

As for stepsister or stepbrother, then you can say this by saying:

 

 

 

أَخٌ غَيْرُ شَقِيْقٍ or أُخْتٌ غَيْرُ شَقِيْقَةٍ 

 

 

 

which means a sibling from one parent but not both, so it can mean stepbrother/stepsister or half brother/half sister

 

 

 

And Allah knows best.

 

(footnotes)

 

 

 

 

 

1 From www.almaany.com and http://baheth.info الصحاح في اللغة    under ربب

 

2    See also verse 4:23

 

3 From: http://baheth.info الصحاح في اللغة    under ربب

 

 

5 Tarbiyyah -nurturing, cultivating step by step, from the verb رَبَّى  يُرَبِّي

 

6 This form – fa’eel فَعِيْل is also an object form, like مَفْعُوْل it may be an intensive of the object form.

 

7 So we see that this pattern form – فَعِيْل not only is a pattern for the object, but also a pattern for the doer of the verb (the doer pattern which for 3 letter root bare (mujarrad) verbs, the form is فَاعِل )