Archive for the ‘Commands’ Category

Useful Commands from Thulaathee Mazeed Verbs

May 19, 2010

 

The 2nd person masculine singular command generally takes a sukoon on the last letter. Ex: سَاعِدْ (You m.sg)

The 2nd person feminine singular command has a yaa attached to it. Ex: سَاعِدِيْ (You f.sg)

The 2nd person masculine plural generally has a wow and alif attached to the last letter. Ex.: سَاعِدُوا (You m.pl)

The 2nd person feminine plural has a noon attached to it. Ex: سَاعِدْنَ (You f.pl.)

This chart is for thulaathee mazeed verbs – regular and irregular

تَعَالَيْ تَعَالَ1   شَارِكي شَارِكْ
تَعَالَيْنَ تَعَالَوا   شَارِكْنَ شَارِكُوا
  Come!     Share!
         
نَظِّفِي نَظِّفْ   ءَاتِي ءَاتِ
نَظِّفْنَ نَظِّفُوا   ءَاتِيْنَ ءَاتُوا
  Clean!     Give!
         
حَاوِلِيْ حَاوِلْ   تَكَلَّمِي تَكَلَّمْ
حَاوِلْنَ حَاوِلُوا   تَكَلَّمْنَ تَكَلَّمُوا
و has kasrah Try!     Speak!
         
تَوَضَّئِيْ تَوَضَّأْ أ has sukoon صَلِّيْ صَلِّ
تَوَضَّأْنَ تَوَضَّؤُوا   صَلِّيْنَ صَلُّوا
  Make wudu!     Pray!
         
اِنْتَظِرِي اِنْتَظِرْ   أَغْلِقِي أَغْلِقْ
اِنْتَظِرْنَ اِنْتَظِرُوا   أَغْلِقْنَ أَغْلِقُوا
  Wait!     Close!
         
تَأَدَّبِيْ تَأَدَّبْ   أَطِيْعِيْ أَطِعْ
تَأَدَّبْنَ تَأَدَّبُوا   أَطِعْنَ أَطِيْعُوا
  Behave!     Obey!
         
اِسْتَغْفِرِي اِسْتَغْفِرْ   اِسْتَحَمِّيْ اِسْتَحَمَّ
اِسْتَغْفِرْنَ اِسْتَغْفِرُوا   اِسْتَحْمَمْنَ اِسْتَحَمُّوا
  Seek forgiveness!     Bathe/Shower!
         
اِسْتَعْمِلِيْ اِسْتَعْمِلْ   اِغْتَسِلِيْ اِغْتَسِلْ
اِسْتَعْمِلْنَ اِسْتَعْمِلُوا   اِغْتَسِلْنَ اِغْتَسِلُوا
  Use!     Take a ghusl!
         
سَاعِدِيْ سَاعِدْ   اِسْتَيْقِظِيْ اِسْتَيْقِظْ
سَاعِدْنَ سَاعِدُوا   اِسْتَيْقِظْنَ اِسْتَيْقِظُوا
  Help!     Wake up!
         
اِنْتَبِهِي اِنْتَبِهْ ب has kasrah اِخْتَارِي اِخْتَرْ
اِنْتَبِهْنَ اِنْتَبِهُوا   اِخْتَرْنَ اِخْتَارُوا
  Pay attention!     Choose/Pick!

 

1تعالى when used in the command form, means “come!” but when it is not in command form, it means: to be exalted

In File Form: Some Useful Commands 2

Some Useful Commands from Thulaathee Mujarrad Verbs

May 17, 2010

The 2nd person masculine singular command generally takes a sukoon on the last letter. Ex: اِجْلِسْ (You m.sg)

The 2nd person feminine singular command has a yaa attached to it. Ex: اِجْلِسِيْ (You f.sg)

The 2nd person masculine plural generally has a wow and alif attached to the last letter. Ex.: اِجْلِسُوا (You m.pl)

The 2nd person feminine plural has a noon attached to it. Ex: اِجْلِسْنَ (You f.pl.)

This chart is for thulaathee mujarrad regular verbs

اِفْعَلِيْ اِفْعَلْ اِجْلِسِيْ اِجْلِسْ
اِفْعَلْنَ اِفْعَلُوا اِجْلِسْنَ اِجْلِسُوا
Do! Sit up!
اُسْكُتِيْ اُسْكُتْ اِذهَبِيْ اِذْهَبْ
اُسْكُتْنَ اُسْكُتُوا اِذْهَبْنَ اِذْهَبُوا
Be quiet! Go!
اِفْتَحِيْ اِفْتَحْ اُخْرُجِيْ اُخْرُجْ
اِفْتَحْنَ اِفْتَحُوا اُخْرُجْنَ اُخْرُجُوا
Open! Leave/Exit!
اِعْلَمِيْ اِعْلَمْ اُقْعُدِيْ اُقْعُدْ
اِعْلَمْنَ اِعْلَمُوا اُقْعُدْنَ اُقْعُدُوا
Know! Sit down!
اُدْرُسِيْ اُدْرُسْ اِقْرَئِيْ اِقْرَأْ
اُدْرُسْنَ اُدْرُسُوا اِقْرَأَنَ اِقْرَؤُوا
Study! Read/Recite!
اِحْفَظِيْ اِحْفَظْ اُكْتُبِيْ اُكْتُبْ
اِحْفَظْنَ اِحْفَظُوا اُكْتُبْنَ اُكْتُبُوا
Memorize Write!
اِغْسِليْ اِغْسِل اِصْبِرِي اِصبِرْ
اِغْسِلْنَ اِغْسِلُوا اِصْبِرْنَ اِصْبِرُوا
Wash! Be patient!
اِخْلَعِيْ اِخْلَعْ اِلْبَسِيْ اِلْبَسْ
اِخْلَعْنَ اِخْلَعُوا اِلْبَسْنَ اِلْبَسُوا
Take off! Put on/Wear!
اُدْخُلِيْ اُدْخُلْ اِنْزِلِي اِنْزِلْ
اُدْخُلْنَ اُدْخُلُوا اِنْزِلْنَ اِنْزِلُوا
Enter! Get down!
اُنْظُرِي اُنْظُرْ اِشْرَبِي اِشْرَبْ
اُنْظُرْنَ اُنْظُرُوا اِشْرَبْنَ اِشْرَبُوا
Look! Drink!
مُرِي مُرْ خُذِيْ1 خُذْ
مُرْنَ مُرُوا خُذْنَ خُذُوا
Command! Take!
هاتِ كُلِي كُلْ
Bring!2 كُلْنَ كُلُوا
Eat!

This chart is for thulaathee mujarrad irregular verbs3 – weak middle letter

تُوْبِيْ تُبْ قُوْلِيْ قُلْ
تُبْنَ تُوْبُوا قُلْنَ قُوْلُوْا
Repent! Say!
قُوْمِيْ قُمْ كُوْنِيْ كُنْ
قُمْنَ قُوْمُوا كُنَّ4 كُوْنُوا
Stand! Be!
سِيْرِيْ سِرْ بِيْعِيْ بِعْ
سِرْنَ سِيْرُوا بِعْنَ بِيْعُوا
Travel/Go! Sell!
نَامِيْ نَمْ نَالِيْ نَلْ
نَمْنَ نَامُوا نَلْنَ نَالُوا
Sleep Obtain!

This chart is for thulathee mujarrad irregular verbs5 – double letter

صُبِّيْ صُبَّ اِسْحَبِي اِسْحَبْ
صُبَبْنَ صُبُّوا اِسْحَبْنَ اِسْحَبُوا
Pour! Pull!
رُدِّيْ رُدَّ عُدِّيْ عُدَّ
رُدَدْنَ رُدُّوا عُدَدْنَ عُدُّوا
Reply/Reject! Count!
مَسِّيْ مَسَّ شَمِّيْ شَمَّ
مَسَسْنَ مَسُّوا شَمَمْنَ شَمُّوا
Touch! Smell!

The masculine singular commands in the above chart should have a fat-hah over the double letter

This chart is for thulaathee mujarrad irregular verbs6 – weak first letter

قِفِيْ قِفْ جِدِيْ جِدْ
قِفْنَ قِفُوا جِدْنَ جِدُوا
Stop! Find!
صِلِيْ صِلْ ضَعِيْ ضَعْ
صِلْنَ صِلُوا ضَعْنَ ضَعُوا
Connect! Put!
قِيْ قِ7 زِنِيْ زِنْ
قِيْنَ قُوا زِنَّ زِنُوا
Save! Weigh!

This chart is for thulaathee mujarrad verbs8 – weak end letter

اِكْوِيْ اِكْوِ اِمْشِيْ اِمْشِ
اِكْوِيْنَ اِكْوُوا اِمْشِيْنَ اِمْشُوا
Iron! Walk!
اِرْمِيْ اِرْمِ اِطْوِيْ اِطْوِ
اِرْمِيْنَ اِرْمُوا اِطْوِيْنَ اِطْوُوا
Throw! Fold!
اُمْحِيْ اُمْحُ اُدْعِيْ اُدْعُ
اُمْحِيْنَ اُمْحُوا اُدْعِيْنَ اُدْعُوا
Erase! Invite/Call!
اِخْشَيْ اِخْشَ اِنْسَيْ اِنْسَ
اِخْشَيْنَ اِخْشَوا اِنْسَيْنَ اِنْسَوا
Fear! Forget

1These 3 verbs are from mahmooz- verbs that have hamzah as a root letter – أخذ and أمر and أكل

2This is a special type of verb, it doesnt have a present tense

3Most verbs taken from Madinah Book 2 chapter 27

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du2_28.htm

 

4Not to be confused with كنّا (with alif) which means “we were”

5Taken from Madinah Book 2 chapter 29

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du2_30.htm

 

6 Verbs taken from Madinah Book 2 chapter 26

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du2_27.htm

 

7From the verb وَقَى which is technically called lafeef- it has two weak letters

8Taken from Madinah Book 2 chapter 28

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du2_29.htm

 

(links updated 7/14/2014)

In file form : Some Useful Commands 1

Commands and Negative Commands, 1st & 3rd person

April 29, 2010

To form the command for the third person, you do two things to the 3rd person verb conjugation:

1.Make it majzoom (which for regular verbs is going to mean putting a sukoon on it in the singular and for the conjugation for “we”, and dropping the noon from the masculine plural and the feminine singular. The feminine plural does not change [For irregular verbs in a state of majzoom, go here])

2.Put a lam with kasrah لِ in front of it

Example:

لِيذهبْ الطلابُ الجددُ إلى المدير، ولْيرجِعوا بعد مُقَابَلَتِهِ

Let the new students go to the Principal and return after meeting with him

 

If و or ف comes in front of the 3rd person command, then the lam takes a sukoon, not kasrah. Example:

لِيَدْخُلْ وَلْيَجْلِسْ

Let him enter and sit

لامُ الأمر The laam of command can also be applied to the first person (i.e. we). Example:

لِنَجْلِسْ مَعاً

Let’s sit together

Examples of Negative Commands with the Laam of Command

لا يَسْخَرْ أحَدٌ مِنْ أحَدٍ

Let no one make fun of another

And in the hadeeth:

لا تُسَافِرْ المَرْأَةُ ثلاثةَ أيامٍ إلاّ مَعَ ذِي مَحْرَمً

Let no woman travel three days except with her Mahram” (Bukhari)

For more examples, see Madinah Book 3, chapter 13

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_14.htm