Archive for the ‘Madinah Books’ Category

Clarification of some sentences in Madinah Book 2

August 6, 2013

The following sentences are from Madinah Book 21, lesson 16, point #16

 

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du2_17.htm

 

 

 

نقول: القرآن كتابُ الله. قرأت القرآنَ. أحفظ القرآنَ

We say: The Quran is the Book of Allah. I recited the Quran. I am memorizing the Quran.”

ونقول: عندي ثلاثةُ مَصَاحِفَ. وَضَعْتُ المُصْحَفَ

على المكتب. أقرأُ من المُصْحَفِ

And we say: I have three mus’hafs. I put the mus’haf on the desk. I am reading from the mus’haf.”

 

These sentences seem to imply that the Quran is not what is in the mus-haf.  It has recently been clarified, alhamdulillah, that the Quran is also what is written in the mus-haf.  One proof mentioned in the beneficial article here:

http://www.bakkah.net/en/serious-errors-of-yusuf-estes-in-basic-muslim-creed.htm

is the hadeeth:

 

(( Do not travel with the Quran, since I can not guarantee that the enemies would not get a hold of it. ))

Collected by Muslim in his Saheeh (#1869)

 

It is important to understand that in Arabic, words have both a linguistic meaning ( لُغَةً ) and a meaning in the religion (اِصْطِلَاحًا or as it is sometimes worded, in the legislation – شَرْعًا )

It is important to refer to the Scholars of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah for both the linguistic meaning of a word, and especially its meaning in the legislation (Quran and Sunnah). 

Shaikh Uthaymeen said2 about the meaning of the word “Qur’an”:

 

ما هو القرآن الكريم؟ يقول القرآن في اللغة

مصدرُ قرأبمعنى تلاأو بمعنى جمعبأن

قرأ تكون بمعنى تلا مثل قول تعالى:

فإذا قرأت القرآن فاستعذ بالله

What is the Noble Quran? “Quran” linguistically is the masdar (verbal noun) of “qara’a”, meaning: “talaa” (to recite) or meaning “jama’a” (to gather).  Because qara’a means talaa (to recite) like in The Most High’s statement (translated):

So when you recite the Qur’an, seek refuge with Allah…” (16:98)…

 

وتكون بمعنى جمع ومنه القرية

يعني أن تجمع السكان

And it (also) means “jama’a” (to gather) and from it is (the word) “qaryah” (village), meaning – where the residents gather…

 

تقول قرأ قَرْأً وقُرْآنًا

كما تقول غفر غَفْرًا وغُفْرَانًا

…You say “qara’a” (the infinitive), “qar’an” (first masdar [verbal noun]) and “qur’aanan” (second masdar)

just like you say “ghafara”, “ghafran”, “ghufraanan”

(showing a similarity between the patterns for the verbs and masdars)

 

فصارت.كلمة القرآن مصدر

بمعنى اسم مفعول

وبمعنى اسم الفاعل

So the word “Qur’an” is a masdar (verbal noun) which (sometimes) means the ism maf’ool (object) and (sometimes) means the ism faa’il (doer of the action)

 

إن كان من التلاوة فهي بمعنى باسم مفعول

If (Quran) means tilaawah (recitation, as in 2:121), then its meaning is that of an object (i.e. something which is recited)

إن كان من الجمع فمعنى اسم الفاعل

If (Quran) means “jama’a” (to gather), then its meaning is that of a doer (i.e. something which gathers)…

فعلى المعنى الأول تلا يعني التلاوة يكون مصدرا بمعنى اسم مفعول أي بمعنى متلو

So for the first meaning (from) “talaa” (to recite), meaning: “tilaawah” (recitation), (quran) is a masdar with the meaning of the object, meaning: matloo (that which is recited)

وعلى المعنى الثاني جمع يكون مصدرا بمعنى اسم الفاعل أي بمعنى جامع لجمع الأخبار والأحكام

For the second meaning (from) “jama’a” (to gather), (quran) is a masdar with the meaning of the doer (of the action), meaning: Jaami’ (something which gathers) because it gathers the relayed information (conveyed to His Prophet [sallallahu alayhe wa sallam] in the Quran from Allah concerning matters of the unseen, previous nations, etc) and the rulings…

ويمكن أن يكون على اسم المفعول أيضا أي بمعنى مجموع بأنه جُمِعَ في المصاحف والصدور

…And it is possible that (quran) has the meaning (with regards to “jama’a”) of the object as well, meaning: majmoo’ (that which is gathered), because it is gathered in the mus’hafs and in the chests…

(End of first part of quoting from Shaikh Uthaymeen)

Later while explaining the legislative meaning (في الشرع) of Quran , Shaikh Uthaymeen mentions:

 

إذاً أولُ القرآن هو الفاتحة, كتابةً وتلاوة

Then, the first part of the Quran is al-Faatihah, in writing and in recitation

أما نزولا فأوله اقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلق

As for the first part to be revealed, that was (translated):

Read! In the Name of your Lord Who created…” (96:1)

المختوم بسورة الناس

It ends with suratun Naas (ch.114)…

وهذا القرآن ولله الحمد

And this Quran – and to Allah is due all the praise

محفوظ في الصدور

Is memorized in the chests

مكتوب في السطور

and is written on the lines…

(end of quoting from that audio – Usoolut-tafseer)

Umm Muhammad Zawjatu Abdul Malik

(Footnotes)

1 As a side point, the Madinah series consists of 4 semesters of books – each semester containing at least four books – 1 book is lessons in the Arabic language and the other books are side books, for example – ta’beer (conversation), Imlaa’, (dictation), hadeeth, fiqh, seerah, tafseer, etc.  Dr. V wrote the books which contain lessons in the Arabic language.  As for the side books, then some of them he helped write, some of them he reviewed, and some he didn’t write (like the tafseer book for semester four)

2 From: http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/publish/cat_index_31.shtml1st tape, side one (al wajhul awwal),  from 4:10 – 6:12 and 9:16 – 9:42

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Side Books to the Madinah Series

March 14, 2012

updated 6/29/13

There are 4 semesters or levels in the Madinah series (the Arabic series – a set of over 15 Arabic books – that is taught at the University of Madinah that can be found here:

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/syukbah.htm )

 

The third semester contains half (the first 17 or so chapters) of the chapters found in the large Madinah Book Three that has the English answer key along with it

The fourth semester  includes the second half of Madinah Book Three (that has the English answer key) and other side books

 

Madinah Book 1 and side books:

http://dusunnah.com/s28-arabic-language/c81-arabic-language/arabic-lessons-in-reading-level-1/

 

Madinah Book 2 and side books:

http://dusunnah.com/s28-arabic-language/c81-arabic-language/arabic-lessons-in-reading-level-2/

 

First half of Madinah Book 3 and side books for the 3rd semester:

http://dusunnah.com/s28-arabic-language/c81-arabic-language/madeenah-book-3-sidebooks/

 

Second half of Madinah Book 3 and side books for the 4th semester:

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/mus4_index.htm

 

Madinah Book 1 Proficiency Test

July 21, 2011

Madinah Book 1 Proficiency Test

Vocabulary Test may be found here: http://islamthestudyguides.com/various-bits-bobs/

Tests for Madinah Book 2 Chapters 1-15

November 11, 2010

 

http://www.almiftaah.net/index.php?option=com_docman&task=cat_view&gid=139&Itemid=14

Audio for Books 1 and 2

April 19, 2010

http://www.matari.com/Arabic_Lessons/

Vocabulary in Madinah Books

April 19, 2010

Vocabulary for Madinah Book 1

http://www.thenoblequran.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=SCL09&articleID=SCL090002&articlePages=1

Beginners

April 19, 2010

This is a good site for beginners with audio and translation.  Also teaches how to read the letters

http://www.madinaharabic.com/start_learning.html

Madinah Books

April 7, 2010

Madinah Books (free online, not a download).  The series of Madinah Books is over a dozen books. The Books with English Keys 1,2, and 3 correspond with the books دروس اللغة العربية  in the mustawa (level/semester) 1,2,3, and 4 (Book 3 with the English Key is mustawa 3 and 4 combined in duroos al-lughatul-arabiyyah)

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/syukbah.htm

(link updated 7/14/2014)

Madinah Book resources (audio, study notes, etc)

http://abdurrahman.org/arabic/madina-arabic.html

http://xbintmuhammadx.wordpress.com/2011/05/03/madeenah-book-1-notes/