Archive for the ‘Forming the Doer of the action’ Category

Forming the Doer in the 3 letter root increased (mazeed) verb

October 6, 2010

The main difference between forming the فاعِل (Doer of the action) and forming the مفْعُول (Object of the action) in (3 letter root) mazeed verbs is that the middle ROOT letter takes a kasrah when it is the Doer and a fat-hah when it is the Object (this is for regular verbs.  Irregular verbs may be different depending on the type of irregularity)

Forming Doer for mazeed verbs – second pattern

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How to form the Doer (فَاعِلٌ) in thulaathee mujarrad verbs

May 5, 2010

For thulaathee (3 letter root ) mujarrad (bare) verbs, the doer of the action (and the doer may be a person OR a thing) is formed upon the pattern :

فَاعِلٌ

Examples:

حَفِظَ to memorize

حَافِظٌ one who memorizes

 (just add ة to make it feminine – حَافِظَةٌ )

فَهِمَ to understand

فَاهِمٌ one who understands

 (just add oon to make it m.pl.: فَاهِمُوْنَ )

نَطَقَ to speak

نَاطِقٌ one who speaks (just add aat to make it f.pl.: نَاطِقَاتٌ )

The doer may also be formed on the mubaalaghah patterns. Examples:

فَقِهَ to understand

فَقِيْهٌ one with deep understanding

and likewise خَطِيْبٌ -lecturer – is from خَطَبَ

Another common mabalaghah pattern is فَعَّالٌ (fat-hah. Examples:

خَبَّازٌ Baker from خبز – to bake

حَلَّاقٌ Barber from حلق – to shave

غَسَّالَةٌ Washing Machine (Washer) from – غسل to wash

 

Do not confuse this pattern with فُعَّالٌ (dammah) which is a plural form. Examples:

رُكَّاب Passengers

حُكَّامٌ Judges

كُفَّارٌ Disbelievers

Doers for double letter verbs (3 letter root, bare) are formed like this:

حَجَّ to make Hajj

حَاجٌّ pilgrim (person who makes Hajj)

Doers for weak middle letter verbs are formed like this:

سَاقَ to drive

سَائِقٌ Driver

Doers for weak last letter verbs are formed like this:

رَقَى to recite ruqya (not to be confused with رَقِيَ to climb)

رَاقٍ One who recites ruqya

(راقٍ  raaqin has kasrataan)

As a side note, doers which are formed like this (above) take a ي as an ending in three cases:

1.when it has ال .Example: المُحَامِيْ the lawyer (مُحَامِيَةٌ female lawyer)

2.when it is mudaf هُوَ قَاضِيُ المَدِيْنَةِ He is the judge of the town

3.when it is mansoob زَارَ مُحَامٍ قَاضِياً A lawyer visited a judge

(See Madinah Book 3, lesson 1,

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_2.htm

 

 about 1/3 down the page )

On how to form the Doer of an action (فاعِلٌ ) for 3 letter root mujarrad (bare) verbs, see Madinah Book 3, lesson 5

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_6.htm