Archive for the ‘The Doer from a 3 letter root , bare verb’ Category

How to form the Doer (فَاعِلٌ) in thulaathee mujarrad verbs

May 5, 2010

For thulaathee (3 letter root ) mujarrad (bare) verbs, the doer of the action (and the doer may be a person OR a thing) is formed upon the pattern :

فَاعِلٌ

Examples:

حَفِظَ to memorize

حَافِظٌ one who memorizes

 (just add ة to make it feminine – حَافِظَةٌ )

فَهِمَ to understand

فَاهِمٌ one who understands

 (just add oon to make it m.pl.: فَاهِمُوْنَ )

نَطَقَ to speak

نَاطِقٌ one who speaks (just add aat to make it f.pl.: نَاطِقَاتٌ )

The doer may also be formed on the mubaalaghah patterns. Examples:

فَقِهَ to understand

فَقِيْهٌ one with deep understanding

and likewise خَطِيْبٌ -lecturer – is from خَطَبَ

Another common mabalaghah pattern is فَعَّالٌ (fat-hah. Examples:

خَبَّازٌ Baker from خبز – to bake

حَلَّاقٌ Barber from حلق – to shave

غَسَّالَةٌ Washing Machine (Washer) from – غسل to wash

 

Do not confuse this pattern with فُعَّالٌ (dammah) which is a plural form. Examples:

رُكَّاب Passengers

حُكَّامٌ Judges

كُفَّارٌ Disbelievers

Doers for double letter verbs (3 letter root, bare) are formed like this:

حَجَّ to make Hajj

حَاجٌّ pilgrim (person who makes Hajj)

Doers for weak middle letter verbs are formed like this:

سَاقَ to drive

سَائِقٌ Driver

Doers for weak last letter verbs are formed like this:

رَقَى to recite ruqya (not to be confused with رَقِيَ to climb)

رَاقٍ One who recites ruqya

(راقٍ  raaqin has kasrataan)

As a side note, doers which are formed like this (above) take a ي as an ending in three cases:

1.when it has ال .Example: المُحَامِيْ the lawyer (مُحَامِيَةٌ female lawyer)

2.when it is mudaf هُوَ قَاضِيُ المَدِيْنَةِ He is the judge of the town

3.when it is mansoob زَارَ مُحَامٍ قَاضِياً A lawyer visited a judge

(See Madinah Book 3, lesson 1,

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_2.htm

 

 about 1/3 down the page )

On how to form the Doer of an action (فاعِلٌ ) for 3 letter root mujarrad (bare) verbs, see Madinah Book 3, lesson 5

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_6.htm