Archive for the ‘The Object from a 3 letter root, bare verb’ Category

How to form the object (مَفْعُوْلٌ ) in 3 letter root, bare verbs

May 5, 2010

The object for thulaathee (3 letter root) mujarrad (bare) verbs is generally formed on the pattern of مَفْعُوْلٌ The maf’ool is the person or thing the action is done to, Ex:

حَفِظَ to memorize, مَحْفُوْظٌ something which was memorized

فَهِمَ to understand, مَفْهُوْمٌ understood

هَلْ هذا مفهوم؟

Is this understood?

More examples:

كَسَرَ  to break,  مَكْسُوْرٌ  broken

غَسَلَ  to wash, مَغْسُوْلٌ  washed

كَتَبَ  to write, مَكْتُوْبٌ  written

سَرِقَ  to steal, مَسْرُوْقٌ  stolen

سَمِعَ  to hear, مَسْمُوْعٌ heard

عَلِمَ  to know, مَعْلُوْمٌ   known

Formed with irregular verbs thusly:

سَرَّ to please, make happy مَسْرُوْر pleased/happy

أنا مسرور

I am happy.

قَال، يقول to say, مَقُوْل statement (something which was said)

بَاع، يبِيْع to sell, مَبِيْعٌ sold

دَعَا، يَدْعُوْ to invite, مَدْعُوٌّ invited

قَلَى، يَقْلِيْ to fry, مَقْلِيٌ fried

Refer to Madinah Book 3, chapter 5 for more examples

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_6.htm

 

The maf’ool for regular verbs may also be formed on the pattern فَعِيْلٌ

Examples:

جَرِيْحٌ injured

مَرِيْضٌ sick

رَجِيْمٌ cursed

This was taken from the Tafseer Book of Semester/Level 4 in the Madinah series:

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/taf4_3.htm

 

والرجيم: فعيل بمعنى مفعـول أي أنه مَرْجُوم مَطرود عن الخير

N.B. The mubaalaghah pattern فَعِيْلٌ can also be used for the فَاعِلٌ or Doer of the action. Ex:

نَصِيْرٌ one who helps a lot