Archive for the ‘3 letter root mujarrad’ Category

Verbs on the pattern of اِنْفَعَلَ present tense

May 7, 2010

One of the meanings of this pattern/form is that it is the reflexive of form I

Example: اِنْكَسَرَ الكُوْبُ The cup broke (on its own)

As opposed to: كَسَرْتَ الكُوبَ You (m.sg) broke the cup

See Madinah Book 3, lesson 22

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du4_7.htm

 

 For more examples of the reflexive for this pattern, go here (p.6) of the file

Chart with conjugation for this pattern: pattern VII saalim

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Pattern VI irregular, present tense

May 5, 2010

 

Pattern VI verbs with a weak middle letter (like تَنَاوَلَ ) are conjugated just like regular verbs on this pattern.

 Pattern VI double letter :   pattern VI muda’af

Pattern VI weak end letter :  pattern VI weak end letter

Verbs on the pattern تَفَاعَلَ present tense

May 4, 2010

From the meanings of form VI are:

1.The mutual participation of an action, Ex. : تَعَاوَنَ to help each other

2.Pretending, Ex. : تَنَاوَمَ to pretend to sleep

For more meanings, see the chart here

In the conjugations which have two taa’s, you can drop one of the taa’s ( و لا تَعَاوَنُوا “And don’t help each other upon sin and transgression” 5:2 ta’aawanu, from تَتَعَاوَنُوا )

Click on the following file to learn its conjugation pattern VI saalim

Madinah Book 3, lesson 22 covers this pattern:

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du4_6.htm

 

Present tense, form V irregular

May 4, 2010

 

Irregular verbs on form V which have a double letter – like تَشَدَّدَ – to strengthen ( root is شَدَّ ) are conjugated like regular verbs on this pattern.

Likewise, Irregular verbs on form V which have a weak middle root letter – like تَغَيَّرَ – to change ( root is غير ) are conjugated like regular verbs on this pattern

The following chart is for verbs which have a weak end letter (pattern V)

 pattern V weak end letter

Meanings of the mazeed (increased) patterns II – X

May 3, 2010

This is a very beneficial file (not made by me)

Meaning Patterns

Form IV present tense, irregular

May 3, 2010

Double letter  pattern IV muda’af

Weak middle letter  pattern IV weak of ayn

Weak end letter pattern IV weak of lam

Pattern III mazeed, irregular, present tense

May 2, 2010

Muda’af (double letter)   pattern III muda’af

Verbs in pattern III with weak middle letters – like حَاوَلَ (to try) – are conjugated like regular pattern III verbs

Weak end letter   pattern III weak of lam

Pattern II weak last letter

May 1, 2010

pattern II weak of lam

Pattern II weak middle letter

May 1, 2010

pattern II weak of ayn

Pattern II double letter

May 1, 2010

pattern II muda’af