Archive for the ‘3 letter root (thulaathee)’ Category

Pattern XIII if’awwala, yaf’awwilu

April 4, 2012



Pattern XII if’aw’ala, yaf’aw’ilu

March 20, 2012


Past tense thulaathee mujarrad saalim

October 21, 2010

 Past tense for thulaathee (three letter root ) mujarrad (bare) saalim (regular) verbs

We studied دَرَسْنَا   I studied دَرَسْتُ
You ( studied دَرَسْتُم   You ( studied دَرَسْتَ
You ( studied دَرَسْتُنَّ   You ( studied دَرَسْتِ
They (m) studied دَرَسُوا   He studied دَرَسَ
They (f) studied دَرَسْنَ   She studied دَرَسَتْ

Now practice conjugating in the Past tense for the following verbs:

To break كَسَرَ   To understand (also he understood) فَهِمَ
To leave خَرَجَ   To hear سَمِعَ
To worship عَبَدَ   To go ذَهَبَ
To prostrate سَجَدَ   To eat أَكَلَ
To wash غَسَلَ   To drink شَرِبَ
To attend حَضَرَ   To do فَعَلَ

Past Tense for Thulaathee Mazeed Verbs, Regular

May 20, 2010


Using the past tense with thulaathee1 mazeed2 regular verbs is very easy. For most of the pronouns, we are simply going to put a sukoon on the last letter and then attach the pronoun. Examples:

سَافَرْتُ I traveled – from سَافَرَ – we put a sukoon on the last letter and then added تُ which is for I (did something in the past tense)


تَنَاوَلْتُم الدَوَاءَ You ( took the medicine – from تَنَاوَلَ – sukoon is put on the last letter and then تُمْ was added (which is for you

There are 3 exceptions (5 if you count dual but I generally dont include dual)

1.For the 3rd person masculine singular – you leave it just like the infinitive (same thing you do for thulaathee mujarrad verbs). Ex:

هَاجَرَ he made hijrah – from the verb هاجر

2.For the 3rd person feminine singular – you simply at تْ to the 3rd person (same thing you do for thulaathee mujarrad verbs):

هَاجَرَتْ she made hijrah (emigrated)

3.For the 3rd person m.plural, you put a dammah on the last letter (not sukoon) and add wow and alif (same as you do with thulaathee mujarrad):

هَاجَرُوا They made hijrah

Now the following chart is going to have different forms/wazns (II-X excluding IX because it has a double letter built into its pattern, which makes it more of an irregular verb in the way it is conjugated) with the proper dameer attached

We pretended to be sick تَمَارَضْنَا3   I taught عَلَّمْتُ4
You ( turned away اِنْقَلَبْتُم5   You ( met قَابَلْتَ6
You ( waited 7اِنْتَظَرْتُنَّ   You ( became Muslim 8أَسْلَمْتِ
They (m) used اِسْتَعْمَلُوا9   He learned تَعَلَّمَ10
They (f) used 11اِسْتَعْمَلْنَ   She learned 12تَعَلَّمَتْ


1A verb which has three ROOT letters like ذهب and أذهب and علّم and تعلّم – the ROOT letters for all of these verbs are 3 letters. For the first two verbs, ذهب (dhaal – haa- baa)are the three ROOT letters (and where you would find their meanings in the Hans Wehr Dictionary). For the last two, علم (alif – laam – meem)are the 3 ROOT letters

2Mazeed means there is an increase on the three ROOT letters in the verb. Like for أذهب – the ROOT letters were increased by 1 letter to form this verb (so أذهب is mazeed whereas ذهب is mujarrad). Likewise, تعلّم – the ROOT letters were increased by 2 letters (taa and one of the double letters under the shaddah) تعلّم is mazeed (and also علّم which is increased by 1 letter – the double letter under shaddah) but علم is mujarrad (bare).  See forms charts from here

3From تَمَارَضَ

4From عَلَّمَ

5From اِنْقَلَبَ see 3: 144 for this meaning

6 From قَابَلَ

7From اِنْتَظَرَ

8From أَسْلَمَ

9From اِسْتَعْمَلَ

10From تَعَلَّمَ

11From اِسْتَعْمَلَ

12From تَعَلَّمَ

Pattern X, irregular, present tense

May 13, 2010

Double letter: pattern X muda’af

Weak middle letter: pattern X weak of ayn

Weak end letter : pattern X weak of lam

Verbs on the pattern of اِسْتَفْعَلَ , regular, present tense

May 12, 2010

Pattern X is gone over in Madinah Book 3, chapter 24


Some of the meaning of this pattern are:

1.Seeking/asking for the root, Ex: اِسْتَعَانَ – to seek help (عون)

2.To consider something/someone to be the root, Ex: اِسْتَعْظَمَ – to consider to be great

For more meanings of this pattern, look at the chart here

Conjugation chart for Pattern X : pattern X saalim

Verbs on the pattern اِفْعَلَّ present tense

May 11, 2010

Pattern IX is used for colors and defects. Example:

اِحْمَرَّ خَالِدٌ Khaalid turned red (blushed).

اِعْوَجَّ العَصَا The stick became crooked

As for verbs with a weak middle letter (like اعوجّ ) then these are conjugated like regular pattern IX verbs. As for verbs with a weak end letter on this pattern, then I have not encountered one so far. Even though اَعْمَى is a blind person (male), I do not see in the Hans Wehr that it is conjugated in pattern IX. One could say عَمِيَ He was (or became) blind (and this is pattern I).

Likewise with the double letter verbs, I haven’t encountered one that is conjugated on pattern IX yet so I do not know if these are conjugated in pattern IX or not. Though some defects do contain double letters, ex أَصَمُّ is a deaf male, however, I did not see in Hans Wehr that it is conjugated on pattern IX. One could say صَمَّ – he became (or was) deaf – and this is pattern I .

That is not to say that being blind or deaf is a defect, this is simply something that Allah has tested some individuals with. And for those who die as Muslims pleasing their Creator, then He will give them the same as everyone else who enters Paradise (including vision and hearing) in the Next Life. And it is said that the Prophet Shu’aib was blind. Also, the Companion Ibn Umm Maktoom was blind, the late scholar Abdul Azeez Bin Baz was blind and the contemporary living scholar Ubayd al Jaabiree is blind. And it is possible there were some deaf companions and scholars as well, but in my limited knowledge, I haven’t run across that yet. One could ask the Scholars about that.

In Madinah Book 3, chapter 24 (which goes over pattern IX ), it also includes the mubalaghah form for pattern IX which is اِحْمَارَّ، يَحْمَارُّ – these are two different patterns – one is increased by two letters (one alif and a double letter) and the other by three (two alifs and a double letter). According to the text of Binaa al-Af’aal, اِحْمَارَّ is the intensive for اِحْمَرَّ (refer to Binaa al- Af’aal for an example ). اِحْمَارَّ is conjugated the exact same way as اِحْمَرَّ (except with an extra alif after the meem in each conjugation : نَحْمَارُّ، تَحْمَارُّوْنَ، تَحْمَارِرْنَ etc),

(the first ر in تحماررن has kasrah)

How to conjugate verbs on pattern IX : pattern IX

Form VIII present tense, irregular verbs

May 11, 2010

Weak middle letter :  pattern VIII weak of ayn

Weak end letter :   pattern VIII weak of lam

Double letter :  pattern VIII muda’af

Verbs on the pattern of اِفْتَعَلَ present tense

May 11, 2010

For possible meanings of form VIII, look here

Form VIII is covered in Madinah Book 3, chapter 23


Something interesting about form VIII is that when the first letter of the root is a certain letter, then the ت in the pattern اِفْتَعَلَ changes to a different letter. Examples (taken from the above link):

زَحَـمَ ازْدَحَم (إذا كانت فاء افْتَعَل دالاً، أو ذالاً، أو زاياً أبدلِتْ تاؤه دالاً).
When the first root letter is ز or د or ذ then theت changes to د
زَانَ …………………… Form these 3 verbs at left on the pattern of ifta’ala keeping in mind the above rule
ذَكَرَ ……………………
دَعَـا ……………………
صَـبَرَ اصْطَبَرَ (إذا كانت فاءُ افْتَعَلَ صاداً، أو ضَاداً، أو طاءً، أو ظاءً أُبْدِلَتْ تاؤه طاءً).
When the first root letter is aص or ض or ط or ظ then the ت changes to ط
صَفَا …………………  Form these 4 verbs at left on the pattern of ifta’ala keeping in mind the above rule
ضرَبَ …………………
ظَلَـمَ ………………
طَلَـعَ …………………
وَقَـي اتَّقى (إذا كانت فاءُ افْتَعَل واواً أُبدلَتْ تاءً)
]When the first root letter is a و then the و itself changes to ت(so you get two taa’s which looks like taa with shaddah تَّ )
وَصَـلَ ……………………  Form these 3 verbs at left on the pattern of ifta’ala keeping in mind the above rule
وَحَـدَ ……………………
وَفِـقَ ……………………


To see how regular verbs are conjugated on this pattern, look at this chart : pattern VIII saalim

Form VII, present tense, irregular verbs

May 11, 2010


The verb conjugator was not giving the correct conjugation for weak middle letter verbs on form VII, so I had to look elsewhere for an example (I assumed they were conjugated like wazn VIII but wanted to verify)

I got the verb اِنْقَادَ from here: (about 1/3 down the page)

 pattern VII weak of ayn

pattern VII weak of lam

pattern VII muda’af