Archive for the ‘Increased by 1 letter’ Category

verbs on the pattern أفْعَلَ , present tense

April 24, 2010

Both forms II and IV generally take the meaning of doing the root to something else.  For more meanings of this pattern, see this file here

Ex: 

دَخَلَ which means to enter

Whereas 

أَدْخَلَ means to make someone/thing enter something else

See the following chart for how to conjugate  pattern IV saalim

http://www.iu.edu.sa/web/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_18.html

This link corresponds to Madinah Book 3 Lesson 17

verbs on the pattern فَاعَلَ , present tense

April 24, 2010

Conveys the meaning of an action shared between two or more such that the doer is the one who initiated the action and the object the one who responded in kind. Ex:

قَاتَلَ زَيْدٌ عَمْراً

Zaid fought with Amr.

Definition and example taken from here

See the following chart for how to conjugate  pattern III saalim

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du4_4.htm

 

This link corresponds to Madinah Book 3, Lesson 19

verbs on the pattern فَعَّلَ , present tense

April 24, 2010

Both forms II and IV generally take the meaning of doing the root to something else. For more meanings than those mentioned here, see this file

Ex:  عَلِمَ means to know/learn

whereas 

عَلَّمَ means to make someone know/learn (i.e. to teach)

Another meaning is excessiveness/intensifies (mubaalagha)

Ex: 

قَتَلَ to kill

whereas 

قَتَّلَ means to massacre

And it can mean to do the root repeatedly. Ex:

قَطَعَ to cut

whereas 

قَطَّعَ is to maim/cut to pieces

See the following chart for how to conjugate pattern II saalim

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_17.html

 

(links updated 7/14/2014)

This above link corresponds to Madinah Book 3, lesson 16

The piece below is taken from Madinah Book 3, lesson 18:

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du4_3.htm

 

 

يُنْقَلُ الفِعْلُ إلى بَابِ (فَعَّلَ) لِمَعَانٍ مِنْها: التَكْثِيرُ أو المُبَالَغَةُ، نحو:

طَـوَّفَ  أي طَافَ كَثيراً.
قَتَّلَ  أي بَالَغَ في القَتْلِ.
كَسَّـرَ  أي بَالَغَ في الكَسْرِ.
قَطَّـعَ  أي بَالَغَ في القَطْعِ.
عَـدَّدَ  أي عَـدَّ كثيراً
كَسَّرتُ الأقْلامَ.- التكثير  
– كَسَّرْتُ القَلَـمَ. – المبالغة 
في التنـزيل: 
(1) {إنَّ الذين كَذَّبُوا بآياتِنَا واستَكْبَرُوا عَنْها لا تُفَتَّحُ لَهُمْ أبْوابُ السَّماءِ وَلا يَدْخُلُونَ الجَنَّةَ حَتَى يَلجَ الجَمَلُ في سَمِّ الخِيَاطِ}الأعراف/ 40 
 (2) [الّذي جَمَعَ مَالاً وعـدَّدَهُ}[الهـمزة/2 }
 (3) قال: {سَنُقَتِّلُ أَبْناءَهم} الأعراف/127
 (4) وَغَلَّقَتِ الأبْوَابَ}يوسف/23}
 (5) فَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ أَحَادِيثَ وَمزَّقْنَاهُمْ كُلَّ مُمَزَّقٍ} سبأ/19}
 (6) وإِذْ نَجَّيْنَاكُم مِنْ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ العذَابِ، يُذَبحُّونَ أَبنَاءكُم} البقرة/49}

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The 3 forms which are increased by one letter

April 24, 2010

Increased by one letter