Archive for the ‘Irregular’ Category

Pattern X, irregular, present tense

May 13, 2010

Double letter: pattern X muda’af

Weak middle letter: pattern X weak of ayn

Weak end letter : pattern X weak of lam

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Verbs on the pattern اِفْعَلَّ present tense

May 11, 2010

Pattern IX is used for colors and defects. Example:

اِحْمَرَّ خَالِدٌ Khaalid turned red (blushed).

اِعْوَجَّ العَصَا The stick became crooked

As for verbs with a weak middle letter (like اعوجّ ) then these are conjugated like regular pattern IX verbs. As for verbs with a weak end letter on this pattern, then I have not encountered one so far. Even though اَعْمَى is a blind person (male), I do not see in the Hans Wehr that it is conjugated in pattern IX. One could say عَمِيَ He was (or became) blind (and this is pattern I).

Likewise with the double letter verbs, I haven’t encountered one that is conjugated on pattern IX yet so I do not know if these are conjugated in pattern IX or not. Though some defects do contain double letters, ex أَصَمُّ is a deaf male, however, I did not see in Hans Wehr that it is conjugated on pattern IX. One could say صَمَّ – he became (or was) deaf – and this is pattern I .

That is not to say that being blind or deaf is a defect, this is simply something that Allah has tested some individuals with. And for those who die as Muslims pleasing their Creator, then He will give them the same as everyone else who enters Paradise (including vision and hearing) in the Next Life. And it is said that the Prophet Shu’aib was blind. Also, the Companion Ibn Umm Maktoom was blind, the late scholar Abdul Azeez Bin Baz was blind and the contemporary living scholar Ubayd al Jaabiree is blind. And it is possible there were some deaf companions and scholars as well, but in my limited knowledge, I haven’t run across that yet. One could ask the Scholars about that.

In Madinah Book 3, chapter 24 (which goes over pattern IX  http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du4_9.htm ), it also includes the mubalaghah form for pattern IX which is اِحْمَارَّ، يَحْمَارُّ – these are two different patterns – one is increased by two letters (one alif and a double letter) and the other by three (two alifs and a double letter). According to the text of Binaa al-Af’aal, اِحْمَارَّ is the intensive for اِحْمَرَّ (refer to Binaa al- Af’aal for an example ). اِحْمَارَّ is conjugated the exact same way as اِحْمَرَّ (except with an extra alif after the meem in each conjugation : نَحْمَارُّ، تَحْمَارُّوْنَ، تَحْمَارِرْنَ etc),

(the first ر in تحماررن has kasrah)

How to conjugate verbs on pattern IX : pattern IX

Form VIII present tense, irregular verbs

May 11, 2010

Weak middle letter :  pattern VIII weak of ayn

Weak end letter :   pattern VIII weak of lam

Double letter :  pattern VIII muda’af

Form VII, present tense, irregular verbs

May 11, 2010

 

The verb conjugator was not giving the correct conjugation for weak middle letter verbs on form VII, so I had to look elsewhere for an example (I assumed they were conjugated like wazn VIII but wanted to verify)

I got the verb اِنْقَادَ from here:

http://arabic.tripod.com/Verbs10.htm (about 1/3 down the page)

 pattern VII weak of ayn

pattern VII weak of lam

pattern VII muda’af

Pattern VI irregular, present tense

May 5, 2010

 

Pattern VI verbs with a weak middle letter (like تَنَاوَلَ ) are conjugated just like regular verbs on this pattern.

 Pattern VI double letter :   pattern VI muda’af

Pattern VI weak end letter :  pattern VI weak end letter

Present tense, form V irregular

May 4, 2010

 

Irregular verbs on form V which have a double letter – like تَشَدَّدَ – to strengthen ( root is شَدَّ ) are conjugated like regular verbs on this pattern.

Likewise, Irregular verbs on form V which have a weak middle root letter – like تَغَيَّرَ – to change ( root is غير ) are conjugated like regular verbs on this pattern

The following chart is for verbs which have a weak end letter (pattern V)

 pattern V weak end letter

Form IV present tense, irregular

May 3, 2010

Double letter  pattern IV muda’af

Weak middle letter  pattern IV weak of ayn

Weak end letter pattern IV weak of lam

Pattern III mazeed, irregular, present tense

May 2, 2010

Muda’af (double letter)   pattern III muda’af

Verbs in pattern III with weak middle letters – like حَاوَلَ (to try) – are conjugated like regular pattern III verbs

Weak end letter   pattern III weak of lam

Pattern II weak last letter

May 1, 2010

pattern II weak of lam

Pattern II weak middle letter

May 1, 2010

pattern II weak of ayn