Archive for the ‘Beliefs’ Category

Stories of the Prophets of Imam as-Sa’dee

January 16, 2019

I finished translating these over a year ago.  Imaam as-Sa’dee in his book قصص الأنبياء would narrate a story of one of the Prophets and then mention some benefits taken from the story.  I do not include the benefits after the stories because the brother Hasan as-Somali was translating them from the book: مصابيح الضياء which, as I understand it, was a compilation of the benefits from Qasasul Anbiyaa and Allaah knows best. So in summary, Qasasul Anbiyaa of Imaam as-Sa’dee included his narration of the stories of the Prophets as well as benefits, but I only include those stories below.  The brother Abdulillaah Lahmami also reads and translates these stories here:


Imaam as-Sa’dee also included the story of the people of the cave and Dhul Qarnain and Khidr – who were not Prophets. I am posting my previously completed translation for those who wish to use them for homeschooling or educational purposes and find reading an easier means of absorbing the information. Brother Abdullaah Lahmami’s translation will be better because his knowledge of Arabic is better.

Whichever translation you use, please reference the book: Qasas al Anbiyaa (Stories of the Prophets), the author: Imaam as-Sa’dee, and the translator (for the files BELOW that is me: Ummu Khadijah). The footnotes in the files below are mine.

intro, story of adam, nuh, hud, saalih


ibraheem, lut, shu’ayb, musa, yunus


dawood and sulayman, ayyub, musa and khidr, dhul qarnain


esa bin maryam, yusuf and ya’qoob, companions of the cave


The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him):

muhammad 2






Allaah is not inside His creation

September 22, 2018


From Shaikh Zaid al-Madkhalee’s explanation of the Introduction of Ibn Abee Zaid al Qayrawanee (Awdaahul-Ma’aanee), p.26-27

(Translation follows)

:(السؤال: فسّر بعض المفسرين قوله ( سبحانه وتعالى

 ( اللهُ الصَّمَدُ )


بالذي لا جوف له, فهل هذا صحيح؟ وما وجه كونه صفة كمال لله ( عز وجل )؟

الجواب: هذا ذكره المفسّرون إذ قالوا: الصمد الذي لا جوف له,

أي أنّ الله – تبارك وتعالى – ليس فيه أحد من مخلوقاته

ولا هو في شيء من مخلوقاته, فهو صفة مدح لا شكّ في ذلك,

والله أعلم.


Question: Some of the scholars explain His (سبحانه وتعالى) statement:

“Allaahus-Samad” (al-Ikhlaas 112:2)

They explain this statement to mean, “He has no ‘jawf’” – is this correct?  And do they mean this as a description of Allaah’s perfection (عز وجل)?


Answer by Shaikh Zaid al-Madkhalee (رحمه الله): This is what the scholars mention when they say, “As-Samad is the one who has no ‘jawf’.”  This means that Allaah (تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى) – no one from His creation is in Him and He is not inside any of His creation.  So without a doubt, this is a praiseworthy description.”


Translated by Ummu Khadijah



Tafsir Surahs Nur, Furqan, Shuaraa and more

January 20, 2017




Tafsir Surah Naml:




Tafseer Surah Shu’araa

part 1


part 2


part 3


part 4


part 5


part 6


part 7


part 8


part 9



part 10


part 11


part 12


part 13


part 14


part 15


part 16




Tafseer al-Furqaan part 1


part 2


part 3


part 4


part 5


part 6


part 7


part 8


part 9


part 10


part 11


part 12


(Also here: )



Tafseer an-Nur  part 1


part 1


part 2


part 3


part 4


part 5


part 6


part 7


part 8


part 9


part 10


part 11


part 12


part 13


part 14


part 15


part 16


part 17


part 18




Tafsir Surah Qaaf verses 1-18


Tafsir juz dhaariyaat::


Tafseer Surah Hujuraat:


Allaah’s Mercy is more vast than your sins

December 28, 2015



The following was translated from Imaam Muhammad Amaan al-Jaamee’s explanation of Shaikh Uthaymeen’s excellent book:


القواعد المثلى في صفات الله وأسمائه الحسنى

Exemplary Principles Concerning the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allaah


This was taken from the fourth tape (or audio), starting at approximately minute 50.  It can be listened to here:



The Question (summarized): The questioner says that he has transgressed against his soul numerous time and he fears for himself an evil end due to the abundance of transgressions and the lack of firmness in tawbah, so he wants to know what should he do?


Answer (Shaikh Muhammad Amaan al Jaamee): Firstly, we ask Allaah for yourself and for ourselves for a sincere repentance and for firmness in that repentance.  And we remind you of the statement of Allaah – He is free of all deficiencies and defects and The Most High, where He encouraged those who transgressed against themselves to repent, He called them “servants”, and He ascribed them to Himself in the statement:


قل يا عبادي الذين أسرفوا على أنفسهم لا تقنطوا من رحمة الله إن الله يغفر الذنوب جميعا إنه هو الغفور الرحيم


“Say: O My servants who have transgressed against themselves, do not give up hope of receiving Allaah’s Mercy.  Indeed Allaah forgives all sins.  Indeed He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” (39:53)


And there is encouragement after this encouragement.  He didn’t say (addressing them): “O Transgressors” or “O Sinners”.  Rather, He said:


“Say: O My servants”


He addressed them – while they are transgressors – He addressed them as “servants”, ascribing them to Himself with a kind ascription that encourages the sinner to rush to repentance.


“O My servants who have transgressed against themselves”


And committed many sins.


“Don’t give up hope of receiving Allaah’s Mercy”


We say to the questioner: your enemy Shaytaan has overpowered you and made you fall into sins and evil deeds.  Now he wants to make you fall again into something much more dangerous than those sins: giving up hope for Allaah’s Mercy.  And this is much more dangerous that all of those sins that you committed.


Don’t give up hope.  Don’t give up hope for Allaah’s Mercy.  No matter what you have committed, not matter what evil you have done, no matter how much you have transgressed,


Allaah’s Mercy is more vast that your sins.


Repent to Allaah.  Turn to Allaah having a good intention with your Lord – He is free from all deficiencies and defects and The Most High.  Fight against your soul.


If you have sinned then you admit it, you leave that sin, feel regret for it and are determined not to return to it.  Seeking repentance is admitting (your sin), feeling sincere regret, and that a person has sincere determination not to return to that sin.

If after that you slip and fall (into sin again), then know that your first repentance remains valid.  It wasn’t broken or nullified or corrupted if you were sincere and truthful with Allaah that time.  So repent again.


It is mentioned in some of the narrations that when a servant commits a sin, then he says: O my Lord, I have sinned


Allaah, The Most High, says: My servant knows that he has a Lord Who forgives sins.


If he slips (and sins) again, and says (the same thing), then Allaah says the same thing.  (The Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) mentioned this three times.[1]


Allaah – He is free from all deficiencies and defects and The Most High – spreads His two hands at night to accept the repentance of the one who does evil by day, and (He also does so) during the day to accept the repentance of the one who does evil by night.


Allaah – subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa – is tremendously pleased with the repentance of His believing servant – the likes of this pleasure has no comparison.  The Messenger of Allaah – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – affirmed that when he gave the example of the owner of the she-camel who was traveling with his she-camel in the earth[2].  So (he stopped to rest and) sleep overcame him.  He slept under a tree.  His camel left and upon it was his food and drink.  He woke up and searched for it but didn’t find it, so he accepted that he was going to die.  He returned to sleep and to die under that tree.  Sleep overcame him and when he woke up there was his she-camel standing at his head with his food and drink.


So he turned to it and said due to the severity of his happiness: O Allaah, I am your Lord and you are my servant (and he meant: You are my Lord and I am Your servant).  The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) said that he made that mistake due to the severity of his happiness.


The Messenger – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – said: “Allaah is more pleased with the repentance of His servant when he turns penitently towards Him than one of you would be on finding the lost camel.”[3]


What do you want, O you who has transgressed against your soul, and how numerous are those who transgress against their souls!  What more could you want than this encouragement?  Return to your Lord and your Lord will be pleased with you.  Because you are a runaway slave, return to your Master and Guardian, so that He will accept you.  Receive glad tidings of good.  We ask Allaah for ourselves and for yourself for a sincere repentance and for firmness.


Translated by Ummu Khadijah


[1] For example the hadeeth in Saheeh Bukhari, Book of Tawheed, narrated by Abu Hurairah:


I heard the Prophet saying, “If somebody commits a sin and then says, ‘O my Lord! I have sinned, please forgive me!’ and his Lord says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it, I therefore have forgiven my slave (his sins).’ Then he remains without committing any sin for a while and then again commits another sin and says, ‘O my Lord, I have committed another sin, please forgive me,’ and Allah says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it, I therefore have forgiven my slave (his sin). Then he remains without Committing any another sin for a while and then commits another sin (for the third time) and says, ‘O my Lord, I have committed another sin, please forgive me,’ and Allah says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it I therefore have forgiven My slave (his sin), he can do whatever he likes.” Translation of the hadeeth from:

[2] See Saheeh Muslim, Book of Repentance, chapter: Exhortation for Repentance

[3] See Saheeh Muslim, Book of Repentance, Chapter: Exhortation for Repentance.  Translation of the hadeeth from:

How to be safe from the plots and traps of shaytaan

October 13, 2015

Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullah) said in Ighaathatul Luhfaan:

فلَا نَجَاةَ مِنْ مَصَائِدِهِ وَمَكَائِدِهِ إِلَّا بِدَوَامِ الإِسْتَعَانَةِ بِاللهِ تَعَالَى

There is no safety from the traps and plots of shaytaan except by constantly seeking the help of Allaah, The Most High

They say: “If Allaah had willed, we would not have taken partners (in worship) with Him…”

July 8, 2015

“Those who took partners (in worship) with Allâh will say: “If Allâh had willed, we would not have taken partners (in worship) with Him, nor would our fathers, and we would not have forbidden anything (against His Will).” Likewise belied those who were before them, (they argued falsely with Allâh’s Messengers), till they tasted of Our Wrath.” (6:148)

Some of the points of benefit Imaam as-Sa’dee mentioned in his tafsir of this verse:

That the kufaar try to use Allaah’s qadar (pre-decree) as an argument to excuse their choosing to disbelieve and deny the Prophets. Imaam as-Sa’dee mentioned that their argument is refuted from a number of angles, from them:

– That if their argument were correct, then Allaah would not have allowed them to be punished – Allaah only punishes the one who deserves the punishment

– That Allaah, The Most High, gave everyone ability (qudrah) and desire (iraadah) so that they can fulfill the duties they have been commanded with. He hasn’t made obligatory upon anyone anything that they are unable to do. Nor has He prohibited anyone from anything that they are unable to leave off.

– That Allaah, The Most High, does not force anyone to do anything. Rather, He has made their actions a result of their choices. If they desire (shaa’a) to do something they do it, and if they desire to not do something, they do not do it.

– Everyone can tell the difference between having free choice in one’s actions and being forced.

– Those who use the argument of pre-decree as an excuse to disobey Allaah contradict themselves in that, because they themselves would not accept this argument. If someone beat them, took their wealth, or did some other evil deed to them and then tried to use pre-decree as an argument to excuse their actions, they would not accept this from them and would become very angry.

(end of points of benefit brought from Imaam as-Sa’dee’s tafsir)

Translated by Ummu Khadijah

Also see what Shaikh Uthaymeen said here:

Drawing pictures depicting people or events from the Quran

July 2, 2015

Taken from fatwa no. 18828

Praise be to Allah, Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last Prophet!

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ reviewed the question submitted to His Eminence the Grand Mufty by the Deputy Director of the Cooperative Office For Da`wah and Guidance in Al-Quway`iyyah, under no. (5/17/KH), dated 15 Muharram, 1417 A.H., and it was referred to the Committee by the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars under no. 894 on 9 Safar, 1417A.H. The following is the wording of the question:

What is the ruling on drawing pictures to illustrate the Ayahs (Qur’anic verses) such as drawing camels and writing beneath the picture His (Exalted be He) statement: Do they not look at the camels, how they are created? Etc.? We hope that you would issue a Fatwa in this regard.

(Part No. 1; Page No. 308)

  After studying the matter, the Committee replied:

It is Haram (prohibited) to illustrate the Qur’an using pictures that show parables of the prophets and the messengers of Allah (peace be upon them), pious people, Kafirs (disbelievers), devils, and beings such as trees, and the like. It is not permissible to draw, print, publish, or use such pictures regardless of the good intentions of the artist such as; making the Ayahs easy for the children or new Muslims to understand, or any other reasons. The legal violations involved include:

1. Drawing pictures of beings with souls or trees, etc. To illustrate the Qur’an is a Bid`ah (innovation in Islam). It contradicts the Manhaj (methodology) of the scholars in explaining the meanings of the Qur’an in the present and past.

2. This act devalues the Qur’an and belittles its glorious meanings.

3. It is a way to explain its meaning by ways which Allah (Glorified be He) did not legislate.

4. Drawing prophets and messengers make them subject to mockery,

(Part No. 1; Page No. 309)

 contempt, and disdain. Anyone who draws their pictures commits a great sin as mocking any Prophet is Kufr (disbelief) as mentioned in the Qur’an.

5. Drawing imaginary pictures of prophets is an evident reason behind Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship), and marred monotheism. Allah informed us of those who worshiped Wadd, Suwa`, Yaghuth, Ya`uq, and Nasr (names of their idols). Allah states, And they have said: ‘You shall not leave your gods: nor shall you leave Wadd, nor Suwâ‘ …nor Yaghûth, nor Ya‘ûq nor Nasr’ (these are the names of their idols) And indeed they have led many astray. The people of Nuh (Noah, peace be upon him) became disbelievers when they carved the pictures of those righteous people and erected their statues in their gatherings. This lead them to worship those people.

6. Taswir (painting, drawing, sculpture, and photography) of beings with a soul is Haram (prohibited). There are many authentic Hadiths related from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in the Sihah (authentic books), Sunan, and Musnads that indicate the prohibition of the Taswir of any being with a soul, whether human or not. There are also many Hadiths that urge defacing pictures, cursing the image makers, and that they will be the most grievously tormented people on the Day of Resurrection. Here are some of the authentic Hadiths that were mentioned in this regard. It is recorded in the Two Sahih (authentic) Books of Hadith (i.e. Al-Bukhari and Muslim), on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that

the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) stated, Allah (Exalted be He) stated, “Who can be more unjust than he

(Part No. 1; Page No. 310)

 who tries to create the like of My creatures? Let them (i.e. I challenge them to) create an atom (or a small ant), a grain of wheat or a grain of barley!” (The wording is cited according to the narration of Muslim)

It was also related in them on the authority of Ibn Mas`ud (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, The people who will receive the severest punishment from Allah will be the picture makers. It is also recorded in the Two Sahihs on the authority of Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, Those who make statues would be punished on the Day of Resurrection and it would be said to them: Breathe soul into what you have created.” (The wording is cited according to the narration of Al-Bukhari)

`Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) related, “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to me, and I had screened my alcove with a curtain on which there were pictures. When the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saw it, he tore it and the color of his face changed (due to anger) and he said, ‘O `Aishah! The people who will receive the severest punishment on the Day of Resurrection will be those who imitate Allah’s Creation.’ So we tore it up and we stuffed a cushion or two cushions with it.” (Related by Muslim) This is in addition to many other Hadiths to this effect.

It is not permissible to explain the Qur’an in this manner; it is not permissible to explain the Hadith related by the Prophet (peace be upon him) in this manner for the same reasons mentioned above.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member Member Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd Salih Al-Fawzan `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Arabic – English – The Story of Adam and Satan (Iblis) – Shaikh Fawzaan

January 2, 2014

The story of Adam and Satan (Iblis) explained by Shaikh Fawzaan and translated.  Very beneficial:



The Jinn can appear in different forms

January 19, 2013


Shaykh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said, as quoted in “Fath ul-Mannaan Fee Jam’i Kalaami Shaykh il-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah an il-Jaann“, a compilation of all the statements of Ibn Taymiyyah regarding the Jinn, (p. 55-56):

All praise is due to Allaah. That which is in the Qur’an is that they (Jinn) see mankind from where mankind do not see them, and this is true, which necessitates that they see mankind in a condition that mankind do not see them, and this does not mean that mankind do not see them in (any particular) condition (at all), rather the righteous and other than the righteous can sometimes see them, but they do not always see them. The “shayaateen”, they are the rebellious amongst the men and Jinn. And all of the Jinn are the offspring of Iblees, and Allaah knows best.

Refer to Majmoo’ al-Fataawaa (15/7). The Jinn are seen by men only when they take a particular form, since men cannot see Jinn in their original form.

In the above book (“Fath ul-Mannaan“), the compiler brings some narrations pertaining to Iblees being the father of the Jinn:

From them, the saying of Ibn Shihaab (az-Zuhree) quoted by Abu ash-Shaykh in al-Adhmah (5/1644), commenting upon al-Kahf (18:50), that, “So Iblees (Satan) is the father of the Jinn, just as Adam is the father of men…”, also reported by as-Suyutee in ad-Durr al-Manthoor (4/227).And from al-Hasan al-Basri, that he said, “Iblees was not from the Angels, not even for the (length of) a blinking of the eye, ever. But he is the origin (source) of the Jinn, just as Adam is the origin of men.” Reported by at-Tabari in his tafsir (15/260).

And also a little earlier in the book (pp. 51-52), from the saying of Ibn Taymiyyah:

And the Jinn can appear in the form of men and animals. So they appear in the form of snakes, scorpions and others. And in the form of camels, cows, sheep, horses, mules, donkeys. And in the form of birds, and in the form of the sons of Adam

See Majmoo’ al-Fataawaa (8/458, 10/406 onwards, and 13/78 onwards) and Minhaj us-Sunnah (8/262). And the Jinn can also be seen by animals, such as donkeys and dogs, as occurs in the Sunnah.


Sometimes the shayateen (devils) take the appearance of the one buried…

January 19, 2013



Shaikh Saleh al Fawzaan states in his explanation of Kitab at-Tawhid under the chapter [From Shirk is to seek Aid and Assistance (after a calamity befalls) from other than Allah or to Call Upon Others]:

“Indeed Shaikh ul-Islam ibn Tamiyyah mentioned in one of his works – or rather, in many of his works – paraphrased as follows; Indeed that which occurs to the worshippers of graves in terms of their needs being fulfilled [i.e. the affair they seek at the grave actually occurs for them], then that is not an evidence upon the correctness of their methodology [i.e. the methodology of grave worship], because obtaining what is desired is [a means of] trial and test upon them from Allah……so this is not from the beneficial affairs for the grave worshipper, so if something does occur from what they desire then it is [actually] a degradation from Allah upon them…[despite the fact that he may think he is upon the correct methodology and be pleased and therefore continue upon his way believing his request has “apparently” been answered by the dead in the graves that he calls upon!].

Furthermore, Shaikh ul-Islam mentioned also, that it is possible the shayaateen [referring to the devils of jinn in this instance] sometimes take the appearance of the one buried and rise up from the grave in that appearance and speak to the people who are calling upon the dead. They then say to them we will take care of your needs, and they bring them items from far away, they may steal from the items of the people and bring them…and the one who was calling upon the dead thinks this is actually the dead individual himself who has arisen from the grave since the shaytaan has taken that appearance! In reality the actual dead individual does not have the slightest idea of what is occuring above his grave! Rather he is preoccupied with himself, either in blessings or punishments of the grave.

Thereafter, when the people are all raised on the Day of Recompense, those dead individuals on that Day will declare their innocence of the mushrikoon who used to call upon their graves in this World…..”

[Translators Note: For further details on issues of grave worship and seeking intercession etc, an excellent source of information are the various books of Shaikh Mohammad bin Abdul Wahhab, namely Kashf as-Shubuhaat (Exposition of the Doubts), as well as Kitab at-Tawhid, al-Qawaa’id al-arba’a (The Four Fundamental Principles)….exactly the types of books the scholars advise with in the early stages of seeking knowledge].

May Allah place ease into the affair of seeking knowledge, in order that we may remove ignorance from ourselves and others, for indeed the numbers of individuals that have succumbed to the whispers of the Shaytaan in such affairs as mentioned above are of considerable proportions across the World.