Archive for the ‘Briefly: Historical Figures’ Category

Aishah: She is the most knowledgeable of the women…

September 11, 2015

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation

of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.108

عائشةُ: هي أُمُّ المؤمنين زوج النبيِّ

صلى الله عليه وسلم

وبنتُ أبي بكرٍ الصديقِ رضي اللهُ عنهما

وهي أفقَهُ النساءِ مطلقًا

وأفضلُ أزواجِ النبيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ما عَدَا خَديجةَ

ففي تفضِيلِهَا عليها خلافٌ

توفيت سنة 57 ه

Aishah: She is the Mother of the Believers and the wife of the Prophet

Sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam

And the daughter of Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq – (we ask that) Allaah be pleased with them both

She is the most knowledgeable (with the best understanding) of the women (in the religion) with no exception

She was the best of the wives of the Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – except for Khadijah

And some of the scholars differ over which of them is better

She died in the year 57 after the Hijrah

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The Sahaabee Anas bin Maalik

September 8, 2015

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation

of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.32

أنسٌ: هو أنسُ بنُ مالكِ بنِ النضرِ

الأنصاريُّ الخزرجيُّ خادمُ رسولِ اللهِ

صلى الله عليه وسلم

خدمَهُ عشرَ سنين

وقال النبيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم

اللهم أكثرْ مالَهُ وولَدَهُ وأدخِلْهُ الجنةَ

مَاتَ سنة 92 وقِيلَ سنة 93ه

وقد جاوزَ المائةَ

Anas: He is Anas bin Maalik bin an-Nadir

He was from the Ansaar, from the tribe of Khazraj

He served the Messenger of Allaah – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam

For 10 years

The Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – made dua for him

Saying (translated), “O Allaah, increase his wealth and his children

And enter him into Paradise”

He died in the year 92 after the Hijrah and some say the 93rd year

When he was over 100 years old

Briefly: ‘Aishah bint Abee Bakr

May 1, 2015

Translated from p.6031 of Shaikh Fawzaan’s unabridged

Explanation of Kitaabut Tawheed found here:

http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/sites/default/files/mostafeed.pdf

لحديث عائشة رضي الله عنها هذا قصة

وهي: أن معاوية – رضي الله عنه

لما ولي الملك كتب إلى أم المؤمنين

يطلب منها النصيحة

لأنها زوج رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم

وعندها من العلم الشيء الغزير

الذي حملته عن رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم

فهي فقيهة النساء فكتبت إليه

السلام عليكم

سمعت رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – يقول

من التمس رضا الله بسخط الناس

رضي الله عنه وأرضى الناس عنه

ومن التمس رضا الناس بسخط الله

سخط الله عليه وأسخط عليه الناس

From the hadeeth of ‘Aishah – radiallaahu anhaa

And there is a story (connected to this hadeeth)

It is that Mu’aawiyah – (we ask that) Allaah be pleased with him

When he became king

He wrote to the Mother of the Believers (i.e. ‘Aishah)

Seeking her advice

Because she was the wife of the Messenger of Allaah

Sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam

And she had an abundant amount of knowledge

Which she had taken from the Messenger of Allaah

Sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam

She was a Scholar (Faqeehah) from amongst the women

She wrote to him (in reply):

Assalamu alaikum. As for what follows:

I heard the Messenger of Allaah – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – say,

‘Whoever seeks the Pleasure of Allaah by displeasing the people

Allaah will be pleased with him and make the people be pleased with him.

And whoever seeks to please the people by displeasing Allaah

Allaah will be displeased with him

and will make the people be displeased with him.’”2

 Footnotes

1It is p.603 in the online version found at the link. The page number in the physical book may vary.

2Shaikh Albaani said this hadeeth was authentic due to supporting narrations (Saheeh lighairihi) in Saheeh at-Targheeb, #2250

Briefly: Abu Sa’eed al Khudree

April 29, 2015

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation

Of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.30

أبو سعيدٍ الخدريُّ: هو أبو سعيدٍ الخُدريُّ

سعدُ بن مالِك بنِ سنانٍ الخزرجيُّ الأنصاريُّ

الخدريُّ نسبةً إلى بني خدرةَ

صحابيٌّ جليلٌ وابنُ صحابيٍّ

روى عن النبيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم

أحاديثَ كثيرةً

مات سنة 74ه

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudree: He is Abu Sa’eed al-Khudree

Sa’d bin Maalik bin Sinaan, al-Khazrajee, al-Ansaaree,

al-Khudree – an ascription to Banee Khudrah.

He was a lofty Companion and the son of a Companion.

He narrated from the Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam –

numerous narrations (ahaadeeth).

He died in the year 74 after the Hijrah.

Briefly: ‘Itbaan bin Maalik

April 23, 2015

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation

Of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.28

عتبانُ: هو عتبانُ بنُ مالكِ بنِ عمروِ

بنِ العجلانِ الأنصاريُّ من بني سالمِ بنِ عوفٍ

صحابيٌّ مشهورٌ مات في خلافة معاويةَ

‘Itbaan: He is ‘Itbaan bin Maalik bin ‘Amr

bin al-‘Ajlaan, al-Ansaaree, from Banee Saalim bin ‘Awf

He was a well-known Companion who died during

the caliphate of Mu’aawiyah (radiallaahu anhumaa)

Briefly: Mu’aadh bin Jabal

December 19, 2014

 

 

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation

of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.21

معاذٌ: هو معاذُ بنُ جبلِ بنِ عمرو

بنِ أَوسِ بنِ كعبِ بنِ عمرٍو الخزرجيُّ

الأنصاريُّ صحابيٌّ جليلٌ مشهورٌ

مِنْ أَعيانِ الصحابةِ, وكان متبحرًا

في العلم والأحكامِ والقرآنِ

شهدَ غزوةَ بدرٍ وما بعدَهَا

واستخلفه النبيُّ صلى اللهُ عليه وسلم

على أهلِ مكةَ يومَ الفتحِ يعلِّمُهُم دينَهُم

ثُمَّ بعثَه إلى اليمنِ قاضيًا ومعلمًا

مات بالشام سنة (18) ه وله (38) عامًا

Mu’aadh: He is Mu’aadh bin Jabal bin ‘Amr

bin Aws bin Ka’b bin ‘Amr, al-Khazrajee, al-Ansaaree,

a lofty, well-known Sahaabee

who was from the distinguished leaders of

the Companions. He was an authority

in knowledge and rulings, and the Qur’an.

He participated in the battle of Badr

and the battles after it. The Prophet

sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam

put him in charge of the people of Makkah

on the day of the conquest (Fat-h)

to teach them their religion.

Then he sent him to Yemen as a judge and a teacher.

He died in Sham (Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria)

in the year 18H when he was 38 years old.

 

Briefly: The Sahaabee ‘Ubaadah bin as-Saamit

December 11, 2014

 

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.25

عبادةُ بنُ الصامتِ: هو عبادةُ بنُ الصامتِ

بنِ قيسٍ الأنصاريُّ الخزرجيُّ

أحد النقباء بدريٌّ مشهورٌ

توفي سنة (34) ه وله (72) سنة

‘Ubaadah bin as-Saamit: He was ‘Ubaadah bin as-Saamit bin Qays, from the Ansar, from the tribe of al-Khazraj. He was one of the twelve Companions who gave the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) the pledge on the night of the pledge1. He participated in the battle of Badr and was a well-known Companion of the Prophet2 (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam). He died in the year 34 after the Hijrah at the age of 72

(end of translation)

Two ahaadeeth about him from Saheeh Bukhari (Book of the Merits of the Ansar, narrated by ‘Ubaadah – radiallaahu anhu) taken from http://spubs.com/sps/sbk/ :

Hadeeth #1: I was one of the Naqibs who gave the (‘Aqaba) pledge of allegiance to Allah’s Apostle . We gave the pledge of allegiance to him that we would not worship anything other than Allah [God, The Creator], would not steal, would not commit illegal sexual intercourse, would not kill a person whose killing Allah has made illegal except rightfully, would not rob each other, and we would not be promised Paradise jf we did the above sins, then if we committed one of the above sins, Allah will give His Judgment concerning it.

Hadeeth #2: Who had taken part in the battle of Badr with Allah’s Apostle and had been amongst his companions on the night of Al-‘Aqaba Pledge: Allah’s Apostle, surrounded by a group of his companions said, “Come along and give me the pledge of allegiance that you will not worship anything besides Allah, will not steal, will not commit illegal sexual intercourse will not kill your children, will not utter; slander, invented by yourself, and will not disobey me if I order you to do something good. Whoever among you will respect and fulfill this pledge, will be rewarded by Allah. And if one of you commits any of these sins and is punished in this world then that will be his expiation for it, and if one of you commits any of these sins and Allah screens his sin, then his matter, will rest with Allah: If He will, He will punish him and if He will,. He will excuse him.” So I gave the pledge of allegiance to him for these conditions.

Footnotes

1ليلة العقبة

2قال الشيخ أحمد النجمي في الشرح الموجز الممهد

لتوحيد الخالق الممجد : عبادة بن الصامت الأنصاري

رضي الله عنه هو أحد النقباء ليلة العقبة 

وأحد أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم المشهورين 

وأحد أصحاب بدر , مات بالرملة سنة 34هـ وله 72 سنة   

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=48536

Briefly: The Sahaabee Abdullah bin Mas’ood

December 11, 2014

 

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.19

 

ابنُ ممسعودٍ: هو عبدُ اللهِ بنُ مسعودِ بنِ غافلِ

بنِ حبيبٍ الهذليُّ, صحابيٌّ جليلٌ

مِنَ السابقين الأولين

من كبارِ علماءِ الصحابةِ

لازمَ النبيّ, وتوفِّي سنة (32) ه

 

Ibn Mas’ood: He is Abdullah bin Mas’ood bin Ghaafil bin Habeeb al-Hadhalee. He was a lofty Companion from the first of those to embrace Islam. He was from the major Scholars of the Companions. He was a constant companion to the Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam. He died in the year 32 after the Hijrah.

 

 

Briefly: Imaam Maalik bin Anas

December 9, 2014

 

 

Taken from Shaikh Uthaymeen’s explanation of Lum’atul I’tiqaad p.37

 

جواب الإمام مالك بن أنس بن مالك

وليس أبوه أنس بن مالك الصحابي, بل غيره

وكان جد مالك من كبار التابعين, وأبو جده من الصحابة

ولد مالك سنة (93) ه بالمدينة

ومات فيها (179) ه

وهو في عصر تابعى التابعين

 

 

The answer of the Imaam Maalik bin Anas bin Maalik, and his father was not Anas bin Maalik the Companion (Sahaabee), rather, his father was someone else. Maalik’s grandfather was from the major scholars of the Taabi’een (the generation after the Companions). His great grandfather was from the Companions.

 

Maalik wa born in Madinah in the year 93 after the Hijrah and he died in Madinah in the year 179 after the Hijrah. He was from those who followed the Taabi’een (i.e. the third generation of Muslims and from those the Prophet Muhammad – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – praised in the hadeeth (translated): The best people are those in my generation, then the generation following them, then the generation following them… (i.e. the first 3 generations) – Sahih Bukhari, Book of Witnesses, narrated by Zahdam bin Mudrab)