Archive for the ‘Fatwa’ Category

Q & A with the Scholars

January 18, 2013

From:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/

July 2006:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/24/questions-asked-to-the-scholars-july-2006/

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/24/these-are-two-more-questions-asked-in-july-2006/

August 2006:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/24/questions-asked-to-the-scholars-this-week-2006-21-august/

Sept 2006:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/27/questions-to-the-scholars-this-week-september-2006/

Oct 2006

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/27/questions-to-the-scholars-oct-2006/

Nov 2006

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/27/questions-to-the-scholars-november-2006/

Feb 2007:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/28/questions-to-the-scholars-february-2007/

March/April 2007:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/28/questions-to-the-scholars-march-april-2007/

March – April – May 2007 (cont):

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/28/questions-to-the-scholars-march-april-may-2007/

Oct 2007:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/28/gathering-with-sheikh-abdullah-bin-abdul-rahman-al-ghudayan/

Nov 2007:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/28/questions-answers-with-sheikh-abdullah-al-ghudayan/

Feb 2008:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/30/questions-answers-with-scholars-february-2008/

Mar 2008:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/30/questions-and-answers-with-the-senior-scholars-march-2008/

Jan 10 2010:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/quraan/

March 2012:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/30/question-and-answer-session-with-sheikh-ubaid-al-jabiree-riyadh-k-s-a-march-2012/

Fataawa on mioxed education:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/30/fatawa-on-mixed-education/

 

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2013/01/29/ebook-the-ruling-on-muslims-attending-mixed-universities-translated-and-compiled-by-mustafa-george-deberry/

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On saying المنورة after Madinah and المكرمة after Makkah – Shaikh Hammad al Ansaaree

September 24, 2012

Taken from:

http://salaf-us-saalih.com/2012/09/13/the-terms-al-munawarah-and-al-mukkarama-shaykh-hamad-al-ansaari-rahimahullaah/

 

Hamad al-Ansaari (rahimahullaah) said:

‘I searched for the origin of what people say these days of al-Madina ‘al-Munawarah’ and I found that the first people to label it ‘al-Munawarah’ were the ‘Uthmaanyoon’.  As for the Companions and the Successors and those after them, then for many centuries they called it al-Madina an-Nabaweeyah.’

AbdulAwal bin Hamad al-Ansaari commented:

‘I noticed from my father -Rahimullaah- that if he saw a person write ‘al-Munawarah’, he would say to him to wipe out the word ‘al-Munawarah’ and write ‘an-Nabaweeyah.’[28]

‘Indeed the people of knowledge apply the term ‘an-Nabaweeya’ to al-Madina.’[29]

The Shaykh also said:

‘Applying the word ‘al-Munawarah’ after the word al-Madina was introduced by the non-Arabs.  What was well known by the Companions and the Successors was the addition ‘an-Nabaweeyah’. Likewise, adding the term ‘al-Mukkarama’ to Makkah is not known.’[30]

Source : Taken from A Brief Biography of Shaykh, ‘Allaama, al-Muhaddith Hamad al-Ansaari – Translated & Compiled  By  Abbas Abu Yahya

Preserving the Salaam (saying As-salaamu Alaikum)

April 14, 2012

 

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=101052

 

هذه رساله للأخ أبي إبراهيم عبدالله بن أحمد بن مقبل

This treatise is by the brother Abu Ibraheem Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Muqbil

وتقريظ الشيخ العلامة محمد بن عبد الوهاب الوصابي العبدلي

And the Shaikh and Allaamah Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhaab al Wassaabee praised it

وهي عبارة عن أربع و عشرون ضابط شرعي في إستخدام الجولات ولقد بحث على هذه الرسالة على الشبكة ولم أجدها ولذلك قررت رفع هذه الرسالة على الشبكة للإستفادة منها وسوف أكتفي برفع الظوابط فقط دون تقريظ الشيخ ومقدمة الكاتب ونبدء بحمد الله

And it consists of 24 legislative points regarding the use of cell phones.  He searched for something like this on the internet and didn’t find it, so for that reason he decided to post this treatise on the internet for others to benefit from.  I (the one posting this – see the above link) am posting the points only without the praise of the Shaikh or the author’s introduction.  We begin with the praise of Allah.

الضابط الأول: حافظ على تحية الإسلام

The first point: Preserving the greeting of Islam

اعتاد بعض الناس أن تكون التحية بينهم كلمةألُووأصل هذه الكلمة كلمة إنجليزية،ومعناها مرحبًا،فيقعون في هذا التقليدًا للغرب.

Some of the people have become accustomed to the greeting among themselves being the word “Hello”.  The origin of this word is an English word which means “welcome”.  So they fall into blind-following the West.

والبعض يجعلون التحية فيما بينهم هي السباب والشتام والتلاعن ،ولا يرتاحلون إلا بمثل ذلك ،وإذا انتهى من مكالمته ختمها بقوله مع السلامةأوباي،باي

And some make the greeting between them insulting, abusive, or cursing, they are not pleased except with something similar to this.  And when they are done speaking, they end by saying “Ma’a as-Salaamah” or “Bye-bye”

وهذا مخالف لِمَا حث عليه الإسلام من الإمر بالسلام والحفاظ عليه ،بدايةً ونهايةً{َا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَدْخُلُوا بُيُوتًا غَيْرَ بُيُوتِكُمْ حَتَّى تَسْتَأْنِسُوا وَتُسَلِّمُوا عَلَى أَهْلِهَا ذَلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ}”النور27″

And this contradicts what Islam encourages from the commanding and preserving of the salaam in the beginning and the end.

O you who believe! Enter not houses other than your own, until you have asked permission and greeted those in them, that is better for you, in order that you may remember.” (24:27)

وقال تعالى{فَسَلِّمُوا عَلَى أَنْفُسِكُمْ تَحِيَّةً مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ مُبَارَكَةً طَيِّبَةً}”النور

And the saying of Allah, The Most High (translated): “Greet one another with a greeting from Allâh (i.e. say: As-Salâmu ‘Alaikum – peace be on you) blessed and good.” (24:61)1

وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله تعالى عنه ،قال :قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلمحق المسلم على المسلم ستقيل ما هن يارسول الله؟قال:”إذا لقيته فسلم عليه،وإذا دعاك فأجبه،وإذا استنصحك فانصح له ،وإذا عطس فحمد الله،فشمته إذا مرض ؛فعده و إذا مات؛فاتبعه

And from Abu Huraira – (we ask that) Allah, The Most High, be pleased with him – said: The Messenger of Allah, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, said: “The right of the Muslim over the Muslim is six.”  His Companions said, “What are they, O Messenger of Allah?”  He said, “When you meet him, then give him salaam (by saying As-salaamu alaikum), and when he invites you, then accept his invitation, when he asks your advice, then advise him, when he sneezes and then says ‘Alhamdulillah’, then you say ‘Yarhamakullah’2, when he is sick, then visit him, and when he dies, then follow the funeral procession.”

رواه :البخاي رقم 1183،ومسلم رقم2162،واللفظ لمسلم

Bukhari – 1183 – and Muslim – 2162 – and the wording is Muslim’s

وعن عمران بن حصين رضي الله عنه،قال :جاء رجل على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال:السلام عليكم.فرد عليه السلام ،ثم جلي ،فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلمعَشرٌ“.ثم جاء آخر فقال :السلام عليكم ورحمة الله فرد النبي عليه فجلس فقالعشرونثم جاء آخر فقال السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته فرد النبي عليه فجلس فقال ثلاثون

And from Imraan bin Husain – radiallahu anhu – who said, “A man came to the Prophet  – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – and said – ‘As-salaamu alaikum’, so the Prophet returned the salaam to him, then he left.  So the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam –   said ’10 (rewards)’.  Then another man came and he said, ‘As-salaamu alaikum wa rahmatullah.’ and the Prophet returned the salaam to him and then the man sat down.  The Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) said, ’20 (rewards)’.  Then another man came and said, ‘As-salaamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh’ and the Prophet returned the salaam to him and the man sat down.  Then the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) said ’30 (rewards)’

رواه :أحمد رقم 19109،وأبو داودرقم5195،والترمذيرقم2689،وصححه الألباني فيصحيح أبي داودرقم5195 وفي الترمذي رقم2689

Collected by Ahmad – 19109, Abu Dawood – 5195, Tirmidhee – 2689 and authenticated by Shaikh Albaanee in Saheeh Abu Dawood – 5195 and in Tirmidhee 2689

وعن أبي هريره رضي الله عنه ،قال :قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلمإذا انتهي أحدكم إلى مجلس فليسلم فإن بدا له أن يجلس ،فليجلس ،ثم إذا قام ،فليسلم ،فليست الأولى بأحق من الآخرة

And from Abu Hurairah – radiallahu anhu – who said, “The Messenger of Allah – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – said, ‘When one of you comes to a gathering, then let him give the salaam (As-salaamu alaikum).  And if it is appropriate for him to sit, then let him sit. Then when he gets up to leave, then let him give the salaam, for the first (salaam) isn’t more deserving of being given than the last.’”

رواه :أحمد وأبو داود ر5208،وابن حبان والحاكم وقال الشيخ الألباني في الصحيح الجامعرقم“400”صحيح وهو في السلسله الصحيحة رقم183.

Collected by Ahmad and Abu Dawood – 5208 as well as Ibn Hibbaan and al Haakim.  Shaikh Albaanee authenticated it in As-Saheeh al Jaami’ – 400 – and in as- Silsilah as-Saheehah – 183

1Translation of both verses taken from http://www.thenoblequran.com/sps/nbq/

2 Allah be merciful to you

“And Don’t Transgress…”

April 14, 2012

Allah (God, The Creator) says in the Quran1 (translated):

And fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but don’t transgress. Indeed, Allah doesn’t like the transgressors.” 2:190

Imam Baghawee said in explanation of this verse:

ومعنى قوله: ( وَلا تَعْتَدُوا ) أي لا تقتلوا النساء والصبيان والشيخ الكبير والرهبان ولا من ألقى إليكم السلام هذا قول ابن عباس ومجاهد:

And the meaning of His Statement “And don’t transgress” is: Don’t kill women, or children, or old people, or monks, nor anyone who gives  you the salaam.  This is the statement of Ibn Abbaas and Muhaahid

:Imam Ibn Kathir said2 in explanation of this verse

وقوله: ( وَلا تَعْتَدُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ ) أي: قاتلوا في سبيل الله ولا تعتدوا في ذلك ويدخل في ذلك ارتكاب المناهي كما قاله الحسن البصري من المَثُلة، والغُلُول، وقتل النساء والصبيان والشيوخ الذين لا رأي لهم ولا قتال فيهم، والرهبان وأصحاب الصوامع، وتحريق الأشجار وقتل  الحيوان لغير مصلحة، كما قال ذلك ابن عباس، وعمر بن عبد العزيز، ومقاتل بن حيان، وغيرهم

And His (God’s ) Statement: “And don’t transgress, indeed Allah doesn’t like the transgressors” means: Fight in the way of Allah but don’t transgress in that.  Included in that is the commission of prohibited acts – as al-Hasan al-Basree said – from the mutilation (of bodies), stealing from the war booty, and killing women, children, and senile old men who are unable to fight, and (prohibited are) the killing of monks and hermits, and the burning of trees, and killing animals for no beneficial reason – as was said by Ibn Abbaas, Umar bin Abdul Azeez, Muqaatil bin Hayyaan, and others.

1The last book sent down  for mankind before the Day of Judgement

2Tafaaseer taken from http://qurancomplex.org/

The Ruling on Carrying a Weapon and the Intention When Defending Oneself

April 14, 2012

 

 

http://al-sunan.com/vb/showthread.php?p=2156&langid=8

Click on View, Encoding, More, Arabic (Windows)

بارك لله فيك .. سألتك سابقا عن حكم الدفاع عن النفس في حالة تعرضك لسطو أو تعدي عليك في البيت أوالمنزل .. و لكن هل هناك فرق بين أن تكون النية هنا هي إبعاده عن المنزل و طرده أم أن

تكون النية هي قتله .. أجبنا بارك لله فيك فجوابك له الأثر الطيب في نفوسنا جزاك لله خيرا

( the Questioner says): Allah bless you…I asked you previously about the ruling of defending oneself in the situation of your resisting a burglary or transgression against you in the house…But is there a difference between the niyyah (intention) being to remove or expel him (the transgressor) from the house and between the niyyah being to kill him?…

 

سؤالي هنا هو

هل جائز أيضا أن يحمل الشخص معه شيئا في السيارة ليدافع به عن نفسه ( في حالة ما إن كان هناك تعدي عليه من قبل لص ) سواء أكان يريد سرقة السيارة أو سرقة المال أو غيره .. لأننا كثيرا ما نسمع عن أشخاص أوقفوا شخصا بسيارته غصبا في وقت متأخر من الليل و ضربوه و سرقوا منه ما عنده من مال و أخذوا منه السياره و لم يجدوا لهم على أثر .. فهل جائز حمل شيئا للدفاع عن النفس (فقط ) و ليس للتعدي على  الغير .. بارك لله فيك و جزاك الله ألف خير و نفع الأمة الاسلامية بك

(The questioner continues): Here my question is: Is it also permissible for a person to carry something with him in his car to defend himself with (…if there is some transgression against him before theft) whether he (the transgressor) wants to steal the car, his wealth, or other than that..Because we hear a lot about people stopping someone in his car by force late at night. And they beat him and steal from him what he has of wealth. They also take his car from him and they do not find a trace of them (later).

So is it permissible to carry something for defending oneself (only) not for transgressing against others?

تكون نيته دفعه بالأدنى فالأدنى لاقتله ابتداءا فإن كان لايندفع إلا بالقتل قتله لينجو هو من القتل أو قاتله لأخذ ماله وهو ما يعرف عند أهل العلم بالصائل

Answer (Shaikh Maahir al Qahtaani) : In the beginning, his intention is to defend himself with the least amount of force necessary, not to kill him. But if there is no way to defend himself except by killing him, then he kills him to save himself from being killed or fought against and robbed. He (the transgressor) is known to the Scholars as the attacker.

ولاحرج أن يحمل معه سلاح ليدفع به عن نفسه كما جاء عن ابن عمر أنه حمل السلاح للص دخل منزله فكان السلاح معه في المنزل فاستفاده لذلك ولله أعلم

And there is no harm in him carrying a weapon with him to defend himself as there comes (in a narration) from Ibn Umar that he picked up the weapon when the thief entered his house. So the weapon was with him in the house so that he could benefit from it. And Allah knows best.

 

 

The Ruling on Keeping a Weapon in the House for Self – Defense

April 13, 2012

 

 

http://www.al-sunan.org/vb/showthread.php?p=2112

.. شيخنا الكريم حفظكم الله

كثر في بلدنا اللصوص و بدأوا يتفننون في أساليب السرقة .. و بدأوا يفتحون في خزنات النقود بالأكسجين و بأساليب حضارية و يرجع الفضل إلى لصوص أوروبا المحترفون .. و إذا وجدوا صاحب المنزل في المنزل من الممكن ان يقتلوه إذا لقوه وجها لوجه أو

يغتصبوا أخته او ابنته أو أمه أو زوجته .. و هو قائم لا يقدر على فعل شيء حيالهم

هل يجوز الإحتفاظ بآلة حادة في المنزل لمثل هذه الظروف فقط أي إذا تعدى شخص عليك في حرمة بيتك ليس لإرهاب الغير أو التعدي على الأشخاص .. فهل يجوز قتل هذا الشخص المتعدي عليك و على محارمك وسط بيتك أمام أهلك و الذي انتهك حرمة

بيتك

Q: Noble Shaikh, Allah preserve you, there are many thieves in our land and they are beginning to become experts in the methods of stealing.. And they have begun opening money vaults using oxygen and using other present day methods for which the professional European thieves deserve the credit.. And when they find the owner of the house at home, they may kill him if they meet him face to face.. Or they may rape his sister, daughter, mother, or wife while he is standing there, unable to do anything with regards to them. Is it permissible to keep a sharp instrument for protection in the house only for the likes of these circumstances, meaning when a person transgresses against

you in the sanctuary of your home, not (keeping a weapon) to frighten or transgress against others?

So is it permissible to kill this person who transgressed against you and all you hold dear in the middle of your house in front of your family and who violated the sanctity of your home?

نعم بل قد يكون ذلك واجبا

وهذا اللص إذا اقتحم هكذا ودخل فهو الصائل الذي يدفع بالأدنى فالأدنى فإذا كان لايندفع إلا بالقتل قتل كما روى عن ابن عمر أنه دخل لص في منزله فحمل السيف وأشهره كانه يريد قتله إذا لم يندفع أو كما جاء والله أعلم

A (Shaikh Maahir al Qahtaani):

Yes, on top of that, it may be obligatory. And this thief, when he intrudes like this and enters, then he is the attacker who is defended against with the least amount of force necessary. But when there is no way to defend except by killing, then he is killed. And it is narrated from Ibn Umar that a thief entered his house, so he picked up the sword and unsheathed it as though he wanted to kill him if he didn’t hurry off…And Allah knows best.

 

 

ولكن جاء في صحيح مسلم

 

 

حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلَاءِ حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدٌ يَعْنِي ابْنَ مَخْلَدٍ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ الْعَلَاءِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أَبِيهِعن أبي هريرة قال : جاء رجل فقال : يا رسول الله أرأيت إن جاء رجل يريد أخذ مالي ؟ قال : ” فلا تعطه مالك قال : أرأيت إن قاتلني ؟ قال : ” قاتله قال : أرأيت إن قتلني ؟ قال : ” فأنت شهيد ” . قال : أرأيت إن قتلته ؟ قال : ” هو في النار ” . رواه مسلم

والمقاتلة تحتاج إلى سلاح ولله أعلم

The Shaikh also mentioned this hadeeth which is collected in Saheeh Muslim:

(leaving out the chain of narration) Abu Hurairah said that a man came to the Messenger of Allah – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, what do I do if a man comes and wants to take my wealth?’ He said, ‘Then don’t give him your wealth.’ (the man) said, ‘What do I do if he fights me?’ He said, ‘Fight him.’ (the man) said, ‘What if he kills me?’ He said, ‘Then you are a martyr.’ (the man) said, ‘What if I kill him?’ He said, ‘He is in the Fire.’ (end of hadeeth)

 

And fighting requires a weapon. And Allah knows best.

 

 

 

 

ولكن في البلاد التي لا تحكم بالشريعة الإسلامية

قد تحكم بالقتل على صاحب الدار ولن تعتبره دفاع عن النفس

ما حكم صاحب الدار الذي حكم عليه بالاعدام لكونه قتل نفساً دفاعاً لا عدواناً ولا ظلماً

(A sister then asked):

But in (some) countries which don’t rule by the Islamic Legislation, the law is that the owner of the house is killed and they never consider the fact that he is defending himself. So what is the ruling for the owner of the house who is sentenced to death for his action of killing someone in self – defense, not wrongfully or transgressing?

في مثل هذه الحالة يجتهد في دفعه بالأدنى دون القتل ليشل حركته

فإذا قتله ليخلص نفسه فإن الله منجيه إن شاء الله لأنه فعل ماأذن له شرعا فبالتحقيق يظهر الحق وإذا ابتلي

وأعدم فثوابه بصبره عند لله عظيم

Shaikh Maahir answered:  In the likes of this situation, he strives to defend himself with the least amount of force less than killing (force) to overwhelm him. So if he kills him to save himself, then indeed Allah  will keep him safe – in shaa Allah – because he did what was permitted for him in the (Islamic) legislation. So an investigation will reveal the truth. And if he is tried and executed, then his reward with Allah for his patience is tremendous.

Sabaahul Khair صباح الخير

April 11, 2012

Fataawa taken from www.alifta.com  :

1.(Arabic)

السؤال الثالث من الفتوى رقم ( 3897 )

س 3: حكم قول: (صباح ) و (مساء الخير ).

ج 3: لا نعلم بذلك بأسًا، ويكون ذلك بعد البدء بالسلام، وبعد الرد الشرعي إذا كان القائل بذلك مسلمًا عليه.

وبالله التوفيق، وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وآله وصحبه وسلم.

 

اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والإفتاء

 

عضو عضو الرئيس
عبد الله بن قعود عبد الله بن غديان عبد العزيز بن عبد الله بن باز

 

 

1.(English)

The third question of Fatwa no.3897

Q 3:what is the ruling on greeting people saying: “Good morning” and “Good evening”?l

A:There is no harm in this, if it follows saying: “Al-Salamu `Alaikum (peace be upon you)” and receiving the response from the greeted Muslim.

 

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

 

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

 

Member Member Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

 

 

 

2. (Arabic)

السؤال الثالث من الفتوى رقم ( 9908 )

س 3: عندنا في مصر عادة في الصباح أن نحيي نقول: ( صباح الخير يا فلان) ما حكم هذه التحية في الإسلام ؟

ج 3: تحية الإسلام: (السلام عليكم) فإن زاد: (ورحمة الله وبركاته) فهو أفضل، وإن دعا بعد ذلك من لقيه: (صباح الخير) مثلاً فلا حرج عليه، أما أن يقتصر بالتحية عند اللقاء على: (صباح الخير) دون أن يقول: (السلام عليكم) فقد أساء.

( الجزء رقم : 24، الصفحة رقم: 120)

وبالله التوفيق، وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وآله وصحبه وسلم.

 

اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والإفتاء

 

عضو نائب الرئيس الرئيس
عبد الله بن غديان عبد الرزاق عفيفي عبد العزيز بن عبد الله بن باز

 

2.(English)

The third question of Fatwa no.9908

Q 3: It is customary in Egypt to greet each other in the morning saying :Good morning“. What is the ruling on this salutation?l

A:The Salam (Islamic greeting of peace) is: “Al-Salamu `Alaikum (peace be upon you)”. If one adds “Wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh (and the Mercy and Blessings of Allah be upon you, too)”, it is better. After saying that, if a Muslim greets others by saying “Good morning” for example, there is no harm. However, if a Muslim only says “Good morning” without saying: “Al-Salamu `Alaikum”, they are mistaken.

( الجزء رقم : 24، الصفحة رقم: 120)

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

 

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

 

Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Shaikh Maahir al Qahtaani on Bowing in Martial Arts

April 8, 2012

Translated from:

http://www.al-sunan.com/vb/archive/index.php/t-1412.html

http://www.al-sunan.org/vb/showthread.php?p=2976

(Click View, Encoding, More, Arabic (Windows))

 

فضيلة الشيخ ماحكم التحيه التى يفعلونها الدين يلعبن الكراتى اوالتكواندو وهي ان يحنى اللاعب رأسه الىالمدرب انحناء بسيط

Q: Noble Shaikh, what is the ruling of the greeting which is used by those who do Karate or Tae Kwon Do which is when the participant leans his head towards the instructor giving a slight bow?

لاتجوز مثل هذا التحية والخضوع إلا لله سبحانه الذي أعطى كل شيء خلقه فهدى

فليست تحيتنا أهل الإسلام بالرأس أصلا بل بالسلام وقد قال رسول لله من تشبه بقوم فهو منهم

A: (Shaikh Maahir Qahtaani) This type of greeting is not permissible. And submission/humility is only to Allah – free is He from all imperfections – Who gave everything its nature and guided it. So this is not our – the People of Islam – greeting – with the head. Rather, our greeting is with the salaam. And indeed the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) said: ‘Whoever resembles a people then he is one of them.’

 

وقد نها عن ذلك علمائنا في السؤال الموجه للجنة الدائمة

 

And indeed the Scholars have prohibited us from that in this question posed to the Permanent Committee (this fatwa)

 

: (السؤال الثالث من الفتوى رقم ( 5313

س 3: انخرطنا في نادي من نوادي الكاراتيه بأمريكا، وقال المدرب: إنه يجب أن تنحني عندما ينحني لك هو،

فرفضنا وشرحنا له ذلك في ديننا فوافق ولكن قال: على أن نحني فقط الرأس؛ لأنه هو يبدؤك بالانحناء فلا بد

أن ترد تحيته فما رأي فضيلتكم في ذلك؟

ج 3: لا يجوز الانحناء تحية للمسلم ولا للكافر لا بالجزء الأعلى من البدن ولا بالرأس؛ لأن الانحناء تحية عبادة،

.والعبادة لا تكون إلا لله وحده

.وبالله التوفيق، وصلى لله على نبينا محمد, وآله وصحبه وسلم

اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والإفتاء

عضو، عضو، نائب رئيس اللجنة، الرئيس

عبد لله بن قعود، عبد لله بن غديان، عبد الرزاق عفيفي، عبد العزيز بن عبد لله بن باز

The third question from the fatawa numbered 5313:

Q3: We joined one of the Karate clubs in America and the instructor said: ‘You must bow when someone bows to you.’ So we refused and explained to him that (not bowing to other than Allah) is from our religion. He agreed but said, ‘That we must only bow our heads, because he is starting with the bow, so you must return his greeting. So what do you think about that?

A3: It is not permissible to bow as a greeting to a Muslim or a Non-Muslim, not with the upper part of the body, nor with the head. Because bowing is a greeting of worship. And worship is only for Allah Alone.

And with Allah is the success

(Board members of the Permanent Committee: Abdullah bin Qu’ood, Abdullah bin Ghudyaan, Abdur Razzaaq ‘Afeefee,  Abdul Azeez bin Abdullah bin Baz )

 

The Ruling on Practicing Martial Arts and the Ruling on Deadening the Nerves

April 7, 2012

Bismillah

Questions and Answers have been edited to only include the questions and answers themselves.

Translated from: http://www.al-sunan.com/vb/archive/index.php/t-1153.html

هل يجوز للرجل تعلم فنون القتال كالكراتي والكونج فو ..إلخ , وهل يجوز له أن يميت حواس اليدين والرجلين بحيث لا يشعر بيديه ورجليه عندما يضرب خصمه , فتكون بذلك قوية ؟ مثال : كوضع الرجل يده في الجمر ..إلى غير ذلك؟

(In the third question, the questioner asks): Is it permissible for a man to learn martial arts like Karate, Kung Fu, etc. And is it permissible for him to deaden the nerves in his hands and feet so that he doesn’t feel anything in his hands and feet when he strikes his opponent, so that he becomes stronger through that (deadening the nerves)? For example: a man putting his hand on hot coals and other than that?

لابأس أن يتعلم مثل هذه الفنون للدفاع عن نفسه

وليس كل مافعله الكفار حرم مشابهتهم فيه بغير قصد فإن تعلم مثل ذلك لمصلحة الدفاع عن النفس كما استعمل النبي صلى لله عليه وسلم المنجنيق وقد كان الروم أو غيرهم من الكفار يستعملونه لمصلحة القتال وقد نصب النبي صلى لله عليه وسلم على أهل الطائف المنجنيق 17 يوما قال بن كثير في إرشاد الفقيه سنده جيد

و الله أعلم

(Answer by Shaikh Maahir bin Thaafir al Qahtaanee)

There is no problem with him learning the likes of these martial arts for defending himself. Not everything the kuffaar do is unlawful. Resembling them is not intended by this. So if he learns something like this for the benefit of defending himself (this is okay), like the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) used a catapult – and the Romans or other than them from the kuffaar were using it to benefit them in fighting. And Ibn Katheer said in his Irshaad al Faqeeh – with a good chain- that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) used the catapult against the people of Taa’if for 17 days. And Allah knows best.

ولاينبغي له أن يعذب نفسه بالجمر ليميت إحساسه فنفسه ليس ملكا له ومايدريه عن مآل هذه المقامرة بالبدن فلعله لن يتعرض لقتال فيحتاج دفاعا عن النفس فتكون تلك المشقة والتعذيب الذي تعرض له عديم الفائدة بل قد يضره لأن لله ماخلق الإحساس إلا لحكمة فقد تكسر يده وتتهشم عظامه وتجرح جرحا بالغا يضره جدا وهو لايدري وليس في ذلك قربة وقد روى البخاري في صحيحه عَنْ أَنَسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وسَلَّمَ رَأَى شَيْخًا يُهَادَى بَيْنَ ابْنَيْهِ قَالَ مَا بَالُ هَذَا قَالُوا نَذَرَ أَنْ يَمْشِيَ قال إِنَّ اللهَ عَنْ تَعْذِيبِ هذا نَفْسَهُ لَغَنِيٌّ وأَمَرَهُ أَنْ يَرْكَبَ

And it is not appropriate for him that he harms himself with hot coals to deaden his nerves, for his body doesn’t belong to him. And he doesn’t know the results of this gambling with his body. Perhaps he will never have to fight. He needs to know how to defend himself, but this punishment and breaking down (of his body) that he is exposing himself to has no benefit. Rather, it will harm him. Because Allah did not create the nerves except for a wisdom. So he breaks his hand, destroys his bones, and harms

(himself) with a far-reaching harm and he doesn’t know. And you don’t get closer to Allah by doing that. Bukhari narrated in his Saheeh from Anas (Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) saw an old man being held up between his two sons, so he said, ‘What is his affair?’ They said, ‘He vowed that he would walk.’ He said, ‘Verily Allah is indeed free from needing him to punish himself.’ And he commanded him to ride.

The Ruling on Bowing in Martial Arts

April 7, 2012

Taken from www.alifta.com   (also found here: http://fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=1260 )

Third question from Fatwa no. 5313

Q 3: We joined a karate club in America. The coach said: “You should bow when your opponent bows to you”. We refused and explained that this is against our religion. He agreed but said: “You should only gesture by your heads, for an opponent initiates a greeting by bowing and you should greet him back”. What is your opinion on this?

A: It’s not permissible to bow to greet a Muslim or a non-Muslim whether by the upper part of the body or with the head, because bowing is a religious act of `Ibadah (worship) and `Ibadah

(Part No. 1; Page No. 234)

should be devoted to Allah Alone.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz