Archive for the ‘Fatwa related to self defense or martial arts’ Category

“And Don’t Transgress…”

April 14, 2012

Allah (God, The Creator) says in the Quran1 (translated):

And fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but don’t transgress. Indeed, Allah doesn’t like the transgressors.” 2:190

Imam Baghawee said in explanation of this verse:

ومعنى قوله: ( وَلا تَعْتَدُوا ) أي لا تقتلوا النساء والصبيان والشيخ الكبير والرهبان ولا من ألقى إليكم السلام هذا قول ابن عباس ومجاهد:

And the meaning of His Statement “And don’t transgress” is: Don’t kill women, or children, or old people, or monks, nor anyone who gives  you the salaam.  This is the statement of Ibn Abbaas and Muhaahid

:Imam Ibn Kathir said2 in explanation of this verse

وقوله: ( وَلا تَعْتَدُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ ) أي: قاتلوا في سبيل الله ولا تعتدوا في ذلك ويدخل في ذلك ارتكاب المناهي كما قاله الحسن البصري من المَثُلة، والغُلُول، وقتل النساء والصبيان والشيوخ الذين لا رأي لهم ولا قتال فيهم، والرهبان وأصحاب الصوامع، وتحريق الأشجار وقتل  الحيوان لغير مصلحة، كما قال ذلك ابن عباس، وعمر بن عبد العزيز، ومقاتل بن حيان، وغيرهم

And His (God’s ) Statement: “And don’t transgress, indeed Allah doesn’t like the transgressors” means: Fight in the way of Allah but don’t transgress in that.  Included in that is the commission of prohibited acts – as al-Hasan al-Basree said – from the mutilation (of bodies), stealing from the war booty, and killing women, children, and senile old men who are unable to fight, and (prohibited are) the killing of monks and hermits, and the burning of trees, and killing animals for no beneficial reason – as was said by Ibn Abbaas, Umar bin Abdul Azeez, Muqaatil bin Hayyaan, and others.

1The last book sent down  for mankind before the Day of Judgement

2Tafaaseer taken from http://qurancomplex.org/

The Ruling on Carrying a Weapon and the Intention When Defending Oneself

April 14, 2012

 

 

http://al-sunan.com/vb/showthread.php?p=2156&langid=8

Click on View, Encoding, More, Arabic (Windows)

بارك لله فيك .. سألتك سابقا عن حكم الدفاع عن النفس في حالة تعرضك لسطو أو تعدي عليك في البيت أوالمنزل .. و لكن هل هناك فرق بين أن تكون النية هنا هي إبعاده عن المنزل و طرده أم أن

تكون النية هي قتله .. أجبنا بارك لله فيك فجوابك له الأثر الطيب في نفوسنا جزاك لله خيرا

( the Questioner says): Allah bless you…I asked you previously about the ruling of defending oneself in the situation of your resisting a burglary or transgression against you in the house…But is there a difference between the niyyah (intention) being to remove or expel him (the transgressor) from the house and between the niyyah being to kill him?…

 

سؤالي هنا هو

هل جائز أيضا أن يحمل الشخص معه شيئا في السيارة ليدافع به عن نفسه ( في حالة ما إن كان هناك تعدي عليه من قبل لص ) سواء أكان يريد سرقة السيارة أو سرقة المال أو غيره .. لأننا كثيرا ما نسمع عن أشخاص أوقفوا شخصا بسيارته غصبا في وقت متأخر من الليل و ضربوه و سرقوا منه ما عنده من مال و أخذوا منه السياره و لم يجدوا لهم على أثر .. فهل جائز حمل شيئا للدفاع عن النفس (فقط ) و ليس للتعدي على  الغير .. بارك لله فيك و جزاك الله ألف خير و نفع الأمة الاسلامية بك

(The questioner continues): Here my question is: Is it also permissible for a person to carry something with him in his car to defend himself with (…if there is some transgression against him before theft) whether he (the transgressor) wants to steal the car, his wealth, or other than that..Because we hear a lot about people stopping someone in his car by force late at night. And they beat him and steal from him what he has of wealth. They also take his car from him and they do not find a trace of them (later).

So is it permissible to carry something for defending oneself (only) not for transgressing against others?

تكون نيته دفعه بالأدنى فالأدنى لاقتله ابتداءا فإن كان لايندفع إلا بالقتل قتله لينجو هو من القتل أو قاتله لأخذ ماله وهو ما يعرف عند أهل العلم بالصائل

Answer (Shaikh Maahir al Qahtaani) : In the beginning, his intention is to defend himself with the least amount of force necessary, not to kill him. But if there is no way to defend himself except by killing him, then he kills him to save himself from being killed or fought against and robbed. He (the transgressor) is known to the Scholars as the attacker.

ولاحرج أن يحمل معه سلاح ليدفع به عن نفسه كما جاء عن ابن عمر أنه حمل السلاح للص دخل منزله فكان السلاح معه في المنزل فاستفاده لذلك ولله أعلم

And there is no harm in him carrying a weapon with him to defend himself as there comes (in a narration) from Ibn Umar that he picked up the weapon when the thief entered his house. So the weapon was with him in the house so that he could benefit from it. And Allah knows best.

 

 

The Ruling on Keeping a Weapon in the House for Self – Defense

April 13, 2012

 

 

http://www.al-sunan.org/vb/showthread.php?p=2112

.. شيخنا الكريم حفظكم الله

كثر في بلدنا اللصوص و بدأوا يتفننون في أساليب السرقة .. و بدأوا يفتحون في خزنات النقود بالأكسجين و بأساليب حضارية و يرجع الفضل إلى لصوص أوروبا المحترفون .. و إذا وجدوا صاحب المنزل في المنزل من الممكن ان يقتلوه إذا لقوه وجها لوجه أو

يغتصبوا أخته او ابنته أو أمه أو زوجته .. و هو قائم لا يقدر على فعل شيء حيالهم

هل يجوز الإحتفاظ بآلة حادة في المنزل لمثل هذه الظروف فقط أي إذا تعدى شخص عليك في حرمة بيتك ليس لإرهاب الغير أو التعدي على الأشخاص .. فهل يجوز قتل هذا الشخص المتعدي عليك و على محارمك وسط بيتك أمام أهلك و الذي انتهك حرمة

بيتك

Q: Noble Shaikh, Allah preserve you, there are many thieves in our land and they are beginning to become experts in the methods of stealing.. And they have begun opening money vaults using oxygen and using other present day methods for which the professional European thieves deserve the credit.. And when they find the owner of the house at home, they may kill him if they meet him face to face.. Or they may rape his sister, daughter, mother, or wife while he is standing there, unable to do anything with regards to them. Is it permissible to keep a sharp instrument for protection in the house only for the likes of these circumstances, meaning when a person transgresses against

you in the sanctuary of your home, not (keeping a weapon) to frighten or transgress against others?

So is it permissible to kill this person who transgressed against you and all you hold dear in the middle of your house in front of your family and who violated the sanctity of your home?

نعم بل قد يكون ذلك واجبا

وهذا اللص إذا اقتحم هكذا ودخل فهو الصائل الذي يدفع بالأدنى فالأدنى فإذا كان لايندفع إلا بالقتل قتل كما روى عن ابن عمر أنه دخل لص في منزله فحمل السيف وأشهره كانه يريد قتله إذا لم يندفع أو كما جاء والله أعلم

A (Shaikh Maahir al Qahtaani):

Yes, on top of that, it may be obligatory. And this thief, when he intrudes like this and enters, then he is the attacker who is defended against with the least amount of force necessary. But when there is no way to defend except by killing, then he is killed. And it is narrated from Ibn Umar that a thief entered his house, so he picked up the sword and unsheathed it as though he wanted to kill him if he didn’t hurry off…And Allah knows best.

 

 

ولكن جاء في صحيح مسلم

 

 

حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلَاءِ حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدٌ يَعْنِي ابْنَ مَخْلَدٍ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ الْعَلَاءِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أَبِيهِعن أبي هريرة قال : جاء رجل فقال : يا رسول الله أرأيت إن جاء رجل يريد أخذ مالي ؟ قال : ” فلا تعطه مالك قال : أرأيت إن قاتلني ؟ قال : ” قاتله قال : أرأيت إن قتلني ؟ قال : ” فأنت شهيد ” . قال : أرأيت إن قتلته ؟ قال : ” هو في النار ” . رواه مسلم

والمقاتلة تحتاج إلى سلاح ولله أعلم

The Shaikh also mentioned this hadeeth which is collected in Saheeh Muslim:

(leaving out the chain of narration) Abu Hurairah said that a man came to the Messenger of Allah – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, what do I do if a man comes and wants to take my wealth?’ He said, ‘Then don’t give him your wealth.’ (the man) said, ‘What do I do if he fights me?’ He said, ‘Fight him.’ (the man) said, ‘What if he kills me?’ He said, ‘Then you are a martyr.’ (the man) said, ‘What if I kill him?’ He said, ‘He is in the Fire.’ (end of hadeeth)

 

And fighting requires a weapon. And Allah knows best.

 

 

 

 

ولكن في البلاد التي لا تحكم بالشريعة الإسلامية

قد تحكم بالقتل على صاحب الدار ولن تعتبره دفاع عن النفس

ما حكم صاحب الدار الذي حكم عليه بالاعدام لكونه قتل نفساً دفاعاً لا عدواناً ولا ظلماً

(A sister then asked):

But in (some) countries which don’t rule by the Islamic Legislation, the law is that the owner of the house is killed and they never consider the fact that he is defending himself. So what is the ruling for the owner of the house who is sentenced to death for his action of killing someone in self – defense, not wrongfully or transgressing?

في مثل هذه الحالة يجتهد في دفعه بالأدنى دون القتل ليشل حركته

فإذا قتله ليخلص نفسه فإن الله منجيه إن شاء الله لأنه فعل ماأذن له شرعا فبالتحقيق يظهر الحق وإذا ابتلي

وأعدم فثوابه بصبره عند لله عظيم

Shaikh Maahir answered:  In the likes of this situation, he strives to defend himself with the least amount of force less than killing (force) to overwhelm him. So if he kills him to save himself, then indeed Allah  will keep him safe – in shaa Allah – because he did what was permitted for him in the (Islamic) legislation. So an investigation will reveal the truth. And if he is tried and executed, then his reward with Allah for his patience is tremendous.

Shaikh Maahir al Qahtaani on Bowing in Martial Arts

April 8, 2012

Translated from:

http://www.al-sunan.com/vb/archive/index.php/t-1412.html

http://www.al-sunan.org/vb/showthread.php?p=2976

(Click View, Encoding, More, Arabic (Windows))

 

فضيلة الشيخ ماحكم التحيه التى يفعلونها الدين يلعبن الكراتى اوالتكواندو وهي ان يحنى اللاعب رأسه الىالمدرب انحناء بسيط

Q: Noble Shaikh, what is the ruling of the greeting which is used by those who do Karate or Tae Kwon Do which is when the participant leans his head towards the instructor giving a slight bow?

لاتجوز مثل هذا التحية والخضوع إلا لله سبحانه الذي أعطى كل شيء خلقه فهدى

فليست تحيتنا أهل الإسلام بالرأس أصلا بل بالسلام وقد قال رسول لله من تشبه بقوم فهو منهم

A: (Shaikh Maahir Qahtaani) This type of greeting is not permissible. And submission/humility is only to Allah – free is He from all imperfections – Who gave everything its nature and guided it. So this is not our – the People of Islam – greeting – with the head. Rather, our greeting is with the salaam. And indeed the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) said: ‘Whoever resembles a people then he is one of them.’

 

وقد نها عن ذلك علمائنا في السؤال الموجه للجنة الدائمة

 

And indeed the Scholars have prohibited us from that in this question posed to the Permanent Committee (this fatwa)

 

: (السؤال الثالث من الفتوى رقم ( 5313

س 3: انخرطنا في نادي من نوادي الكاراتيه بأمريكا، وقال المدرب: إنه يجب أن تنحني عندما ينحني لك هو،

فرفضنا وشرحنا له ذلك في ديننا فوافق ولكن قال: على أن نحني فقط الرأس؛ لأنه هو يبدؤك بالانحناء فلا بد

أن ترد تحيته فما رأي فضيلتكم في ذلك؟

ج 3: لا يجوز الانحناء تحية للمسلم ولا للكافر لا بالجزء الأعلى من البدن ولا بالرأس؛ لأن الانحناء تحية عبادة،

.والعبادة لا تكون إلا لله وحده

.وبالله التوفيق، وصلى لله على نبينا محمد, وآله وصحبه وسلم

اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والإفتاء

عضو، عضو، نائب رئيس اللجنة، الرئيس

عبد لله بن قعود، عبد لله بن غديان، عبد الرزاق عفيفي، عبد العزيز بن عبد لله بن باز

The third question from the fatawa numbered 5313:

Q3: We joined one of the Karate clubs in America and the instructor said: ‘You must bow when someone bows to you.’ So we refused and explained to him that (not bowing to other than Allah) is from our religion. He agreed but said, ‘That we must only bow our heads, because he is starting with the bow, so you must return his greeting. So what do you think about that?

A3: It is not permissible to bow as a greeting to a Muslim or a Non-Muslim, not with the upper part of the body, nor with the head. Because bowing is a greeting of worship. And worship is only for Allah Alone.

And with Allah is the success

(Board members of the Permanent Committee: Abdullah bin Qu’ood, Abdullah bin Ghudyaan, Abdur Razzaaq ‘Afeefee,  Abdul Azeez bin Abdullah bin Baz )

 

The Ruling on Practicing Martial Arts and the Ruling on Deadening the Nerves

April 7, 2012

Bismillah

Questions and Answers have been edited to only include the questions and answers themselves.

Translated from: http://www.al-sunan.com/vb/archive/index.php/t-1153.html

هل يجوز للرجل تعلم فنون القتال كالكراتي والكونج فو ..إلخ , وهل يجوز له أن يميت حواس اليدين والرجلين بحيث لا يشعر بيديه ورجليه عندما يضرب خصمه , فتكون بذلك قوية ؟ مثال : كوضع الرجل يده في الجمر ..إلى غير ذلك؟

(In the third question, the questioner asks): Is it permissible for a man to learn martial arts like Karate, Kung Fu, etc. And is it permissible for him to deaden the nerves in his hands and feet so that he doesn’t feel anything in his hands and feet when he strikes his opponent, so that he becomes stronger through that (deadening the nerves)? For example: a man putting his hand on hot coals and other than that?

لابأس أن يتعلم مثل هذه الفنون للدفاع عن نفسه

وليس كل مافعله الكفار حرم مشابهتهم فيه بغير قصد فإن تعلم مثل ذلك لمصلحة الدفاع عن النفس كما استعمل النبي صلى لله عليه وسلم المنجنيق وقد كان الروم أو غيرهم من الكفار يستعملونه لمصلحة القتال وقد نصب النبي صلى لله عليه وسلم على أهل الطائف المنجنيق 17 يوما قال بن كثير في إرشاد الفقيه سنده جيد

و الله أعلم

(Answer by Shaikh Maahir bin Thaafir al Qahtaanee)

There is no problem with him learning the likes of these martial arts for defending himself. Not everything the kuffaar do is unlawful. Resembling them is not intended by this. So if he learns something like this for the benefit of defending himself (this is okay), like the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) used a catapult – and the Romans or other than them from the kuffaar were using it to benefit them in fighting. And Ibn Katheer said in his Irshaad al Faqeeh – with a good chain- that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) used the catapult against the people of Taa’if for 17 days. And Allah knows best.

ولاينبغي له أن يعذب نفسه بالجمر ليميت إحساسه فنفسه ليس ملكا له ومايدريه عن مآل هذه المقامرة بالبدن فلعله لن يتعرض لقتال فيحتاج دفاعا عن النفس فتكون تلك المشقة والتعذيب الذي تعرض له عديم الفائدة بل قد يضره لأن لله ماخلق الإحساس إلا لحكمة فقد تكسر يده وتتهشم عظامه وتجرح جرحا بالغا يضره جدا وهو لايدري وليس في ذلك قربة وقد روى البخاري في صحيحه عَنْ أَنَسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وسَلَّمَ رَأَى شَيْخًا يُهَادَى بَيْنَ ابْنَيْهِ قَالَ مَا بَالُ هَذَا قَالُوا نَذَرَ أَنْ يَمْشِيَ قال إِنَّ اللهَ عَنْ تَعْذِيبِ هذا نَفْسَهُ لَغَنِيٌّ وأَمَرَهُ أَنْ يَرْكَبَ

And it is not appropriate for him that he harms himself with hot coals to deaden his nerves, for his body doesn’t belong to him. And he doesn’t know the results of this gambling with his body. Perhaps he will never have to fight. He needs to know how to defend himself, but this punishment and breaking down (of his body) that he is exposing himself to has no benefit. Rather, it will harm him. Because Allah did not create the nerves except for a wisdom. So he breaks his hand, destroys his bones, and harms

(himself) with a far-reaching harm and he doesn’t know. And you don’t get closer to Allah by doing that. Bukhari narrated in his Saheeh from Anas (Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) saw an old man being held up between his two sons, so he said, ‘What is his affair?’ They said, ‘He vowed that he would walk.’ He said, ‘Verily Allah is indeed free from needing him to punish himself.’ And he commanded him to ride.

The Ruling on Bowing in Martial Arts

April 7, 2012

Taken from www.alifta.com   (also found here: http://fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=1260 )

Third question from Fatwa no. 5313

Q 3: We joined a karate club in America. The coach said: “You should bow when your opponent bows to you”. We refused and explained that this is against our religion. He agreed but said: “You should only gesture by your heads, for an opponent initiates a greeting by bowing and you should greet him back”. What is your opinion on this?

A: It’s not permissible to bow to greet a Muslim or a non-Muslim whether by the upper part of the body or with the head, because bowing is a religious act of `Ibadah (worship) and `Ibadah

(Part No. 1; Page No. 234)

should be devoted to Allah Alone.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

The Ruling on Boxing, Bullfighting and Wrestling

April 7, 2012

Taken from www.alifta.com  (fatwa given by Shaikh Bin Baz and other scholars, fatwa in Arabic here: http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/134 )

The ruling on boxing, bullfighting, and freestyle wrestling

Q: A questioner from Egypt is asking aboutthe ruling of Islam on boxing, bullfighting, and freestyle wrestling?

A: Boxing and bullfighting are of the rejected prohibited things because of the great harm and danger involved. Moreover, bullfighting entails torturing these animals. However, there is no harm in practicing freestyle wrestling so long as it does not involve danger, harm, or uncovering one’s `Awrah (private parts of the body that must be covered in public). The Hadith mentions that the Prophet (peace be upon him) wrestled Yazid ibn Rukanah and defeated him (peace be uppon him). This is because the basic ruling expresses permission unless otherwise declared by Islamic law. The Islamic Fiqh Academy, an affiliate of the Muslim World League, has issued a decree prohibiting boxing and bullfighting for the aforementioned reasons. Following is the text:

The Third Decree

on the issue of boxing, freestyle wrestling, and bullfighting

Praise be to Allah, Alone. May peace and blessings be upon the Last Prophet, our master and Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), his family, and Companions.

The Islamic Fiqh Academy of the Muslim World League in its tenth session held atMakkah Al-Mukarramahduring the period (from Sat. Safar 24, 1408 A.H./October 17, 1987 A.D. to Wed. Safar 28, 1408 A.H/Oct. 21, 1987 A.D.)

( الجزء رقم : 4، الصفحة رقم: 412)

investigated the legal decision concerning the boxing and freestyle wrestling as practiced in some foreign countries, and bullfighting as a permissible sporting game, the academy reviewed and discussed all aspects of this issue and considered the results of such practices that have been classed as sports and broadcast on TV programs in Islamic and non-Islamic countries. After looking into the studies submitted to the academy in its previous session by competent doctors and the information provided by some statistics presented regarding what has happened in the world as a result of practicing boxing and the tragic incidents seen on TV resulting from it, the council of the academy decided the following:

First: Boxing:

The Academy Council has unanimously agreed that boxing as practiced nowadays in contests and sport centers in our countries is a prohibited practice in the Islamic Shari`ah. It is based on permitting fighters to injure each other to the extent that could lead to blindness, permanent severe brain damage, serious fractures, or death; without imposing any liability on the other party. In addition, spectators derive pleasure from the winner’s victory and feelings of happiness for the injury suffered by the loser. This is absolutely prohibited and rejected in Islam for Allah states (Exalted be He)…and do not throw yourselves into destructionAnd His Statement (Exalted be He):And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allâh is Most Merciful to you.In addition to the statement of the Prophet (peace be upon him): There should be neither causing nor reciprocating harmThus, the jurists of Shari`ah state that if a person makes his blood violable to another saying: (kill me), it is impermissible for the other to do this and if he does , he shall be liable to punishment.

( الجزء رقم : 4، الصفحة رقم: 413)

Therefore, the council rules that it is impermissible to deem this sort of boxing as a sport or to practice it, for the concept of sport depends on training without causing harm or injury. Moreover, it should be removed from local sports programs or international participation. The council also approves the impermissibility of broadcasting such contests on TV to protect the youth from learning such bad acts or imitating them.

Second: Freestyle Wrestling:

As for freestyle wrestling in which wrestlers deem it lawful to hurt one another and cause injury, the council views that it completely resembles boxing even if there are slight differences between them, because the legal physical reasons for the prohibitions of boxing exist in freestyle wrestling that assumes the nature of fighting. Thus, it takes the same ruling of prohibition. Regarding other types of wrestling practiced for physical exercise without causing any injury, they are legally permissible and the council does not view their prohibition.

Third: Bullfighting:

As for bullfighting that is a custom in some countries, in which bulls are killed by a skilled matador using some weapons, it is also prohibited as it is legally impermissible in Islam to kill animals by means of torture with sharp objects being thrust in their bodies. This frequently leads to killing the bull, which is a brutal act and rejected by Islamic law. The Messenger (peace be upon him) stated in the Sahih (authentic Hadith): A woman was cast into Hellfire because of a cat which she tied up and did not feed, nor did she release it to feed upon the vermin of the earthThus, if locking up cats is a cause for entering Hellfire on the Day of Resurrection, how will it be in the case of torturing a bull to death using weapons?

( الجزء رقم : 4، الصفحة رقم: 414)

Fourth:Promoting Animal Fights:

The council also declares the prohibition of animal fights that take place in some countries where they promote fighting between animals such as camels, rams, cocks, and others until they kill or injure each other.

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Creation. May Peace and blessings be upon our master Muhammad, his family and Companions.