Archive for the ‘d.300 – 400H’ Category

Abul Hasan Alee ad Daraqutnee

November 6, 2012

Taken from:


He is the Imaam and Shaykh of Islaam: Abu al-Hasan Alee bin Umar bin Ahmad bin Mahdee al-Baghdaadee al-Haafidh. His ascription comes from “ad-Dar al-Qutn“, a large region in Baghdaad.

He was born in the year 306H and he sought knowledge from his youth in his own land and sat in the gatherings, despite being young in age. He visited Basrah, Koofah, Waasit and Shaam in pursuit of knowledge.

He heard from many great scholars, including Abul-Qasim al-Baghawee, Ibn Saa’id and Ahmadbin Ishaaq bin al-Bahlool. And from his most prominent students are al-Haakim, Abu Haamid al-Isfraa’eenee, Abdul-Ghaniyy bin Sa’eed al-Haafidh and others.

His works include, as mentioned by as-Zarkilee (al-A’laam 5/130):

  • As-Sunan
  • Kitaab al-Ilal
  • Al-Mujtabaa Min as-Sunan al-Ma’thoorah
  • Al-Mukhtalaf wal-Mu’talaf
  • Ad-Du’afaa

And he also has “Kitaab as-Sifaat” and “Kitaab an-Nuzool” pertaining to the subject of Allaah’s Attributes and the Nuzool(Descent).

Al-Khateeb said in “Taareekh Bagdhaad” (12/36):

He was the Imaam of his time, the knowledge of the athar (narrations) ended up with him, as did the knowledge of the hidden defects of the hadeeth, the names of the men (narrators) and the conditions of the reporters, alongside (his) truthfulness, trustworthiness, fiqh (understanding), integrity (adaalah), acceptance of his witness, soundness in creed, sound in his madhhab, and cognizance of sciences besides that of ilm al-hadeeth.

Al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee also said (12/36):

I heard al-Qaadee Abu at-Tayyib at-Tabari say: “Ad-Daraqutnee is the Ameer ul-Mu’mineen (chief of the believers) in Hadeeth, and never did I see a Haafidh visit Baghdad except that he went to him and gave salaam (salutations)”, and thus his precedence in memorization and lofty rank in knowledge was acknowledged.

Al-Khateeb also said:

I heard Abdul-Ghaniyy bi Sa’eed al-Haafidh in Egypt saying: “The best of people in speech regarding the hadeeth of Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) are three: Alee bin al-Madeenee in his time, Moosaa bin Haaroon in his time, and Alee bin Umar ad-Daraqutnee in his time.”

Ad-Daraqutnee died in the year 385H.

Refer to Shaykh Alee Naasir al-Faqeehee’s introduction to his tahqeeq of the book “Kitaab as-Sifaat”, authored by ad-Daraqutnee (1st edition, 1983).


A Brief Biography of Abu Bakr al-Aajurree al Baghdaadee

May 16, 2012

From  Article ID SRH040001

Also see:


The Imaam, the Scholar of Hadeeth, the Example, the Shaykh of the Noble Haram, author of many beneficial works, truthful, the devout worshipper and the one who closely followed the Sunnah. He was born in Baghdaad in the year 280H, later he moved to Makka and died there in the year 360H after having lived there for some thirty years.

He heard from: Abu Muslim al-Kajjee, Muhammad bin Yahyaa al-Marwazee, Abu Shu`ayb al-Harraanee, Ahamd bin Yahya al-Halwaanee, al-Hasan bin Alee bin Alwee al-Qattaan, Ja`far bin Muhammad al-Firyaabee, Musaa bin Haaroon, Khalf bin Amr al-Ukbaree, Abdullaah bin Naahiyah, Muhammad bin Saalih al-Ukbaree, Ja`far bin Ahmad bin Aasim ad-Dimishkee, Abdullaah bin al-Abbaas at-Tayaalisee, Haamid bin Shu`ayb al-Balkhee, Ahmad bin Sahl al-Usnaanee al-Muqri, Ahmad bin Musaa bin Zanjaway al-Qattaan, Eesaa bin Sulaymaan, Abu Alee al-Hasan bin al-Hubaab al-Muqri, Abu al-Qaasim al-Baghawee, ibn Abee Dawood and others.

Those who narrated from him were: Abdur-Rahmaan bin Umar bin Nahaas, Abu al-Husain bin Bishraan, his brother Abu al-Qaasim bin Bishraan, al-Muqri` Abu al-Hasan al-Hamaamee, Abu Nu`aym al-Haafidhand many from amongst the pilgrims and others.

Al-Khateeb said about him, “he was a person possessing deen, trustworthy and precise. He authored (some) works.”[Ibn Katheer, ‘al-Bidaayah wa an-Nihaayah’ (11/306); adh-Dhahabee, ‘Siyar’ (16/134-136)]

Ibn al-Atheer described him as being a Haafidh. [Ibn Atheer, ‘al-Kaamil fee at-Taareek’ (7/44)] as did al-Haafidhadh-Dhahabee. [‘Mukhtasar al-Uluw’ (pg. 246)]

Ibn Khalkaan said, “the Shaafi`ee faqeeh, the Muhaddith, author of the famous book ‘al-Arba`een’, he was a righteous servant.” [Ibn Khalkaan, ‘Wafayaatul A`yaan’ (4/292), others such as ibn al-Jawzee mentioned him amongst the Hanbalees.]

Ibn al-Jawzee said about him, “he was trustworthy and precise, possessing deen, a scholar and author.” [‘Sifatus Safwa’ (2/479)] “He gathered together knowledge and ascetism.” [‘Manaaqib al-Imaam Ahmad’ (pg. 515)]

As-Suyutee said, “the Imaam, the Muhaddith, the Example…. He was a scholar enacting what he taught, the follower of the Sunnah, possessing deen, trustworthy and precise.” [‘Tabaqaatul Huffaadh’ (pg. 379)]

The work he wrote on Aqeedah was ‘ash-Sharee`ah’ published in one volume with the tahqeeq of Muhammad Haamid al-Fiqqee and in six volumes with the tahqeeqof Dr. Abdullaah bin Umar bin Sulaymaan ad-Dameejee. May Allaah have mercy upon him.


A Brief Biography of Ibn Battah al-Ukbari

May 16, 2012

From Article ID SRH040003

Also see:

The Imaam, the Hadeeth Master (Haafidh), the Hanbalee Legal Jurist (Faqeeh), the devout worshipper and ascetic. He was born in the year 304H in Ukbaraa, a land close to Baghdaad, and died in the year 387H. His father was a Faqeeh and it was under his auspices that he began his studies and he often reports from him in his books. He was sent to Baghdaad to study hadeeth while still young, then he travelled to various lands such as Shaam, Basrah, Makka and Thagur studying under a host of the leading scholars of his time and excelled in aqeedah, hadeeth and fiqh.

He heard from the likes of Abu al-Qaasim al-Baghawee, Abu Dharr al-Baaghandee, Abu Bakr bin Ziyaad an-Naisabooree, Ismaa`eel al-Warraaq, al-Qaadee al-Mahaamalee, Muhammad bin Mukhlid, Abu Taalib Ahmad bin Nasr al-Haafidh, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Thaabit al-Ukbaree, Alee bin Abee al-Aqab, Ahmad bin Ubaid as-Saffaar, ibn Saa`id and others.

A group of the scholars narrated from him such as Abu al-Fath bin Abee al-Fawaaris, Abu Nu`aym al-Asbahaanee, Ubaidullaah al-Azharee, Abdul-Azeez al-Azjee, and Abu Ishaaq al-Barmakee, Abu Muhammad al-Jawharee, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Eesaa as-Sa`see and others. He has been praised by more than one Imaam and was famous for enjoining the good and forbidding the evil. [Ibn Katheer, ‘al-Bidaayah wa an-Nihaayah’ (11/368-369); ibn Hajr, ‘Lisaan al-Meezaan’ (4/133+); adh-Dhahabee, ‘Siyar’ (16/529-533)]

Al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee said: Abu Haamid ad-Dawlee narrated to me that when ibn Battah returned from his travels he confined himself to his house for fourty years [only rarely going out]. He was not seen in the market place and neither was he seen breaking fast except on the day of Eed. He used to enjoin the good and not a single bad narration [concerning people] would reach him except that he put it in a better light.” Ibid and al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee, ‘Taareekh Baghdaad’ (10/372)]

Abdul-Waahid bin Alee al-Ukbaree said, “I have not seen any of the scholars from the Ashaabul Hadeethor other than them having a better disposition and mannerism than ibn Battah” [al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee, ‘Taareekh Baghdaad’ (10/372)]

Ahmad bin Muhammad al-Ateeqee said, “Ibn Battah was a righteous Shaykh, one whose supplications were answered.” [Ibn al-Jawzee, ‘al-Muntadhim’ (7/194)]

Abu al-Fath al-Qawwaas said: I mentioned the knowledge and ascetism of ibn Battah to Abu Sa`eed al-Ismaa`eelee and so he went to him. When he returned he commented, “his [knowledge and ascetism] is beyond description.” [Al-Asqalaanee, ‘Lisaan al-Meezaan’ (4/134)]

Abu Mas`ud Ahmad bin Muhammad al-Bajlee, the Haafidh said, “I have loved the Hanbalees since the day I saw Abu Abdullaah bin Battah.” [Ibn Abee Ya`laa, ‘Tabaqaatul Hanaabilaa’ (2/145)]

Ibn al-Amaad said, “the great Imaam, the Haafidh, ibn Battah, the Hanbalee Faqeehand righteous servant.” [Ibn al-Amaad, ‘Shadharaat adh-Dhahab’ (3/122)]

However in the field of hadeeth he has been criticised for his precision although in and of himself he is regarded to be truthful (sadooq). It is important to note that the scholars of hadeeth have cleared him of the possibility of fabricating. [Adh-Dhahabee, ‘al-Mughnee fee ad-Du`afaa’ (2/417), ‘al-Uluw’ (2/417), ‘Siyar’ (16/529-533); as-Suyutee, ‘al-Laa`ee’ (1/85) and others; a defence of him against a number of criticisms levelled against him can be found in ibn al-Jawzee, ‘al-Muntadhim’ (7/194+) and al-Mu`allamee, ‘at-Tankeel’ (pp. 561-571)]

At this point it is necessary to mention that the People of Innovation have capitalised on a statement concerning this great Imaam made by al-Haafidhibn Hajr al-Asqalaanee, may Allaah have mercy upon him. Using this statement they have attempted to declare this Imaam a fabricator and liar, may Allaah forgive them and us.

Ibn Hajr in his notice of ibn Battah begins by declaring him an Imaam and then proceeds to criticise him for his lack of precision in narration. He quotes the words of al-Ateeqee about him that “despite his lack of precision [in narrating] he was an Imaam in the Sunnah and an Imaam in fiqh, possessor of miraculous events and one whose supplications were answered, may Allaah be pleased with him.”

He then proceeds to mention a munkarnarration concerning the Attributes of Allaah and after identifying ibn Battah as being the source of this narration [although his being the culprit is differed over by the Scholars of Hadeeth], ibn Hajr comments, “and I do not know what I should say about ibn Battah after this.”

It should be noted here that if ibn Hajr thought ibn Battah to be a liar or fabricator it would been necessary for him to mention this clearly, for the likes of this Haafidhcould not possibly remain silent on such an issue.

Furthermore, as-Suyutee may Allaah have mercy upon him, further clarifies ibn Hajr’s position on him. He says, after quoting the above mentioned words of ibn Hajr, “I saw in the handwriting of ibn Hajr in his notes to ‘Mukhtasar al-Mawdoo`aat’ of ibn Darbaas [concerning this hadeeth], “…this baatiladdition that occurs at the end of it is not present here and so it is clear that it occurs due to the poor memory of ibn Battah.”

So in this narration ibn Hajr explicitly clears ibn Battah of intentional fabrication and hence his stance on him falls in line with the majority of Hadeeth Masters. Allaah knows best.[ibn Hajr al-Asqalaanee, ‘Lisaan al-Meezaan’ (4/134); as-Suyutee, ‘al-Laa`ee al-Masnoo`ah’ (1/75)]

His books concerning Aqeedah that have been published are ‘al-Ibaanah al-Kubraa’ in seven volumes with the tahqeeq of Yusuf bin Abdullaah al-Waabil and ‘ash-Sharh wal-Ibaanah’ with the tahqeeqof Dr. Ridaa Nu`saan. May Allaah have mercy upon him.

Brief Biography of Imam Barbaharee

May 15, 2012



The Scholar, Sālih al-Fawzān stated in his introduction of the monumental work, ‘Sharhus-Sunnah’ (Maktabatur-Rushd, 1429H/2008):

All praise is due to Allāh, Lord of the worlds – may the salutations of Allāh and His peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, upon his family and his Companions.

The author of this book is al-Barbahāree, and his name is: al-Hasan bin ‛Alī bin Khalaf al-Barbahāree, this title being an affiliation to “Barbahār” which is a type of medicine[1], so perhaps he used to work in the field of medicines or sell it. He was from the major Hanbalee scholars taking knowledge from those who studied under Imām Ahmad bin Hanbal, such as al-Marroozee[2] and others. He studied thoroughly, and delved deeply into knowledge. He acquired the ‛aqīdah, fiqh and other knowledge from the great scholars[3].



[1] See al-Ansāb of as-Sam‛ānee (1/307).

[2] He is Ahmad bin Muhammad bin al-Hajāj bin ‛Abdul-‛Azīz Abu Bakr al-Marroozee. Ibn Abī Ya‛lā stated: “His mother was a Marrooziyyah and his father was Khawāzimee (in lineage). He was foremost from the students of Ahmad bin Hanbal in piety and virtue. Our Imām was friendly with him, delighting in his companionship – he took charge of his scabbards when he died and he washed him for the funeral. He narrated from Ahmad plentifully.” Al-Marroozee died in the year 275H. Tabaqāt al-Hanābilah (1/56), Siyar A‛lām an-Nubalā’ (13/173). [3] Refer to his biography in Tabaqāt al-Hanābilah of Ibn Abī Ya‛lā (2/18), Siyar A‛lām an-Nubalā’ (15/90).

Imam an Nisaa’ee

April 8, 2012


The following taken from:

Brief Biographies of some of the People of Knowledge Taken from Siyaar ‘Alaam an-Nubalaa & Thahdheeb at Thahdheeb And other works Compiled & Translated By Abbas Abu Yahya

an-Nisaa’ee -Rahimullaah Abu AbdurRahmaan Ahmad bin Shuaib bin ‘Alee al-Khurasaanee an-Nisaa’ee, who died in the year 303 A.H.

It is said that the town from which an-Nisaa’ee came from, was named Nisa’ which means women, and the story behind it’s name is because when the Muslims came to conquer it during the earlier period of Islaam, the men were not present in the town, so the women came out to fight, when the Muslims saw that, they did not fight, because women are not fought against.

Ibn Katheer mentions that Imaam an-Nisaa’ee was very beautiful and his face was like a candle.

He started travelling for knowledge at a young age. Ibn ‘Adee said: I heard Mansoor the Faqhiee and Abu Jafar at-Tahawee say: Abu AbdurRahmaan is a Imaam from the Imaams of the Muslims.

Abu Ya’ala al-Khaleelee said: That his book is added to the books of al-Bukharee, Muslim and Abu Dawood, …and his opinion in Jarh wa Ta’deel (praising and criticising narrators) is relied upon.

He was very strict and firm in Jarh wa Ta’deel (praising and criticising narrators). He – Rahimullaah- died in Makkah and was buried there. ad-Daraqutni -Rahimullaah

He is the great scholar of Hadeeth, who has collected a ‘Sunaan’ his name is Abul- Hasan, ‘Alee bin Umar bin Ahmad ad-Daraqutni, who died in the year 385 A.H. at the age of 80 years. 4

He had a tremendous memory, Raja’ bin Muhammad al-Mu’adl said: I said to Daraqutni: ‘Have you ever seen anyone like yourself?’ and he replied that Allaah says : ‘Do not praise your selves.’ Then al-Mu’adl said I leaned towards him and said: ‘I have not seen anyone gather what you have gathered.’

Adh-Dhahabee said: ‘This man never entered into philosophy nor debating, nor did he investigate it but rather he was a Salafee.’

The Scholar Abu Zaid Qirwanee d.386H

May 13, 2010

The Biography of Ibn Abi Zaid al-Qirwaaniy
By Sheikh Abdul Muhsin al-Abbaad
Translated by Abdulilah Lahmami

He is Abdullah ibn Abdulrahman, Abu Muhammad ibn Abi Zaid (rahimahullaah). who lived in al-Qirwaan from the scholars of the Maghreb area (now considered Morocco and Tunisia) in the fourth century after the Hijrah of the Prophet (sallaahu alaihi wa sallam). This being the century after the best three generations in which the Messenger (sallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said:

“The best people are my generation then those who come after them then those who come after them.” Saheeh al- had the ability to clarify knowledge with what he conveyed. He had insight with Bukhaaree

He was an imam from the Maaliki school of thought in his time without following blindly the school of thought as many others did much later but rather he was a role model to his people in spreading the benefits of Imam Maalik (rahimahullaah) which stemmed from the Quran and the Sunnah in the understanding of the companions. He gathered the benefits of Imam Maalik (rahimahullaah) and explained them. He was very knowledgeable having memorized many narrations. His books are a proof of this. He was eloquent in his writing and refuting the people of desires. He was good at poetry. He was of good conduct and fearful of Allaah and earned respect gaining him authority in the religion and worldly affairs. Many people traveled long distances to learn from him and those who benefited from him became stronger than before.

The elders amongst the people of knowledge recognized his status. He was known as Maalik as- Sagheer (young Maalik) because of his adherence to the Sunnah.

Al-Qaabisi (rahimahullaah) said, “He is a trustworthy Imam in his religion and narrations.”

He gathered the qualities of knowledge, piety, honour and intellect. He is well known and quick to comply with the truth and return to it. He learnt from the scholars in his country and heard from their scholars such as Abu Bakr ibn Labaad (rahimahullaah) and Abu Fadl al-Qaysi (rahimahullaah). Many had benefited from him and later he died in the year 386h.

He has books numbering more than 100 volumes.

His biography can be found in Seyar Alam an-Nubala (10/17), where Imam Dhahabi (rahimahullaah)said: “He is an Imam, a beacon (to be followed), an example, a learned man, a scholar from the people of the Maghrebýthe author said in the last part of this concise work that he was upon the way of the pious predecessors in the foundation of the religion not following the way of rhetoric speech and didnt delve into explaining away (Allaahs names and attributes) without knowledge so we ask Allaah to enlighten us.”[1]

The author wrote this introduction to a book in Fiqh (the science of how to worship Allaah), this from the comprehensive understanding he gathered by bringing the benefits in both areas of the religion, the correct belief and how to worship Allaah.

Due to the importance of this belief many scholars past and present have explained it and concerned themselves in spreading it to the people. Some of the scholars placed it in poetry form such as Ahmed bin Musharaf al-Ahsaai al-Maaliki (rahimahullaah) who died in the year 1285h from the students of Imam Muhammad ibn Abdulwahhab (rahimahullaah).

The Islamic University of Madinah has spread this small treatise around the world showing the importance of the correct belief. It has been explained by a number of scholars past and present. Amongst the present scholars is the elder Sheikh AbdulMuhsin ibn Hammad al-Abbad and his students Sheikh Saalih ibn Sad Suhaimi, Sheikh Muhammad Abdulwahhab al-Aqeel. Likewise recently, Sheikh Ubayd ibn Abdillah al-Jaabiree, Sheikh Abdulrazaq ibn AbdulMuhsin ibn Hammad al-Abbad and Sheikh Ali Tuwaijri have all explained it.

[1] Taken from Sheikh Abdulmuhsin Abbad biography of Ibn Abi Zaid with slight additions.

For more information taken from the excellent book Mountains of Knowledge, look here: