Archive for the ‘1000 – 1500’ Category

The Late Scholar Umar bin Muhammad al-Fulaanee (Fulaatah) d.1419H

January 11, 2014

 

Shaikh Umar bin Muhammad al-Fulaanee, also known as “Fulaatah”, was from the major scholars of our era who died in Madinah in 1419H (1999 C.E.).  For a more in depth biography, see the two biography links at the bottom.

 

He had many teachers, from them were:

 

Shaikh Bin Baz

http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/21295

 

Shaikh Hammaad al Ansaaree

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=51627

 

And he had a strong connection to Shaikh Albaanee.  When Shaikh Albaanee would come to Madinah while making umrah, he would stay with him and Shaikh Umar would honor him greatly

http://www.alalbany.net/5375

 

 

From his students is Shaikh Sulaymaan Ruhaylee who said about him:

 

He knew him from a young age and benefited from him

 

His father and Shaikh Umar sat in the study circle (halaqah) of  Shaikh AbdurRahmaan al Afreeqee and Shaikh Umar would say to him:

 

وَالِدُكَ زَمِيْلِي

 

Your father is my colleague.”

 

Shaikh Sulaymaan Ruhaylee said:

 

My father wasn’t a shaikh or from the students of knowledge, but he was eager ever since he got to Madinah to stick to the circles of knowledge.

 

Shaikh Umar Fulaatah was the most knowledgeable of the people in the narrations (aathaar) regarding Madinah.

Shaikh Sulaymaan doesn’t know of anyone in his time more knowledgeable about the narrations and locations (or situations) mentioned in the Sunnah about Madinah

 

He was eager for the sunnah and eager to explain the books of the sunnah (kutubus sunan)

He was very kind and treated people in an amazing way.

 

Shaikh Sulaymaan Ruhaylee said:

 

How many times did I fall into taking a confusing position that he caused me to come out of very easily

 

Shaikh Umar Fulaatah worked in the Islamic University of Madinah and had many efforts there. He had continuous lessons in the masjid of the Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – after the death of Shaikh (AbdurRahman) al-Afreeqee

 

Shaikh Sulaymaan Ruhaylee described Shaikh Umar Fulaatah as:

 

مَتِيْنٌ فِي العِلْم

Strong in knowledge

 

طَيِّبٌ فِي الأَخْلَاق

Good-mannered

 

أَنِيْسٌ فِي الحَدِيْث

Friendly in speech

 

صَاحِب عِبَادَة

One who had a lot of worship

 

Shaikh Sulaymaan Ruhaylee said:

 

I travelled with him to Nigeria once – his room was beside mine and there was a door between us.  I was responsible for calling the adhaan for fajr.  I got up before the adhaan in order to call the adhaan (on time).

 

I heard the shaikh in his room reciting the Quran and praying until close to the time for the adhaan of fajr

 

(end of what was taken from this audio:

https://mega.co.nz/#!IVYhRLaB!4QDKjKxPDYkPDlJJSKWJBXrb9Bivlgh5bIzPQNvWWJI

(link updated 11/19/14)

 

 

Some of the lectures of the Shaikh:

 

His explanation of  Book of The Conditions of the Hour (Ashraat as-Saa’ah) from Saheeh Muslim:

alwaraqaat

 

A collection of his lessons:

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=23228

 

 

 

Arabic biography of the Shaikh may be read here:

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=33755

 

English translation of the biography:

http://scholars-biographies.com/category/shaykh-umar-al-fallaatah/

 

 

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The Late Scholar ‘Atiyah bin Muhammad Saalim (d.1420H)

January 23, 2013

 

 

This is a summary translation of the brief biography of Shaikh ‘Atiyah bin Muhammad Saalim (d. 1420H) from:

 

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=10299&p=45620#post45620

 

‘Atiyah bin Muhammad Saalim was born in the village of Mahdiyah from the eastern provinces of Egypt in 1346H

 

He began his learning in its schools.  He memorized some ajzaa of the Noble Quran and something from the introductory Islamic sciences

 

In 1364H  he traveled to the city of Madinah and began seeking knowledge in the circles at the Masjid of the Prophet

 

He studied Imam Maalik’s Muwatta as well as Nail al Awtaar , Subul as-Salaam, and other than them from the books of hadeeth, the Arabic language, and the laws of inheritance at the hands of many of the Shuyookh and Ulamaa, from them: Abdur Rahman al Afreeqee, Hammaad al Ansaaree, Muhammad at Turkee,  Muhammad al Hirkaan, and other than them

 

He joined the Institute of Knowledge in Riyadh in 1371H and completed his secondary education before joining the Higher Institute of Riyadh.  He obtained two degrees – one in the Sharee’ah and one in the Arabic language.  His teachers were Shaikh Abdul Azeez ibn Baz, Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq ‘Afeefee, Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Hamzah, and others

 

Shaikh Muhammad al Ameen ash Shanqeetee played a prominent role in his life.  He studied under him and accompanied him in his travels for more than 20 years which were filled with giving, knowledge, understanding, good treatment of others, good manners of companionship, good behavior, and other than that

 

Shaikh ‘Atiyah taught at the Institute of Knowledge at al Ahsaa and at the College of the Sharee’ah and the College of the Arabic Language in Riyadh

 

In the year 1381H When the Islamic University of Madinah was founded, he moved there and was part of the teaching administration of the university.

 

He also taught at Imam Muhammad ibn Saud university

 

He moved to the Judiciary by order of the Mufti of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and was head of the judiciary and courts.  He was appointed to the rank of judge and then appellate judge (where he remained) until he retired in 1414H

He participated in conferences (teaching knowledge) both inside and outside of Saudi Arabia

 

He taught different branches of knowledge from the Sharee’ah in the Prophet’s masjid and students came to learn from him from all over the world

 

He died in 1420H and was buried in the cemetary of al Baqee’

 

 

Audio Biographies of some Companions

October 3, 2012

Audio bios of some of the Companions, some in the first three generations, and some of the later scholars, by Abu Talhah Dawood ibn Ronald Burbank:

http://ittibaa.com/biographies.html

http://ittibaa.com/bio-2.html

 

 

Abdur Rahman al Mu’allimee

October 3, 2012

Taken from:

http://www.spubs.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=SRH08&articleID=SRH080001&articlePages=1

His Life

He is the Imaam, the ‘Allaamah, ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Yahyaa bin ‘Alee bin Muhammad al-Mu’allimee al-‘Utmee al-Yaamaanee.He has been given the ascription of Banee Mu’allim from the city of ‘Utmah in Yemen.He was born in 1313H (1895CE) in ‘Utmah and was raised there and he frequented the city of al-Hujuriyyah – which is behind Ta’z – and he acquired knowledge there.He (then) travelled to Jeezaan in the year 1329H during the imaarah (leadership) of Muhammad bin Alee al-Idreesee at ‘Aseer.

His Positions

He took over the leadership of the Qaadees (Judges) and he was given the title of ‘Shaikh ul-Islaam’.After the death of al-Idreesee in the year 1341H, he travelled to India and worked in Daa’irat ul-Ma’aarif al-‘Uthmaaniyyah in Hyderaabaad ad-Dikn, correcting the books of hadeeth and history and authenticating them. This was at roughly at the beginning of the year 1345H. He remained here for about 25 years, working.He then came to al-Makkah al-Mukarramah in 1371H and was designated – after only one year – with the position of trustee of the Library of the Haram at Makkah.

His Compilations and Works

He has a variety of many books and (short) treatises which he authored for the verification of some issues related to knowledge – whether regarding hadeeth, sulook or aqeedah. – which remain in manuscript form. He also has a compilation of poetry which is also in manuscript form.As for what has been printed from them, then there are many, amongst them;

  • ‘Anwaar ul-Kaashifah’ which is a refutation of the book ‘Adwaa’ alas-Sunnah’ by Mahmood Abu Rayyah and which is not to be lamented over! 
  • ‘Talee’atut-Tankeel’ 
  • ‘At-Tankeel bimaa fee Ta’neeb al-Kawtharee min al-Abaateel’ and this is a very good book, (is of) benefit and is unique. It has been printed with the checking of our Shaikh al-Albaanee – may Allaah protect him. 
  • ‘Ilm ur-Rijaal wa Ahimmiyyatihi’ which is this treatise.
  • ‘Maqaamu Ibraaheem’ and this is a very precious book.

He has also checked many of the most important books on ‘Ilm ur-Rijaal’ (the science of the knowledge of the narrators of hadeeth) and history (and) which were printed by Daa’irah al-Ma’aarif al-‘Uthmaaniyyah during his time; such as the book ‘al-Ikmaal’ by Ibn Maakoolaa (4 volumes from it), the book ‘al-Ansaab’ of as-Sam’aanee (4 volumes from it), the book ‘Tadhkiratul-Huffaadh’ of adh-Dhahabee and ‘al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel’ of Ibn Abee Haatim and ‘at-Taareekh al-Kabeer’ of al-Bukhaaree, and others besides them which are numerous.

His Death

He continued to look after the Library of the Haram at Makkah, persisting in (his) study, and being actively engaged in research, verification and knowledge-related investigation, until he was was seen there wholeheartedly devoted to some books and he had departed from (this) life. This was in the year 1386H (1966CE).May have Allaah shower (His) vast mercy upon him.

Sources for His Biography

  • ‘Al-I’laam’ (3/342) of az-Ziriklee. 
  • ‘Al-Mustadrak ‘alaa Mu’jam il-Mu’allifeen’ (p.366) of ‘Umar Ridaa Kahhaalah.
  • ‘Majallatul-Mujma’ al-‘Ilmee al-‘Arabee’ (42/574-580), the article of Shaikh 
  • Muhammad Bahjah al-Baytaar – may Allaah have mercy upon him.
  • ‘Majallatul-Hajj’ (10/617-618), the article of Abdullaah ibn Abdur-Rahmaan al-Mu’allimee. 
  • The introduction to ‘at-Tankeel’ (1/9-14) by Shaikh Muhammad Naseef – may Allaah have mercy upon him.

 

The Late Scholar Ibraheem ibn Muhammad ibn Ibraheem Aalush Shaikh

October 3, 2012

Taken from:

http://alifta.com/Fatawa/MoftyDetails.aspx?ID=4

His Eminence Shaykh Ibrahim ibn Muhammad Al Al-Shaykh

His Eminence Shaykh Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn `Abdul-Latif ibn `Abdul-Rahman ibn Hasan ibn Imam Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhab

His Birth:

Shaykh Ibrahim ibn Muhammad Al Al-Shaykh was born in 1344 A.H.

His Education:

Shaykh Ibrahim memorized the Ever-Glorious Qur’an during his childhood at the schools of `Abdullah ibn Mufayrij (may Allah be merciful to him) and `Aly ibn `Abdullah Al-Yamany. He studied the science of Tajwid (reciting the Qur’an following the rules of recitation) under the tutelage of Shaykh Sa`d Waqqas (may Allah be merciful to him) in Makkah. He accompanied his father (may Allah be merciful to him) to the learning circles where he studied jurisprudence, Tawhid (belief in the Oneness of Allah/monotheism), and grammar. He then joined the Educational Institute and graduated from the college of Shari`ah in Riyadh in 1376 A.H. Then he was appointed as director of the Department of Ifta’, and later as deputy to the Mufty. After the death of his father (may Allah be merciful to him), Shaykh Ibrahim was chosen as the Chairman of the General Presidency for Ifta’ and the Supervision of Religious Affairs, which was later organized and renamed as the Presidency of the Departments of Scholarly Research, Ifta’, Da`wah, and Guidance. He remained Chairman for six years, during which the Council of Senior Scholars was established and he was chosen to be a member of it and as the Chairman of the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’. He also presided over the awareness campaigns during Hajj for several years.

His Shaykhs:

He acquired knowledge from his father and many Shaykhs, including His Eminence Shaykh `Abdul-Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz, His Eminence Shaykh Muhammad Al-Amin Al-Shanqyty (may Allah be merciful to him), and many others. He supervised the work of both the preachers abroad and the guides inside the Kingdom. He was nominated as Minister of Justice. After the death of His Eminence Shaykh `Abdullah ibn Hamid, Chief Justice of the Supreme Council of Justice, (may Allah be merciful to him), Shaykh Ibrahim was appointed as Acting Chief Justice. He followed up and supervised the work of the judges and notaries public, with the result that justice was served well during his time and many Shar`y courts were opened across the Kingdom.

He participated in many Islamic conferences and exerted much effort in urging people to adhere to, apply, and substitute the Islamic Shari`ah for the positive laws in Islamic countries. He participated in many of the various committees in the country. Having performed many services for the country for a long period of time, he asked the ruler – may Allah protect him – to retire him due to his health conditions in late 1409 A.H.

He was characterized as having good morals and a commitment to doing good for the people. He died (may Allah be merciful to him) on Thursday, 22 Rabi` Al-Awwal, 1428 A.H.

The Late Scholar ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin Humaid

October 3, 2012

Taken from:

http://web.archive.org/web/20080513142136/www.al-ibaanah.com/bios.php?BioID=40

PRODUCED BY: Al-Ibaanah.com
Source: Fataawaa al-Khulwah wal-Ikhtilaat (pg. 11-12) w/ additions

Author: Ashraf bin ‘Abdil-Maqsood
His Name and Lineage: He was ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan bin Husayn bin Humaid from the tribe of Banu Khaalid.
His Early Youth: He, may Allaah have mercy on him, was born in the city of Riyadh in the month of Dhul-Hijjah 1329H. He received a righteous upbringing and thus memorized the Qur’aan while in his youth. He lost his eyesight while still in his adolescence, but this did not deter him from seeking knowledge. On the contrary, he bore it and dealt with it patiently.
His Studies: He acquired knowledge at the hands of dignified teachers from the scholars of Riyadh, the likes of:
1. Shaikh Hamad bin Faaris, with whom he studied the Arabic language and Hadeeth;
2. Shaikh Saalih bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez Aali Shaikh, the Judge of Riyadh in his time, with whom he studied the principles of Religion, Hadeeth and Tafseer, as well as spent a great deal of time with;
3. Shaikh Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Lateef Aali Shaikh, whom he studied closely under;
4. Shaikh Sa’ad bin Hamad bin ‘Ateeq, under whom he studied the principles of the Religion; and others.
5. Afterward, he devoted himself to studying under Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem Aali Shaikh and benefited greatly from him. Shaikh ‘Abdullaah bin Humaid spent much time with him and would seek advice from him for judicial matters. Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem appointed him as his assistant to cover for him during his absence.
His Positions: Shaikh ‘Abdullaah bin Humaid was appointed to numerous positions, through which he was able to serve the Muslim ummah. Among these roles were:
1. In 1357, King ‘Abdul-‘Azeez, may Allaah have mercy on him, appointed him as judge for the region of Sudair;
2. In 1363, he was then appointed as judge for the region of Buraidah. He later asked to be excused from his position as judge in order to focus on worship and teaching the people;
3. He was then appointed as head of religious affairs at Al-Masjid-ul-Haraam in Makkah by King Faisal, may Allaah have mercy on him. He also held lessons there and passed religious verdicts, benefiting the masses of Muslims tremendously;
4. In 1395, King Khaalid, may Allaah have mercy on him, appointed him as head of the Senior Judicial Council as well as a member of the Committee of Senior Scholars;
5. In addition to this, he held the positions of head of the General Lead Council for supervising the Two Sacred Precincts, head of the Fiqh Assembly in the World Muslim League and a member of the Global Conference for Directing the Call and Preparing Callers.
His Writings and Role in Da’wah: In spite of his numerous preoccupations, he was able to make time to enrich the Islamic library with a number of works like:
1. Ar-Radd ‘alaa Yassir al-Islaam ‘alaa Yusrihi
2. Tibyaan-ul-Adillah fee Ithbaat-il-Ahillah [Clarifying the Evidences in Confirming the Crescents]
3. Hidaayat-un-Naasik ilaa Ahamm-il-Manaasik [Guiding the Worshipper to the Most Important Rites of Hajj]
4. Ar-Rasaa’il-ul-Hisaan fee Nasaa’ih-il-Ikhwaan [Excellent Essays for Advising the Brothers], and much more.
This is on top of the beneficial religious verdicts he would issue as replies to questions, especially on the famous radio program “Noor ‘alaad-Darb.”
His Students: Because of the long time, the Shaikh spent teaching in the Haram and holding lessons, numerous students benefited and learned from him. Among his most famous students are:
1. Shaikh Hamood bin ‘Abdillaah At-Tuwaijiree, may Allaah have mercy on him;
2. Shaikh Saalih bin Fawzaan Al-Fawzaan, current member of the Committee of Senior Scholars;
3. Shaikh Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah As-Subayyal;
4. Shaikh Saalih bin ‘Abdillaah Al-Humaid.
His Death: The Shaikh, may Allaah have mercy on him, passed away on a Wednesday on the 20th day of Dhul-Qa’adah, 1402H (1981). His funeral prayer was held in Al-Masjid-ul-Haraam right after the ‘Asr Prayer and he was buried in Al-‘Adl Cemetery in Makkah. May Allaah have mercy on him and allow him to enter Paradise.
Sources for his Biography: 1. “‘Ulamaa’unaa” (pg. 24-27) of Fahd Al-Barraak and Fahd Al-Badraanee
2. “Qaadat-ul-Fikar-il-Islaamee ‘abaral-Quroon” (pg. 513-522) of ‘Abdullaah bin Sa’ad Ruwaishid
Published on: November 25, 2006

The Late Scholar Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab

October 2, 2012

Biography by Shaikh Bin Baz (translated):

http://alifta.com/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=65&PageNo=1&BookID=14

 

response to a question:

http://alifta.com/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=589&PageNo=1&BookID=7

 

refuting misconceptions:

http://www.wahhabis.com/

 

Imam ash-Shawkaanee on Imam Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhaab:

http://www.wahhabis.com/articles/ytouz-imam-al-shawkani-d-1250h-on-the-writings-dawah-and-adversaries-of-shaykh-muhammad-bin-abd-al-wahhaab.cfm

 

Also here:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/04/09/the-biography-of-imaam-muhammad-ibn-abdil-wahhaab/

 

The Late Scholar Ihsan Ilahee Thaheer

September 11, 2012

Translated from:

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=126019

As for what follows: This is the speech of the Guiding Scholar, Shaikh Rabee – Allah preserve him – regarding the Shaikh, the Mujaahid, Ihsaan Ilahee Thaheer – (we ask that) Allah bestow His Mercy upon him.

This speech is taken from the introduction of a thesis speaking about the efforts of Shaikh Ihsaan – (we ask that) Allah bestow much mercy upon him and gather us together with him in Paradise.

Shaikh Rabee – (we ask that) Allah preserve him – said:

The brother Ali bin Musa az-Zahraanee who is preparing a thesis for his Doctorate (PhD) on the topic of: Shaikh Ihsaan Ilahee Thaheer and His Efforts in  Affirming the Salafi Creed and Refuting the Opposing Sects, sought from me to mention something of what I know about Shaikh Ihsaan Ilahee, so I fulfilled his request by mentioning somethng of what I know about him.  That is that I knew Shaikh Ihsaan at the Islamic University of Madinah while he was seeking knowledge there.  He was – rahimahullah – from the most superior students of the University in intelligence, striving, and skill. He would debate some of the Scholars with knowledge and skill, so he would take knowledge as well as give it.

I knew him to be a Mujaahid in the area of the Aqeedah (creed) – calling to it, defending it and those carriers of it from the Companions and those who followed them with perfection (in beliefs, actions, and statements) from the Scholars of Hadeeth and the Imaams of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah.  He defended the Quran and the Sunnah and refuted the various astray sects from the Raafidah, the Qaadi’aanis, the Bahaa’is, and theBarelwis.

 

He enriched the Salafi library with treasure (his writings) possessing tremendous value, which show his knowledge, the extent of his striving, his ability to refute falsehoods, his help of the Prophetic Sunnah with potent arguments and clear proofs which suppressed the enemies of the truth and the Sunnah.

So (we ask that) Allah bestow vast mercy upon him and that Allah rewards him with the best reward for the efforts he put forth for Islam and the Muslims from the blessed treasure of knowledge, indeed, my Lord is indeed the Hearer (and Answerer) of the dua (invocation).

And (we ask that) Allah raise the rank of our Prophet Muhammad and grant him peace as well as his followers, family, and Companions.

Shaikh Muhammad Sa’eed Raslaan on his life and death:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XxguxNZXo-E&feature=watch_response

The Late Scholar Abdullah al-Aqeel

August 28, 2012

The following from:

 

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/28/who-is-shaykh-abdullah-bin-abdul-aziz-al-aqeel/

 

In The Name of Allah The Most Beneficent, The Bestower of His mercy
Recently, it was asked to me concerning The Noble Scholar Abdullah bin Abdul Azeez Al Aqeel, who exactly is he?  Many people are unaware of this scholar, and some confuse him with Sheikh Muhammed Al Aqeel from Madina.  There is no problem in people asking about a scholar, especially when little has been mentioned about him. 

In fact, the noble Salaf of our Ummah held such a question to be praiseworthy.  Muhammed bin Sireen said: Verily this knowledge is religion, therefore, let all of you look to whom he takes his knowledge from. (Sunan Ad Daramee), and other than this from the various statements of the Salaf encouraging the Muslims in taking knowledge from the Scholars of Ahlu Sunnah, especially the elders from amongst them.  Thus, in an effort to make my brothers aware of this noble scholar, I translate the following, and I ask Allah to accept it from me. 

Name: Abdullah bin Abdul Azeez bin Aqeel bin Abdullah bin Abdul Kareem Ala Aqeel
Born:   He was born in the city of Unayzah , the year 1335h. (presently 93yrs old)
His studies and scholars:  He was raised in the care of his father Sheikh Abdul Azeez Al Aqeel.  His father is considered to be one of the well known scholars of  Unayzah, and also famous for his poetry and writings. Therefore, his father is considered to be his first teacher. 

Allah prepared a house of learning for Sheikh Abdullah.  Along with his father, his older brother (Aqeel bin Abdul Azeez) was known for carrying knowledge, and was a judge in Al ‘Aridah city in the Jizaan region located in the south of Saudi Arabia .  Likewise, his uncle, Abdul Rahman bin Aqeel was a judge in the city of Jizaan .
Sheikh Abdullah completed his early studies in the school of the teacher Bin Saleh, then he moved on to study in the school of the well known teacher, Sheikh Abdullah Al Qar’awee. Sheikh Abdullah bin Aqeel memorized the Quran and many books that were being memorized by the students during that time.  The likes of: Umdatul Ahkam, Zad Al Mustakne’, Elfiyat Ibn Malek in Arabic grammer, and other then this.
After successfully completing this level, he joined the circles of the Scholar of Unayzah and the great knowledgeable man of Qasim, Sheikh Abdul Rahman As Sa’dee (rahimahullah).  He studied with Sheikh Abdul Rahman As Sa’dee consistently and learned from him: The Quran, Tafseer, Tawheed, Hadeeth, Fiqh, Arabic grammer, and more. He also benefited from the other scholars of Unaynah that were present during that time, the likes of: The great senior scholar of hadeeth Ali bin Nasir Abu Wadee.  He read with him Sahih Al Bukhari and Muslim, The books of Sunan, The Musnad of Imam Ahmed, and Miskat al Masabeeh.  He received his Ijazah (recognition/authorization of his scholar) in these works with a high chain of narration going back to his scholar’s teacher, the great Muhadith of India Nathir Hussain (died 1229h.) 

While Sheikh Abdullah Al Aqeel worked as a judge in Riyadh , he was very diligent in sitting with His Eminence Sheikh Muhammed bin Ibrahim Ala Sheikh.  He constantly studied with him and joined his learning circles that were being taught in different fields of knowledge.  He also benefited from His Eminence Sheikh Muhammed Ibrahim while working with him in the Committee of Religious Verdicts for over 15 years.  He learned tremendously from his character, understanding, and his manner in dealing with people.  He also benefited greatly from several other respected scholars that came to Riyadh to teach in The faculty of Shariah. The likes of Sheikh Muhammed Ameen Shanqitee (died 1393h.) –the author of “Adwa Al Bayan”, as well as Sheikh Abdul Razzaq Al ‘Afeefee (died 1415h.), and other than them.
Some of his duties:
In 1353h. heworked as an attendant and scribe for his Uncle, the judge in the Jizan (south) area. He also performed work as an Imam, Khateeb (Friday lecturer), prison work, religious lectures and teaching.
In 1357h. he returned to his province and continued to study with Sheikh Abdul Rahman As Sa’dee.  He attended his classes and lectures until 1358h.  In that year he was instructed by King Abdul Azeez to transfer to the courts in Abu Urash.  Alongside his new duties, he continued to teach, lecture, and enjoin the good and forbid the evil.  He remained a judge in Abu Urash for five straight years. 

In 1365h. he was instructed by King Abdul Azeez at the request of His Eminence Sheikh Muhammed Ibrahim, to move and become a judge in Al Karj, where he remained for a year.  Thereafter, he was transferred to the main courts of Riyadh .  He remained a judge in the main courts of Riyadh until 1370h., and thereafter was transferred to the courts in Unayzah, his home, and the home of his scholar Abdul Rahman As Sa’dee.  His job as a judge in Unayzah did not prevent him from studying with his scholar and benefiting from him.  He also took part in the establishment of The Committee for Enjoining the Good and Forbidding Evil in the city of Unayzah . 

He continued to work as a judge in Unayzah until 1375h.  During that time, The Committee of Religious Verdicts was established in Riyadh under the presidency of His Eminence Sheikh Muhammed Ibrabim Ala Sheikh, and Sheikh Abdullah Al Aqeel was instructed by King Abdul Azeez to be a member of this committee.  He began his new duties in 1375h.  This new position was considered a grand chance for him to study and learn from His Eminence Sheikh Muhammed bin Ibrahem Ala Sheikh.
The Sheikh is presently retired from working as a judge.  It is mentioned that he no longer works, in order to dedicate his time to knowledge, family, and his students.  He is always seen studying and teaching, alongside answering questions by way of phone or in person.
Much more can be said about the life of this noble scholar, but we chose to summarize this biography.
The following is a brief mention of the great bond of love and brotherhood between Sheikh Abdullah Al Aqeel and our beloved Sheikh Rabe’a bin Hadee Al Mudkhalee (may Allah preserve them both).
Sultan Al Juhanee (student of Sheikh Rabee’a) mentioned: 
On the 19th day of Muharram the year 1428h., I was with Sheikh Rabee’a, and after we prayed Magrib prayer we went to the Haram.  Accompanying us were the brothers Ahmed bin Muhammed Ad Diwanee, and Abdul Lateef Shareef.  We arrived at the Haram before Isha prayer, and upon entering we headed toward Al Madina door where Sheikh Abdullah bin Abdul Azeez Al Aqeel sits.  Once we arrived there, as soon as he (Sheikh Abdullah Al Aqeel) saw Sheikh Rabee’a, he stood up and greeted him, and Sheikh Rabee’a greeted him in return.  Sheikh Abdullah wanted to kiss the head of Sheikh Rabee’a, but Sheikh Rabee’a refused.  Upon this, Sheikh Abdullah stated: Be gentle to your brothers, but Sheikh Rabee’a continued to refuse until Sheikh Abdullah finally kissed his head and they hugged with great love and brotherhood.
This is merely a paragraph of what was written by our brother Sultan concerning the meeting between these two noble scholars.  More will be mentioned in the future if Allah permits.
A few points of interest taken from this small biography:
         The present age of the Sheikh is 93 years old.
         His scholars are the same teachers of Sheikh Abdul Azeez bin Baz, Sheikh Muhammed bin Uthaymeen, Sheikh Ahmed An Najmee, and others.
         The great bond of brotherhood and love between him and our beloved Sheikh Rabee’a bin Hadee, even though he is older then Sheikh Rabee’a by 20 years!
May Allah preserve our scholars of Ahlu Sunnah and give them good in this life and the next.
May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our last Messenger Muhammed, and upon his family members and companions.
Mustafa George
Ruwais , United Arab Emirates

[end of biography from that link]

 

 

Some benefits from his life transcribed here:

 

http://www.salafitalk.com/threads/456-Who-is-Shaykh-Abdullah-bin-Abdul-Aziz-Al-Aqeel-(Rahimahuallah)?p=1432&viewfull=1#post1432

 

Some Benefits from the Lessons of
Sheikh ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdul ‘Azeez al ‘Aqeel
(may Allah have mercy on him)

جمعها:

مصطفى بن جورج ديبيري

Compiled by Mustafa George DeBerry

November 2011 / Muharram 1433

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

و الصلاة و السلام على اشرف الانبياء و المرسلين و على آله و صحبه و سلم تسليما كثيرا
Recently our beloved Sheikh (‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdul ‘Azeez al ‘Aqeel) returned to his Lord. When this tremendous trial occurred, I promised my beloved brothers in Islam that I would try to inform them of some of the benefits that I received while seeking knowledge from the Sheikh for the time that I had spent with him. But due to life’s many distractions and commitments, I was not able to deliver what I intended in adequate time. By the permission of Allah, at this time, I would like to mention some of those benefits so that my brothers and sisters in Islam can take a greater look at the life of this scholar of Islam, in order that we may reflect upon our own lives and shortcomings and try our best to correct them. I ask Allah to bless our beloved Sheikh, and I ask Him to grant him a high abode in Jennah.

A brief mention of the Sheikh’s style of teaching:

Sheikh ‘Abdullah had retired from his position as a High Judge in Saudi Arabia many years ago. This meant that he had ample time to study, research, teach and give da’wah. Sheikh ‘Abdullah’s lessons where unique in a since that each individual student was allowed to have his own face to face lesson with the Sheikh, reading from his chosen book. A specific detail of how the lessons were performed is as follows:

Fajr: Sheikh ‘Abdullah would perform fajr in congregation in the masjid across from his home. After prayer, he would sit in the masjid for a short spell of time performing his morning adhkar (supplications). Then he would return to his home and sit in his library. A few of his sons along with 3-6 students would accompany him into his library. After sitting, one of his sons would make sure the Sheikh was comfortable, and if it was winter, they would rub the Sheikh’s feet until he was content. A few minutes later, the Sheikh would look around and instruct the first student who arrived to sit in front of him on the floor. The student would then inform the Sheikh which book he is reading to him and what page has been reached. The Sheikh himself would have his own copy of the same book in which he would always keep a record of the student’s reading. The student would begin reading while the Sheikh followed. If any comments or corrections needed to be made, the Sheikh would do so. Once the student finished the chapter or unit, the Sheikh would then clarify the complete chapter. During his explanation, he would always ask the student questions to make sure he has understood what was read and explained. After completing the explanation, the student would leave, and the next student would sit and begin reading his book. The fajr lessons would continue for a period of 2-3 hours. After every student has completed their reading, the Sheikh would take a short nap until about 10am. He would then awake, pray shurook prayer, and then return to his library for his own research and study. After asr, magrib and isha prayers, the Sheikh would basically teach the same way he taught for fajr prayer.

A mention of a few incidents which occurred in the company of the Sheikh:

1. When I began reading to the Sheikh in the year 2007, there was present in the company of the Sheikh a close student of his. This student advised me and other western brothers that we should read only Fiqh books to the Sheikh because in his (the student’s) opinion, the Sheikh is well grounded in Fiqh, and other subjects such as ‘Aqeedah and Minhaj can be studied with other scholars! Many of the western brothers ignored this advice and continued to persue the reading of ‘Aqeedah books to the Sheikh. One of the books that I chose to read was a summarized explanation of al ‘Aqeedah al Wasitiyah by Sheikh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez al Nasir al Rasheed (may Allah have mercy on him). I chose to read this explanation because several years prior to moving to Riyadh, I had attended the reading of this explanation in the presence of Sheikh ‘Ubaid al Jabiree while studying in The Islamic University of Madina. At any rate, after beginning to read this explanation with Sheikh ‘Abdullah al ‘Aqeel it was noticed the Sheikh would become very energetic whenever this book was being read with him. It’s possible that the reason for this was due to the fact that most students who sat with the Sheikh were reading Fiqh books, while very few chose works in ‘Aqeedah. Sheikh ‘Abdullah himself even would comment during the course of reading the book:

Allah granted us tawfeeq (success) in choosing to read this book!

He also said: This is an excellent explanation of al ‘Aqeedah al Wasitiyah.

After several readings with the Sheikh from this work, I mentioned to his student who initially advised me to read a Fiqh book, I said: Do you still think that I should change my book?
He replied: No, masha Allah, the Sheikh loves reading ‘Aqeedah books!

2. On the morning of 1429-10-18 (October 18, 2008) after salatul Fajr, the students followed the Sheikh into his living-room for our regular morning lessons. Before beginning the lesson one of the Sheikh’s grandchildren entered the room, and it was apparent from his appearance that he wasn’t very strong in his adherence to the Sunnah. The Sheikh’s grandson informed him that he would be taking a trip to the United Arab Emirates for some sort of educational training. Upon hearing this, the Sheikh immediately said:

When you go there make sure you befriend good individuals. It’s important that you don’t befriend those who can possibly cause you harm in your religion. Be very cautious who your companions are during your travel. It is upon you to hold fast to your religion and be sure to preserve your prayers!

Compiler’s comment: This action of the Sheikh is in accordance with the statement of Allah in the Quran, where He – The Most High said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا
{Oh you who believe, save yourselves and your family members from the Hell-fire} Surah al Tahreem:6

3. One evening while some students were reading their books to the Sheikh, a group of unfamiliar students entered upon the Sheikh. After the students who were to the Sheikh left the room, the unfamiliar students approached the Sheikh and requested that he grant them tezkiyaat or ijazaat (a form of recommendation). Upon hearing this, the Sheikh became very upset and replied:

Where have you come from? Who are you? I don’t know you nor have I seen you before. I don’t know your Minhaj (methodology), nor do I know anything about you!

The students stood up and left the room!

4. About 2 years before the Sheikh passed away, one of his sons died. On the night of the Janazah (burial), several family members and students visited the Sheikh to give their condolences. At the time of salatul Isha, the Sheikh normally reads from the Tafseer of Sheikh ‘Abdul Rahman al Sa’di. When I entered the masjid for prayer, I assumed that due to the death of the Sheikh’s son, that night the Sheikh would not do his normal reading from the Tafseer book. I was wrong! After the Sheikh prayed his two units of Tahiyatul Masjid (the prayer for entering the masjid), he sat and opened his Tafseer book and began to read. I was amazed that even the death of his beloved son did not deter him from seeking knowledge.

Some benefits recorded during sittings with the Sheikh:

The Sheikh mentioned during our reading of Al ‘Aqeedah al Wasitiyah:

Things which are attributed to Allah are divided into two categories:

Things which are independent (not associated with the attributes of Allah), such as: The House of Allah, The Camel of Allah, etc.

Attributing these things to Allah is done for the purpose of displaying tremendous reverence.

Things which are not independent, such as: The Knowledge of Allah, The Might of Allah, etc.

Attributing these to Allah is done so for the purpose of describing Allah with His own Attributes.

The Sheikh said, while reading from a book of Tafseer (Explanation of The Quran):

From the best books of Tafseer is Tafseer ‘Abdul Razzaq. This is because the author was Sunni, Salafi.

He said, while discussing rulings pertaining to the Athan and Iqamah (call to prayer):

If the Imam of the prayer is forced to leave the congregation during the prayer, the person who steps forward would continue from where the Imam left off, contrary to the Muathen (caller to prayer) who is forced to discontinue the Athan. The person who comes forward to continue should start the Athan from the beginning.

He said on 1429.4.7 (April 13, 2008):

The way of the Salaf is more knowledgeable, wiser, and safer.

He also mentioned during the same sitting:

This book (Al ‘Aqeedatul Wasitiyah along with the explanation) is a wonderful book with great benefit.

He said on 1429.6.27 (July 1, 2008):

The goodness and fairness of Islam is displayed in the statement of Allah:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ
{Indeed Allah orders with justice and good.} Surah al Nahl:90

On 1429.10.7 (October 7, 2008) he said:

Ablution is a condition for performing Tawwaf (encircling the Ka’ba), except if one is not able to perform ablution.

On 1429.12.7 (December 5,2008) he said:

None of the Salaf mentioned that the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) heard the Quran directly from Allah.

On 1429.12.15 (December 13, 2008) he mentioned:

The conditions for the validity of prayer are nine, but many scholars suffice with the mentioning of only 6. They hold that Islam, sound intellect, and the age of maturity are three conditions which are well known, and they must be present for any act of worship to be accepted. Therefore, some scholars do not mention them as conditions.

On 1430.2.21 (February 16, 2009) I asked him the following question:

Is it correct to say that Waraqah bin Nowfal was actually the first man to believe in the Prophet Muhammad (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)?

The Sheikh responded: This is correct. He believed in him to the extent that he had vowed to support and defend the Prophet if he lived long enough.

On 1430.2.22 (February 17, 2009) the Sheikh mentioned:

If a person forgets to mention the Name of Allah before performing Tayammum (purification with the usage of dust, sand, etc), the purification is still considered valid.

On 1430.2.29 (February 24, 2009) a Fiqh book was being read to the Sheikh. The author of the book mentioned that it is not obligatory upon the wife to serve her husband. Sheikh ‘Abdullah ‘Aqeel responded saying:

This is the Mathhab (Hanbalee school of thought), but there is no proof to support this opinion. On the contrary, the proofs inform that it is an obligation upon the wife to serve her husband.

On 1430.3.4 (March 1, 2009) the Sheikh commented:

The word Nushooz (conflict or dispute between spouses) is used to describe dispute from the wife, but it is also used to describe dispute from the husband. Allah stated in the Quran:

وَإِنِ امْرَأَةٌ خَافَتْ مِنْ بَعْلِهَا نُشُوزًا
{If a female fears nushooz from her husband..} Surah al Nisaa:128

On 1430.4.2 (March 29, 2009) the Sheikh responded to the statement of the author of a fiqh book. The author mentioned that it is only compulsory upon the husband to have intercourse with his wife once every four months. Sheikh ‘Abdullah responded:

This is incorrect. It is preferred that the husband performs intercourse as much as possible. He should do so according to his ability, whether this is every night, every two nights, or once a week.

On 1432.8.8 (September 6, 2011) Sheikh ‘Abdullah returned to his Lord at the age of 95. May Allah accept his deeds from him and grant him a high place in Jennah.

May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our beloved Messenger Muhammad, and upon his family members and companions.

Mustafa George DeBerry
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

[end]

 

He died in the year (2011CE/1432H):

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/30/sheikh-abdullah-al-aqeel-returns-to-his-lord/

 

Q & A with Shaikh Abdullah al Aqeel:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/27/questions-to-the-scholars-this-week-september-2006/

(some answered by Shaikh Ahmad an-Najmee and Shaikh Saalih Fawzaan)

Imaam Muhammad al-Ameen ash-Shanqeetee

August 28, 2012

The Guiding Scholar Muhammad al Ameen ash-Shanqeetee died 40 years ago (1393H) – rahimahullah.  He is not to be confused with the man whom Shaikh Rabee  and Shaikh Ahmad an-Najmee  warned against (who was still alive 10 years ago) – Muhammad (Mukhtar) ash-Shanqeetee.

The following taken from:

http://www.islaam.ae/index.php/articles/scholars-biographies/50-imaam-ameen-ash-shanqeetee-d1393h

His Name:He was the great scholar, the Shaykh, Mohammad Al Ameen ibn Mohammad Al Mukhtaar bin ‘Abdil Qaadir Al Jaknee Ash-Shanqeetee. His compound name was Mohammad Al Ameen, just like the name of his father (i.e. Mohammad Al Mukhtaar), which was the common practice of naming in their lands.

His Birth and Lineage: He was born in 1325H in the region known as Shanqeet, which is the eastern part of the state of Mauritania, which lies on the (eastern) coast of the Atlantic Ocean, south of Morocco and Algeria and north of Senegal.
His lineage traces back to Ya’qoob bin Jaakin, the forefather of the large tribe, known as the Jaknees. The lineage of this tribe traces back to Himyar.

His Educational Upbringing: He was born in a household of knowledge consisting of men and women that were learned. His mother was the daughter of his father’s paternal uncle (i.e. his father’s female cousin). So he studied under his maternal uncles, his maternal cousins and their women, the basic aspects of knowledge and the sciences of the Qur’aan.
He completed his studies in various subjects of the Religion under the senior scholars of his land, such as the subjects of Tafseer, Hadeeth, Fiqh, Usool, Nahw, Sarf, Balaagha and more.
He adhered to the Maalikee Madh-hab without blindly following it and being fanatical about it. In fact, he followed the evidences with regard to the religious rulings.

His Work and Entrance into the Hijaaz Region: After finishing his studies of the various subjects of the Religion, he worked as a teacher and as a judge in family jurisdiction. So people in dispute would go to him and he would make his judgment between them. His rulings and verdicts were carried out and enforced by everyone, even the government of his country at that time.
In the year 1367H, he went to Saudi Arabia to perform the Hajj and began to teach there in the Prophet’s Masjid. The people in charge of this Masjid became acquainted with him and sought for him to remain in the Haramayn (vicinity of Makkah and Madeenah) so that he could teach and provide general benefit. The students that often frequented his classes on Tafseer of the Qur’aan in the Prophet’s Masjid were many, the most famous of whom were: Imaam Ibn Baaz, Bakr Abu Zayd and ‘Atiyyah Muhammad Saalim, the one who completed Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee’s great work Adwaa-ul-Bayaan, after his death.
In 1371H, he was called to teach in the educational institutes and colleges of Riyadh. Then he moved to Madeenah to teach in the Islamic University there. Among the students he taught while in the Islaamic University of Madeenah was Shaykh Rabee’ bin Haadee Al Madkhalee, may Allaah preserve him.

His Written Works: He has authored some books, which include:
1. Adwaa-ul-Bayaan fee Tafseer-il-Qur’aan bil-Qur’aan – printed [This is his tremendous voluminous work on Tafseer of the Qur’aan] 2. Al-Mudhakkirah fee Usool-il-Fiqh – printed [A small treatise on the Principles of Fiqh] 3. Adab Al-Bah-th wal-Munaadhara – printed [Etiquettes for Researching] 4. Alfiyyah fil-Mantiq Daf’u Eehaam Al-Idtiraab ‘an Ayaat-il-Kitaab – Printed 5. Man’u Jawaaz Al-Majaaz – Printed 6. Mandhoomah fil-Faraa’id [A Book on the Laws of Inheritance] 7. Furoo’ Maalik – a poetic text 8. Sharh ‘alaa Maraaqee As-Sa’ood – a dictation he made to his students 9. Sharh ‘alaa As-Sullam – a dictation he made to his students 10. Ansaab-ul-‘Arab – a poetic text 11. Manaahij wa Diraasaat li-Ayaat-il-Asmaa was-Sifaat – A transcribed lecture he gave in the Islamic University on the 13th of Ramadaan, 1382H.

His Death: The Shaykh died on the forenoon of Thursday, the 17th of Dhul-Hijjah, 1393H. His death occurred in Makkah on his return from Hajj. He was buried in the Mi’alaa graveyard and his funeral prayer was held at Masjid Al Haraam after the Dhuhr prayer of that same day. Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin ‘Abdillaah bin Baaz prayed over him, along with all the other Muslims that attended, may Allaah have mercy on him.

For his Biography, refer to Al-A’alaam of Az-Zirkilee (6/45), Al-Manhal (the Dhul-Hijjah Issue of 1393H: pg. 982), and Mashaaheer ‘Ulamaa Najd (pg. 517-520 & 540-543)

Source: Sayyid bin ‘Abbaas Al-Julaymee / His Checking of the book ‘Manaahij wa Diraasaat li Ayaat-il-Asmaa was-Sifaat’ (pg. 4-6)
Produced by Al-Ibaanah.com

[end of biography]

Imaam ash-Shanqeetee on Ruling by Secular Laws:

http://www.themadkhalis.com/md/articles/fofmh-imaam-ash-shanqeetee-on-ruling-by-the-secular-laws.cfm

Articles by Imaam Shanqeetee from troid.ca:

http://www.troid.ca/index.php/authors/scholars-the-major-scholars/231-muhammad-al-ameen-ash-shanqeetee