Archive for the ‘Sahaabah’ Category

The Sahaabee Anas bin Maalik

September 8, 2015

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation

of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.32

أنسٌ: هو أنسُ بنُ مالكِ بنِ النضرِ

الأنصاريُّ الخزرجيُّ خادمُ رسولِ اللهِ

صلى الله عليه وسلم

خدمَهُ عشرَ سنين

وقال النبيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم

اللهم أكثرْ مالَهُ وولَدَهُ وأدخِلْهُ الجنةَ

مَاتَ سنة 92 وقِيلَ سنة 93ه

وقد جاوزَ المائةَ

Anas: He is Anas bin Maalik bin an-Nadir

He was from the Ansaar, from the tribe of Khazraj

He served the Messenger of Allaah – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam

For 10 years

The Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – made dua for him

Saying (translated), “O Allaah, increase his wealth and his children

And enter him into Paradise”

He died in the year 92 after the Hijrah and some say the 93rd year

When he was over 100 years old

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Briefly: Abu Sa’eed al Khudree

April 29, 2015

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation

Of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.30

أبو سعيدٍ الخدريُّ: هو أبو سعيدٍ الخُدريُّ

سعدُ بن مالِك بنِ سنانٍ الخزرجيُّ الأنصاريُّ

الخدريُّ نسبةً إلى بني خدرةَ

صحابيٌّ جليلٌ وابنُ صحابيٍّ

روى عن النبيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم

أحاديثَ كثيرةً

مات سنة 74ه

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudree: He is Abu Sa’eed al-Khudree

Sa’d bin Maalik bin Sinaan, al-Khazrajee, al-Ansaaree,

al-Khudree – an ascription to Banee Khudrah.

He was a lofty Companion and the son of a Companion.

He narrated from the Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam –

numerous narrations (ahaadeeth).

He died in the year 74 after the Hijrah.

Briefly: ‘Itbaan bin Maalik

April 23, 2015

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation

Of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.28

عتبانُ: هو عتبانُ بنُ مالكِ بنِ عمروِ

بنِ العجلانِ الأنصاريُّ من بني سالمِ بنِ عوفٍ

صحابيٌّ مشهورٌ مات في خلافة معاويةَ

‘Itbaan: He is ‘Itbaan bin Maalik bin ‘Amr

bin al-‘Ajlaan, al-Ansaaree, from Banee Saalim bin ‘Awf

He was a well-known Companion who died during

the caliphate of Mu’aawiyah (radiallaahu anhumaa)

Briefly: Mu’aadh bin Jabal

December 19, 2014

 

 

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation

of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.21

معاذٌ: هو معاذُ بنُ جبلِ بنِ عمرو

بنِ أَوسِ بنِ كعبِ بنِ عمرٍو الخزرجيُّ

الأنصاريُّ صحابيٌّ جليلٌ مشهورٌ

مِنْ أَعيانِ الصحابةِ, وكان متبحرًا

في العلم والأحكامِ والقرآنِ

شهدَ غزوةَ بدرٍ وما بعدَهَا

واستخلفه النبيُّ صلى اللهُ عليه وسلم

على أهلِ مكةَ يومَ الفتحِ يعلِّمُهُم دينَهُم

ثُمَّ بعثَه إلى اليمنِ قاضيًا ومعلمًا

مات بالشام سنة (18) ه وله (38) عامًا

Mu’aadh: He is Mu’aadh bin Jabal bin ‘Amr

bin Aws bin Ka’b bin ‘Amr, al-Khazrajee, al-Ansaaree,

a lofty, well-known Sahaabee

who was from the distinguished leaders of

the Companions. He was an authority

in knowledge and rulings, and the Qur’an.

He participated in the battle of Badr

and the battles after it. The Prophet

sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam

put him in charge of the people of Makkah

on the day of the conquest (Fat-h)

to teach them their religion.

Then he sent him to Yemen as a judge and a teacher.

He died in Sham (Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria)

in the year 18H when he was 38 years old.

 

Briefly: The Sahaabee ‘Ubaadah bin as-Saamit

December 11, 2014

 

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.25

عبادةُ بنُ الصامتِ: هو عبادةُ بنُ الصامتِ

بنِ قيسٍ الأنصاريُّ الخزرجيُّ

أحد النقباء بدريٌّ مشهورٌ

توفي سنة (34) ه وله (72) سنة

‘Ubaadah bin as-Saamit: He was ‘Ubaadah bin as-Saamit bin Qays, from the Ansar, from the tribe of al-Khazraj. He was one of the twelve Companions who gave the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) the pledge on the night of the pledge1. He participated in the battle of Badr and was a well-known Companion of the Prophet2 (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam). He died in the year 34 after the Hijrah at the age of 72

(end of translation)

Two ahaadeeth about him from Saheeh Bukhari (Book of the Merits of the Ansar, narrated by ‘Ubaadah – radiallaahu anhu) taken from http://spubs.com/sps/sbk/ :

Hadeeth #1: I was one of the Naqibs who gave the (‘Aqaba) pledge of allegiance to Allah’s Apostle . We gave the pledge of allegiance to him that we would not worship anything other than Allah [God, The Creator], would not steal, would not commit illegal sexual intercourse, would not kill a person whose killing Allah has made illegal except rightfully, would not rob each other, and we would not be promised Paradise jf we did the above sins, then if we committed one of the above sins, Allah will give His Judgment concerning it.

Hadeeth #2: Who had taken part in the battle of Badr with Allah’s Apostle and had been amongst his companions on the night of Al-‘Aqaba Pledge: Allah’s Apostle, surrounded by a group of his companions said, “Come along and give me the pledge of allegiance that you will not worship anything besides Allah, will not steal, will not commit illegal sexual intercourse will not kill your children, will not utter; slander, invented by yourself, and will not disobey me if I order you to do something good. Whoever among you will respect and fulfill this pledge, will be rewarded by Allah. And if one of you commits any of these sins and is punished in this world then that will be his expiation for it, and if one of you commits any of these sins and Allah screens his sin, then his matter, will rest with Allah: If He will, He will punish him and if He will,. He will excuse him.” So I gave the pledge of allegiance to him for these conditions.

Footnotes

1ليلة العقبة

2قال الشيخ أحمد النجمي في الشرح الموجز الممهد

لتوحيد الخالق الممجد : عبادة بن الصامت الأنصاري

رضي الله عنه هو أحد النقباء ليلة العقبة 

وأحد أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم المشهورين 

وأحد أصحاب بدر , مات بالرملة سنة 34هـ وله 72 سنة   

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=48536

Briefly: The Sahaabee Abdullah bin Mas’ood

December 11, 2014

 

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.19

 

ابنُ ممسعودٍ: هو عبدُ اللهِ بنُ مسعودِ بنِ غافلِ

بنِ حبيبٍ الهذليُّ, صحابيٌّ جليلٌ

مِنَ السابقين الأولين

من كبارِ علماءِ الصحابةِ

لازمَ النبيّ, وتوفِّي سنة (32) ه

 

Ibn Mas’ood: He is Abdullah bin Mas’ood bin Ghaafil bin Habeeb al-Hadhalee. He was a lofty Companion from the first of those to embrace Islam. He was from the major Scholars of the Companions. He was a constant companion to the Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam. He died in the year 32 after the Hijrah.

 

 

Briefly: Imaam Maalik bin Anas

December 9, 2014

 

 

Taken from Shaikh Uthaymeen’s explanation of Lum’atul I’tiqaad p.37

 

جواب الإمام مالك بن أنس بن مالك

وليس أبوه أنس بن مالك الصحابي, بل غيره

وكان جد مالك من كبار التابعين, وأبو جده من الصحابة

ولد مالك سنة (93) ه بالمدينة

ومات فيها (179) ه

وهو في عصر تابعى التابعين

 

 

The answer of the Imaam Maalik bin Anas bin Maalik, and his father was not Anas bin Maalik the Companion (Sahaabee), rather, his father was someone else. Maalik’s grandfather was from the major scholars of the Taabi’een (the generation after the Companions). His great grandfather was from the Companions.

 

Maalik wa born in Madinah in the year 93 after the Hijrah and he died in Madinah in the year 179 after the Hijrah. He was from those who followed the Taabi’een (i.e. the third generation of Muslims and from those the Prophet Muhammad – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – praised in the hadeeth (translated): The best people are those in my generation, then the generation following them, then the generation following them… (i.e. the first 3 generations) – Sahih Bukhari, Book of Witnesses, narrated by Zahdam bin Mudrab)

 

 

Umar – ((we ask that) Allah be pleased with him) – never buried his infant daughter alive

January 22, 2013

 

 

 

 

Links used in preparation of this brief article:

 

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=25064

 

http://www.albaidha.net/vb/showthread.php?p=164625

 

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=135146

 

prepared and translated by Ummu Khadijah

 

This is regarding the false attribution to Umar that he buried his infant daughter alive.

 

It is important to note that, according to those who have researched this matter (see above links) there doesn’t appear to be a chain of narration (isnaad) for this story

 

And this story is not found in the books of the people of the Sunnah, but is found in the books of the Shi’a

(who hate and slander the Companions – see here:

http://www.spubs.com/sps/downloads/pdf/GSC030003.pdf )

 

 

What follows is a brief quote from the book:

 

Diraasah Naqdiyyah fee al Marwiyaat al Waaridah fee Shakhsiyyah Umar ibn al Khattab (radiallahu anhu) wa Siyaasatuhu al Idaariyyah

(Download here:

http://k007.kiwi6.com/hotlink/4i0sfj8nh7/diraasaat_naqdiyyah_fee_al_marwiyaat_al_waaridah.pdf  )

 

by: Abdus Salaam ibn Muhsin Aal Eesa

 

This book was a Doctoral (PhD) thesis debated at the Islamic University of Madinah

 

The author emphasizes the importance of checking and verifying the authenticity of what is attributed to the Umar1 – checking the isnaad since by the isnaad it will be known whether the narrators are those who are reliable (and whose statements are acceptable) and those who are weak (and their statements are not acceptable

 

 

The author (Abdus Salaam ibn Musa Aal Eesa) said in Diraasah Naqdiyyah fee al Marwiyaat al Waaridah…(pp. 111 – 112):

 

As for Umar – (we ask that) Allah be pleased with him, then it has been narrated about hm that he buried alive  an infant daughter of his in the Pre-Islamic ignorance. And I didn’t find anyone who narrated that from Umar when I checked the references.  But I did find that the teacher Abbaas Mahmood al Iqaad mentioned it in his book “Abqariyyatu Umar”.  He said, ‘And the specifics of the story are: that he – radiallahu anhu – was sitting with some of his Companions when he laughed a little. Then he cried.  So he was asked about that.  He said, “In the Pre-Islamic Ignorance we would make an idol out of dates and then worship it.  Then we would eat it.  So that was why I laughed.  As for my crying, then it is because I had an infant daughter whom I wanted to bury (alive).  So I took her with me and dug a hole for her.  She was shaking the dirt from my beard and I buried her alive…”’

 

 

And al Iqaad doubted the authenticity of this story because burying alive (of infant daughters) wasn’t a widespread custom among the Arabs.2 Likewise, it was not known in Banee Adee (Umar’s tribe), nor in the family of al Khattaab in which Faatimah, the sister of Umar lived, along  with Hafsah, his oldest daughter from whose name  he was given the kunya Abu Hafs.  And Hafsah was born five years before the sending of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) –  he didn’t bury her alive.  Then why would he bury one of the younger daughters as is claimed?  Why is the information regarding this cut off – no one from her brothers or sisters has mentioned it, nor her paternal uncles, nor maternal uncles?

 

(Footnotes)

 

1It is important to authenticate the veracity of what is said about all of the Companions.  Also see this article:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/04/01/the-one-who-reads-the-biographies-of-the-sahabah-needs-to-be-careful/

 

2The author mentions on p.110 that some of the Arab tribes hated this practice and would take the infant girls (who were to be buried) from their parents and raise and protect them

The 10 Companions Promised Paradise

December 16, 2012

 

http://alitisaambissunnah.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/081-the-ten-companions-promised-paradise.pdf

 

 

Mus’ab ibn Umair

May 31, 2012

From: http://www.salafitalk.com/entries/26-The-Noble-Companion-Mus-ab-bin-Umayr

 

The Noble Companion Mus’ab bin ‘Umayr bin Haashim al-Badree (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu)

His name is Mus’ab bin ‘Umayr bin Haashim bin ‘Abd Manaaf bin ‘Abd ad-Daar bin Qusayy bin Kilaab.
He is the Chief Martyr, from the first and foremost to accept Islaam. He was from the tribe of Quraish, and he participated in the battle of Badr.
Al-Baraa bin ‘Aazib said:

The first to come to us [in Madeenah] from the Muhaajireen was Mus’ab bin ‘Umayr, so we said: “What has the Messenger of Allaah done?” So he replied: “He is at his place, and his Companions are following behind me.” Then after him there came ‘Amr bin Ummi Maktoom, from the people of Banee Fihr – and he was blind. (He then mentioned the hadeeth).

Al-A’mash from Abee Waa’il from Khabbaab, who said:

“We migrated alongside Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam), and from us were those who passed away in His cause not having consumed anything from His reward [in this world]. From them was Mus’ab bin ‘Umayr, who was killed on the day of the Battle of Uhud – he did not leave behind anything except a cloak, and if we covered his head with it, then his feet would remain uncovered, and we covered his feet, then his head would remain uncovered. So Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: “Cover his head with it, and cover his feet with idhkhir (a shrub).” And from us were those whose fruits [of reward] have been hastened for him and he is tried by them.

Ibn Ihaaq stated that Mus’ab bin ‘Umayr (radhiyallaah ‘anhu) was killed by Ibn Qami’ah al-Laythee who thought that he killed the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) saying to Quraish: “I have killed Muhammad.”
From Shu’bah, from Sa’d bin Ibraaheem, who heard his father saying: Abdur-Rahmaan bin Awf was brought some food and he began to cry.He said,

“Hamzah has been killed, and nothing was found to shroud him except a single garment. And Mus’ab bin Umayr was killed and nothing was found to shroud him with except a single garment. I have feared that perhaps our good things from our worldly life have been hastened for us.” And then he cried (again). Reported by al-Bukhaaree.

See Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa (6143), Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d (3/1/81-86), al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel (8/303), Hilyah al-Awliyaa (1/106-107), Tabaqaat al-Quraa (2/299), al-Isaabah (9/208-209).
So Mus’ab bin ‘Umayr (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) was from the earliest of those who entered into Islaam, he strove in the Path of Allaah, and was eventually martyred at the battle of Uhud. The ‘ulamah mention that he was the first envoy of Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) to Madinah. He embraced Islaam in Daar al-Arqam. He initially concealed his conversion from his mother and his people due to the harm they would cause. When they realised he had become a Muslim, they took hold of him and kept him captive. He remained in that state until he migrated to Abyssinia. When he returned from Abyssinia, he migrated once again, this time to Madinah – after the first pledge of al-‘Aqabah so as to teach the people Qur’aan and lead them in prayer.

I (Abu Khadeejah) say: Mus’ab bin ‘Umayr (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) was an ‘Aalim of the Deen of Islaam, a teacher for the people of Madinah and a Reciter of the Book of Allaah. Indeed he is an example for generation after generation until the Hour is established. Whatever I have said other than this, due to an error or a slip on my behalf, i.e. that he was not a Scholar but he knew only that which the Messenger, salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam, taught him – then this is slip from myself and Shaitaan, and I seek refuge with Allaah from that. And we ask Allaah not to take us to account for that which is uttered out of forgetfulness and error, and I seek His forgiveness.

Narrated ‘Ubaidullaah bin Ahmad, with his chain back to Yunus bin Bukayr from Ibn Ishaaq from Yazeed bin Abee Habeeb who said:

“When the people left Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) – meaning on the night of the first pledge of al-‘Aqabah – he sent Mus’ab bin ‘Umayr (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) along with them.”

Ibn Ishaaq said: ‘Aasim bin ‘Umar bin Qataadah narrated to me that Mus’ab bin ‘Umayr used to lead them (Aws and Khazraj) in prayer [in Madinah]…
He also said that ‘Ubaidullaah bin Abee Bakr bin Hazm and Ubaidullaah bin al-Mugheerah  bin Mu’aiqeeb both said: The Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) sent Mus’ab bin Umayr with the twelve who pledged allegiance at al-‘Aqabah the first time around to give their people understanding [of the Deen], and to recite to them the Qur’aan. He stayed at the house of As’ad bin Zuraarah – and he was named in Madinah as the Reciter. It is said that he was first to gather the people together to pray Jumu’ah in Madinah. Usaid bin Hudair and Sa’d bin Mu’aadh both embraced Islaam at his hands – and that would be sufficient as a virtue and a legacy in Islaam.

 
He participated in the battle of Badr alongside Allaah’ Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) and the battle of Uhud and with him was the standard of Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) – and he was martyred at Uhud. It is said that his age was forty or slightly more when he passed away.

 
It is said that as a youth he was a handsome, well-dressed young man – his father used to bestow gifts upon him plentifully, his mother would dress him in the best clothing that could be bought. He was the most beautiful smelling (well-perfumed) of the people of Makkah. Yet this noble young man saw the beauty of Islaam, and the Tawheed that Islaam calls to, and he followed the Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) – he was from the earliest and foremost ones who embraced Islaam and strove in Allaah’s cause in teaching and in Jihaad until he was martyred and shrouded in a single garment – radhiyallaahu ‘anhu.

 
Was-sallallaahu ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalihi wa sahbihi wasallam, wal-hamdulillaahi rabbil-‘aalameem.
Abu Khadeejah ‘Abdul-Waahid.