Archive for the ‘‘Umar bin Al-Khattaab’ Category

Umar – ((we ask that) Allah be pleased with him) – never buried his infant daughter alive

January 22, 2013

 

 

 

 

Links used in preparation of this brief article:

 

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=25064

 

http://www.albaidha.net/vb/showthread.php?p=164625

 

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=135146

 

prepared and translated by Ummu Khadijah

 

This is regarding the false attribution to Umar that he buried his infant daughter alive.

 

It is important to note that, according to those who have researched this matter (see above links) there doesn’t appear to be a chain of narration (isnaad) for this story

 

And this story is not found in the books of the people of the Sunnah, but is found in the books of the Shi’a

(who hate and slander the Companions – see here:

http://www.spubs.com/sps/downloads/pdf/GSC030003.pdf )

 

 

What follows is a brief quote from the book:

 

Diraasah Naqdiyyah fee al Marwiyaat al Waaridah fee Shakhsiyyah Umar ibn al Khattab (radiallahu anhu) wa Siyaasatuhu al Idaariyyah

(Download here:

http://k007.kiwi6.com/hotlink/4i0sfj8nh7/diraasaat_naqdiyyah_fee_al_marwiyaat_al_waaridah.pdf  )

 

by: Abdus Salaam ibn Muhsin Aal Eesa

 

This book was a Doctoral (PhD) thesis debated at the Islamic University of Madinah

 

The author emphasizes the importance of checking and verifying the authenticity of what is attributed to the Umar1 – checking the isnaad since by the isnaad it will be known whether the narrators are those who are reliable (and whose statements are acceptable) and those who are weak (and their statements are not acceptable

 

 

The author (Abdus Salaam ibn Musa Aal Eesa) said in Diraasah Naqdiyyah fee al Marwiyaat al Waaridah…(pp. 111 – 112):

 

As for Umar – (we ask that) Allah be pleased with him, then it has been narrated about hm that he buried alive  an infant daughter of his in the Pre-Islamic ignorance. And I didn’t find anyone who narrated that from Umar when I checked the references.  But I did find that the teacher Abbaas Mahmood al Iqaad mentioned it in his book “Abqariyyatu Umar”.  He said, ‘And the specifics of the story are: that he – radiallahu anhu – was sitting with some of his Companions when he laughed a little. Then he cried.  So he was asked about that.  He said, “In the Pre-Islamic Ignorance we would make an idol out of dates and then worship it.  Then we would eat it.  So that was why I laughed.  As for my crying, then it is because I had an infant daughter whom I wanted to bury (alive).  So I took her with me and dug a hole for her.  She was shaking the dirt from my beard and I buried her alive…”’

 

 

And al Iqaad doubted the authenticity of this story because burying alive (of infant daughters) wasn’t a widespread custom among the Arabs.2 Likewise, it was not known in Banee Adee (Umar’s tribe), nor in the family of al Khattaab in which Faatimah, the sister of Umar lived, along  with Hafsah, his oldest daughter from whose name  he was given the kunya Abu Hafs.  And Hafsah was born five years before the sending of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) –  he didn’t bury her alive.  Then why would he bury one of the younger daughters as is claimed?  Why is the information regarding this cut off – no one from her brothers or sisters has mentioned it, nor her paternal uncles, nor maternal uncles?

 

(Footnotes)

 

1It is important to authenticate the veracity of what is said about all of the Companions.  Also see this article:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/04/01/the-one-who-reads-the-biographies-of-the-sahabah-needs-to-be-careful/

 

2The author mentions on p.110 that some of the Arab tribes hated this practice and would take the infant girls (who were to be buried) from their parents and raise and protect them

Umar bin al Khattab

May 31, 2012

From: http://www.salafitalk.com/entries/13-Brief-Insights-Sahaabah-Umar-bin-al-Khattaab

 

He is ‘Umar bin al-Khattaab bin Nufail al-‘Adawee, his kunyah was Abu Hafs

 
He is the Second Khaleefah (Successor) of Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) after Abu Bakr (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu). He was the first to be called Ameer al-Mu’mineen (the Leader of the Faithful). Before he embraced Islaam, he was a severe adversary of the Muslims, then he embraced Islaam and became a relief and a comfort for them. The Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) named him al-Faarooq meaning “the one who distinguishes between truth and falsehood”. Allaah’s Messenger married his daughter Hafsah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhaa). His Caliphate lasted 10 years and six months. He was assassinated and martyred in Dhil-Hijjah (the month of Hajj) in the year 23AH (may Allaah be pleased with him).
See: 1. Kitaab at-Taareekh wa Asmaa al-Muhadditheen wa Kunaahum, of Abu Abdillaah Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Muqaddamee al-Qaadhee (died 301H) p. 25 (Daar al-Kitaab was-Sunnah, Karachi, 1415H).

2. Al-Istee’aab (1878).

3. Al-Isaabah (5731).