Posts Tagged ‘1st’

Commands and Negative Commands, 1st & 3rd person

April 29, 2010

To form the command for the third person, you do two things to the 3rd person verb conjugation:

1.Make it majzoom (which for regular verbs is going to mean putting a sukoon on it in the singular and for the conjugation for “we”, and dropping the noon from the masculine plural and the feminine singular. The feminine plural does not change [For irregular verbs in a state of majzoom, go here])

2.Put a lam with kasrah لِ in front of it

Example:

لِيذهبْ الطلابُ الجددُ إلى المدير، ولْيرجِعوا بعد مُقَابَلَتِهِ

Let the new students go to the Principal and return after meeting with him

 

If و or ف comes in front of the 3rd person command, then the lam takes a sukoon, not kasrah. Example:

لِيَدْخُلْ وَلْيَجْلِسْ

Let him enter and sit

لامُ الأمر The laam of command can also be applied to the first person (i.e. we). Example:

لِنَجْلِسْ مَعاً

Let’s sit together

Examples of Negative Commands with the Laam of Command

لا يَسْخَرْ أحَدٌ مِنْ أحَدٍ

Let no one make fun of another

And in the hadeeth:

لا تُسَافِرْ المَرْأَةُ ثلاثةَ أيامٍ إلاّ مَعَ ذِي مَحْرَمً

Let no woman travel three days except with her Mahram” (Bukhari)

For more examples, see Madinah Book 3, chapter 13

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_14.htm

 

Advertisements