Posts Tagged ‘Albaanee’

Reciting the Quran with Tajweed – Shaikh Albaanee

December 2, 2013

 

The follwing is a question posed to Shaikh Albaanee regarding the rulings of tajweed along with his answer. Taken from the book:

 

1000 Fatwas of Shaikh Albaanee (a collection of some of his fatwas)

Chapter (Kitaab): Tafseer of the Quran, Manners of Recitation, and Rulings of Tajweed

Section (Fasl): Rulings of Tajweed

 

Arabic Text:

Tajweed Albaanee

 

 

 

Question: There has been a lot of speech around here regarding the rulings of tajweed and using these rules, when there are some scholars who say it is obligatory, and along with that some of these rulings, the Imaams of this science have differed over them. So what is your opinion on the legislativeness of these rulings and the ranging in the solidity of its proofs from the Book and the Sunnah?

 

 

Answer (Shaikh Albaanee): Indeed people have received the recitation of the Noble Qur’an successively from those who preceeded upon this well-known path with ( the tajweed rulings). And the tajweed rulings are, at their foundation, principles for the pronunciation of Arabic, where the one who is Arab by lineage pronounces his speech in this way when speaking or reciting. And with the advancement of mankind (in time), the extension of their time with the fundamentals of the Arabic language, and the mixing of the Arabs with the non-Arabs are from the causes of the spread of grammatical mistakes. Along with the Arabs becoming un-Arabicized, due to the non-Arabs. Special care must be taken to teach these rulings in the area of reciting the Noble Quran.

 

 

As for what the questioner mentioned about the Imams differing in some of the rulings of tajweed – then this is really true. For some of them were of the opinion that the Madd Munfassal (hamzah followed by a letter of madd in two words) was unrestricted while some of them stretched it to 3 counts, and some four. Some of them lengthened the madd (elongation) of this type like (the madds) other than it (are lengthened). Some of them put (the letters) ghain and khaa with (the letters which have the ruling of) ikhfaa’ (hiding) of noon and tanween.

 

 

Some of them made ghain and khaa clear (ith-haar) – and these are the majority (who did so). Some of them made the idghaam (merging) of noon -all of it (with all the idghaam of noon letters) – to be without ghunnah – even wow and yaa. And they confined the ghunnah of idghaam to tanween until even including (the letters) laam and raa. Some of them did imaalah1 with the properties of yaa, while some of them decreased the imaalah and it is called “taqleel” to them. And there is a level of imaalah that is between fat-hah and imaalah. Some of them made ishmaam2in words where the middle root letter is yaa and which are mabnee3 and majhool4. Some of them made laam tafkheem (heavy) with some of the letters. Some of them made raa with fat-hah tarqeeq (light) when it is preceded by a yaa or a letter with kasrah. Some of them extend, meaning: lengthen, the madd of badal, etc.

 

 

And the cause for these differings is also due to following the rulings of pronunciation in Arabic. For these rules are spread out through the rulings of the recitations. And it is known that differing in the recitations is originally due to differing in the way of the pronunciation of the word with the Arabs. It is indeed from the easement of Allah – Exalted and Lofty is He – upon this ummah regarding His Book that He sent it down with seven dialects as has come in the authentic ahaadeeth which are mutawaatir5 regarding this topic. From them is his statement: ‘Indeed this Quran has been sent down upon seven dialects‘ Agreed upon. And other than it from dozens of ahaadeeth spread throughout all of the books of the Sunnah like Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad, at-Tirmidhee, Abu Dawood, and other than them.

 

 

These dialects, as the Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) described them in another hadeeth when he said (translated): ‘The Quran was sent down in seven modes upon seven dialects, all of them are clear, definitive6, complete.7 So this differing that happens between the Imaams in the rules of tajweed is from this angle. This (particular) differing won’t ever harm anything.

 

 

It is upon a person to recite the Quran with the rules of tajweed, because Allah – The Most High – said (translated):

 

 

And recite the Qur’ân (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style.‘ (Al-Muzzammil 73:4)8

 

 

So if you recite it as you read any other book, then you have not recited it with tarteel (as mentioned in the verse 73:4). So it must be recited with the rules of tajweed. The Scholars call a mistake in the rules of tajweed al-lahn al-khafee (the hidden error). So it is upon a person to make sure he learns how to recite the Quran in the correct way. As for when he knows of a differing in some ruling, then he must stick to what his Shuyookh taught him so that he doesn’t fall into chaos. And he shouldn’t leave the way that his Mashaayikh taught him believing that another way is more correct than it, because all of them (these revealed qiraa’at) are correct. And all of them are as the Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) described: ‘Clear, definitive, complete.’

 

 

As for seeking proof from the Quran and Sunnah for these rulings, then this seeking, at its foundation, is an error. Because all of these rulings reached us by tawaatur of action (see footnote #5). So we learned recitation of the Quran from our Shaikhs and our forefathers by this way, and they (those we learned from) learned (it) the same way from their Shaikhs and forefathers, and so on until the time of the Companions who took it from the Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam). This will suffice, and all the praise belongs only to Allaah firstly and lastly.

 

 

(End of the Shaikh’s Speech)

 

Translated by Ummu Khadijah

 

Also see this beneficial article:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2013/06/25/diversity-of-the-seven-different-recitations-of-the-quran/

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

1Imaalah – إمالةpronunciation of “a” shaded toward “e” (Hans Wehr, see ميل)

2Ishmaam – إشمامthe pronunciation of “u” with a trace of “i” (Hans Wehr, see شم)

3 Mabnee – Indeclinable – the ending doesnt change

4 Majhool Unknown – usually refering to the passive form of verbs – for example – فُتِحَ البَابُ – The door was opened (it is unknown who opened it)

5 Mutawaatir: Narrated by a large number of people

6شافٍ– definition taken from www.almaany.com

7كافٍ– definition taken from www.almaany.com

8 Translation of the verse taken from: http://thenoblequran.com/sps/nbq/

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Authentic hadeeth to say on breaking the fast

July 11, 2013

 

 

Abdullah bin Umar – radiallahu anhumaa – narrated that when the Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – would break his fast, he would say:

 

 

ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ وابْتَلَّتِ العُرُوْقُ وثَبَتَ الأَجْرُ إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ

 

 

The thirst is gone, the veins are quenched, and the reward is confirmed, in shaa Allah”

 

 

 

 

Shaikh Albaanee declared it “hasan” in Saheeh al Jaamee (4678)

 

Shaikh Ibn Baz said its isnaad was hasan in a footnote in Buloogh al Maraam (407)

 

Imaam as Suyooti declared it “saheeh” in al Jaami’ as-Sagheer (6589)

 

And Imaams Ibn Hajar (al Asqalaanee) and ad-Daaraqutnee declared it “hasan”

 

Advice in Seeking Knowledge

March 14, 2012

Articles under the Seeking Knowledge category here: http://www.dusunnah.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=142&Itemid=184

1.The virtue of Madinah and its Scholars (audio)

2.Follow the one with proof (video) – also transcribed – very brief but important advice from Shaikh Fawzaan

3.Some things are not to be asked (video) – also transcribed – very brief but excellent advice from Shaikh Ghudyaan

4.Student of tapes and books (video) – also transcribed (and brief)- is a person considered a student of a scholar if he read their books and listened to their tapes (only)?  Shaikh Ubayd al Jaabiree answers

5.Knowledge is not taken from a person of innovation or desires – transcribed from Shaikh Ahmad Bazmool

6.The rights of the Scholars – Shaikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab al Aqeel (Audio)

 

Articles under the Student of Knowledge category here: http://www.dusunnah.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=119&Itemid=183

1.Seek your provision and do not depend upon the people for your sustenance

2.Issuing Islamic verdicts without possessing any knowledge

3.I have been accepted into the Islamic University. Should I take my wife?

4.Al Asaalah – Fataawa of al Albaanee

5.Essential Principles for the Student of Knowledge (Audio)

6.Honoring the Scholars

7.The manner of correcting the Scholars in front of people

 

Download Shaikh Albanee’s works (Arabic – PDF)

May 13, 2010

http://www.al-sunan.org/vb/showthread.php?t=9231

(Click View, Encoding, More, Arabic (Windows))

 

The Late Scholar of Hadeeth of Our Time, Muhammad ibn Nuh an Najjaati al Albaanee (Naasiruddeen)

May 9, 2010

A Biography of Shaikh Albaanee by Dr Salih as Salih (4 parts):

http://sunnah.tv/video/watch.cfm?v=ockbja

http://sunnah.tv/video/watch.cfm?v=eckdpr

http://sunnah.tv/video/watch.cfm?v=qtpyai

http://sunnah.tv/video/watch.cfm?v=lczzpw

 

 

 

The following taken from: http://www.salafitalk.com/threads/445-Small-Biographies-Of-The-Salaf?p=821#post821

Brief Biographies of some of the People of Knowledge Taken from Siyaar ‘Alaam an-Nubalaa & Thahdheeb at Thahdheeb And other works Compiled & Translated By Abbas Abu Yahya

 

Muhammad NaasirudDeen al-Albaanee -Rahimullaah Shaykh Muhammad NaasirudDeen al-Albaanee he was born in Albania in the year 1332 A.H. into a poor family. His father and the family made Hijrah to Damascus.

In Damascus Shaykh al-Albaanee completed his initial education and was then taught the Qur’aan, Tajweed, sciences of Arabic language, fiqh of the Hanafee madhab and further branches of the Deen by various Shaykhs and friends of his father. He also learnt from his father the art of clock and watch repair – and became highly skilled in that and famous for it and derived his earnings through it. He began to specialise in the field of Hadeeth and its related sciences by the age of 20- being influenced by articles in ‘al-Manaar’ magazine. 7 Since he could not afford many of the books he required he would borrow them from the famous library of Damascus – “al-Maktabah adth Dthaahiriyyah” or sometimes from book sellers.

He became engrossed with the science of Hadeeth to the extent that he would sometimes close up his shop and remain in the library for up to twelve hours – breaking off his work only for prayer – he would not even leave to eat, but would take two light snacks with him.

Eventually the library authorities granted him a special room to himself for his study and his own key for access to the library before normal opening time. Often he would remain at work from early morning until after ‘Ishaa. During this time he produced many useful works – many of which are still waiting to be printed. The Shaykh faced much opposition in his efforts to promote Tawheed and the Sunnah but he bore this with patient perseverance. His works – mainly in the field of Hadeeth and its sciences number over 100.

His students are many and include many Shaykhs of the present day amongst them: , Shaykh Muqbil ibn Haadee al-Waadi’ee, Shaykh Muhammad Jameel Zaynoo. The Shaykh -Rahimullaah- passed away on Saturday 22 Jumaadaa ath-Thaaniyah 1420 A.H./2 October 1999. He was 87 years of age. May Allaah -subhaanahu wa ta’aala- have Mercy upon his soul, Aameen.

(end)

The following edited bio is taken from the beginning of the excellent work of Shaikh Albanee (translated) “The Prophet’s Prayer Described…”

He was born in the city of Ashkodera, then the capital of Albania in the year 1332 A.H./1914 C.E. into a poor family. His father al-Haaj Nooh Najjaatee al-Albaanee had completed Sharee’ah studies in Istanbul and returned a scholar to Albania. After Albania was taken over by atheism the family made Hijrah to Damascus. In Damascus Shaykh al-Albaanee completed his initial education and was then taught the Qur.aan, Tajweed, sciences of Arabic language, fiqh of the Hanafee madhab and further branches of the Deen by various Shaykhs and friends of his father.

He also learnt from his father the art of clock and watch repair – and became highly skilled in that and famous for it and derived his earnings through it. He began to specialise in the field of Hadeeth and its related sciences by the age of 20 – being influenced by articles in ‘al-Manaar’ magazine.

He began to work in this field by transcribing al-Haafiz al-Iraaqee’s monumental “al*Mughnee ‘an-hamlil-Asfaar fil-Asfaar fee takhreej maa fil-lhyaa minal-Akhbaar” and adding notes to it.

He delved further into the field of Hadeeth and its various sciences despite discourage*ment from his father. Furthermore, the books he needed were not to be found in his father’s library which was composed mainly of various works of Hanafee Fiqh – and since he could not afford many of the books he required he would borrow them from the famous library of Damascus – “al-Maktabah adth-Dthaahiriyyah” or sometimes from book sellers.

He became engrossed with the science of Hadeeth to the extent that he would sometimes close up his shop and remain in the library for up to twelve hours – breaking off his work only for prayer – he would not even leave to eat, but would take two light snacks with him.

Eventually the library authorities granted him a special room to himself for his study and his own key for access to the library before normal opening time. Often he would remain at work from early morning until after ‘Ishaa. During this time he produced many useful works – many of which are still waiting to be printed.

The Shaykh faced much opposition in his efforts to promote Tawheed and the Sunnah but he bore this with patient perseverance. He was encouraged by some of the noble Shaykhs of Damascus who urged him to continue, amongst them Shaykh Bahjatul Bayjaar, Shaykh ‘Abdul-Fattaah -the imam, and Towfeeq al-Barzah-rahimahumullaah.

After some time he started giving two weekly classes attended by students of knowledge and university teachers – in which he taught various books of ‘Aqeedah, Fiqh, Usool and Hadeeth sciences.

He also began organised monthly journeys for Da’wah to the various cities of Syria and then Jordan.

After a number of his works appeared in print the Shaykh was chosen to teach Hadeeth in the new University in Madeenah, Saudi Arabia, for three years from 1381 to 1383H where he was also a member of the University board.

After this he returned to his former studies and work in “al-Maktabah adth-Dthaahiriyyah” leaving his shop in the hands of one of his brothers.

He visited various countries for Da’wah and lectures – amongst them Qatar, Egypt, Kuwait, the Emirates, Spain and England. He was forced to emigrate a number of times moving from Syria to Jordan, then Syria again, then Beirut, then the Emirates, then again to ‘Ammaan, Jordan. His works – mainly in the field of Hadeeth and its sciences number over 100

[Also see this link: http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=19&Topic=8251]

Download Shaikh Albanee’s books – https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2010/05/13/download-shaikh-albanees-works-arabic-pdf/