Posts Tagged ‘Albanee’

Reciting the Quran with Tajweed – Shaikh Albaanee

December 2, 2013

 

The follwing is a question posed to Shaikh Albaanee regarding the rulings of tajweed along with his answer. Taken from the book:

 

1000 Fatwas of Shaikh Albaanee (a collection of some of his fatwas)

Chapter (Kitaab): Tafseer of the Quran, Manners of Recitation, and Rulings of Tajweed

Section (Fasl): Rulings of Tajweed

 

Arabic Text:

Tajweed Albaanee

 

 

 

Question: There has been a lot of speech around here regarding the rulings of tajweed and using these rules, when there are some scholars who say it is obligatory, and along with that some of these rulings, the Imaams of this science have differed over them. So what is your opinion on the legislativeness of these rulings and the ranging in the solidity of its proofs from the Book and the Sunnah?

 

 

Answer (Shaikh Albaanee): Indeed people have received the recitation of the Noble Qur’an successively from those who preceeded upon this well-known path with ( the tajweed rulings). And the tajweed rulings are, at their foundation, principles for the pronunciation of Arabic, where the one who is Arab by lineage pronounces his speech in this way when speaking or reciting. And with the advancement of mankind (in time), the extension of their time with the fundamentals of the Arabic language, and the mixing of the Arabs with the non-Arabs are from the causes of the spread of grammatical mistakes. Along with the Arabs becoming un-Arabicized, due to the non-Arabs. Special care must be taken to teach these rulings in the area of reciting the Noble Quran.

 

 

As for what the questioner mentioned about the Imams differing in some of the rulings of tajweed – then this is really true. For some of them were of the opinion that the Madd Munfassal (hamzah followed by a letter of madd in two words) was unrestricted while some of them stretched it to 3 counts, and some four. Some of them lengthened the madd (elongation) of this type like (the madds) other than it (are lengthened). Some of them put (the letters) ghain and khaa with (the letters which have the ruling of) ikhfaa’ (hiding) of noon and tanween.

 

 

Some of them made ghain and khaa clear (ith-haar) – and these are the majority (who did so). Some of them made the idghaam (merging) of noon -all of it (with all the idghaam of noon letters) – to be without ghunnah – even wow and yaa. And they confined the ghunnah of idghaam to tanween until even including (the letters) laam and raa. Some of them did imaalah1 with the properties of yaa, while some of them decreased the imaalah and it is called “taqleel” to them. And there is a level of imaalah that is between fat-hah and imaalah. Some of them made ishmaam2in words where the middle root letter is yaa and which are mabnee3 and majhool4. Some of them made laam tafkheem (heavy) with some of the letters. Some of them made raa with fat-hah tarqeeq (light) when it is preceded by a yaa or a letter with kasrah. Some of them extend, meaning: lengthen, the madd of badal, etc.

 

 

And the cause for these differings is also due to following the rulings of pronunciation in Arabic. For these rules are spread out through the rulings of the recitations. And it is known that differing in the recitations is originally due to differing in the way of the pronunciation of the word with the Arabs. It is indeed from the easement of Allah – Exalted and Lofty is He – upon this ummah regarding His Book that He sent it down with seven dialects as has come in the authentic ahaadeeth which are mutawaatir5 regarding this topic. From them is his statement: ‘Indeed this Quran has been sent down upon seven dialects‘ Agreed upon. And other than it from dozens of ahaadeeth spread throughout all of the books of the Sunnah like Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad, at-Tirmidhee, Abu Dawood, and other than them.

 

 

These dialects, as the Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) described them in another hadeeth when he said (translated): ‘The Quran was sent down in seven modes upon seven dialects, all of them are clear, definitive6, complete.7 So this differing that happens between the Imaams in the rules of tajweed is from this angle. This (particular) differing won’t ever harm anything.

 

 

It is upon a person to recite the Quran with the rules of tajweed, because Allah – The Most High – said (translated):

 

 

And recite the Qur’ân (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style.‘ (Al-Muzzammil 73:4)8

 

 

So if you recite it as you read any other book, then you have not recited it with tarteel (as mentioned in the verse 73:4). So it must be recited with the rules of tajweed. The Scholars call a mistake in the rules of tajweed al-lahn al-khafee (the hidden error). So it is upon a person to make sure he learns how to recite the Quran in the correct way. As for when he knows of a differing in some ruling, then he must stick to what his Shuyookh taught him so that he doesn’t fall into chaos. And he shouldn’t leave the way that his Mashaayikh taught him believing that another way is more correct than it, because all of them (these revealed qiraa’at) are correct. And all of them are as the Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) described: ‘Clear, definitive, complete.’

 

 

As for seeking proof from the Quran and Sunnah for these rulings, then this seeking, at its foundation, is an error. Because all of these rulings reached us by tawaatur of action (see footnote #5). So we learned recitation of the Quran from our Shaikhs and our forefathers by this way, and they (those we learned from) learned (it) the same way from their Shaikhs and forefathers, and so on until the time of the Companions who took it from the Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam). This will suffice, and all the praise belongs only to Allaah firstly and lastly.

 

 

(End of the Shaikh’s Speech)

 

Translated by Ummu Khadijah

 

Also see this beneficial article:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2013/06/25/diversity-of-the-seven-different-recitations-of-the-quran/

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

1Imaalah – إمالةpronunciation of “a” shaded toward “e” (Hans Wehr, see ميل)

2Ishmaam – إشمامthe pronunciation of “u” with a trace of “i” (Hans Wehr, see شم)

3 Mabnee – Indeclinable – the ending doesnt change

4 Majhool Unknown – usually refering to the passive form of verbs – for example – فُتِحَ البَابُ – The door was opened (it is unknown who opened it)

5 Mutawaatir: Narrated by a large number of people

6شافٍ– definition taken from www.almaany.com

7كافٍ– definition taken from www.almaany.com

8 Translation of the verse taken from: http://thenoblequran.com/sps/nbq/

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The Prophet Muhammad Never Tried to Kill Himself

August 22, 2012

Anything in brackets [ ] was added by the translator (Ummu Khadijah)

 

This is a translation of Shaikh Maahir al Qahtaani quoting from Shaikh Albaanee taken from:

http://www.al-sunan.org/vb/archive/index.php/t-5041.html

 

[to see the Arabic you may need to click on View, Encoding, More, Arabic (Windows)]

 

[Shaikh al Qahtaani begins]:

With the Name of Allah (God), The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

The Guiding Scholar Abu Abdur Rahman Muhammad “Helper of the Religion” al-Albaanee – [we ask that] Allah bestow mercy upon him – said in “Defense of the Prophetic hadeeth and seerah as a refutation to the ignorant things [said] by Dr. al-Bootee in his book ‘Fiqhus-Seerah’” (p.40-42):

[beginning of quoting from Shaikh Albaanee]:

‘Al-Bootee said (1/55):

And the Prophet – [we ask that] Allah raise his rank and grant him peace – became sad due to that with a tremendous sadness to the point where he tried to – as Imam Bukhari reports – throw himself from the heights of the mountains [to commit suicide]”

‘The attribution of this [saying that the Prophet Muhammad tried to kill himself] to Bukhari is an atrocious error.  That is because he is claiming that this story of  Throwing oneself [e.g. off a mountain] is authentic according to the conditions  of Bukhari.  And it is not. And what makes that clear is that Bukhari put it at the end of the hadeeth of Aishah, which is about the beginning of the revelation, that the Dr. [al-Bootee] quoted (1/51-53).  And it is in Bukhari [his Saheeh] at the beginning of the chapter at-Ta’beer [Dream Interpretation] by way of Ma’mar who said: az-Zuhree said: ‘Urwa informed me, from Aishah…so he quoted the hadeeth until the statement, “And there was a pause in the revelation’ and az-Zuhree added, ‘and the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – became so sad, from what has reached us1, that he intended several times to throw himself off of the tops of mountains.  Every time he would reach the top of a mountain to throw himself off of it, Jibreel would appear to him and would say, ‘O Muhammad, indeed you are truly the Messenger of Allah.’  Thereafter he would become calm and return home.  When the period of the pause in the revelation became long, he would do as before, but when he would reach the top of the mountain, Jibreel would say to him as he said before.”

‘And likewise Imam Ahmad collected the hadeeth with this addition (6/232-233) as well as Abu Nu’aym in “ad-Dalaa’il” (p.68-69) and al-Bayhaqee in “as-Dalaa’il” (1/393-395) by way of Abdur-Razzaaq from Ma’mar.  And Muslim collected it with this chain (1/98) but he did not quote az-Zuhree’s saying.  He only included the wording of Yunus ibn Shihaab which does not contain [az-Zuhree’s] addition. Additionally Imam Muslim and Ahmad (6/223) collected it by way of ‘Aqeel ibn Khaalid from Yunus ibn Shihaab without the addition. Likewise Imam Bukhari collected it in the beginning of his Saheeh [3rd hadeeth] from Aqeel ibn Khaalid from Yunus ibn Shihaab.

‘We can conclude from what has preceded that this addition [of az-Zuhree] has two defects.

‘The first: Ma’mar being alone in narrating it, without Yunus and Aqeel [when Ma’mar was not in the chain of narrators, Yunus and Aqeel did not mention this addition as can be seen in the 3rd hadeeth in the beginning of Saheeh Bukhari and also in Muslim’s Saheeh], so it is Shaadhah [contradictory/strange]2

‘The second: That [this part of] the hadeeth is Mursal [chain goes back to the taabi’ee but not the Sahaabee – the Companion is missing in the chain of narrators] and problematic.  Because indeed the one saying, “from what has reached us” is only az-Zuhree as is clear from the quote.  And al-Haafith [ibn Hajar] asserted that in “al-Fat’h [al-Baari’]”3 (12/302) when he said: “And it is from the statements of az-Zuhree and it is not connected [referring to the break in the chain between the those who learned from the Companions  {the taabi’oon} and the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam]

 

‘I say: and this is what al-Bootee was either neglectful of or ignorant of.  So he thinks that every letter in “Saheeh Bukhari” is upon Imaam Bukhari’s conditions in authenticity!  And perhaps he doesn’t differentiate between the hadeeth which is musnad [has a connected chain] and the hadeeth which is mu’allaq [has a break in the chain]! Just like he didn’t distinguish between a hadeeth which is Mawsool4 and a hadeeth which is Mursal [hadeeth missing the Companion who heard it from the Prophet Muhammad in the chain of narrators] which happens to come in the hadeeth, like this hadeeth from Aishah which has this Mursal addition coming at the end of it.

 

‘So know that this addition didn’t come by way of a connected chain that supports it as I clarified in “The Series of Weak Narrations” (3) number (4858).  And I pointed that out in the commentary for “My Abridgment of Saheeh Bukhari”  (4)(1/5) [I ask that] Allah make easy the completion and printing of it.

 

‘When you know that there is no certainty regarding this addition, then we have the right to say that it is a rejected addition with regards to its meaning.  Because it is not befitting for a Prophet who is protected from making mistakes [in the religion] that he would try to kill himself by throwing himself off a mountain – no matter what might push him to do that.  And he himself said [translated], “Whoever throws himself off of a mountain and kills himself, then he will be in Hell throwing himself forever [or a very long time5]” Reported by Bukhari and Muslim and other than them…’”

[Footnotes]

1 Az-Zuhree’s statement starts from: “And the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – became so sad…” and continues to the end – all of this is from one of the sub-narrators of the hadeeth, az-Zuhree.  So if you look in Bukhari, first volume, in the Book of the Beginning of the Revelation (it may be translated as “Book of Revelation”), the 3rd (3A) hadeeth, the hadeeth ends: وَفَتَرَ الوَحْيُ  “and the revelation paused for a while”.  And if you look in Bukhari, ninth volume, in the Book of the Interpretation of Dreams, the first hadeeth in this chapter, towards the end of the hadeeth:

وفتر الوحي فَتْرَةً حَتَّى حَزِنَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِيْمَا بَلَغَنَا

      “And the revelation paused for awhile and the Prophet – [we ask that] Allah raise his rank and grant him peace – became so sad – from what has reached us [i.e. reached az-Zuhree]…”

3His explanation of Saheehul Bukhari

4 Mawsool: has a connected chain going all the way back to the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – with no breaks/missing narrators

5Refer to what Shaikh Ubaid al Jaabiree said here regarding the two meanings of khulood خلود :

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/30/question-and-answer-session-with-sheikh-ubaid-al-jabiree-riyadh-k-s-a-march-2012/

The Messenger’s (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) supplication for Anas bin Malik – radiallahu anhu

March 14, 2012

Some brief biographical details on the Sahaabee Anas ibn Malik along with some benefits extracted by Shaikh Albanee: http://www.dusunnah.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=214:the-messengers-supplication-for-anas&catid=76:the-companions&Itemid=60

Excerpt

In the narration of Ahmad: ‘Then the Messenger supplicated for Umm Sulaym and her family.’ And the narrator mentions: ‘Anas mentioned that his eldest daughter Ameenah informed him that there were more than one hundred and twenty from his offspring buried when Hajjaj appeared.’ al-Albaani said: that this Isnad of three narrators is authentic upon the conditions of Bukhari & Muslim.’