Posts Tagged ‘Badr’

Briefly: The Sahaabee ‘Ubaadah bin as-Saamit

December 11, 2014

 

Translated from Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation of Kitaabut Tawheed “al-Mulakh-khas”, p.25

عبادةُ بنُ الصامتِ: هو عبادةُ بنُ الصامتِ

بنِ قيسٍ الأنصاريُّ الخزرجيُّ

أحد النقباء بدريٌّ مشهورٌ

توفي سنة (34) ه وله (72) سنة

‘Ubaadah bin as-Saamit: He was ‘Ubaadah bin as-Saamit bin Qays, from the Ansar, from the tribe of al-Khazraj. He was one of the twelve Companions who gave the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) the pledge on the night of the pledge1. He participated in the battle of Badr and was a well-known Companion of the Prophet2 (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam). He died in the year 34 after the Hijrah at the age of 72

(end of translation)

Two ahaadeeth about him from Saheeh Bukhari (Book of the Merits of the Ansar, narrated by ‘Ubaadah – radiallaahu anhu) taken from http://spubs.com/sps/sbk/ :

Hadeeth #1: I was one of the Naqibs who gave the (‘Aqaba) pledge of allegiance to Allah’s Apostle . We gave the pledge of allegiance to him that we would not worship anything other than Allah [God, The Creator], would not steal, would not commit illegal sexual intercourse, would not kill a person whose killing Allah has made illegal except rightfully, would not rob each other, and we would not be promised Paradise jf we did the above sins, then if we committed one of the above sins, Allah will give His Judgment concerning it.

Hadeeth #2: Who had taken part in the battle of Badr with Allah’s Apostle and had been amongst his companions on the night of Al-‘Aqaba Pledge: Allah’s Apostle, surrounded by a group of his companions said, “Come along and give me the pledge of allegiance that you will not worship anything besides Allah, will not steal, will not commit illegal sexual intercourse will not kill your children, will not utter; slander, invented by yourself, and will not disobey me if I order you to do something good. Whoever among you will respect and fulfill this pledge, will be rewarded by Allah. And if one of you commits any of these sins and is punished in this world then that will be his expiation for it, and if one of you commits any of these sins and Allah screens his sin, then his matter, will rest with Allah: If He will, He will punish him and if He will,. He will excuse him.” So I gave the pledge of allegiance to him for these conditions.

Footnotes

1ليلة العقبة

2قال الشيخ أحمد النجمي في الشرح الموجز الممهد

لتوحيد الخالق الممجد : عبادة بن الصامت الأنصاري

رضي الله عنه هو أحد النقباء ليلة العقبة 

وأحد أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم المشهورين 

وأحد أصحاب بدر , مات بالرملة سنة 34هـ وله 72 سنة   

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=48536

Advertisements

The Living Scholar Abdul Muhsin al Abbad

May 12, 2010

Taken from:

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=19&Topic=10184

His Name and Lineage:
He is the great scholar and Muhaddith, Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin bin Hamad bin ýAbdil-Muhsin bin ýAbdillaah Al-ýAbbaad Aali Badr. The family of Aali Badr comes from the family of Jalaas, which originates from the ancient tribe of ýAnazah, one of the descendent tribes of ýAdnan (descendent of Prophet Ismaýeel). His great-grandfatherýs nickname was ýAbbaad and so as a result some of his offspring inherited it from him, such as Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin and his mother, the daughter of Sulaymaan bin ýAbdillaah Aali Badr.

The Shaikh was born on a Tuesday night after ýIshaa prayer in the month of Ramadaan, 1353H in the city of Zulfi, Saudi Arabia. This is the city where he grew up and learned the basics of reading and writing.

His Early Studies:
While in Zulfi, he studied under Shaikh ýAbdullaah bin Ahmad Al-Maneeý, Shaikh Zaid bin Muhammad Al-Munaifee, Shaikh ýAbdullaah bin ýAbdir-Rahmaan Al-Ghaith with whom he completed the noble Qurýaan, and Shaikh Faalih bin Muhammad Ar-Roomee.

When the first elementary school opened in Zulfi in 1368H, he joined it in its third year and obtained his primary degree there in 1371H.

After completing his primary studies, he moved to Riyadh and signed up with the Educational Institute there. This was the same year (1372H) that Imaam ýAbdul-ýAzeez bin Baaz moved to Riyadh from Kharj, where he had served as judge since 1357H, and the first year he taught in this Institute. Amongst the colleagues that he studied with at that time was Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaamee, may Allaah have mercy on him.

After graduating from this institute, the Shaikh enrolled with the College of Shareeýah in the Imaam Muhammad bin Suýood Islamic University of Riyadh. During his last year at the college, he was appointed a teacher in the Educational Institute of Buraidah in 5/13/1379H. Then towards the end of that final school year, he returned back to Riyadh to take his final examination for the college. Allaah blessed him by granting him the ability to finish first amongst his whole class which consisted of over 80 graduates. They represented the fourth class of graduates from the College of Shareeýah of the Imaam Muhammad bin Suýood University. He also finished in the first rank amongst his class during his first three years at the college and when receiving his secondary degree from the Educational Institute of Riyadh.

While in Riyadh, he was able to study under scholars the likes of Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem Aali Shaikh, Shaikh ýAbdul-ýAzeez bin Baaz, Shaikh Muhammad Al-Ameen Ash-Shanqeetee, Shaikh ýAbdur-Rahmaan Al-Afreeqee and Shaikh ýAbdur-Razzaaq ýAfeefee both in the University and in local masaajid.

He studied specifically under Shaikh ýAbdur-Rahmaan Al-Afreeqee in Riyadh in the year 1372H and then studied Hadeeth and its Terminology the following year under him. He would say about him: ýHe was a sincere teacher and a great scholar, as well as a counselor, guide and good example, may Allaah have mercy on him.ý

He also had a special relationship with Shaikh ýAbdul-ýAzeez bin Baaz ever since the first time they met in 1372H. He studied formally under him in the fourth year of the College of Shareeýah. Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin mentioned: ýMost of the contact I had with him would occur in between classes and in the masjid. I would also visit him in his home.ý

In 1380H, he transferred to teach in the Educational Institute of Riyadh. But when the Islamic University of Madeenah opened and the first college to be established there was the College of Shareeýah, Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem Aali Shaikh selected him to work there as a teacher. Prior to this, towards the end of 1379H, Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin had requested Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem, may Allaah have mercy on him, to put him in the teaching profession program, to which he agreed on the condition that when he completed the program he would teach at the Islamic University when it opened. Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin replied that he was fully prepared for the task.

His Role in the Islamic University:
So he began teaching at the Islamic University of Madeenah in 1381H and he was the first to deliver a class there. He accompanied his teacher, Shaikh ýAbdul-ýAzeez bin Baaz, who taught at the University for the next fifteen years.

He served as a member of the Universityýs committee from the time of its inception to 1393H. Then in 7/30/1393H, he was appointed vice-president of the Islamic University behind Shaikh ýAbdul-ýAzeez bin Baaz, the president at that time, who nominated him amongst three candidates for the position, upon which King Faisal, may Allaah have mercy on him, selected him for the job.

Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin stayed in this position up to 10/26/1399H when he was relieved of it at his own request. In the first two of these six years, he was the second-in-charge. Then when Shaikh ýAbdul-ýAzeez bin Baaz, may Allaah have mercy on him, transferred to become president of the Educational Research and Religious Verdict Administration, he became first-in-charge. During these six years, the Shaikh did not stop giving two weekly classes for fourth-year students at the College of Shareeýah.

Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin says about this: ýI would go to him, i.e. Shaikh Ibn Baaz, before going to the University and sit with him for a little while. Shaikh Ibraaheem Al-Husayyin would also be with him and would read the (chapters on) Muýaamalaat (business and social dealing between Muslims) to him from after Fajr till the sun rose. On one of these days, he said to me: ýI had a dream last night where I saw a beautiful camel, which I was pulling and you were riding. And I led it to the Islamic University.ý And all praise be to Allaah, this dream came true for I served as vice-president under him for two years, then assumed his role as interim president after him for four years.ý

During the time that he served as president of the University, about five-thousand manuscripts were added to its library. This was the same time that Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree was hired to bring books from libraries around the world. Shaikh Hammaad said: ýA majority of the classical works of the Salaf that were photocopied for the Islamic University were done at the time when Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin served as president there.ý

He also said: ýI brought five-thousand manuscripts for the Islamic University during my travels. Most of the journeys I took for the purpose of obtaining manuscripts and photocopying them were done during the time that Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin Al-ýAbbaad was president of the University.ý

Most of these manuscripts were books of Hadeeth and books on the Creed of the Salaf. To get a clearer picture of the great service that Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin did while president of the Islamic University, look at the following statement of Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree:

ýA historical account should be written about Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin Al-ýAbbaad. He did certain jobs in the University that I wish I could have recorded or taped. There were two times in the day that he would insist on working at his job even though it wasnýt required of him ý in the morning and in the afternoon after ýAsr. I went to visit him one time in his office after ýAsr when he was president of the University and sat with him. I then asked: ýWhere is the coffee, Shaikh?ý He answered: ýIts ýAsr now and there is no one here to make it.ý One time I was determined to get to the University before him so I got in the car and went. When I arrived at the University, there was Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin opening the door to the University before everyone else!ý

He would also say: ýRelate Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsinýs diligence at work to the people for there is no harm in this.ý

Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin Al-ýAbbaad was also the reason why Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree wrote his famous book on Tawassul, which served as a refutation of a book written by ýAbdullaah Al-Ghumaaree, which Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin had brought back with him from his trip to Morocco.

Amongst the other milestones reached by the University under Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsinýs presidency was that it transferred from being a government facility to a private institution, the advanced studies department for the Masterýs and Doctorateýs programs were formed, the faculties of Qurýaan and Islamic studies, Hadeeth, and Arabic language were created, the size of the Universityýs land increased to accommodate a proposed 20,000 students, and the Universityýs printing department was also established.

Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin continues to teach at the University until this very day even though he is past the compulsory age of retirement. No one has taught longer at the Islamic University than him since he taught from its very first day until now. In addition to this, he also continues to hold lessons in the Prophetýs Masjid.

Sufficient as testimony of the great role Shaikh ýAdul-Muhsin Al-ýAbbaad has had on the Islamic University of Madeenah is what Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree said as recorded by his son, ýAbdul-Awwal, in his biography of his father (2/597): ýThe Islamic University (of Madeenah) is the university of Al-ýAbbaad, Az-Zayid and Shaikh Ibn Baaz.ý And then he began praising the days they spent together.

His Travels:
The first trip that the Shaikh took outside of his hometown of Zulfi was when he went to Makkah for Hajj in 1370H. Then in 1371, he traveled to Riyadh to seek knowledge. He also traveled to Morocco. It is said that Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin Al-ýAbbaad obtained his Masterýs Degree from Egypt.

Some of the Shaikhýs profound Sayings:
ýI have in my possession notes from the various grades of school beginning from the third year of primary school, which are from the dearest and most precious of what I saved.ý

ýFrom the most beloved of deeds to me and the most hoped for by me in the sight of my Lord is my immense love for the Companions of Allaahýs Messenger and my extreme hatred for those who hate them. And Allaah has indeed blessed me with boys and girls as children. I named four of my sons after the four rightly-guided Khaleefahs after first naming one with the name of the chief of Messengers, i.e. Muhammad. And I named some of my daughters after some of the Mothers of the Believers after naming one with the name of the leader of the believing women, i.e. Faatimah. I ask Allaah and seek a way to Him through my love for them and my hatred for those who hate them. And I ask Him to gather me in their company and to increase them in virtue and reward.ý

His Students:
Many of todayýs scholars and well-known students of knowledge have studied under the Shaikh either through his classes in the University or the lessons he delivers in the Prophetýs Masjid. Amongst the most famous of them are:

1. Shaikh Ihsaan Ilaahee Dhaheer, may Allaah have mercy on him;
2. Dr. ýAlee Naasir Al-Faqeehee
3. Dr. Saalih As-Suhaymee
4. Dr. Waseeýullaah ýAbbaas
5. Dr. Baasim Al-Jawaabirah
6. Dr. ýAasim bin ýAbdillaah Al-Qaryootee
7. Dr. Ibraaheem Ar-Ruhaylee
8. Dr. ýAbdur-Razzaaq Al-ýAbbaad, his son
9. Dr. Rabeeý bin Haadee Al-Madkhalee

His Connection with the Scholars:
He had a special relationship with many people of knowledge, especially those who would teach in the Islamic University, and not to mention those about whom he heard were people of virtue and good standing, As an example, he had a special relationship with Shaikh ýUmar Fullaata, may Allaah have mercy on him, which can be seen in a lecture he delivered about him after his death, which was later transcribed and published.

His Writings:
Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin Al-ýAbbaad has authored numerous books, some of which were either originally lectures or lessons he gave throughout the course of his life. Below are some of his well-known published books and treatises:

1. ýIshroona Hadeethan min Saheeh-il-Bukhaaree [20 Hadeeth from the Narrations of Al-Bukhaaree]

2. ýIshroona Hadeethan min Saheeh-il-Imaam Muslim [20 Hadeeth from the Narrations of Imaam Muslim]

3. Min Akhlaaq-ir-Rasool-il-Kareem [From the Manners of the Noble Messenger]

4. ýAqeedatu Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaaýah fis-Sahaabat-il-Kiraam [The Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaaýah concerning the Noble Companions] This book is available on Al-Ibaanah.Com as a free downloadable e-book.

5. Fadlu Ahlil-Bait wa ýUloo Makaanatihim ýinda Ahlis-Sunnati wal-Jamaaýah [The Virtue of the Members of the Prophetýs Household and their High Status amongst Ahlus-Sunnah]

6. ýAqeedatu Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Athar fil-Mahdee-il-Muntadhar [The Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Athar concerning the Awaited Mahdee] This book was originally a lecture the Shaikh gave, which Shaikh ýAbdul-ýAzeez bin Baaz, was present for and praised, and announced he would publish before it was completed.

7. Ar-Radd ýalaar-Rifaaýee wal-Bootee [A Refutation of Ar-Rifaaýee and Al-Bootee]

8. Al-Intisaar Lis-Sahaabat-il-Akhyaar [Supporting the Excellent Companions ý A Refutation of the False Allegations of Hasan Al-Maalikee]

9. Fadlul-Madeenah wa Adaab Suknaahaa wa Ziyaaratihaa [The Virtue of Madeenah and the Etiquettes of Living in it and Visiting it]

10. Sharh ýAqeedah Ibn Abee Zaid Al-Qayrawaanee [An Explanation of the Creed of Ibn Abee Zaid Al-Qayrawaanee] This explanation is based on various lesson he would give in the masjid. Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin was one of the first Salafee scholars, if not the first, to explain this book. Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree, who died in the middle of 1418H said: ýNo Salafee scholar explained the Creed of Ibn Abee Zaid Al-Qayrawaanee. Only the Ashaýrees have explained it.ý

11. Min Aqwaal-il-Munsifeen fis-Sahaabee al-Khaleefah Muýaawiyah [From the Statements of the Impartial on the Companion, the Caliph Muýaawiyah] This book has been translated and is available in the English language.

12. Rifqan Ahlus-Sunnah bi-Ahlis-Sunnah [Ahlus-Sunnah, be gentle with one another] This book has been published on-line and in book format.

13. Fatýh-ul-Qawee-il-Mateen bi-Sharh-il-Arbaýeen [Allaahýs Aid in Explaining An-Nawaweeýs 40 Hadeeth] An excellent book in which the Shaikh explains An-Nawaweeýs 42 hadeeth and Ibn Rajabýs additional 8 hadeeth ý 50 in total.

14. Sharh Shuroot as-Salaat [An Explanation of the Conditions, Pillars and Requirements of Prayer] This is a brief explanation of the classical work of Imaam Muhammad bin ýAbdil-Wahhaab, which is pending publication by Al-Ibaanah Book Publishing.

Shaikh ‘Abdul-Muhsin has many more books and treatises attributed to him, whether from his writings or a transcription of his lectures and lessons, which have not been mentioned here.

The Scholarsý Praise for him:
The great scholar, Hammaad Al-Ansaaree, may Allaah have mercy on him, said about him: ýVerily, my eyes did not see the likes of Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin Al-ýAbbaad in terms of piety.ý [Tarjamah Hammad Al-Ansaaree (2/621)]

It is important to note that Shaikh Hammaad said this even though he had met and accompanied great scholars the likes of Muhammad bin Ibraaheem Aali Shaikh, Al-Muýallimee, Ibn Baaz and Al-Albaanee. So this is a significant testimony.

Since Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin Al-ýAbbaad was well-versed in the field of Hadeeth, the great scholar, Imaam Al-Albaanee, would rely on some of his verifications, as can be seen in his as-Saheehah (5/276). While authenticating a hadeeth about the Mahdee and quoting Ibn Al-Qayyim as saying it was good, he said: ýShaikh Al-ýAbbaad concurred with it in his treatise on the Mahdee.ý

He had a very strong relationship with his teacher, Shaikh ýAbdul-ýAzeez bin Baaz. Whever someone would come from Madeenah (to Riyadh), he would ask them about Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin Al-ýAbbaad, Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree and Shaikh ýUmar Fullaata. [Jawaanib min Seerah Ibn Baaz (pg. 261)]

Shaikh Al-Albaanee, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: ýI do not know of anyone equal to him in this era with devotion to the Hadeeth and vast research of it. I cannot do without nor do I see that anyone else can do without his books and benefiting from them.ý

Examples of his Piety:
When the Shaikh served as president of the Islamic University of Madeenah, he didnýt abuse his position and take it as an opportunity to oppress the workers and employees. Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree relates: ýI went to the University at the time of ýAsr when Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin served as its president. And there would be no one in the University except for him and me. So I said to him: ýWhy donýt you bring someone who will open the University for you before you come?ý He replied: ýI will not make anybody work at this time because it is a time of rest.ý This was at the time of ýAsr.ý

One graduate from the University related that when the Shaikh was president there he would not like to stop the university car on the road to buy things for the house. Meaning: Since the car was just to take him to and from work, he would not like to abuse this by using it for personal reasons.

On another occasion, when his term of presidency ended, his driver saw him standing on the street waiting, so he passed by him as usual and offered to take him home, but he replied: ýI wouldnýt think of it. My term as president has ended and I called my son to come and get me.ý

Examples of his Humor and Joking:
In his lecture on Shaikh ýUmar Fullaataýs biography, Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin said: ýFrom the funny incidents between us is that I would always joke with Shaikh ýUmar about his age and how old he was even though he did not look it. One year while we were on Hajj, we went inside one of the tents in ýArafaat where we saw a man whose hair had become completely white ý even his eyebrows. So I told Shaikh ýUmar: ýThis man is from your peersý ý meaning he is old. After we sat down, the man looked at me and said: ýI am your student. You taught me during the night courses of the primary school in Riyadh.ý This was around 1374H. While I was studying in Riyadh, I would teach voluntary courses in the evening at that school where most of the students worked during the day. So Shaikh ýUmar, may Allaah have mercy on him, saw that as an opportunity to turn the tables around on me. Thereafter, he kept asking that man over and over again: ýYou are Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsinýs student?ýý

His Lessons:
As mentioned before, Shaikh ýAbdul-Muhsin holds regular lessons at the Prophetýs Masjid in addition to teaching in the University. He also holds some classes in his masjid. From the classical works that he would explain in the Haram during his lessons there and which can be found in the tape library at the Haram:

1. An explanation of the abridgement of al-Alfiyyah of As-Suyootee (57 tapes)
2. An explanation of the Creed of Ibn Abee Zayd Al-Qayrawaanee (14 tapes)
3. An explanation of Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, which he did not complete (623 tapes)
4. An explanation of Sunan An-Nasaaýee (414 tapes)
5. An explanation of Sunan Abee Dawood (272 tapes) and still ongoing
6. An explanation of the Book of Fasting from al-Lulýlu wal-Marjaan (7 tapes)
7. An explanation of Adaab-ul-Mashee ilaas-Salaat (14 tapes)

May Allaah reward the Shaikh for his great efforts in educating the Muslims and spreading the truth and may He preserve him. The telephone number of the Shaikh in Madeenah is 04/8475207.

Sources for his Biography:
This biography was taken from various postings on sahab.net.
PRODUCED BY:       Al-Ibaanah.com

(End of biography)

Shaikh Abdul Muhsin al Abbad answers a question: https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2011/01/14/shaikh-abdul-muhsin-al-abbaad-answers-a-question/