Posts Tagged ‘don’t’

Ask the People of Knowledge if you don’t know – Imaam as-Sa’dee

November 19, 2013

 

 

 

 

Imaam as-Sa’dee said in his explanation of verse:

 

 

فَاسْأَلُوا أَهْلَ الذِّكْرِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ لا تَعْلَمُوْنَ

So ask the People of Knowledge if you do not know.” (16:43)


{ وعموم هذه الآية، فيها مدح أهل العلم، وأن أعلى أنواعه، العلم بكتاب الله المنزل. فإن الله أمر من لا يعلم، بالرجوع إليهم، في جميع الحوادث، وفي ضمنه، تعديل لأهل العلم، وتزكية لهم، حيث أمر بسؤالهم}

 

And the generality of this verse contains praise for the People of Knowledge. And that the highest category of it (knowledge) is knowledge of the revealed Book of Allaah. For indeed Allaah commanded the one who doesn’t know to return to them (the People of Knowledge) in every situation. And contained in it is praise for the People of Knowledge and tazkiyyah (purification/recommendation) for them, because He commanded that they be asked.”

 

 

Imaam as-Sa’dee also said in explanation of verse (21:7):

 

 

فَاسْأَلُوا أَهْلَ الذِّكْرِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ لا تَعْلَمُوْنَ

So ask the People of Knowledge if you do not know.”

{وهذه الآية وإن كان سببها خاصا بالسؤال عن حالة

الرسل المتقدمين من أهل الذكر وهم أهل العلم,فإنها عامة في كل مسألة من مسائل الدين أصوله وفروعه,إذا لم يكن عند الإنسان علم منها,أن يسأل من يعلمها,ففيه الأمر بالتعلم والسؤال لأهل العلم,ولم يأمر بسؤالهم إلا لأنهم يجب عليهم التعليم والإجابة عما علموه}

 

 

This verse, even though the reason for it was specifically to ask about the case of the previous Messengers from the People of the Reminder – and they are the People of Knowledge, then indeed it is general for every matter from the matters of the religion – its foundations and its branches – when a person doesn’t have knowledge about it, he asks the one who knows it. So in this is the command to learn from and ask the People of Knowledge. And He didn’t command that they be asked except because it is obligatory upon them to teach and answer with what they know”

Definition of the Arraaf, the Kaahin, and how the Magician is from them and like them

October 4, 2013

 

The following is a collection of select quotes – mainly taken from Shaikh Fawzaan’s unabridged explanation of Kitaabut Tawheed (which can be found on his website here: http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/sites/default/files/mostafeed.pdf ) and including one quote from Shaikh Bin Baz regarding the definition of the ‘Arraaf, the Kaahin, and how the Magician is from them and like them.

The Arabic texts for what was translated can be found in the following file: quotes

The page numbering is based on the (above) file at Shaikh Fawzaan’s website.

Shaikh Fawzaan said:

Fortune-telling means: claiming knowledge of the unseen by using devilish means. So the Kaahin (fortune-teller) is: the one who informs about the hidden things with regards to the future, or things which are lost, because he has humiliated himself for the devils. Because the devils have an ability that mankind doesn’t have. They can ascend in the sky and they try to eavesdrop (on the angels’ conversations) in the sky. Then they tell what they have heard to whoever humiliates themselves for them from mankind. Then this person takes the one word which was heard in the sky (told to them by the devils) and mixes with it 100 lies in order to deceive the people1.

And the devils don’t inform anyone unless they obey them, disbelieve in Allaah – Exalted and Lofty is He, worship others along with Allaah, and carried out all that the devils have dictated to him from disbelief and polytheism. If a person does not do that, then the devils do not obey the Believer who worships only Allaah (God, The Creator). They only obey the one who does what they desire from disbelief in Allaah and worshiping others with Allaah. (p.504-5)

Shaikh Fawzaan said:

He (the author – Imaam Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhaab) said: “And it is said: He (the ‘Arraaf) is: the Kaahin (fortune-teller)”

Meaning: the ‘Arraaf and the Kaahin are the same. Because each of them informs about the hidden matters through the use of the devils. So all of them work for the devils even if they differ in title – this is an ‘Arraaf, this is a Kaahin – for the meaning is one, and the work is one – and that (work) is: claiming to have knowledge of the unseen, hidden matters, even though (the names) differ in wording.

(the author said):

And the Kaahin is the one who informs about the hidden matters with regards to the future”

By way of the devils telling him what they know from those things that mankind doesn’t know. Because the devils know some things that people don’t know. They will tell people about any future events they may know about (see footnote #1) if the people humiliate themselves for them, seek to get closer to them, and do what they desire from disbelieving in Allaah and worshiping others with Him.

So when a person from mankind seeks nearness to a person from the jinn by doing what he (the jinnee) wants, then the jinnee will serve him (the human) in what he seeks from him (by telling him anything he may know) about the hidden, unseen matters. (p.512-513)

Shaikh Fawzaan said:

He (the author) said:

The ‘Arraaf is: the name for the Kaahin (fortune-teller), the Munajjim (astrologer), the Rammaal (one who claims knowledge of the unseen, hidden matters by drawing lines in the sand) and those like them.”

Because the word “’Arraaf” is general. Everyone who claims to know the future – whether by using fortune-telling, or astrology, or by drawing lines in the sand – comes under this (term). For all of them work with the devils and seek closeness to them. For this reason, Allaah, The Most High, said (translated):

Shall I inform you (O people!) upon whom the Shayâtin (devils) descend? They descend on every lying (one who tells lies), sinful person who gives ear (to the devils and they pour what they may have heard of the unseen from the angels), and most of them are liars.2 (Ash-Shu’ara 26:221-3)\

What falls under this is the Kaahin, the Munajjim, the Rammaal, and the ‘Arraaf – all of them fall under the words: “lying, sinful person” (26:222) and the devils descend upon them.

In opposition to the Prophets – alayhimus-salaatu was-salaam – for indeed the angels descend upon them. For this reason He (Allaah) said (translated):

And the devils have not descended with it” (26:210) meaning: with the Qur’an. “Neither would it suit them, nor they can (produce it). Verily, they have been removed far from hearing it.3 (26:211 – 212)

So the Prophets – alayhimus-salaatu was-salaam – the angels descend upon them from The Most Merciful. As for the Kuhhaan, then the devils descend upon them. So this includes everyone who speaks about knowing matters by way of these means from those who inform about these things by using those methods that they call drawing lines in the sand, and the rest of (these methods). So this is a comprehensive explanation.

As for (their) differing in the methods (wasaa’il) – this one uses this, that one uses that – then the result is one, the result is (their) claiming knowledge of the unseen, hidden matters. What is important is the result and the ruling.

The result is: informing about knowledge of the unseen, hidden matters and claiming to share with Allaah – He is the Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects – in knowing the unseen, hidden matters.

The ruling is: All of these people are disbelievers, because they claim to share with Allaah, The Most High, in an attribute which is from His greatest attributes, and that is: knowing the unseen, hidden matters. (p.513-514)

Shakh Bin Baz said4:

It is not permissible to seek treatment from magicians or fortune-tellers. Because the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – prohibited going to the fortune-tellers and magicians. He – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – said (translated): “Don’t go to them.” And he – alaihe as-salaatu was-salaam – said (translated): “Whoever goes to an ‘Arraaf and asks him about something, his salaah is not accepted for 40 days.” (Imaam) Muslim collected and narrated it in his Saheeh5

And the ‘Arraaf (one who claims knowledge of the unseen/hidden matters) is a general term which includes the Kaahin (fortune-teller), the astrologer, the magician, the Rammaal (one who draws lines in the sand and claims to be able to tell from that the unseen/hidden matters) and whoever resembles them…

Shaikh Fawzaan said:

It is not permissible to go to magicians or to believe them. For magicians are like Kuhhaan (fortune-tellers), or more evil than Kuhhaan. And the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – said:

من أتى كَاهِنًا لم تُقبل له صلاة أربعين يومًا

“Whoever goes to a Kaahin (fortune-teller), his salaah is not accepted for 40 days.”6

And he – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – said:

من أتى كاهنًا أو عرّافًا فصدّقه بما يقول فقد كفر بما أُنزل على محمَّد صلى الله عليه وسلم

“Whoever goes to a Kaahin or an ‘Arraaf, then believes in what he says, has indeed disbelieved in what was sent down to Muhammad – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam.”7

And magic is from the Taghoot and from Jibt as has preceeded – and it is more evil than fortune-telling. Since it is obligatory for the Muslims to boycott and distance themselves from the Kaahin, and the one who goes to him (the Kaahin) – his salaah is not accepted for 40 days, and he disbelieves in what was sent down to Muhammad – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, then how can some people go to magicians and conjurers when they may order him to commit shirk, they may order him to sacrifice an animal for other than Allaah?! This matter is very dangerous. The Muslims must warn from this trial (balaa’), this epidemic, and this danger so that it doesn’t spread amongst the Muslims. (p.490)

Shaikh Fawzaan said:

The appropriateness of this chapter with regards to the chapter which came before it : the chapter before this one clarified magic and the ruling on the magician, as well as clarifying some of the types of magic. And this chapter is about the ruling of the Kuhhaan (fortune-tellers). That is because of the resemblance between the Kuhhaan and the magicians. Because both magic and fortune-telling are devilish actions which negate and oppose the Aqeedah (correct belief). (p.504)

Translated by Ummu Khadijah

Footnotes

1 ‘Urwa reported from ‘A’isha that she said that people asked Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) about the kahins. Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to them: It is nothing (i. e. it is a mere superstition). They said: Allaah’s Messenger, they at times narrate to us things which we find true. Thereupon Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: That is a word pertaining to truth which a jinn snatches away and then cackles into the ear of his friend as the hen does. And then they mix in it more than one hundred lies.

From Saheeh Muslim, Kitaabus Salaam (book of Salutation and Greetings), chapter: Kihaabah (fortune-telling) is prohibited and it is prohibited to go to the Kaahin (fortune-teller)

This hadeeth taken from: http://spubs.com/sps/smm/

2Translation of these verses taken from: www.thenoblequran.com

3Translation of these two verses taken from: www.thenoblequran.com

5With the wording:

من أتى عرَّافًا فسألَه عن شيٍء لم تُقْبَلْ لهُ صلاةٌ أربعين ليلةً

(there being only one difference in the wording – “nights” as opposed to “days”, though there are other authentic ahaadeeth which mention “days”)

Found in Saheeh Muslim, Kitaabus Salaam (book of Salutation and Greetings) under the chapter “Kihaanah (e.g. fortune-telling) is forbidden and it is forbidden to go to the Kaahin (fortune-teller)”:

Safiyya reported from some of the wives of Allaah’s Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) Allaah’s Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having said: He who visits a diviner (‘Arraf) and asks him about anything, his prayers extending to forty nights will not be accepted

The translation of the hadeeth taken from: http://spubs.com/sps/smm/

6 I couldn’t find this exact wording. However, many scholars have said that a hadeeth can be narrated by meaning if certain conditions are met. For example what Shaikh Uthaymeen said here:

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_16871.shtml under the heading:

رواية الحديث بالمعنى

7 Shaikh Albaanee declared it Saheeh in Saheeh al Jaamee’ (5939)

“And Don’t Transgress…”

April 14, 2012

Allah (God, The Creator) says in the Quran1 (translated):

And fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but don’t transgress. Indeed, Allah doesn’t like the transgressors.” 2:190

Imam Baghawee said in explanation of this verse:

ومعنى قوله: ( وَلا تَعْتَدُوا ) أي لا تقتلوا النساء والصبيان والشيخ الكبير والرهبان ولا من ألقى إليكم السلام هذا قول ابن عباس ومجاهد:

And the meaning of His Statement “And don’t transgress” is: Don’t kill women, or children, or old people, or monks, nor anyone who gives  you the salaam.  This is the statement of Ibn Abbaas and Muhaahid

:Imam Ibn Kathir said2 in explanation of this verse

وقوله: ( وَلا تَعْتَدُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ ) أي: قاتلوا في سبيل الله ولا تعتدوا في ذلك ويدخل في ذلك ارتكاب المناهي كما قاله الحسن البصري من المَثُلة، والغُلُول، وقتل النساء والصبيان والشيوخ الذين لا رأي لهم ولا قتال فيهم، والرهبان وأصحاب الصوامع، وتحريق الأشجار وقتل  الحيوان لغير مصلحة، كما قال ذلك ابن عباس، وعمر بن عبد العزيز، ومقاتل بن حيان، وغيرهم

And His (God’s ) Statement: “And don’t transgress, indeed Allah doesn’t like the transgressors” means: Fight in the way of Allah but don’t transgress in that.  Included in that is the commission of prohibited acts – as al-Hasan al-Basree said – from the mutilation (of bodies), stealing from the war booty, and killing women, children, and senile old men who are unable to fight, and (prohibited are) the killing of monks and hermits, and the burning of trees, and killing animals for no beneficial reason – as was said by Ibn Abbaas, Umar bin Abdul Azeez, Muqaatil bin Hayyaan, and others.

1The last book sent down  for mankind before the Day of Judgement

2Tafaaseer taken from http://qurancomplex.org/

Explanation of “Don’t boycott more than three days”

April 1, 2012

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=123855

The Question:

There comes in the hadeeth from the Messenger of Allah – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – that he said: “Let not one one of you boycott his brother for more than three days…”   What is the ruling of boycotting the people of innovation after advising them?

The Answer (from Shaikh Saalih Fawzaan):

Not boycotting his brother for more than three days – this is with regards the affairs of the dunya. When there is between you and him a dispute in the affairs of the dunya.  So in that case it is not permissible for you to boycott him, but if you must boycott him, then the boycott can only be for three days.  After that, you don’t continue to boycott him…As for when boycotting is due to matters of the deen (religion), then in this case he boycotts until he (the one boycotted) repents to Allah – Azza wa Jall.  He boycotts him until he repents to Allah – whether he (the boycotted one) is an innovator or not – he is boycotted until he repents to Allah.  The Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – boycotted some of the Sahabah who had stayed behind from the Battle of Tabook.  He boycotted them for more than 40 days.  He boycotted them until they repented to Allah – Azza wa Jall – and their tawbah (repentance) was sent down from Allah – Azza wa Jall.

 

Shaikh Fawzaan answers a similar question here:

http://mtws.posthaven.com/he-is-boycotted-until-he-repents-by-shaykh-sa

 

Saying: I Do Not Know

March 23, 2012

http://daragharbi.org/2012/03/22/saying-i-do-not-know/

The Living Scholar Saalih Fawzaan

December 16, 2010

Translated from: http://www.ajurry.com/TarjamaFozan.htm

A brief biography of the Shaikh, the Allaamah, Saalih  bin Fawzaan al-Fawzaan

His lineage:

He is the Noble Shaikh, the Doctor: Saalih bin Fawzaan bin Abdullah, from the people of ash Shamaasiyyah and al Wadaa’een, from the tribe of ad Dawaasir

His upbringing and studies:

He was born in the year 1354 Hijree (calendar) and his father died when he was young, so he was raised by his family.  He learned the Noble Qur’an, reading, and writing from the Imam of the Masjid in his area who was a skillful reciter and the Noble Shaikh: Hamood bin Sulaymaan at Tilaal – who was later appointed judge in the town Dariyah in the area of Qaseem.

Then he joined the government school when it opened in Shamaasiyyah in the year 1369 H. He completed his beginning studies at Faisaliyyah School in Buraidah in 1371H and he was appointed as an elementary school teacher.  Then he joined the educational institute in Buraidah when it opened in 1373H and graduated from it in 1377H.  Then he joined the School of Sharee’aah (Kuliyyah – school which is part of a larger university, ex: School of Medicine, School of Law, School of Business (etc) which are all part of a larger university) in Riyadh and graduated from it in 1381.  He later obtained a Master’s and then a Doctorate degree specializing in fiqh from this School.

His jobs

After his graduation from the School of Sharee’ah, he was appointed teacher in the educational institute in Riyadh.  Then he was  transferred to teach in the School of Sharee’ah. Then he was transferred to teach in Graduate Studies in the School of Fundamentals of the Religion.  Then (he was transferred) to the Higher Institute of the Judiciary.  Then he was appointed Principal of the Higher Institute of the Judiciary.  Then he went back to teaching in it after his time as principal ended.  Then he was transferred to being a member of the Permanent Committee for Fataawaa and Scholarly Research and he hasn’t stopped having that job.

His other work

He is a noble scholar from the Major Ulama, a member of the Fiqh Council in Noble Makkah (part of ar-Raabitah), a member of the Supervisory Committee over the Du’aat (callers) during Hajj, along with his work in the Permanent Committee for Fataawaa and Scholarly Research. And he is Imaam, Khateeb (lecturer), and Teacher at the Masjid of the Prince Mut’ib bin ‘Abdul ‘Azeez Aal Sa’ood in Malaz. He shares in answering questions on the radio program “Noor ‘alaa al Darb”. He also regularly contributes to knowledge-based publications at the Council for Scholarly Research, Studies, Treatises, and Fataawaa – some of which are collected and published. He also supervises many of the knowledge-based treatises (written by students) in the Masters (degree) and Doctorate programs. Numerous students of knowledge study directly from him, continually attending his sittings and Islamic lessons.

His Mashaayikh (Scholars who taught him)

The Noble Scholar studied at the hands of numerous lofty Scholars, the most well-known of them being: the Honorable Scholar ‘Abdul ‘Azeez Bin Baaz, the Honorable Scholar Abdullah bin Humaid – he would attend his lessons in the Masjid of Buraidah, the Honorable Scholar Muhammad al Ameen ash-Shinqeetee, the Honorable Scholar ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee, the Honorable Scholar Saalih bin ‘Abdur-Rahman as-Sukaytee, the Honorable Scholar Saalih bin Ibraheem al- Bulayhee, the Honorable Scholar Muhammad bin Subayyal, the Honorable Scholar ‘Abdullah bin Saalih al-Khulayfee, the Honorable Scholar Ibraheem bin ‘Ubayd al-‘Abd al-Muhsin, and the Honorable Scholar Saalih al-‘Alee an-Naasir. And he studied from other than them…

His Authored Works

The Noble Scholar has authored many works. From the most prominent of them:

An Explanation of (Ibn Taymiyyah’s) Aqeedatul Wasitiyyah in one small volume

A collection of lectures regarding Aqeedah (beliefs) and Dawah (calling to the correct path) in two volumes

A collection of fataawaa in Aqeedah and Fiqh (jurisprudence) taken from Noor ‘alaa ad-Darb (radio program) 4 volumes completed

Criticism of the book The Halal and Haram in Islam

An Explanation of Kitaabut Tawheed by Imam Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab – a simple explanation which can be used in schools (He also wrote his own very beneficial book called Kitaabut Tawheed)

Summary of Fiqh Principles in two volumes

Clarification of what the person making Hajj and/or ‘Umrah should do

(for a more complete list of his works, see the Arabic in the link given)

Additionally there are a number of books, research works and knowledge-based treatises – some of which have been published and some of which are in the process of being published.

 

(End of what I translated from his biography)

Translated by Ummu Khadijah

 

 A biography of him from salafitalk:

http://salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=19&Topic=9412

 

Shaikh Fawzaan on the meaning of “Ahlus Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah”

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/04/01/shaikh-fawzaan-on-the-meaning-of-ahlus-sunnah-wal-jamaaah/

Shaikh Fawzaan on so-called “Islamic” songs

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/04/01/so-called-islamic-songs/

The fact that the majority does something is not a proof that it is correct:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/04/01/the-fact-that-the-majority-does-something-is-not-a-proof-that-it-is-correct/

Explanation of “Don’t boycott more than three days”

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/04/01/explanation-of-dont-boycott-more-than-three-days/

Shaikh Fawzaan on saying “Madkhalis”

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2011/01/01/shaikh-fawzaan-on-saying-madkhalis/

 

9 Questions about the Jinn:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/08/18/9-questions-about-the-jinn-answered-by-shaikh-fawzaan/

 

Difference between Hadith Qudsi and the Quran

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/08/05/difference-between-hadith-qudsi-and-the-quran-and-between-it-and-other-ahaadeeth/

 

The devil didn’t make you do it

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/06/06/the-devil-didnt-make-you-do-it/

 

Putting Parents in a Rest Home

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/putting-parents-in-a-rest-home-by-shaikh-fawzaan/