Posts Tagged ‘heart’

The Importance of Saying: “O Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm on your religion”

September 19, 2013

 

 

 

 

 

Anas bin Malik narrated:

 

كانَ رسولُ اللَّهِ صلَّى اللَّهُ علَيهِ وسلَّمَ يُكْثِرُ

أن يقولَ : يا مُقلِّبَ القلوبِ ثبِّت قَلبي على دينِكَ ، فقلتُ : يا

رسولَ اللَّهِ ، آمنَّا بِكَ وبما جئتَ بِهِ فَهَل

تخافُ علَينا ؟ قالَ : نعَم ، إنَّ القُلوبَ

بينَ إصبُعَيْنِ مِن أصابعِ اللَّهِ يقلِّبُها كيفَ شاءَ

The Messenger of Allaah -sallalahu alayhe wa sallam – used to say a lot:

يا مُقلِّبَ القُلُوْبِ

ثَبِّت قَلْبِي عَلَى دِيْنِكَ

 

 

“O Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm upon your religion”

So I (Anas) said: O Messenger of Allaah, we have believed in you and believed in everything you have been sent with, so are you afraid for us? He said: “Yes.  Indeed the hearts are between two fingers from the fingers of Allaah – He turns them however He wills”

 

Shaikh Albanee declared this hadeeth to be Saheeh in Saheeh at Tirmidhee (2140)

The following translated from:

http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/12115

 

 

Question: The Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – used to say: Allahumma Muqallibal-quloob thabbit qalbee ‘alaa deenik (O Allaah, The Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm on your religion)1. And he said to ‘Aa’ishah (radiallahu anhaa): Indeed the hearts are between the two fingers of The Most Merciful2. What is the correct way to understand this hadeeth?

 

 

 

 

A (Shaikh Bin Baz): The hadeeth is clear. He – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – said:

 

إن القلوب بين أصبعين من أصابع الرحمن يقلبها كيف يشاء

Indeed the hearts are between two fingers from the fingers of The Most Merciful – He turns them however He wills”3

The meaning is that Allaah – Lofty and Exalted is He – He is the One in Whose Hand is the giving of firmness in (all) the affairs. So the Believer asks his Lord to keep him firm upon faith and keep him firm upon the truth. The hearts turn and they are between two fingers from the fingers of The Most Merciful – this is according to what is befitting to Allaah. It is established that Allaah has fingers in a manner that is befitting to Allaah4

And that Allaah – Lofty and Exalted is He – in His Hand is the ability to change the affairs and turn the hearts however He wills. He turns the heart of this one, so he apostates from his deen5, He turns the heart of this one and he becomes Muslim, and He turns the heart of this one and he falls into sin.

So the hearts are in the hand of Allaah – Lofty and Exalted is He – He is the One Who changes them however He wills – He is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects. The Believer asks his Lord (by saying):

اللَهُمَّ ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِي عَلَى دِيْنِكَ

‘O Allaah, keep my heart firm upon your religion’

(and by saying):

اللَهُمَّ يَا مُقَلِّبَ القُلُوْبِ ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِي عَلَى دِيْنِكَ

‘O Allaah, O Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm upon your religion’

(and by saying):

اللَهُمَّ يَا مُصَرِّفَ القُلُوْبِ صَرِّفْ قَلْبِي عَلَى طَاعَتِكَ

O Allaah, O Turner of the hearts, turn my heart to your obedience”6

(The Believer) asks his Lord for firmness.

And Allaah – Exalted and Lofty is He – is described as having fingers, and He has a hand – Exalted and Lofty is He – in a manner that is befitting to Him – He is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects.

He does not resemble the things He has created – not in the hand, nor the fingers, nor in speech, nor in being pleased, nor in being angry, nor in other than that just as He – Who is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects – said (translated):

There is nothing like Him, and He is The All-Hearing, The All-Seeing” (42:11)

 

and He, The Most High, said (translated):

 

To Allaah belongs the most beautiful Names, so call upon Him by them.” (7:180)

 

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

 

1 Anas bin Malik narrated it with this wording:

 

اللهم يا مُقلِّبَ القلوبِ ، ثبِّتْ قلبي على دينِك

Shaikh Albaanee declared it to be saheeh in Saheeh al Adab al Mufrad (527)

2 ‘Aa’isha narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) used to say a lot:

يامُثَبِّتَ القلوبِ ثبِّتْ قلبي على دينِكَ

O One Who makes the hearts firm, make my heart firm upon your religion”. So I (‘Aa’ishah) said: “O Messenger of Allaah, you make this du’a a lot, are you afraid?” He said: “Yes. Who would keep me safe, O ‘Aa’ishah, while the hearts of the servants are between two fingers from the fingers of The Most Merciful?”

Shaikh Albaanee declared it saheeh in Takhreej Kitaab wa Sunnah (233)

http://dorar.net/enc/hadith (a hadeeth encyclopedia)

3 With the wording:

إنَّ القُلوبَ بينَ إصبُعَيْنِ مِن أصابعِ اللَّهِ يقلِّبُها كيفَ شاءَ

Narrated by Anas bin Malik. Shaikh Albaanee declared it saheeh in Saheeh at-Tirmidhee (2140). There are various authentic and similar wordings for this dua and hadeeth. And Allaah knows best.

http://dorar.net/enc/hadith (a hadeeth encyclopedia)

4 Translator’s note: we don’t say that Allaah’s Face is like the face of anything from His creation, or that His hearing is like the hearing of any of the creation, or that His fingers are like the fingers of any of the creation. While it is established that He has these attributes, we do not know “how” they are – but we do know that they befit His Majesty. And He has said (translated): “There is nothing like Him, and He is The All-Hearing, The All-Seeing” (42:11) And He said (translated): “So put not forward similitudes for Allâh (as there is nothing similar to Him, nor He resembles anything). Truly! Allâh knows and you know not. (An-Nahl 16:74) (translation of that verse taken from: www.thenoblequran.com). For an excellent book on the topic of Allaah’s Names and Attributes and what are the correct beliefs regarding them, see here:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/08/10/book-recommendation-exemplary-principles-concerning-the-names-and-attributes-of-allaah/ as well as here:

http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?secID=SCL&subsecID=SCL08&loadpage=displaysubsection.cfm

5 And Allaah is never unjust.

Verily! Allâh will not change the good condition of a people as long as they do not change their state of goodness themselves (by committing sins and by being ungrateful and disobedient to Allâh).” (13:11)

 

This is because of that (evil) which your hands have sent before you. And certainly, Allâh is never unjust to (His) slaves.” (Aali Imran 3:182)

Translation of both verses taken from: www.thenoblequran.com

6 With the wording:

اللَّهمَّ مُصرِّفَ القلوبِ صرِّف قلوبَنا على طاعتِكَ

Narrated by Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin al-‘Aas, from Saheeh Muslim, Book of al-Qadr (The Book of Divine Decree)

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Do Refutations Harden the Heart?

November 13, 2012

The following translation taken from:

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=11&Topic=5836

Question to Sheikh Fawzan


Q: What is your view on the one who says the books of refutations harden the heart?


A: No, leaving off refutations is what hardens the heart, because the people will live upon error and misguidance so their hearts will become harden; but if the truth is clarified and falsehood is refuted then this is what softens the heart without doubt.

(Arabic text below)

السؤال – ما رأيكم في من يقول إن كتب الردود يقسي القلوب

لا! ترك الردود يقسي القلوب

لإن الناس يعيشون على الخطاء وعلى الضلال وتقسو القلوب

أما إذا بين الحق ورد الباطل فهذا مما يلين القلوب بلا شك

Listen to the audio
http://k003.kiwi6.com/hotlink/73d751bwoo/shaikh_fawzaan_-_refuting_falsehood_softens_the_hearts.mp3

Question to Sheikh Rabee


http://www.rabee.net/show_fatwa.aspx?id=73


Q: What do you say oh Sheikh to the one who says too much talk about minhaj hardens the heart?


A: Meaning that a lot of talk about the minhaj and correcting it and studying it hardens the heart, but calling to myths, and innovations, and misguidance and to the ideas of the khawarij softens the heart—Masha ALLAH!!! The dawa to the minhaj; calling to the book of ALLAH and to the sunna of the Messenger peace and blessings are upon him, and what is contained in the book of ALLAH and the sunna of the Messenger peace and blessing are upon him, from the belief system (aqeedah), and the acts of worship, and the actions, and correcting the minhaj is a great affair that must be done and there is a lot of misguidance concerning this minhaj. And no matter how much the person was to speak about it, his efforts would be minuscule in relation to what is required in this affair. Now when we speak about the minhaj does it reach every Muslim?!!

But speech upon the methodology of Tabligh (Jamaat) or upon the methodology of the Muslim brotherhood, or the methodology of the people who are astray or the methodology of the people of bida, or myths, or deviated creeds and politics and socialism and ideological beliefs, this Masha ALLAH softens the heart!!!! Is this a correct statement? This foolish statement is not able to stand up to the true Islamic minhaj, may ALLAH bless you.

The following summary translation by a student taken from:

http://www.salafitalk.com/archive/index.php/t-191.html?s=a10528ebe2a8450b9b2002aef1573414


Question to the Mufti Shaykh Abdul Aziz Ali Shaykh:


Question: What do you say concerning the one who says: Verily refutations against the people of innovations and misguidance, was not from the practice of the Salaf, and the books of refutations are not befitting to be distributed except between the students of knowledge and they should not be distributed to other than them?


Answer: Refutations upon the people of innovations is from jihad in the cause of Allah, and protection for the legislation of Islam from having something attached to it that is not from it. Thus authoring the books, printing them, and distributing them is correct, and it is calling to the truth, and jihad in the cause of Allah.


Thus whoever presumes that printing the books and spreading the books that refute the innovators is an innovation, then he is in error; because Allah the Exalted said: Oh Prophet strive hard against the disbelievers and the hypocrites and be severe against them. (Chapter 66 verse 9)
Therefore jihad is with the hand, the tongue, and wealth. From jihad with the tongue is to defend the legislation of Islam and to protect it from every fabrication from the doubts and falsehood; included in this is warning from innovation and calling to the truth.


For this reason Imam Ahmad and other than him produced books warning from the innovators. Imam Ahmad authored a treatise entitled “The refutation upon the hypocrites.” So he clarified their doubts and answered every doubt they came with. Al Bukari-may Allah have mercy upon him-authored his book “The actions of the servants are created”. And other than them from the Imams of Islam have authore
d refutations upon the innovators and rebutted their falsehood and established the arguments against them.


Also Shaykh of Islam (ibn Taymiyyah) authored refutations upon the rafidah in his well known book, “The methodology of the Prophetic Sunnah in demolishing the statements of the shia and the qadariya”, and he clarified the falsehood and misguided they are upon.

(The following is the Arabic text from here: http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=130420 )

السؤال :ما تقولون في قول القائل : إن الردود على أهل البدع والزيغ لم تكن ديدن السلف، وإن كتب الردود لا ينبغي أن تنشر إلا بين طلبة العلم، ولا تنشر بين غيرهم ؟


الجواب :الردود على أهل البدع من الجهاد في سبيل الله، ومن حماية الشريعة من أن يلصق بها ما ليس منها، فتأليف الكتب وطبعها ونشرها هنا حق ودعوة للحق وجهاد في سبيل الله، فمن زعم أن طبع الكتب ونشرها في الرد على المبتدعين أمر مبتدع فإنه على خطأ، لأن الله جلا وعلا قال { يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ جَاهِدِ الْكُفَّارَ وَالْمُنَافِقِينَ وَاغْلُظْ عَلَيْهِمْ }.
والجهاد يكون باليد، ويكون باللسان، ويكون بالمال ومن الجهاد باللسان الذب عن هذه الشريعة وحمايتها من كل ما لفق بها من شبه وأباطيل، ومن ذلك التحذير من البدع والدعوة إلى الحق ولهذا صنف الإمام أحمد وغيره كتبًا حذروا فيها من المبتدعين فالإمام أحمد ألف رسالة الرد على الزنادقة وبين شبههم وأجاب عن كل شبهة، والبخاري رحمه الله ألف كتابه خلق أفعال العبادوغيرهم من أئمة الإسلام ألفوا في الرد على المبتدعة ودمغ باطلهم وإقامة الحجج عليهم، وكذلك ألف شيخ الإسلام في الرد على الرافضة كتابه المعروف منهاج السنة النبوية في نقض كلام الشيعة والقدريةوبين ما هم عليه من باطل وضلال .

 جريدة الرياض السعودية : الجمعة 4 المحرم 1424 هـ العدد 12674 – السنة الأربعون بواسطة

الفتاوى المهمة في تبصير الأمة

  فضيلة الشيخ عبد العزيز آل الشيخ

Ibn al Qayyim on the Salah

October 5, 2010

قال ابن القيم الجوزي رحمه الله : (الصَلاةُ : جَلْبَةٌ لِلرِزْق . حَافِظَةٌ ‏لِلصِحَّة دَافِعَةٌ

لِلأذَى ، طَارِدَةٌ لِلأدْوَاء ، مَقْوِيَةٌ لِلقَلْب ، مُبَيِّضَةٌ لِلوَجْه ، ‏مُفْرِحَةٌ لِلنَفْس ، مُذْهِبَةٌ لِلكَسْل

مُنْشِطَةٌ لِلجَوَارِح ، مُمَدِّةٌ لِلقُوَى ‏،شَارِحَةٌ لِلصَدْر، مَغْذِيَةٌ لِلرُوْح ، مُنَوِّرَةٌ لِلقَلْب ، حَافِظَةٌ

لِلنِعْمَة ، دَافِعَةٌ ‏لِلنَقْمَة ، جَالِبَةٌ لِلبَرَكَة, مُبْعِدَةٌ مِن الشَيْطَان، مُقْرِبَةٌ مِن الرَحْمَان

من زاد المعاد

The great Scholar Ibnul Qayyim al Jawzee (rahimahullah) said (translated): “The Salaah: (1)brings the sustenance, (2) preserves the health, (3) defends from harm, (4) repels the illnesses, (5) strengthens the heart, (6) brightens the face, (7) delights the soul, (8) removes laziness, (9) energizes the limbs, (10) increases the strength, (11) expands the chest, (12) nourishes the soul, (13) enlightens the heart, (14) preserves the favor, (15) guards against affliction, (16) brings the blessing, (17) distances the shaytaan, (18) brings (the slave) closer to The Most Merciful”

Zaad al Ma’aad