Posts Tagged ‘Imam’

Some Statements from Shaikh adh-Dhafeeri’s Refutation of Muhammad al Imaam, introduced by Shaikh Fawzaan

September 7, 2015

Firstly, a reminder about what Shaikh Rabee said a year agp when he was asked about Shaikh Ubaid al Jaabiree’s declaring Muhammad al Imaam to be an innovator, to which he responded:

( http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=146223 )

“Firstly, it is obligatory upon Muhammad al Imaam to repent to Allaah from this pact”

Then he said,

“I am amazed at the one who seeks to reject the tabdee’ (declaration of one being an innovator) of Shaikh ‘Ubaid for Muhammad al Imaam, but this one doesn’t seek to reject the takfeer (declaring one to be a disbeliever) of some of the Haddaadees (extremists) and Hizbees of myself and Shaikh ‘Ubaid based upon Muhammad al Imaam’s pact”

More statements of the scholars on Muhammad al Imaam’s pact:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/category/teach-children-and-ourselves-islam/aqeedah-and-manhaj/individuals-and-groups-whom-the-scholars-have-criticized/muhammad-al-imaam/

The following are a few sentences translated from the treatise by Shaikh Abdullah bin Sulfeeq adh-Dhafeeri[1] which can be downloaded from here:

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=154275

Shaikh Saalih Fawzaan said about this treatise by Shaikh Abdullah bin Sulfeeq adh-Dhafeeri:

“I have examined the treatise entitled: ‘Alerting those who possess pure intellects’ by Shaikh Abdullah bin Sulfeeq adh-Dhafeeri – (we ask that) Allaah grants him success – and I found it to be satisfactory with regards to its subject.  So (we ask that) Allaah rewards him with good and brings about benefit by his knowledge”

(p.2 in the pdf viewer)

The following are just a few of the statements of Shaikh Abdullah bin Sulfeeq adh-Dhafeeri from the treatise:

“Firstly, Muhammad al Imaam’s continuing to defend the pact and work by its ratified terms until the present – along with the Yemeni and Saudi governments as well as the governments of the Gulf nations being at war with the Houthis – those (Houthis) who have broken agreements, killed Ahlus Sunnah, betrayed them numerous times and who are supported by Iran which supplies them with weapons and equipment.

“Secondly, the followers of Muhammad al Imaam misguiding the people with fabrications about the noble Shaikh Saalih bin Fawzaan al Fawzaan in saying that he approves of this pact.” (p.4 in the pdf viewer)

Shaikh Abdullah bin Sulfeeq adh-Dhafeeri said:

“The unrestrictiveness of their statement (in the pact): ‘And the absence of war, mutual clashing, fighting, or fitnah no matter what the circumstances or the reasons’

“The unrestrictiveness of this shows foolishness, weakness, and cowardice.  Because it requires and necessitates a lack of fighting the Houthis no matter what they do.  Even if they fight and kill Ahlus Sunnah in all areas of Yemen, or if the (scholars and rulers) of the Muslims of Ahlus Sunnah announce a general call to arms against the Houthis, then Muhammad al Imaam will stick to the pact and won’t fight with his Muslim brothers from Ahlus Sunnah even if jihaad and fighting are considered fard ayn (an individual obligation).

“Likewise it requires that Muhammad al Imaam and whoever is under his leadership stick to this pact and this unrestricted agreement even if there occurs from the Houthis treachery and betrayal.” (p.9 in the pdf viewer)

Shaikh Abdullah bin Sulfeeq adh-Dhafeeri said:

“This is what Muhammad al Imaam has made obligatory with the Houthis which is built upon this agreement which he endorsed – even up until the present.  For indeed on the first jumuah after “Decisive Storm”[2] (started) he rejected this fighting.  This fighting which was a result of the Houthis breaking and betraying their treaties and their international agreement – and he called (this fighting against the Shia Houthis) the fighting of fitnah.  And he continues to be upon this.  He emphasized this in the khutbah he gave on the 15th of Shawwal 1436H in which he portrayed the fighting which is occurring right now against the (Shia) Houthis as the fighting of fitnah.  And (he mentioned) that whoever left it was the one who had intellect and understanding – and he meant by that himself and his followers.   He mentioned texts and narrations to try to argue that, which shows that he is only someone who memorizes and transmits (the texts) without understanding them.  And that he doesn’t distinguish between the fighting of jihaad against the evil-doers and the fighting of fitnah.” (p.9 in the pdf viewer)

Shaikh Abdullah bin Sulfeeq adh-Dhafeeri said:

“Seventhly, what it contains from far-reaching danger, and that is what some of Muhammad al Imaam’s followers are doing from misguiding the people through their telling lies about Shaikh Saalih Fawzaan that he supports this pact.  And from this is what has come on the website (which will not be named here) from what Uthmaan as-Saalimee and Jameel al-Haamilee have transmitted – that they showed Shaikh Fawzaan some of the terms of the pact and that he supported Muhammad al Imaam and said:

بما أنها قد وقعت انتهى الأمر

“Because it has already occurred, the affair has ended”

And that he said,

إن الشيخ محمد الإمام هو أعرف بحاله أي حال البلاد

“Indeed Shaikh Muhammad al Imaam is more knowledgeable about his situation”

And that he said,

وبما أن الشيخ محمد قد وقع على هذه الوثيقة فهو أمر مطلوب حفاظا على الدعوة والدماء والأعراض

“Because Shaikh Muhammad has signed this pact, then this is something which is desired to preserve the da’wah, the blood (of the people), and their honor”

“I (Shaikh Abdullah bin Sulfeeq adh-Dhafeeri) say: (Even) If they were truthful in their transmission, then they didn’t present to Shaikh Saalih Fawzaan the entire pact.  If they had shown Shaikh Fawzaan the entire pact along with what has become clear lately from the positions of Muhammad al Imaam regarding the “Decisive Storm” (military strikes), the Shaikh (Fawzaan) would have rejected this pact.  And how could Shaikh Fawzaan agree to its terms while it contains what it contains of calamities and misrepresentation of the (correct) beliefs?” (p.13 in the pdf viewer)

(end of what was translated from that treatise)

Shaikh Rabee on Saudi’s war against the Houthis:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2015/09/03/shaikh-rabee-on-saudis-war-against-the-houthi-raafidhah/

Footnotes

[1] Part of Shaikh Rabee’s praise for Shaikh Abdullah bin Sulfeeq adh-Dhafeeri and one of his books can be found here: http://www.rabee.net/ar/articles.php?cat=7&id=214

[2] The name of Saudi Arabia’s military operation: عَاصِفَة الحزم

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Some of the Statements of the Scholars on Muhammad al Imam and the Pact he signed with the Shi’a

April 21, 2015

File can be downloaded from here:

Some of the statements of the Scholars on Muhammad al Imaam and the pact he signed with the Shia

Al Waajibaat Part 1: The Three Principles that are Obligatory for Every Muslim to Know

March 28, 2013

http://www.authenticstatements.com/al-waajibaat-obligatory-matters-that-every-muslim-should-know-explained-by-shaykh-ahmad-al-najmi/

Note:

The mutoon (texts) of the classical treatises and books of the Scholars may sometimes differ slightly.  Refer to the Scholars of the Sunnah and their students when there is a differing in the text.

The text of al Waajibaat with tashkeel taken from:

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=2888

I made changes where I deemed necessary (changes are indicated by purple font)

I ask that Allah rewards the sister (Umm Hamzah) who tashkeeled and posted it.

Full audio of al Waajibaat here:

http://k007.kiwi6.com/hotlink/30m7546vj6/al_waajibaat.mp3

Part 1 of al-Waajibaat

The Three Principles that are Obligatory for Every Muslim to Know

الْوَاجِبَاتُ الْمُتَحَتِّمَاتُ الْمَعْرِفَةُ عَلَى كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ وَمُسْلِمَةٍالإمام محمد بن عبد الوهاب

الْأُصُولُ الثَّلَاثَةُ الَّتِي يَجِبُ عَلَى كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ وَمُسْلِمَةٍ 1مَعْرِفَتُهَا

وَهِيَ : مَعْرِفَةُ الْعَبْدِ رَبَّهُ وَدِينَهُ وَنَبِيَّهُ مُحَمَّداً صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم :

فَإِنْ قِيلَ لَكَ : مَنْ رَبُّكَ ؟ فَقُلْ: رَبِّيَ اللهُ الَّذِي رَبَّانِي

وَ رَبَّى جَمِيعَ العَالَمِيْنَ بِنِعْمَتِهِ،

وَهُوَ مَعْبُودِي، لَيْسَ لِي مَعْبُودٌ سِوَاهُ

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَكَ: مَا دِينُكَ؟

فَقُلْ : دِينِي الْإِسْلاَمُ ، وَهُوَ الاِسْتِسْلاَمُ للهِ بِالتَّوْحِيدِ

وَ الاِنْقِيَادُ لَهُ بِالطَّاعَةِ وَ الْبَرَاءَةُ مِنَ الشِّرْكِ وَأَهْلِهِ

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَكَ : مَنْ نَبِيُّكَ ؟

فَقُلْ: مُحَمَّدٌ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ بْنِ هَاشِمٍ

وَهَاشِمٌ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ ، وَقُرَيْشٌ مِنَ الْعَرَبِ

وَالْعَرَبُ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّةِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الخَلِيْلِ

عَلَيْهِمَا وَعَلَى نَبِيِّنَا أَفْضَلُ الصَّلاَةِ وَالتَّسْلِيمِ

Audio for this section:

http://k007.kiwi6.com/hotlink/d0xnwm4v4t/3_principles_obligatory_for_every_muslim_to_know.mp3

 

(footnote)

1In some texts:  تَعَلُّمُهَا

Some Advice in Seeking Knowledge – Shaikh Ahmad Bazmool

January 25, 2013

…As for the first matter, and it is that a person thinks that this knowledge is heavy and that he doesn’t understand it

Then this is an error

This is an error

Knowledge is easy

Knowledge is easy

And We have indeed made the Qur’ân easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)?”1(Al-Qamar 54:17)

And the Prophet – (we ask that) Allah raise his rank and grant him peace – said:

I was sent with Haneefiyyah ‘samhah’”

And ‘samhah’ means: easy, clear

So there is nothing in the deen which is difficult or hard

Then what is the problem?

The problem could be in your choosing the wrong level of studies

Meaning: you may need to study some of these issues before attending the likes of these big lessons

Because knowledge, as Az-Zuhree said – is “Awdiyah”2

Whoever desires it

Whoever seeks it all at once

It leaves him all at once

And as some of the Salaf said:

Knowledge is like a ladder

You must climb it step by step3

If you want to climb it all the way to the top (without being ready), you’ll fall

So you must go in levels (step by step)

So then there is nothing heavy regarding knowledge, nor difficult

Additionally you must take care to learn the knowledge you need from the Quran and Sunnah

Specifically the matters of aqeedah and the matters of worship

Specifically the matters of beliefs and the matters of worship

These are matters which are easy and clear, with the Permission of Allah, Lofty and Exalted is He

Meaning, a person may want to study in the beginning, for example, some of the higher Islamic sciences

So he considers knowledge to be hard – and without a doubt this is a mistake

Rather, learn the Quran and the Sunnah with their proper understanding. Because they are, with the Permission of Allah – Lofty and Exalted is He – two beneficial matters for you

Additionally from what is important in learning:

Choosing a teacher who is good at teaching

Additionally from what is important is that you – O Seeker of Knowledge – give importance to this knowledge

You prepare before attending (class)

You concentrate in class

You review after class

What happens (nowadays)?

What happens is that the Seeker of Knowledge doesn’t prepare

And maybe he comes (to class) without his book

When he attends, he is turning right and left

When he leaves, he doesn’t review what he learned and heard

Not even at least to review the matn (text)

And the next time, he says, “I don’t understand”

No, the problem is not that you don’t understand

The problem is that you are negligent in seeking knowledge

And in the way you seek knowledge

For indeed the Salaf and the People of Knowledge, from what has been mentioned in their biographies, prepared for the lesson before attending.

On top of that, they memorized the text which they were studying before the lesson

Then when they attended, they concentrated and busied themselves with listening to the lesson

Then when they left, they reviewed and made firm what they had studied and learned

So knowledge, its life-blood is review

And knowledge is built upon memorization and understanding

Whoever Allah combines for him memorization and understanding of the knowledge

Then indeed Allah, Lofty and Exalted is He, has opened for him a door in knowledge

So here it becomes clear to us why some people consider it (knowledge) heavy

And why some of them say, “I don’t understand”

The problem is not in the knowledge

The deficiency is within ourselves

The deficiency is within ourselves….

 

…And that one knows that time is from gold

Rather, by Allah, it is more valuable than gold…

 

…And know – (we ask that) Allah bless you – and this is an important matter – that the intention behind seeking knowledge is to act upon it

And the intention behind seeking knowledge is to get closer to Allah – Exalted and Lofty is He

And to worship Allah upon baseerah (insight)

The intention behind seeking knowledge is not to gather a lot of information

This is an opening for Shaitaan which is very dangerous for the students of knowledge

So you find one of them taking an interest in knowledge: for knowledge

So the goal of seeking knowledge is made to be: knowledge

And knowledge isn’t like that

The praiseworthy knowledge isn’t like that

Rather, knowledge is a light which Allah – Lofty and Exalted is He – puts in the heart of the Seeker of Truth

A light which Allah – Lofty and Exalted is He – puts in the heart of the Seeker of Truth

And this light is built upon knowledge, sincerity (ikhlaas) and following (the sunnah)

And it is not just a light without knowledge or action

But seeking the pleasure of Allah – Lofty and Exalted is He

And seeking to please Allah – Lofty and Exalted is He

And seeking knowledge to act upon it

This is the success for the servant from Allah – Lofty and Exalted is He

As for seeking knowledge only for knowledge

Then this is an opening for Shaytaan

Diverting the Seeker of Knowledge from acting (upon his knowledge)

And this opens upon him an opening

So he doesn’t improve in action

And from the most evil results of this type of thinking

I mean the type of thinking of the one who considers (seeking) knowledge to be only for knowledge

Is that he even seeks knowledge from an innovator

Even from an innovator

Because he looks at the knowledge and doesn’t look at the deen

Who is the one Ahlus Sunnah would exalt?

Ahlus Sunnah would exalt the Follower of the Truth, even if his knowledge was little

And they would have a low opinion of the Opposer to the Truth, even if his knowledge was great

And they didn’t exalt him due to his knowledge

And they didn’t exalt him due to his knowledge

(Here he mentions something of the story of al Karabeesee which can be read about in brief here:

http://www.salafitalk.com/entries/27-Just-One-Statement-of-Imaam-Ahmad-bin-Hanbal-annihilates-al-Karabeesee! )

 

…When you see a man loving the person of innovation

And loving the innovator

And he knows his condition4

Then he is with them

Like what has been reported from some of the Salaf

That a man was asked about

So it was said: “We don’t know him”

Someone said: “Who are his companions?”

They said: “The Qadariyyah”

He said: “Then he is Qadari like them”

So a person is put along with his close companion…

 

…Whoever loves a person of the Sunnah – it is a proof for his (being upon the) Sunnah

Likewise whoever loves the person of innovation while he knows about him (that he is on innovation) – it is a proof for his (being upon) innovation

 

A few sentences translated from Shaikh Ahmad Bazmool’s first lesson in explanation of Usoolus Sunnah of Imaam Ahmad

(I added some bolding, underlining, and coloring – Umm Muhammad Zawjatu Abdul Malik)

From: http://ar.miraath.net/audio/5030/01

Http://ar.miraath.net/audio/download/5030/usool_us_sunnah_01.mp3

Arabic text: some advice in seeking knowledge – Arabic

(Footnotes)

1 Translation of the verse taken from www.thenoblequran.com

2 River valleys, gorges, valleys

3Or rung by rung

4He knows that he is a person of innovation or an innovator

Imaam Ibn Qudaamah al Maqdisee

January 20, 2013

From:

http://www.salafitalk.com/threads/185-Biography-of-Imaam-Ibn-Qudaamah-al-Maqdisee-Rahimahullaah

 

1. HIS LINEAGE:
He was Aboo Muhammad, `Abdullaah ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Qudaamah ibn Miqdaam ibn Nasr ibn `Abdillaah ibn Hudhayfah ibn Muhammad ibn Ya`qoob ibn al-Qaasim ibn Ibraaheem ibn Ismaa`eel ibn Yahyaa ibn Muhammad ibn Saalim ibn `Abdillaah ibn `Umar ibn al-Khattaab-radiyallaahu `anhu.
al-Qurashee; al-Maqdisee; al-Jammaa`eelee, then ad-Dimashqee; as-Saalihee; al-Hanbalee, ‘Muwaffaqud-Deen’. al-Qurashee: in ascription to the tribe of Quraish, since he was descended from `Umar-radiyallaahu `anhu-who was `Adawee (i.e. from the sub-tribe of Banoo `Adiyy who were part of Quraish).
al-Maqdisee: His family’s ascription to `Baytul-Maqdis’ (Jerusalem) since they lived close to it. al-Jamaa`eelee: In ascription to the village of Jammaa’eel where he was born; and it is a village on the hills of Nablus-a city about 40 miles north of Jerusalem in present day occupied Palestine. ad-Dimashqee: In ascription to Damascus (in Syria) which is where his family migrated to, and where he lived for most of his life, and where he died.
as-Saalihee: In ascription to the mosque of Saalihiyyah. His brother Shaikh Aboo `Umar said: “They ascribe us to ‘as-Saalihiyyah’ because we settled at the mosque of Aboo Saalih, not that we were righteous people (saalihoon).” [And this is from piety since they were indeed a family of righteousness and rectification.] al-Hanbalee: in ascription to the Hanbalee madhhab, i.e. that he learned and was an expert in the madhhab, i.e. that he learned and was an expert in the principles and details of Fiqh followed by the students of Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal. [and he was not a blind follower.] ‘Muwaffaqud-Deen’ :an honorific title meaning ‘one guided to and granted attainment of correctness in the Religion.’
2. HIS BIRTH:
He was born in the month of Sha`baan in the year 541H in the town of Jammaa`eel.
3. HIS FAMILY:
He was from a family who were noble in their lineage, their knowledge, and their piety. His father: Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Qudaamah was born in 491H and died in 558H. He was one of the righteous scholars; famous for knowledge, zuhd and worship. He was the Khateeb of the mosque of Jammaa`eel. He educated his children and taught them the Qur.aan, and the hadeeth, and correct manners.
He died when Muwaffaqud-deen was about 17 years old, so his elder son Muhammad ibn Ahmad-who was known as Aboo `Umar-continued his upbringing and education.
4. HIS EARLY YEARS, AND HIS SEEKING KNOWLEDGE, AND HIS TRAVELLING TO SEEK KNOWLEDGE:
For the first ten years of his life he remained with his family in Palestine, and he began memorization of the Qur.aan. Then in 551H his father performed Hijrah with the family, fleeing from the invading Christians, and migrated to Damascus. In Damascus he completed memorization of the Qur.aan, and he memorized a large number of ahaadeeth. Then he memorized ‘Mukhtasar al-Khiraqee’-on the Fiqh of Imaam Ahmad. (Then later in life he wrote an explanation of it in 9 volumes, called ‘al-Mughnee). He remained in Damascus for 10 years, and at the age of twenty he began his journeys in search of knowledge.
-In 561H: he travelled to the main city of knowledge and of the scholars at that time-Baghdaad. He was accompanied by his maternal cousin al-Haafiz `Abdul-Ghanee al-Maqdisee; He inclined towards the study of Fiqh and his cousin towards hadeeth, however they accompanied each other to the lectures and acquired both; There he studied with many of the scholars, amongst them: Shaikh `Abdul-Qaadir al-Jeelaanee (D. 561H), Ibnul-Battee, and Ibnul-Manniyy. He remained in Baghdaad for four years. He studied ‘Mukhtasar al-Khiraqee’ under `Abdul-Qaadir al-Jeelaanee, and then the Shaikh died 50 nights after his arrival; then they studied under Ibnul-Jawzee; then he remained with Ibnul-Manniyy, and learned the Fiqh of the Hanbalee madhhab with him, and its principles, and the different sayings of the scholars- and he excelled in that. He then returned to Damascus.
– In 567H he again travelled to Baghdaad where he remained for a year.
– In 573H he travelled to Makkah to perform Hajj, and he met the people of knowledge there; amongst them al-Mubaarak ibn at-Tabbaakh. Then after performing Hajj in 574:-
-Then from Makkah he travelled to Baghdaad-where he again remained for a year.
-Then from Baghdaad he returned to Damascus where he started to write works on many branches of knowledge, the most famous of his works being ‘al-Mughnee.’
5. HIS SHAIKHS:
-His Shaikhs included:
1. His father Ahmad ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisee (491-558H),
2. His elder brother Aboo ‘Umar Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisee (528-607H),
3. Shaikh ’Abdul-Qaadir al-Jeelaanee (471-561H),
4. Abul-Fath Nasr ibn Fityaan ibn Matr Ibnul-Mannee (501-583),
5. Abul-Fath Ibnul-Battee (477-564H),
6. Fakhrun-Nisaa. Shuhdah-the daughter of the Muhaddith Aboo Nasr Ahmad ibn al-Faraj Ad-Deenawaree -(>480-574H), Shaikh Badr ibn `Abdillaah al-Badr- hafizahullaah- in his introduction to his checking of Ibn Qudaamah’s book ‘Ithbaat Sifatil-`Uluww’ gathers a list of his Shaikhs numbering 67, and then said: “and many others besides them.”
6. HIS STUDENTS: Amongst them:
1. al-Bahaa.ul- Maqdisee (d. 624H) who wrote ‘al-`Uddah Sharh al-`Umdah’.
2. Diyaa.ud-Deen al-Maqdisee (d. 643H)
3. the son of his brother: Shamsuddeen ibn Qudaamah (d. 682H)
4. al-Haafiz al-Mundhiree (d. 656H)-who wrote many works, including; ‘Mukhtasar Saheeh Muslim’, ‘Mukhtasar Sunan Abee Daawood’, at-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb’… Shaikh Badrul-Badr gathers the names of 44 of his students and then says: “And many others.”
7. HIS PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION AND CHARACTERISTICS:
His student ad-Diyaa. al-Maqdisee said; “He was of full height, white, with a bright face, large distinct eyes; he was so handsome that it was as if his face gave off-light; he had a broad forehead and a long beard; a straight nose and his eyebrows joined. He had a small head, slender arms and legs; and a thin body; and full senses and faculties. He was extremely intelligent; and behaved in a fine manner…”
Ibnul-Najjaar said: “al-Muwaffaq was the imaam of the Hanbalees in the main congregational mosque of Damascus. He was fully reliable, an evidence (in narrating), noble. He had plentiful virtues; and he kept away from anything not befitting; he was pious, a worshipper. He was upon the way of the Salaf. Light and dignity could be seen upon him. A man would take benefit from seeing him even before hearing his speech.”
Ibn Katheer said: “He used to engage in optional Prayers between the two night Prayers close to his place of Prayer. Then when he had prayed the `Ishaa. Prayer he would return to his house of the street of ad-Duwalla`ee by the bank of the river .He would take back with him those he could from the poor and needy, and they would eat with him, and his primary house was upon Qaasiyoon….”
ad-Diyaa. said: “he was fine in his manners: he would hardly ever be seen except that he was smiling: He would relate incidents and joke. I heard al-Bahaa. say; When the people read with him he would joke with us, and be cheerful and at ease. Once they complained to him about some children who studied with him, so he said; “They are children. They have to have some play, and you used to be just like them.” And al-Bahaa. described him as being courageous, and said: “He used to go forward to the enemy, and he was wounded upon his hand; and he used to take part when the army and the enemy were firing at each other.”
ad-Diyaa. said: “He used to pray with ‘Khushoo`’ (humility and attentiveness). He would hardly ever pray the Sunnah prayer before Fajr and after `Ishaa. Except in his house; and between the two night Prayers he used to pray four rak`ahs, reciting: ‘as-Sajdah’, ‘Yaaseen’, ad-Dukhaan’, and ‘Tabaarak.’ He would hardly miss out on them. He used to stand in Prayer in the last hours of the night reciting 1/7th of the Qur.aan. He would sometimes raise his voice and he had a beautiful voice.”
8. SCHOLARS’ PRAISE OF HIM:
Aboo `Amr ibn as-Salaah said: “I have not seen the like of al-Muwaffaq.”
Aboo Bakr ibn Ghaneemah-the muftee of Baghdaad-said: “I do not know anyone in our time who has reached the level of ijtihaad except for al-Muwaffaq.” Sibt ibn al-Jawzee said: “He was an imaam in many fields. After his brother Aboo `Umar and al-`Imaad, there was no one in his time who had greater ‘zuhd’ or piety than him. He had a great deal of ‘hayaa.’ (sense of shame), and he remained aloof from this world and its people. He was easy and mild-mannered, humble, and he had love for the poor. He was fine in manners, generous and giving, whoever saw him then it was as if he had seen one of the Companions; and it was as if light came from his face. He was plentiful in worship.”
Shaikhul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah said: “After al-Awzaa`ee no one entered Shaam having more ‘Fiqh’ knowledge and understanding of the Religion than al-Muwaffaq.
ad-Diyaa. al-Maqdisee said: “He was an imaam with regard to the Qur.aan and its explanation; an imaam in the knowledge of hadeeth and its problematic matters; an imaam in Fiqh-indeed the outstanding scholar of his time in that; an imaam in knowledge of the disagreements of scholars; the outstanding scholar of his time in Laws of Inheritance; an imaam in ‘Usoolul-Fiqh’; an imaam in Arabic Grammar; an imaam in mathematics; an imaam in the movements and positions of stars and planets.
Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee said: “The ‘Faqeeh’, the ‘Zaahid’, the Imaam. Shaikhul-Islaam. The singular exception scholar.”
al-Haafiz Ibn Katheer said: “Shaikhul-Islaam. An Imaam. An outstanding scholar. There was not in his time, indeed even for a long time before him, anyone having greater knowledge of Fiqh than him.”
Ibn Rajab said: “He used to closely follow the texts in the matter of ‘al-Usool’ (Fundamentals and belief) and in other than it. He did not hold applying any acts of worship for which there was no narration. He used to order affirmation of the texts, and leaving them as they are-with regard to what occurs in the Book and the Sunnah from ‘as-Sifaat’ (Allaah’s attributes): not altering them, not declaring how they are, not distorting the meaning; not interpreting them away with ‘ta.weel’, and not negating them.”
9. HIS DEATH:
He died-rahimahullaah-on Saturday, the day of `Eidul-Fitr, in 620H, at the age of 79 in his home in Damascus. His funeral which had a huge attendance was held the next day and he was buried on the hill of Qaasiyoon.
10. HIS WIFE, SLAVE-GIRLS AND CHILDREN:
He married his paternal cousin Maryam bint Abee Bakr ibn `Abdillaah ibn Sa`d al-Maqdisee. They had a number of children: (al-Majd) `Eesaa, Muhammad, Yahyaa, Safiyyah, and Faatimah.
Then he took a slave girl, and then another. Then he married `Izziyyah- who died before him. All his sons died in his lifetime, and none of them had offspring except for `Eesaa- who had two righteous sons, however both of them died without any offspring. So the Shaikh had no remaining progeny.
11. HIS WORKS:
Dr. `Alee ibn Sa`eed al-Ghaamidee lists his works and they come to 38 in number. Amongst his printed works are: ‘al-Mughnee’ in Fiqh, (9 volumes); ‘Rawdatun-Naazir’ in ‘Usoolul-Fiqh’ (2 volumes); ‘Kitaabut-Tawwaabeen’ (1 volume); ‘Dhammut-Ta.weel’ (Booklet); ‘Ithbaat Sifatil-`Uluww’ (1 volume with checking of Shaikh Badrul-Badr-hafizahullaah). ‘Lum`atul-I`tiqaad’ (Printed along with the explanation of Shaikh Ibn `Uthaymeen-rahimahullaah- and translated and printed with the title: ‘Sufficiency in Creed.’) And (printed with the explanation of Shaikh al-Fawzaan-hafizahullaah)
Sources: (1) ‘Ikhtiyaaraat Ibn Qudaamah al-Fiqhiyyah’ of Dr. `Alee ibn Sa`eed al-Ghaamidee; (2) The biography of the author included in Shaikh al-Fawzaan’s explanation of ‘Lum`atul-I`tiqaad’; (3) The biography complied by Shaikh Badrul-Badr in his checking of ‘Ithbaat Sifatil-`Uluww’. References: (1) ‘Siyar A`laamin-Nubalaa.’ (22/165-173) of Dhahabee; (2) ‘al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah’ (13/99-101) of Ibn Katheer; (3) ‘Shadharaatudh-Dhahab’ (5/88-92) of Ibnul-`Imaad; (4) ‘Dhayl Tabaqaatil-Hanaabilah’ (2/133-149) of Ibn Rajab; (5) ‘al-Mughnee’ verifiers introduction (1/6-37).
Translated by Aboo Talhah Dawood Burbank

Useful Means Leading to a Happy Life – Imam as-Sa’dee

January 19, 2013

An excellent and important book by Imam Abdur Rahman as Sa’dee

 

Arabic text: al wasaa’il al mufeedah

 

Arabic audio (by the brother Abu Ahmad ash-Shaythamee who recites, records, and posts many beneficial books of the ulama)

http://ajurry.ws/alshaydamy/alwasail-almofidah-lilhayat-assaidah.mp3

Explanation by Shaikh Saalih as Suhaymee  (Arabic only):

http://www.alharamain.gov.sa/index.cfm?do=cms.scholarsubject&schid=5755&subjid=6599&audiotype=lectures&browseby=speaker

Concise Principles in Tafseer and The Science of the Qur’aan (Part 6)

May 20, 2012

From: http://ah-sp.com/2011/09/15/concise-principles-in-tafseer-and-the-science-of-the-quraan-part-6/

 

Bismillah Wa Salaatu Wa Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillah:

Ammaa b’ad:

Concerning the Preservation, Collection and compilation of the Qur’aan

As mentioned in that which has passed, the Qur’aan was revealed in accordance with occurrences and incidents that took place during the life of the messenger (saw) or that Allah choose to reveal it without there being an incident related to its revelation.

On occasions Allah revealed whole surahs at once, at others times parts of surahs and at other times parts of Ayahs.

Stages in the collection of the Qur’aan

The people of knowledge mention that there were three main stages in the collection of the qur’aan:

  1. The Era of the Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi was Salam)

During this period the qur’aan, alongside being revealed was naturally being recorded by the companions of the messenger (Sallallahu alaihi was Salam).

The main method of preserving the Qur’aan in this period was through memory. The Arabs were well known for having exceptional memories and thus it was memorised by many in this period through this means. It was also preserved in writing during the life of the prophet (Sallallahu alahi was salam) on various material. It was preserved on Animal skins, bone, Date palm wood and animal shoulder.

The known memorisors and recitors of the qur’aan were many.

That which will bring clarity to this fact is the hadeeth of Anas ibn Maalik who said:

“The prophet (Sallallahu alahi was salam) sent seventy men who were known as ‘Al Qurraa’ (The proficient reciters of the qur’aan) upon a mission. They were confronted by the people of the tribes of Hayaan, Ra’l and dhakwaan (Tribes who had animosity with the messenger (Sallallahu alaihi wa salam) and were (all) killed…”

(Collected by Al Bukhaari 4088 and Muslim 1581)

On the basis of this incident the messenger supplicated against them in the dua of Qunoot for the period of a month

The Hadeeth establishes the fact that the memorisers of the qur’aan at the time of the messenger (Sallallahu alaihi wa salam) were many.

Imaam Abu Ubaid in his book ‘Al Qiraa’aat’ mentions some of the most popular of those who had memorised the quar’aan. From them we have the four caliphs of the messenger (Sallallahu alaihi was salam) and the likes of Abdullah ibn mas’ood, Abdullah ibn Umar, Abdullah ibn Abbaas, Abdullah ibn Zubair, Abdullah ibn al Amr’ ibnil Aas,  Saalim the freed slave of Abi Hudhaifa, Ubayy Ibn Ka’b, Mu’aadh ibn Jabal, Zaid ibn Thaabit and Abu Darda. Alongside Aisha, Hafsa and Umm Sala to name but a few.

  1. The period of Abu Bakr As Sideeq (Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu)

During the caliphate of Abu Bakr in the twelfth year after Hijra, Abu Bakr commissioned the second stage in the compilation and  preservation of the Qur’aan. The reason for his compilation was that which took place during the Battle of Yamaamah a large number of memorisers of the qur’aan were killed in battle. Abu Bakr, who was the khalifah at the time was concerned about the deaths of the proficient in the recitation of the qur’aan since it was not officially collected in one book at the time but either memorised in its totality or preserved in writing in various places

During this battle known as ‘the wars of apostacy’ against Musailima the great liar and false prophet, a great number of memorisers of the Qur’aan were killed (more than 400 in number) thus Abu Bakr in order to protect the qur’aan had it officially collected since at that time it was either preserved writing present in various places or it was preserved in totality in the chests of the believers. An explanation of this incident occurs in the following hadeeth in Saheeh Bukhaari. Zaid Ibn Thaabit (who was commissioned by Abu Bakr to undertake the task of collecting the Qur’aan, narrates the conversation he had with Abu Bakr in the presence of Umar, who had suggested to Abu Bakr that the Qur’aan should be collected, the incident occurs in the following hadeeth:

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit Al-Ansari, one of the scribes of the Revelation: Abu Bakr sent for me after the casualties among the warriors (of the battle) of Yamaama (where a great number of Qurra were killed). ‘Umar was in the presence of Abu Bakr, when he (Abu Bakr) said (to Zaid): “Umar has come to me and said, the People have suffered heavy casualties on the day of (the battle of) Yamama, and I am afraid that there will be some casualties among the Qurra (those who know the Qur’an by heart) elsewhere, whereby a large part of the Qur’an may be lost, unless you collect it. Thus I am of the opinion that you should collect the Qur’an.’ Abu Bakr added, ‘I said to ‘Umar, “How can I do something which Allah’s Apostle has not done?” ‘Umar said (to me) “By Allah, it is a good thing”. So ‘Umar kept on pressing trying to persuade me to accept his proposal, till Allah opened my bosom for it and I had the same opinion as ‘Umar’. (Zaid bin Thaabit added:) ‘Umar was sitting with him (Abu Bakr) and was not speaking. Abu Bakr said (to me), ‘You are a wise young man and we do not suspect you (of telling lies or of forgetfulness); and you used to write the Divine Inspiration for Allah’s Apostle. Therefore, look for the Qur’aan and collect it (in one manuscript)’. By Allah, if he (Abu Bakr) had ordered me to shift one of the mountains (from its place) it would not have been harder for me than what he had ordered me concerning the collection of the Qur’an. I said to both of them, ‘How will you carry out a thing which the Prophet has not done?’ Abu Bakr said, ‘By Allah, it is a good thing. So I continued discussing with him about it till Allah opened my bosom for that which He had opened the bosoms of Abu Bakr and ‘Umar. So I started locating the Quranic material and collecting it from parchments, scapula, leafstalks of date palms and from the memories of men (who knew it by heart). I found with Khuzaima two verses of Suraat-at-Tauba which I had not found with anybody else (and they were):

‘Verily there has come to you an Apostle (Muhammad) from among yourselves. It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He (Muhammad) is ardently anxious over you (to be rightly guided)’ (9:128).

The manuscript on which the Qur’an was collected, remained with Abu Bakr till Allah took him unto Him, and then with ‘Umar till Allah took him unto Him, and finally it remained with Hafsa, ‘Umar’s daughter.

(Collected by Imaam Al Bukhaari in his ‘Saheeh’ 4679)

This ordering of the collection and compilation of the Qur’aan carried out by Abu Bakr is mentioned as being from the greatest of his virtues.

  1. The compilation of the Third Caliph Uthmaan

The Qur’aan, as is established in authentic hadeeth, was revealed in seven ‘Ahruf’ (different Arabic dialects). The revelation of the qur’aan in these dialects was to accommodate the various dialect of the Arab tribes in the region at that time. During the time of Uthmaan there occurred differing over the modes of recitation. This differing led to a big trial among the muslims and to fighting and bloodshed.

Thus trial was what lead to the third stage in the Compilation of the Qur’aan.

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Hudhaifa bin Al-Yaman came to ‘Uthmaan at the time when the people of Sham and the people of Iraq were waging war to conquer Arminya and Adharbijan. Hudhaifa was afraid of their (the people of Sham and Iraq) differences in the recitation of the Qur’an, so he said to ‘Uthmaan, ‘O chief of the Believers! Save this nation before they differ about the Book (Qur’an), as Jews and the Christians have differed (before)’. So ‘Uthmaan sent a message to Hafsa saying, ‘Send us the manuscripts of the Qur’an so that we mayncompile the Qur’anic materials in perfect copies and return the manuscripts to you’. Hafsa sent it to ‘Uthmaan. ‘Uthmaan then ordered Zaid bin Thaabit, ‘Abdullah bin Az-Zubair, Sa’eed bin Al-’Aas and ‘Abdur Rahman bin Haarith bin Hishaam to copy the manuscripts in perfect copies. ‘Uthmaan said to the three Quraishi men (the three other than Zaid ibn Thaabit), ‘If you disagree with Zaid bin Thaabit on any point in the Qur’an, then write it in the dialect of Quraish as the Qur’an was revealed in their tongue’. They did so, and when they had written copies, ‘Uthman returned the original manuscripts to Hafsa. ‘Uthmaan sent to every Muslim province one copy of what they had copied, and ordered that all the other Qur’anic materials whether written in fragmentary manuscripts or whole copies, be burnt. Zaid bin Thaabit added, ‘i could not find a verse from Sura al-Ahzab when we copied the Qur’an which I used to hear Allah’s Apostle reciting. So we searched and found it with Khuzaima bin Thaabit Al-Ansaari’. (That verse was): ‘Among the Believers are men who have been true in their covenant with Allah’ (33: 23).

Thus we see the difference between the collection of Abu Bakr and the collection of Uthmaan is that the compilation of Abu Bakr was done with the intent of gathering the parts of the Qur’aan that where preserved in writing with the companions into one official book, while the collection of Uthmaan was to establish a standardised Qur’aan that the people would unite upon and not differ about.

(Collected by Imaamul Bukhaari in his ‘Saheeh’ 4702)

Thus the three stages are in summary:

1. Memorisation and preservation (During the Era of the Messenger (Sallallahu ‘alaihi was salam)

2. Collection and compilation (During the Era of Abu Bakr As Sideeq – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu)

3. Standardisation (During the Era of Uthmaan – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu)

Wa Billahit Tawfeeq

Concise Principles in Tafseer and the science of the Qur’aan (Part 5)

May 20, 2012

From: http://ah-sp.com/2011/08/25/concise-principles-in-tafseer-and-the-science-of-the-quraan-part-5/

 

Bismillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa rasoolillahi,

Ammaa Ba’d,

The origin concerning the revelation of verses in the qur’aan is that its verses were revealed once.

Though it may occur in relation to verses in the Qur’aan (and surahs for that matter) that have more than one reason for revelation, that if the two reasons for revelation are authentic and there is a clear distance in time, as it relates to the two incidents (i.e. that one verse was revealed when the messenger (Sallallahu ‘alahi was Sallam) was living in Makka and the other while he was resident in Madina after the Hijra) the scholars rule that the verse was revealed twice.

The reason for that (they mention) is in order to re-affirm a past ruling and to affirm that the (new) incident falls within the meaning of the verse.

Imaam Zarkashi Mentions:

“An affair may be revealed twice in order to fortify its importance, and to remind of it when its reason re-occurs, fearing it may be forgotten. This is what has been said concerning the revelation of Suratul Faatihah, that it was revealed twice, once in Makka and a second time in Madina…”

(Al Burhaan 1/29)

An example of this is that which occurs concerning the statement of Allah the most high:

“Alif Laam Meem.  The Romans have been defeated…(Suratur Room 1-4)

Upon the authority of Niyaar ibn Mukrim who said:

When Allah revealed:

Alif Laam Meem. The Romans have been defeated. In the nearest land (the region of Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Palestine) and they, after their defeat will be victorious. Within three to nine years.

When this verse was revealed, the Persians had overpowered the Romans. The Muslims wished that they (The Romans) overpowered the Persians due to the fact that they were both people of the book (i.e. The Muslims and the Roman Christians). Concerning this there occurs the statement of Allah:

“And on that day the believers (Muslims) will rejoice with the help of Allah. He helps whom he wills and he is the All Mighty the Mercy-giver”

But Quraish wished that the Persians were victorious since neither of them were people of scripture or belief in the resurrection.

So when Allah revealed this verse, Abu Bakr went out to regions of Makka shouting:

The Romans have been defeated. In the nearest land (the region of Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Palestine) and they after their defeat will be victorious. Within three to nine years…”

So a group from the tribe of Quraish said:”Let us deal with this between us.  Your companion (Muhammad) claims that the Romans will defeat the Persians in a number of years between three and nine, Come let us make a bet upon that! So Abu Bakr said: “Ok!” and this was before the prohibition of Gambling. So Abu Bakr agreed with them to make a bet. They said let us agree upon a time period because Bid’ (the Arabic term used in the verse) is an amount between three and nine so let us name a year that we bet upon. So they agreed upon the sixth year, since it was a middle period between the two periods. So six years passed and they (The Romans) were not victorious. So the pagans took the amount Abu Bakr had placed upon the bet (some narrations mention it was 100 camels) some of the believers reproached Abu Bakr for what he had done, due to the fact that Allah had mentioned (this will occur in) Bid’ years (which refers to a number between three and nine). Then on the seventh year the Romans gained victory over the Persians and many people entered Islaam because of this” (Collected by Tirmidhi 3194 and declared: Hasan by Sheikh Al Albaani)

There is a narration that indicates that the verse was revealed again in Madina

Imaam At Tirmidhi collects upon the authority of Abu Sa’eed Al khudhri (Radhiyallahu ‘anhu): ”During the (period of) battle of Badr, the romans defeated the Persians (in battle). The believers were happy about this and Allah revealed:

Alif Laam Meem. The Romans have been defeated. In the nearest land (the region of Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Palestine) and they, after their defeat will be victorious. Within three to nine years. The decision of the matter, before (the defeat) and after (the defeat) is only with Allah. And on that day the believers (Muslims) will rejoice”

(Suratur Ruum 1-4)

So the believers were happy at the victory of the Romans over the Persians” This then is an example of a verse being revealed more than once. The verse was revealed in Makka before the Hijra then again in Madina some seven years later Another example of that is the hadeeth related to the revelation of the verse in suratul Israa Vs 85:

They ask you about the soul…

Imaam Bukhaari (7297) and Muslim (2794) collected upon the authority of Ibn Mas’ood who said:

I was walking with the Messenger (Sallallahu ‘Alahi was Sallam) (on an occasion) in the agricultural (area) in madina and he was reclining upon a palm branch stripped of its leaves. He passed by a group of Jews and some of them said: why not ask him (a question) while others among them said: Don’t ask him (anything) for you will hear from him what you will dislike: So they said: “Oh Abul Qaasim: Inform us about the soul? So the messenger stood for a period and raised his head to the heavens and I knew he was receiving revelation then when it passed over he said:

They ask you about the soul; say The Rooh (soul) is (from those things) the knowledge of which is with my lord and of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a little” (Israa:85)

Imaam Ibn Katheer mentions about this Hadeeth:

That which is apparent from this wording and is initially taken from this is that the verse is Madinan and that it was revealed when the Jews asked him this question in Madina, though (the reality is that) the surah in its totality is Makkan. And the explanation of this is that it is possible that the surah was revealed in Madina a second time after its initial revelation in Makka…”

(Tafseer Ibn Katheer 3/60)

A note concerning the Makkan and Madinan Surahs

What should be noted here is that there is a common misconception about Makki (Makkan)and Madani (Madinan) Surahs. Many people erroneously believe that the Makkan surah is that which came to the messenger when he was in makka and that the Madani surah is that which was revealed upon him in Madina.

That which the scholars (Ibn Katheer  and others)mention is that the Makkan surah is that surah which was revealed before the Hijra (even if some of its verses were revealed in Madina) and that the Madani Surah is that surah that was revealed after hijra (even if some of its verse were revealed in Makka)

Wallahu a’lam

Concise Principles in Tafseer and The Science of the Qur’aan (Part 4)

May 20, 2012

From: http://ah-sp.com/2011/08/25/concise-principles-in-tafseer-and-the-science-of-the-quraan-part-4/

 

Concise benefits in Tafseer and The Science of the Qur’aan (4)

Bismillah was salaatu was salaamu ‘alaa Rasoolillah

2. It may also occur that one verse may have more than one known authentic sababun nuzool (reason for revelation)

An example of this is that which has occurred concerning the reason for the revelation of the statement of Allah:

“O Prophet! Why do you ban for yourself that which Allah has made lawful for you, seeking to please your wives? And Allah is of forgiving most merciful”

(Suratut Tahreem Vs 1)

Concerning the reason for its revelation there has occurred the following hadeeth:

Upon the authority of Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her) who said:

The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa salam) used to consume a drink (made) of honey in the house of zainab bint Jahsh (May Allah be pleased with her) then he would spend time with her. So Hafsah and I agreed that if he came to anyone of us (after being with her) that we would say ‘Have you eaten ‘Maghaafeer’ (the gum of a particular tree, that is sweet to taste but is has a foul smell and is also known to be intoxicating)?’ For indeed I smell upon you the fragrance of Maghaafeer. So he responded no! but I did drink honey with Zainab. I have now sworn (By Allah I will not return to it) so do not inform anyone about this”

(Agreed upon by both Imaamul Bukhaari in his ‘Saheeh’ (4912) an Imaam Muslim in his ‘Saheeh’ (1474))

The scholars mention that the messenger (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) did so due to his dislike of foul smells, particularly one that resembled an intoxicant.

There has also occurred another authentic narration concerning the reason for revelation of the verse that mentions:

Upon the authority of Anas ibn Maalik who mentioned that the messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wa salam) used to have a bondswoman that he would have relations with (a reference to Maariyah the mother of the son of the messenger of Allah Ibraaheem). Aisha and hafsa did not cease addressing him concerning her until he made her haram upon himself so Allah revealed:

“O Prophet! Why do you ban for yourself that which Allah has made lawful for you, seeking to please your wives? And Allah is of forgiving most merciful”

(Suratut Tahreem Vs 1)

(Sunan An Nasaa’ie 7/71,72)

And in the narration of Umar about the occurrence he states:

“The Prophet (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi was Salam) said to Hafsa “Do not inform anyone but indeed the mother of Ibraahim is haram upon me” so she (Hafsah) said to him “will you make haram (upon yourself) what Allah has made permissible?” he said “By Allah I will not approach her” thereonafter he did not appraoch her, so she (Hafsah) informed Aisha then Allah revealed: “Allah has already ordained for you (O men) the dissolution of your oaths (i.e the permissibility of doing so if one see that which is better, with the condition that one carries out the expiation for breaking the oath)…”

(Suratut Tahreem Vs 2)

Another example of this is that which has occurs concerning the reason for revelation of the verse:

“For those who accuse their wives, but have no witnesses except themselves, let the testimony of one of them be four testimonies (i.e. He testifies four times) by Allah that he is one of those who speak the truth. And the fifth testimony should be invoking the curse of Allah upon himself if he be of those who tell a lie (against her). But it shall avert the punishment (of stoning to death) from her, if she bears witness four times by Allah, that he is telling a lie and the fifth (testimony) should be that the wrath of Allah be upon her is he (her husband) speaks the truth.”

(Suratun Nur Vs 6-10)

It occurs in a hadeeth collected by Imaamul Bukhaari in his saheeh (3735) from the hadeeth of sahl ibn s’ad who said:

“Indeed ‘Uwaimir (Ibn Abi Abyadh al ‘Ajlaani) approached Aasim ibn Adi and said: “What would you say about a man that finds a man with his wife, does he kill him and thus be killed (for his murder) or what does he do? Ask the messenger of Allah about this on my behalf. So Aasim went to the messenger and he said oh messenger of Allah (and mentioned the issue) but the messenger disliked the issue. So Uwaimir asked him (Aasim) about it and he responded by saying “indeed the messenger of Allah disliked the Issue and dispraised it” so he said “Inded I shall not settle until I ask the messenger of Allah about that (myself)” so he approached the messenger and said “O messenger of Allah! Someone finds a man with his wife, (i.e. having relations) does he kill the man and then be killed (for his murder) or what should he do. So the messenger said “Indeed Allah has revealed (verses from the) Qur’aan concerning you and your wife..” We see here how the knowledge of the Asbaabun nuzool helps to repel common misconceptions, from them the misconception that stoning is an Islamic punishment prescribed for women only, and then the likes of this verse is quoted. We understand that the verse was revealed in relation to a specific occurrence and does not indicate in any way that concentration with Islamic punishments is upon women alone.

Yet another narration indicates that the verse was revealed concerning a different incident.

Upon the authority of ibn ‘Abaas who said that Hilaal ibn Umayah accused his wife of committing adultery with Shareek ibn Sahmaa So the messenger (Sallallahu alaihi wa salam) said:

” (Establish the) evidence otherwise your back will be punished (i.e you will be flogged for falsely accusing a chaste woman) so he said “Oh messenger of Allah! if one of us sees a man on top of his wife in the middle of the act does he still have to establish the proof?! So the messenger continued to say: “(establish the) proof or your back will be punished” so Umayah said: “By he who sent you with the truth, I am being truthful and Allah will reveal that which frees my back from punishment. Then Jibreel descended and revealed upon him:

“For those who accuse their wives..” to the end of the hadeeth

(Collected by Bukhaari in his ‘Saheeh’ Hadeeth 4747)

This again establishes the point that one ayah may have more than one reason for revelation

Wallahu a’lam

 

Concise Principles in Tafseer and The Science of the Qur’aan (Part 3)

May 20, 2012

From:  http://ah-sp.com/2011/08/25/concise-principles-in-tafseer-and-the-science-of-the-quraan-part-3/

 

Bismillah wal Hamdullillah was Salaatu was Salaamu a’laa Rasoolillah,

Amma ba’d:

Concise benefits in Tafseer and The Science of the Qur’aan (3)

As far as ‘Asbaabun Nuzool’ (reasons for revelation) are concerned then there are a number of issues that should be borne in mind:

1.    It may occur that the sababun Nuzool (reason for revelation) may be one, but more than one verse in the Qur’aan was revealed concerning it. An example of this is that which was collected by Imaamut Tirmidhi in his Sunan (Saheeh Sunan At Tirmidhi 2419):

Upon the authority of Umm Salamah who said:

“The men participate in battle but the women don’t, and we only have half the inheritance of the men” So Allah ta’ala revealed:

“And wish not for the things in which Allah has made some of you excel other. For men there is reward for what they have earned and for women there is reward for what they have earned and Ask Allah of his bounty…”

(Suratun Nisaa Vs 32)

Imaamut Tirmidhi mentions:

Mujaahid said: Allah revealed concerning her:

Verily the Muslims men and women, the believers men and women, the men and Women who are obedient to Allah, the men and women who are truthful, the men and women who are patient, the men and women who are humble, the men and women who give charity, the women who guard their chastity, and the women who remember Allah much, Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. paradise)”

(Suratul Ahzaab Vs 35)

Both of these authentic narrations establish this occurance as the sababun nuzool for more than one ayah

Another example is that which took place with the messenger as occurs in a narration collected by Ibn Jareer in his tafseer (14/364) upon the authority of Ibn Abaas who said:

“ The Messenger (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa salam) was sitting in the shade of a tree on an occasion when he said: “There shall come to you an individual who will look at you with two Satanic eyes. If he comes then do not speak to him. There did not pass a long period of time except that a blue eyed individual approached so the messenger (Sallallahu ‘alahi wa salam) called him and said “For what reason do you and your companions curse me?” so the man went away and returned with his companions who all swore by Allah that they did not say or do (such things), so much so the messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa salam) left him alone. So Allah the most high revealed:

“They sware by Allah that they said nothing (bad), but in reality they uttered words of disbelief, and they disbelieved after accepting Islaam…”

(Suratut Tawbah  Vs 74)

And Allah continues to describe them in the verse

Imaam Haakim collects a variant version of the same occurance (though the version in Mustadrak mentions the man had blue defective eyes). This narration (2/524/Hadeeth 3795) mentions that Allah revealed:

“On the day when Allah will resurrect them all together (for their account), then they will swear to him as they swear to you. And they think they have something to stand upon. Verily they are liars”

(Suratul Mujaadilah Vs 18)

Thus we see that it is established that more than one verse may be revealed for one occurance

Wallahu A’lam