Posts Tagged ‘Jahiliyyah’

The fact that the majority does something is not a proof that it is correct

April 1, 2012

The English follows the Arabic.

المسألة الخامسة

[ إنَّ من أكبر قواعدهم : الاغترار بالأكثر ، ويحتجُّونَ به على صحَّة الشَّيء ، ويستدلُّون على بُطلان الشَّيء بغُربتِهِ وقِلَّةِ أهلهِ ، فأتاهم بضدِّ ذلك ، وأوضحه في غير موضع من القرآن ] . ——————————————————————————–

الشّـرح

من مسائل الجاهلية : أنهم يستدلون بالأكثرين على الحق ، ويستدلون بالأقلين على غير الحق ، فما كان عليه الأكثر عندهم فهو الحق ، وما كان عليه الأقل فهو غير حق ، هذا هو الميزان عندهم في معرفة الحق من الباطل . وهذا خطأ ؛ لأن الله – جل وعلا –

يقول : وَإِنْ تُطِعْ أَكْثَرَ مَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ يُضِلُّوكَ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ إِنْ يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَإِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَخْرُصُونَ ، ويقول – سبحانه وتعالى – : وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ ، ويقول – سبحانه وتعالى – : وَمَا وَجَدْنَا لِأَكْثَرِهِمْ مِنْ عَهْدٍ وَإِنْ وَجَدْنَا أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَفَاسِقِينَ ، إلى غير ذلك .

فالميزان ليس هو الكثرة والقلة ؛ بل الميزان هو الحق ، فمن كان على الحق – وإن كان واحدًا – فإنه هو المصيب ، وهو الذي يجب الاقتداء به ، وإذا كانت الكثرة على باطل فإنه يجب رفضها وعدم الاغترار بها ، فالعبرة بالحق ، ولذلك يقول العلماء : الحق لا يعرف بالرجال ، وإنما يعرف الرجال بالحق . فمن كان على الحق فهو الذي يجب الاقتداء به .

والله – جل وعلا فيما قص عن الأمم – أخبر أن القلة قد يكونون على الحق ، كما قال تعالى : وَمَا آمَنَ مَعَهُ إِلَّا قَلِيلٌ وفي الحديث – الذي عرضت فيه الأمم على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم – رأى النبي ومعه الرهط ، والنبي ومعه الرجل ، والرجلان ، والنبي وليس معه أحد . فليست العبرة بكثرة الأتباع على المذهب أو على القول ، وإنما العبرة بكونه حقًا أو باطلا ، فما كان حقًا – وإن كان عليه أقل الناس ، أو لو لم يكن عليه أحد ، ما دام أنه حق – يُتمسك به فإنه هو النجاة . والباطل لا يؤيده كثرة الناس أبدًا ، هذا ميزان يجب أن يتخذه المسلم دائمًا معه .

والنبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – يقول : بدأ الإسلام غريبًا وسيعود غريبًا كما بدأ وذلك حين يكثر الشر والفتن والضلال ، فلا يبقى على الحق إلا غرباء من الناس ونزاع من القبائل ، ويصبحون غرباء في المجتمع البشري ، والرسول – صلى الله عليه وسلم – بعث والعالم كله يموج في الكفر والضلال ، ودعاء الناس ، فاستجاب له الرجل والرجلان ، إلى أن تكاثروا . وكانت قريش – وكانت الجزيرة كلها ، وكان العالم كله – على الضلال . والرسول – صلى الله عليه وسلم – وحده يدعو الناس ، والذين اتبعوه قليل بالنسبة للعالم .

فالعبرة ليست بالكثرة ، العبرة بالصواب وإصابة الحق . نعم ، إذا كانت الكثرة على صواب فهذا طيب ، ولكن سنة الله – جل وعلا – أن الكثرة تكون على الباطل وَمَا أَكْثَرُ النَّاسِ وَلَوْ حَرَصْتَ بِمُؤْمِنِينَ ، وَإِنْ تُطِعْ أَكْثَرَ مَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ يُضِلُّوكَ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ . من موقع العلامة افوزان

(from Shaikh Fawzaan’s explanation of the Principles of Jaahiliyah [by Shaikh Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab] from Shaikh Fawzaan’s website):

(Text of Masaa’il al Jaahiliyyah – translated – point no. 5)

The Fifth Principle:

Indeed from the greatest of their principles (from the Days of Ignorance) is: being deceived by what the majority (of people) does, and using what the majority does as the proof of the correctness of something, and using the strangeness of something and the fact that only a small number (of people) do it as a proof for it being false.  So He brought the opposite of that and made that clear in more than one place in the Qur’an.

Explanation (by Shaikh Fawzaan):

From the Principles of the Days of Ignorance (Jaahiliyah) is that they tried to use as a proof for something being true the fact that the majority did it (or were upon it) and they tried to use as a proof for something not being true the fact that only a small number did it (or were upon it).  So according to them, whatever the majority were upon was the truth and whatever the minority were upon wasn’t the truth.  This was their criterion for knowing the truth from the falsehood.  This is an error, Allah – Exalted and Most High – said (translated):

“And if you obey the majority (most) of those on the earth they will lead you astray from Allah’s Path. They only follow conjecture (guesses), they do nothing but lie” (6:116)

And He, Exalted and Most High, said (translated):

“But the majority of mankind don’t know” (7:187)

And He, Exalted and Most High, said (translated):

“And We found that the majority of them of them were not true to their covenant and We found the majority of them to indeed be faasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allah)” (7:102)

And verses other than those.  So the criterion (for what is the truth) is not what the majority or minority (of people) are upon, rather the criterion is the truth.  So whoever is upon the truth – even if it is one person – then he is the one who is correct and whom it is obligatory to take him as an example.  And when the majority are upon falsehood then it is obligatory to leave them and not be deceived by (the number of people following falsehood) because what matters is the truth. And because of that, the ulama say, “The truth isn’t known by the men, but the men are only known by the truth.”  So whoever is upon the truth, then it is obligatory to take him as an example.

And Allah, Exalted and Most High, in what He told us about the previous nations – He informed us that the minority were upon the truth.  As He, The Most High, said (translated):

“And none believed with him except for a few” (11:40)

And in the hadeeth in which the previous nations were shown to the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – he saw a prophet and with him was a small group, and a prophet who had with him one or two men (only).  And he saw a prophet who had nobody with him.  So it doesn’t matter how many people are following a way or (some) speech, the only thing that matters is what is true and what is false.  As for what is true – if only a few people are upon it – or even if no one is upon it  – as long as it is true then it is held onto because it is salvation.  And falsehood is not supported by the large number of people (following it) – ever.  This is the criterion which the Muslim must always have with him.

And the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – said (translated), “Islam began as something strange and it will return to being something strange just as it began….” – and that is when evil, afflictions, and misguidance are abundant.  So no one remains upon the truth except the strangers from the people….And they will become strangers to society.  The Messenger – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – was sent when the whole world was awash in disbelief and misguidance. He called the people (to Islam).  And one or two men answered the call (at first) until they (those who answered his call) became abundant.  And the Quraish, the Arabian Peninsula, the whole world used to be upon misguidance.  So the Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) – he alone called mankind (to Islam). And those who followed him were a few compared to the rest of the world.

So what matters is not the majority.  What matters is what is correct and the truth.  When the majority are upon the truth, then this is good.  However, it is the sunnah of Allah, Exalted and Most High, that the majority will (generally) be upon falsehood:

“And the majority of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly” (12:103)

“And if you obey the majority of those on earth, they will mislead you far away from Allâh’s Path” (6:116)

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