Posts Tagged ‘Jibreel’

The Prophet Muhammad Never Tried to Kill Himself

August 22, 2012

Anything in brackets [ ] was added by the translator (Ummu Khadijah)

 

This is a translation of Shaikh Maahir al Qahtaani quoting from Shaikh Albaanee taken from:

http://www.al-sunan.org/vb/archive/index.php/t-5041.html

 

[to see the Arabic you may need to click on View, Encoding, More, Arabic (Windows)]

 

[Shaikh al Qahtaani begins]:

With the Name of Allah (God), The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

The Guiding Scholar Abu Abdur Rahman Muhammad “Helper of the Religion” al-Albaanee – [we ask that] Allah bestow mercy upon him – said in “Defense of the Prophetic hadeeth and seerah as a refutation to the ignorant things [said] by Dr. al-Bootee in his book ‘Fiqhus-Seerah’” (p.40-42):

[beginning of quoting from Shaikh Albaanee]:

‘Al-Bootee said (1/55):

And the Prophet – [we ask that] Allah raise his rank and grant him peace – became sad due to that with a tremendous sadness to the point where he tried to – as Imam Bukhari reports – throw himself from the heights of the mountains [to commit suicide]”

‘The attribution of this [saying that the Prophet Muhammad tried to kill himself] to Bukhari is an atrocious error.  That is because he is claiming that this story of  Throwing oneself [e.g. off a mountain] is authentic according to the conditions  of Bukhari.  And it is not. And what makes that clear is that Bukhari put it at the end of the hadeeth of Aishah, which is about the beginning of the revelation, that the Dr. [al-Bootee] quoted (1/51-53).  And it is in Bukhari [his Saheeh] at the beginning of the chapter at-Ta’beer [Dream Interpretation] by way of Ma’mar who said: az-Zuhree said: ‘Urwa informed me, from Aishah…so he quoted the hadeeth until the statement, “And there was a pause in the revelation’ and az-Zuhree added, ‘and the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – became so sad, from what has reached us1, that he intended several times to throw himself off of the tops of mountains.  Every time he would reach the top of a mountain to throw himself off of it, Jibreel would appear to him and would say, ‘O Muhammad, indeed you are truly the Messenger of Allah.’  Thereafter he would become calm and return home.  When the period of the pause in the revelation became long, he would do as before, but when he would reach the top of the mountain, Jibreel would say to him as he said before.”

‘And likewise Imam Ahmad collected the hadeeth with this addition (6/232-233) as well as Abu Nu’aym in “ad-Dalaa’il” (p.68-69) and al-Bayhaqee in “as-Dalaa’il” (1/393-395) by way of Abdur-Razzaaq from Ma’mar.  And Muslim collected it with this chain (1/98) but he did not quote az-Zuhree’s saying.  He only included the wording of Yunus ibn Shihaab which does not contain [az-Zuhree’s] addition. Additionally Imam Muslim and Ahmad (6/223) collected it by way of ‘Aqeel ibn Khaalid from Yunus ibn Shihaab without the addition. Likewise Imam Bukhari collected it in the beginning of his Saheeh [3rd hadeeth] from Aqeel ibn Khaalid from Yunus ibn Shihaab.

‘We can conclude from what has preceded that this addition [of az-Zuhree] has two defects.

‘The first: Ma’mar being alone in narrating it, without Yunus and Aqeel [when Ma’mar was not in the chain of narrators, Yunus and Aqeel did not mention this addition as can be seen in the 3rd hadeeth in the beginning of Saheeh Bukhari and also in Muslim’s Saheeh], so it is Shaadhah [contradictory/strange]2

‘The second: That [this part of] the hadeeth is Mursal [chain goes back to the taabi’ee but not the Sahaabee – the Companion is missing in the chain of narrators] and problematic.  Because indeed the one saying, “from what has reached us” is only az-Zuhree as is clear from the quote.  And al-Haafith [ibn Hajar] asserted that in “al-Fat’h [al-Baari’]”3 (12/302) when he said: “And it is from the statements of az-Zuhree and it is not connected [referring to the break in the chain between the those who learned from the Companions  {the taabi’oon} and the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam]

 

‘I say: and this is what al-Bootee was either neglectful of or ignorant of.  So he thinks that every letter in “Saheeh Bukhari” is upon Imaam Bukhari’s conditions in authenticity!  And perhaps he doesn’t differentiate between the hadeeth which is musnad [has a connected chain] and the hadeeth which is mu’allaq [has a break in the chain]! Just like he didn’t distinguish between a hadeeth which is Mawsool4 and a hadeeth which is Mursal [hadeeth missing the Companion who heard it from the Prophet Muhammad in the chain of narrators] which happens to come in the hadeeth, like this hadeeth from Aishah which has this Mursal addition coming at the end of it.

 

‘So know that this addition didn’t come by way of a connected chain that supports it as I clarified in “The Series of Weak Narrations” (3) number (4858).  And I pointed that out in the commentary for “My Abridgment of Saheeh Bukhari”  (4)(1/5) [I ask that] Allah make easy the completion and printing of it.

 

‘When you know that there is no certainty regarding this addition, then we have the right to say that it is a rejected addition with regards to its meaning.  Because it is not befitting for a Prophet who is protected from making mistakes [in the religion] that he would try to kill himself by throwing himself off a mountain – no matter what might push him to do that.  And he himself said [translated], “Whoever throws himself off of a mountain and kills himself, then he will be in Hell throwing himself forever [or a very long time5]” Reported by Bukhari and Muslim and other than them…’”

[Footnotes]

1 Az-Zuhree’s statement starts from: “And the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – became so sad…” and continues to the end – all of this is from one of the sub-narrators of the hadeeth, az-Zuhree.  So if you look in Bukhari, first volume, in the Book of the Beginning of the Revelation (it may be translated as “Book of Revelation”), the 3rd (3A) hadeeth, the hadeeth ends: وَفَتَرَ الوَحْيُ  “and the revelation paused for a while”.  And if you look in Bukhari, ninth volume, in the Book of the Interpretation of Dreams, the first hadeeth in this chapter, towards the end of the hadeeth:

وفتر الوحي فَتْرَةً حَتَّى حَزِنَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِيْمَا بَلَغَنَا

      “And the revelation paused for awhile and the Prophet – [we ask that] Allah raise his rank and grant him peace – became so sad – from what has reached us [i.e. reached az-Zuhree]…”

3His explanation of Saheehul Bukhari

4 Mawsool: has a connected chain going all the way back to the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – with no breaks/missing narrators

5Refer to what Shaikh Ubaid al Jaabiree said here regarding the two meanings of khulood خلود :

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/30/question-and-answer-session-with-sheikh-ubaid-al-jabiree-riyadh-k-s-a-march-2012/

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