Posts Tagged ‘khawf’

The difference between khashyah and khawf

September 14, 2015

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=102047

Shaikh Uthaymeen said as part of his tafseer for verse

وَأَهْدِيَكَ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ فَتَخْشَىٰ

(The saying of Musa to Fir’awn): “And that I may guide you to your Lord so that you have khashyah” (79:19)

Meaning that you fear Allaah – Mighty and Majestic is He – upon knowledge from you. Because because khashyah is fear (khawf) combined with knowledge.  Without knowledge it is just khawf.  The difference between them (i.e. between khashyah and khawf) is that khashyah is based upon knowledge.  Allaah, The Most High, said:

إِنَّمَا يَخْشَى اللَّهَ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الْعُلَمَاءُ

“From His servants it is only those who have knowledge who have khashyah of Allaah” (35:28)

And from Shaikh Uthaymeen’s tafseer of the verse:

ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ خَشِيَ رَبَّهُ

“That is (the reward) for the one who has khashyah of his Lord” (98:8)

…So Khashyah is more specific than khawf.  The difference between them will become clear with the following example: When you fear someone but you don’t know if they can overpower you or not, this is khawf.  But when you fear someone and you know that they can overpower you, then this is khashyah.