Posts Tagged ‘Kitab’

The Prohibition of Curing Magic by Using Magic – Explanation of the Statement of Sa’eed Ibnul-Musayyib

October 8, 2013

 

The following taken from lesson 31 on Kitaabut Tawheed given by Abul Abbaas Moosa Richardson ( http://www.troid.ca/index.php/aqeedah/tawheed/comprehensive-study/1085-explanation-of-kitaab-at-towheed-class-audio ). He is explaining chapter 27 of Kitaabut Tawheed (using Shaikh Fawzaan’s summarized explanation – al Mulakh-khas). This is part of what is in the written file for lesson 31 from this link (I edited it slightly with regards to things such as capitolization and spacing):

http://www.troid.ca/index.php/aqeedah/tawheed/comprehensive-study/1085-explanation-of-kitaab-at-towheed-class-audio

 

The student Abul ‘Abbaas Moosa Richardson said:

 

 

 

The text goes on..In the collection of al Bukhaaree on the authority of Qataada who said to Sa’eed ibnul-Musayyib: “There is a man who there is a magic spell placed upon him or its the case that he is unable to have intercourse with his wife, is it permissible to remove that from him by the nushrah? Sa’eed ibnul-Musayyib, great imaam of the taabi’een said: There’s no problem in doing that, no problem in using a nushrah so long as the intention is to correct something, to fix something, to bring about a good situation as for that which benefits then there is no prohibition regarding that.

That shows you Sa’eed ibnul-Musayyib understood there are two types of nushrahs and he mentioned “as for the kind that benefits then there is no prohibition against it”

And we don’t want to allow anyone to understand from this statement of Sa’eed ibnul-Musayyib what some people have understood mistakenly – that is that now you are allowed to cure magic with magic and [that] that is what Sa’eed ibnul-Musayyib intended, that you can cure magic by going to a magician and asking him to put a magic spell on you that will cure the previous magic spell and this is absolutely impermissible as the use of magic is kufr as has been clarified clearly and the seeking help of magicians is impermissible absolutely and we see that Sa’eed said “as for what benefits then there is no prohibition of it” as Allaah ta’aala described the practice of those people who would learn magic that they learned from those who would teach magic what would harm them and never benefit them. So there is no benefit in magic and Sa’eed ibnul-Musayyib understood that, he was not giving a fatwa in favour of using magic to cure magic rather he was giving a verdict in favour of using the ruqyah shar’iyyah to cure magic and that’s what we see from the words of the ulemaa in the correct understanding of that phrase.

And it has been narrated from al-Hasan – al Hasan al Basri rahimahullaah, another imaam from the taabi’oon “and no-one can remove sihr except as-saahir” (meaning no-one removes sihr by using a magical spell to remove it except that he himself has become a magician.)

And Ibnul Qayyim has said (and we are reading from the text of the book) the curing of magic from a person who has magic done to him, it is of 2 types.

1. To cure magic with another spell similar to it, to apply a magical spell to cure oneself or someone close to you of a magical spell that has been placed. That’s the kind that is from the work of the shaytaan and this is how we should understand the statement of al Hasan al Basri when he said “no-one removes magic –meaning like as a profession, using a magical spell except the magician similar to the magician who put the spell there in the first place, or the same magician

So that’s how we understand the statement of al Hasan, not that he thought that anyone who tries to remove magic by reading the Qur’aan must be considered a magician – that wouldn’t even make sense logically so al Hasan al Basri had to be referring to the process or the act of going to a magician to cure the magic spell using the nushrah that is not allowed and that would be the use of a magician and a impermissible thing in islaam.

And Ibnul Qayyim goes on to say…so they both (the naashir and the manshoor – the one who is sick or afflicted and the one who is doing the nushrah for him, the magician) they both get in contact with a shaytaan and they do the things that he requests from them that pleases him and thus he will remove the magical spell from the person who has had the magic placed on him.

  1. And the second kind of nushrah is the nushrah that is with a ruqyah meaning a ruqyah shar’iyyah – reading Qur’aan, making du’aa to Allaah alone, phrases of Tawheed, supplications to Allaah from the supplications that the messenger salallaahu alaihi wa sallam taught us and so son and reciting or seeking refuge with Allaah like reading qul a’oothu bi rabbil falaq and qul a’oothu bi rabbinnaas and those kinds of soorahs that we seek refuge with Allaah through the reading of those soorahs [and] the use of medicines – medicines that are of course permissible and the open general supplications. Any nushrah that’s based on these things is permissible.

Look at the basis of the therminology that is very important [see troid.ca slides]. The first one is nushrah jaahiliyyah – the nushrah that was known as the word nushrah from jaahiliyyah and that is that a person uses amulets, he uses magical spells, he uses the mumbling of certain phrases that he doesn’t understand, the ruqyah ghayru shar’iyyah in general, he uses all of that, that is forbidden, that is what is a kind of work of the shaytaan and that is what al Hasan al Basri considered to be the cure of magic is done by a magician in this case.

The second possible meaning of the word nushrah is an-nushrah shar’iyyah – the nushrah that is allowed in islaam and that is to cure a magical spell with the use of the qur’aan, by reading the qur’aan over the afflicted area, asking Allaahu ta’aala with ones Tawheed, calling upon Allaah by his beautiful names and attributes, taking medicines which are proven to work that are permissible in their substance, in their makeup and so on – these are the nushrahs that are allowed – the permissible forms of curing magic.

The speech of the scholars should be understood in light of these two kinds of nushrah to avoid confusion on the issue.

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Definition of the Arraaf, the Kaahin, and how the Magician is from them and like them

October 4, 2013

 

The following is a collection of select quotes – mainly taken from Shaikh Fawzaan’s unabridged explanation of Kitaabut Tawheed (which can be found on his website here: http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/sites/default/files/mostafeed.pdf ) and including one quote from Shaikh Bin Baz regarding the definition of the ‘Arraaf, the Kaahin, and how the Magician is from them and like them.

The Arabic texts for what was translated can be found in the following file: quotes

The page numbering is based on the (above) file at Shaikh Fawzaan’s website.

Shaikh Fawzaan said:

Fortune-telling means: claiming knowledge of the unseen by using devilish means. So the Kaahin (fortune-teller) is: the one who informs about the hidden things with regards to the future, or things which are lost, because he has humiliated himself for the devils. Because the devils have an ability that mankind doesn’t have. They can ascend in the sky and they try to eavesdrop (on the angels’ conversations) in the sky. Then they tell what they have heard to whoever humiliates themselves for them from mankind. Then this person takes the one word which was heard in the sky (told to them by the devils) and mixes with it 100 lies in order to deceive the people1.

And the devils don’t inform anyone unless they obey them, disbelieve in Allaah – Exalted and Lofty is He, worship others along with Allaah, and carried out all that the devils have dictated to him from disbelief and polytheism. If a person does not do that, then the devils do not obey the Believer who worships only Allaah (God, The Creator). They only obey the one who does what they desire from disbelief in Allaah and worshiping others with Allaah. (p.504-5)

Shaikh Fawzaan said:

He (the author – Imaam Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhaab) said: “And it is said: He (the ‘Arraaf) is: the Kaahin (fortune-teller)”

Meaning: the ‘Arraaf and the Kaahin are the same. Because each of them informs about the hidden matters through the use of the devils. So all of them work for the devils even if they differ in title – this is an ‘Arraaf, this is a Kaahin – for the meaning is one, and the work is one – and that (work) is: claiming to have knowledge of the unseen, hidden matters, even though (the names) differ in wording.

(the author said):

And the Kaahin is the one who informs about the hidden matters with regards to the future”

By way of the devils telling him what they know from those things that mankind doesn’t know. Because the devils know some things that people don’t know. They will tell people about any future events they may know about (see footnote #1) if the people humiliate themselves for them, seek to get closer to them, and do what they desire from disbelieving in Allaah and worshiping others with Him.

So when a person from mankind seeks nearness to a person from the jinn by doing what he (the jinnee) wants, then the jinnee will serve him (the human) in what he seeks from him (by telling him anything he may know) about the hidden, unseen matters. (p.512-513)

Shaikh Fawzaan said:

He (the author) said:

The ‘Arraaf is: the name for the Kaahin (fortune-teller), the Munajjim (astrologer), the Rammaal (one who claims knowledge of the unseen, hidden matters by drawing lines in the sand) and those like them.”

Because the word “’Arraaf” is general. Everyone who claims to know the future – whether by using fortune-telling, or astrology, or by drawing lines in the sand – comes under this (term). For all of them work with the devils and seek closeness to them. For this reason, Allaah, The Most High, said (translated):

Shall I inform you (O people!) upon whom the Shayâtin (devils) descend? They descend on every lying (one who tells lies), sinful person who gives ear (to the devils and they pour what they may have heard of the unseen from the angels), and most of them are liars.2 (Ash-Shu’ara 26:221-3)\

What falls under this is the Kaahin, the Munajjim, the Rammaal, and the ‘Arraaf – all of them fall under the words: “lying, sinful person” (26:222) and the devils descend upon them.

In opposition to the Prophets – alayhimus-salaatu was-salaam – for indeed the angels descend upon them. For this reason He (Allaah) said (translated):

And the devils have not descended with it” (26:210) meaning: with the Qur’an. “Neither would it suit them, nor they can (produce it). Verily, they have been removed far from hearing it.3 (26:211 – 212)

So the Prophets – alayhimus-salaatu was-salaam – the angels descend upon them from The Most Merciful. As for the Kuhhaan, then the devils descend upon them. So this includes everyone who speaks about knowing matters by way of these means from those who inform about these things by using those methods that they call drawing lines in the sand, and the rest of (these methods). So this is a comprehensive explanation.

As for (their) differing in the methods (wasaa’il) – this one uses this, that one uses that – then the result is one, the result is (their) claiming knowledge of the unseen, hidden matters. What is important is the result and the ruling.

The result is: informing about knowledge of the unseen, hidden matters and claiming to share with Allaah – He is the Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects – in knowing the unseen, hidden matters.

The ruling is: All of these people are disbelievers, because they claim to share with Allaah, The Most High, in an attribute which is from His greatest attributes, and that is: knowing the unseen, hidden matters. (p.513-514)

Shakh Bin Baz said4:

It is not permissible to seek treatment from magicians or fortune-tellers. Because the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – prohibited going to the fortune-tellers and magicians. He – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – said (translated): “Don’t go to them.” And he – alaihe as-salaatu was-salaam – said (translated): “Whoever goes to an ‘Arraaf and asks him about something, his salaah is not accepted for 40 days.” (Imaam) Muslim collected and narrated it in his Saheeh5

And the ‘Arraaf (one who claims knowledge of the unseen/hidden matters) is a general term which includes the Kaahin (fortune-teller), the astrologer, the magician, the Rammaal (one who draws lines in the sand and claims to be able to tell from that the unseen/hidden matters) and whoever resembles them…

Shaikh Fawzaan said:

It is not permissible to go to magicians or to believe them. For magicians are like Kuhhaan (fortune-tellers), or more evil than Kuhhaan. And the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – said:

من أتى كَاهِنًا لم تُقبل له صلاة أربعين يومًا

“Whoever goes to a Kaahin (fortune-teller), his salaah is not accepted for 40 days.”6

And he – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – said:

من أتى كاهنًا أو عرّافًا فصدّقه بما يقول فقد كفر بما أُنزل على محمَّد صلى الله عليه وسلم

“Whoever goes to a Kaahin or an ‘Arraaf, then believes in what he says, has indeed disbelieved in what was sent down to Muhammad – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam.”7

And magic is from the Taghoot and from Jibt as has preceeded – and it is more evil than fortune-telling. Since it is obligatory for the Muslims to boycott and distance themselves from the Kaahin, and the one who goes to him (the Kaahin) – his salaah is not accepted for 40 days, and he disbelieves in what was sent down to Muhammad – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, then how can some people go to magicians and conjurers when they may order him to commit shirk, they may order him to sacrifice an animal for other than Allaah?! This matter is very dangerous. The Muslims must warn from this trial (balaa’), this epidemic, and this danger so that it doesn’t spread amongst the Muslims. (p.490)

Shaikh Fawzaan said:

The appropriateness of this chapter with regards to the chapter which came before it : the chapter before this one clarified magic and the ruling on the magician, as well as clarifying some of the types of magic. And this chapter is about the ruling of the Kuhhaan (fortune-tellers). That is because of the resemblance between the Kuhhaan and the magicians. Because both magic and fortune-telling are devilish actions which negate and oppose the Aqeedah (correct belief). (p.504)

Translated by Ummu Khadijah

Footnotes

1 ‘Urwa reported from ‘A’isha that she said that people asked Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) about the kahins. Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to them: It is nothing (i. e. it is a mere superstition). They said: Allaah’s Messenger, they at times narrate to us things which we find true. Thereupon Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: That is a word pertaining to truth which a jinn snatches away and then cackles into the ear of his friend as the hen does. And then they mix in it more than one hundred lies.

From Saheeh Muslim, Kitaabus Salaam (book of Salutation and Greetings), chapter: Kihaabah (fortune-telling) is prohibited and it is prohibited to go to the Kaahin (fortune-teller)

This hadeeth taken from: http://spubs.com/sps/smm/

2Translation of these verses taken from: www.thenoblequran.com

3Translation of these two verses taken from: www.thenoblequran.com

5With the wording:

من أتى عرَّافًا فسألَه عن شيٍء لم تُقْبَلْ لهُ صلاةٌ أربعين ليلةً

(there being only one difference in the wording – “nights” as opposed to “days”, though there are other authentic ahaadeeth which mention “days”)

Found in Saheeh Muslim, Kitaabus Salaam (book of Salutation and Greetings) under the chapter “Kihaanah (e.g. fortune-telling) is forbidden and it is forbidden to go to the Kaahin (fortune-teller)”:

Safiyya reported from some of the wives of Allaah’s Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) Allaah’s Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having said: He who visits a diviner (‘Arraf) and asks him about anything, his prayers extending to forty nights will not be accepted

The translation of the hadeeth taken from: http://spubs.com/sps/smm/

6 I couldn’t find this exact wording. However, many scholars have said that a hadeeth can be narrated by meaning if certain conditions are met. For example what Shaikh Uthaymeen said here:

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_16871.shtml under the heading:

رواية الحديث بالمعنى

7 Shaikh Albaanee declared it Saheeh in Saheeh al Jaamee’ (5939)

Shaikh Fawzaan’s Explanation of Kitaabut Tawheed

September 30, 2013

 

 

The long one which is over 1000 pages and is excellent (from Shaikh Fawzaan’s official website):

http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/sites/default/files/mostafeed.pdf

 

 

 

The summarized version (al Mulakh-khas) which is only a little over 450 pages and is also excellent: al mulakhas

 

 

 

 

English explanation (audio and written) of Kitaabut Tawheed by a student of the ulamaa using Shaikh Fawzaan’s al-Mulakh-khas:

http://www.troid.ca/index.php/aqeedah/tawheed/comprehensive-study/1085-explanation-of-kitaab-at-towheed-class-audio

 

The Living Scholar Saalih bin Muhammad al Luhaydaan

August 17, 2012

Translated from his website: http://lohaidan.af.org.sa/node/1

Translated by Ummu Khadijah

 

Shaikh Saalih bin Muhammad al Luhaydaan – Allah, The Most High, preserve him – the lofty scholar and caller to Allah, possessing prestige and nobility, the Imam and lecturer

He was born in the city of al Bukayriyah in the area of Qaseem in 1350 H

He graduated from the College of Sharee’ah in Riyadh in 1379H

He worked as Secretary to Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraheem Aalush Shaikh – rahimahullah – the previous Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, after graduating until he was appointed Assistant to the Chief of the High Court of Riyadh in 1383H

He became Chief of the Court in 1384H

He received his Master’s from the Higher Institute of Jurisprudence  in 1389H

He remained Chief of the High Court until he was appointed Appellate Judge and member of the Supreme Court in 1390H

In 1403 he was appointed Head of the Permanent Body of the Supreme Judicial Council

He continued in that position, and substituting for Head of the Council in his absence until 1413 when he was appointed Head of the Council of the General and Permanent Body

He has also been a member of the Body of Major Scholars since 1391 H

He is also a member of the Muslim World League

He was active in establishing the magazine Raayatul Islaam (Flag of Islaam) and he was its Administrator and Chief Editor

He has lessons in the Sacred Masjid (in Makkah) which are broadcast

He gives fatwa for the program “Noor alaa ad-Darb”

He has lectures and seminars and participates in discussing (or debating) Master and Doctoral theses (of the students)

And (he has talks or participates) in other than that from that in which there is good and rectification

(we ask that) Allah reward the Shaikh with the best of rewards and give us and him a good end in all affairs.  (We ask that) Allah raise the rank of our Prophet Muhammad and grant him peace.

And I (the person writing this on the Shaikh’s website) say: he has lectures and lessons in Riyadh and Makkah and tremendous efforts in advising the Muslims – the leaders and the general people

We ask Allah to protect him, grant him success, guide his steps, and give him a good end – Aameen

[end of biography]

 

Shaikh Hamaad al Ansaaree on Shaikh Luhaydaan:

http://www.fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=776

 

 

 What Shaikh Rabee said about Shaikh Luhaydaan

 

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?forum=32&topic=12573

 

 

Shaikh Luhaydaan on Shaikh Rabee:

http://www.themadkhalis.com/md/articles/briud-shaykh-salih-al-luhaydaan-praises-and-defends-shaykh-rabee-on-21012010ce.cfm 

 

 

Shaikh Luhaydaan on the innovator Abul Hasan al Ma’ribi:

http://www.troid.ca/index.php/manhaj/abandoning-innovation/people-of-hizbiyyah/1217-a-refutation-of-the-issues-of-abul-fitan-al-maribee

 

Kitabut Tawheed explained by Shaikh Luhaydaan (translated):

http://www.salafitalk.com/threads/1223-Kitab-at-Tawheed-Explained-by-Shaykh-Saleh-al-Luhaidan-(translated)

 

A Lesson in the Dark:

http://knowledgeofislamblog.wordpress.com/2012/09/30/lesson-in-the-dark/

 

 

Kitaabu Tawheed

March 5, 2011

 كتاب التوحيد

1.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zO9xyQlzIG4&feature=related

2.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-l6vOVix2Fg&feature=related

3.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d5Zfnxet2ks&feature=related

4.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lux3uoByKus&feature=related

5.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P5mtyvTqR1o&feature=related

6.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OXWpmFyC6ao&feature=related

7.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cWcYNW79Gas&feature=related

8.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZYpxTu_8KoY&feature=related

9.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R3rYQyahpwk&feature=related

10.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S6lRclItqlE&feature=related

11.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z-RYIlbYGDU&feature=related

12.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X2UpU-7Vv2c&feature=related

Kitabut-Tawheed

May 13, 2010

File: kitabut-tawheed arabic

Explanation of kitabut-tawheed (also arabic) : fathul majeed fee sharh kitabuttawheed

English explanation of Kitabuttawheed http://www.al-athariyyah.com/aqeedah.html#

This site also has explanation of Sharhus Sunnah

Explanation of Kitabut Tawheed by Shaikh Fawzaan, translated by student Moosa Richardson:

http://www.troid.ca/index.php/aqeedah/tawheed/comprehensive-study/1085-explanation-of-kitaab-at-towheed-class-audio

Also check out the Other Resources at the bottom of that page.