Posts Tagged ‘level’

The Levels of the Prophetic Da’wah

July 21, 2013

 

The following is taken from a lecture by Shaikh Arafaat al Muhammadee – a student of the Scholars (such as Shaikh Abdul Muhsin al Abbaad and Shaikh Ubaid al Jaabiree). Many of his lectures are here: http://ar.miraath.net/

The following taken from one of his lectures on the Prophetic Seerah:

http://ar.miraath.net/sites/default/files/%20-%207_0.pdf

فقوله: اقرأ هذا أمر بالقراءة فقط لا بالتبليغ لم يأمره بأن يبلغ

شيئًا

So His statement – “Iqra” – this is a command to recite only, not to spread it. He didn’t command him to spread it.

لهذا قال العلماء عندما قال له اقرأ صار نبيًا عليه الصلاة والسلام

For this reason, the Scholars say that when it was revealed to him “iqra” (96:1) he became a Prophet – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam

لكن لما نزلت عليه ﴿يَا أَيُّهَ ا الْمدَّثِّر ﴿ ٠﴾ قمْ فَأَنذِر﴾ المدثر:

But when the verses were sent down: “Yaa ayyuhaal-muddaththir, qum fa’andhir” (Muddaththir 74: 1-2)

 

 

هنا أمر بالإنذار وبذلك صار رسولًا عليه الصلاة والسلام

This is the command to warn and with this he became a Messenger- alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam

 

 

 

 

إذً ا كما قال العلماء نبِّئَ باقرأ وأرسل بالمدثر

So as the Scholars say, he was made a Prophet with “iqra” and he was made a Messenger with “muddaththir”

 

 

 

صار نبيًا باقرأ وصار رسولًا عليه الصلاة والسلامحينما نزلت عليه يا أيها المدثر

He became a Prophet with (the revelation of the verse) “iqra” (96:1) and he became a Messenger – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam – when “yaa ayyuhaal-muddaththir” (74:1) was sent down

 

 

 

ولهذا هنا ذكر العلماء أيضاً مراتب للوحي فقالوا

And for this reason, here the Scholars have also mentioned the levels of the revelation.  They said:

 

 

المرتبة الأولى: هي النبوة

The First Level: is Prophethood

 

 

 

والمرتبة الثانية: أمر الله عز وجللنبيه بإنذار عشيرته الأقربين

The Second Level: Allah’s command – Lofty and Exalted is He – to His Prophet to warn the close relatives of his tribe1

 

 

 

والمرتبة الثالثة: الأمر بإنذار قومه

The Third Level: The command to warn his people

 

 

 

 

والمرتبة الرابعة: بإنذار قوم ما آتاهم من نذير من قبله وهم العرب

The Fourth Level: Warning a people whom no Warner had come to them before- and they are the Arabs

 

 

 

والمرتبة الخامسة: إنذار جميع من بلغته دعوته عليه الصلاة والسلام من الجن والإنس إلى آخر الزمن

The Fifth Level: Warning all whom his call reaches – alayhis-salaatu was-salaam – from the jinn and mankind until the end of time

 

هذه المراتب التي ذكرها العلماء مراتب الدعوة التي دعا النبي عليه

الصلاةوالسلام

These are the levels which the Scholars mention are the levels of dawah which the Prophet – alayhis-salaatu was-salaam called to

 

 

Footnote

 

 

 

1وذُكر أن هذه الآية لما نـزلت, بدأ ببني جده عبد المطلب وولده, فحذّرهم وأنذرهم.

It was mentioned that when this verse (26:214) was sent down, he (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) began with the children of his grandfather Abdul Muttalib and his children, so he warned them and admonished them. (Tafsir at-Tabari)

Some Advice in Seeking Knowledge – Shaikh Ahmad Bazmool

January 25, 2013

…As for the first matter, and it is that a person thinks that this knowledge is heavy and that he doesn’t understand it

Then this is an error

This is an error

Knowledge is easy

Knowledge is easy

And We have indeed made the Qur’ân easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)?”1(Al-Qamar 54:17)

And the Prophet – (we ask that) Allah raise his rank and grant him peace – said:

I was sent with Haneefiyyah ‘samhah’”

And ‘samhah’ means: easy, clear

So there is nothing in the deen which is difficult or hard

Then what is the problem?

The problem could be in your choosing the wrong level of studies

Meaning: you may need to study some of these issues before attending the likes of these big lessons

Because knowledge, as Az-Zuhree said – is “Awdiyah”2

Whoever desires it

Whoever seeks it all at once

It leaves him all at once

And as some of the Salaf said:

Knowledge is like a ladder

You must climb it step by step3

If you want to climb it all the way to the top (without being ready), you’ll fall

So you must go in levels (step by step)

So then there is nothing heavy regarding knowledge, nor difficult

Additionally you must take care to learn the knowledge you need from the Quran and Sunnah

Specifically the matters of aqeedah and the matters of worship

Specifically the matters of beliefs and the matters of worship

These are matters which are easy and clear, with the Permission of Allah, Lofty and Exalted is He

Meaning, a person may want to study in the beginning, for example, some of the higher Islamic sciences

So he considers knowledge to be hard – and without a doubt this is a mistake

Rather, learn the Quran and the Sunnah with their proper understanding. Because they are, with the Permission of Allah – Lofty and Exalted is He – two beneficial matters for you

Additionally from what is important in learning:

Choosing a teacher who is good at teaching

Additionally from what is important is that you – O Seeker of Knowledge – give importance to this knowledge

You prepare before attending (class)

You concentrate in class

You review after class

What happens (nowadays)?

What happens is that the Seeker of Knowledge doesn’t prepare

And maybe he comes (to class) without his book

When he attends, he is turning right and left

When he leaves, he doesn’t review what he learned and heard

Not even at least to review the matn (text)

And the next time, he says, “I don’t understand”

No, the problem is not that you don’t understand

The problem is that you are negligent in seeking knowledge

And in the way you seek knowledge

For indeed the Salaf and the People of Knowledge, from what has been mentioned in their biographies, prepared for the lesson before attending.

On top of that, they memorized the text which they were studying before the lesson

Then when they attended, they concentrated and busied themselves with listening to the lesson

Then when they left, they reviewed and made firm what they had studied and learned

So knowledge, its life-blood is review

And knowledge is built upon memorization and understanding

Whoever Allah combines for him memorization and understanding of the knowledge

Then indeed Allah, Lofty and Exalted is He, has opened for him a door in knowledge

So here it becomes clear to us why some people consider it (knowledge) heavy

And why some of them say, “I don’t understand”

The problem is not in the knowledge

The deficiency is within ourselves

The deficiency is within ourselves….

 

…And that one knows that time is from gold

Rather, by Allah, it is more valuable than gold…

 

…And know – (we ask that) Allah bless you – and this is an important matter – that the intention behind seeking knowledge is to act upon it

And the intention behind seeking knowledge is to get closer to Allah – Exalted and Lofty is He

And to worship Allah upon baseerah (insight)

The intention behind seeking knowledge is not to gather a lot of information

This is an opening for Shaitaan which is very dangerous for the students of knowledge

So you find one of them taking an interest in knowledge: for knowledge

So the goal of seeking knowledge is made to be: knowledge

And knowledge isn’t like that

The praiseworthy knowledge isn’t like that

Rather, knowledge is a light which Allah – Lofty and Exalted is He – puts in the heart of the Seeker of Truth

A light which Allah – Lofty and Exalted is He – puts in the heart of the Seeker of Truth

And this light is built upon knowledge, sincerity (ikhlaas) and following (the sunnah)

And it is not just a light without knowledge or action

But seeking the pleasure of Allah – Lofty and Exalted is He

And seeking to please Allah – Lofty and Exalted is He

And seeking knowledge to act upon it

This is the success for the servant from Allah – Lofty and Exalted is He

As for seeking knowledge only for knowledge

Then this is an opening for Shaytaan

Diverting the Seeker of Knowledge from acting (upon his knowledge)

And this opens upon him an opening

So he doesn’t improve in action

And from the most evil results of this type of thinking

I mean the type of thinking of the one who considers (seeking) knowledge to be only for knowledge

Is that he even seeks knowledge from an innovator

Even from an innovator

Because he looks at the knowledge and doesn’t look at the deen

Who is the one Ahlus Sunnah would exalt?

Ahlus Sunnah would exalt the Follower of the Truth, even if his knowledge was little

And they would have a low opinion of the Opposer to the Truth, even if his knowledge was great

And they didn’t exalt him due to his knowledge

And they didn’t exalt him due to his knowledge

(Here he mentions something of the story of al Karabeesee which can be read about in brief here:

http://www.salafitalk.com/entries/27-Just-One-Statement-of-Imaam-Ahmad-bin-Hanbal-annihilates-al-Karabeesee! )

 

…When you see a man loving the person of innovation

And loving the innovator

And he knows his condition4

Then he is with them

Like what has been reported from some of the Salaf

That a man was asked about

So it was said: “We don’t know him”

Someone said: “Who are his companions?”

They said: “The Qadariyyah”

He said: “Then he is Qadari like them”

So a person is put along with his close companion…

 

…Whoever loves a person of the Sunnah – it is a proof for his (being upon the) Sunnah

Likewise whoever loves the person of innovation while he knows about him (that he is on innovation) – it is a proof for his (being upon) innovation

 

A few sentences translated from Shaikh Ahmad Bazmool’s first lesson in explanation of Usoolus Sunnah of Imaam Ahmad

(I added some bolding, underlining, and coloring – Umm Muhammad Zawjatu Abdul Malik)

From: http://ar.miraath.net/audio/5030/01

Http://ar.miraath.net/audio/download/5030/usool_us_sunnah_01.mp3

Arabic text: some advice in seeking knowledge – Arabic

(Footnotes)

1 Translation of the verse taken from www.thenoblequran.com

2 River valleys, gorges, valleys

3Or rung by rung

4He knows that he is a person of innovation or an innovator