Posts Tagged ‘majority’

The fact that the majority does something is not a proof that it is correct

April 1, 2012

The English follows the Arabic.

المسألة الخامسة

[ إنَّ من أكبر قواعدهم : الاغترار بالأكثر ، ويحتجُّونَ به على صحَّة الشَّيء ، ويستدلُّون على بُطلان الشَّيء بغُربتِهِ وقِلَّةِ أهلهِ ، فأتاهم بضدِّ ذلك ، وأوضحه في غير موضع من القرآن ] . ——————————————————————————–

الشّـرح

من مسائل الجاهلية : أنهم يستدلون بالأكثرين على الحق ، ويستدلون بالأقلين على غير الحق ، فما كان عليه الأكثر عندهم فهو الحق ، وما كان عليه الأقل فهو غير حق ، هذا هو الميزان عندهم في معرفة الحق من الباطل . وهذا خطأ ؛ لأن الله – جل وعلا –

يقول : وَإِنْ تُطِعْ أَكْثَرَ مَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ يُضِلُّوكَ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ إِنْ يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَإِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَخْرُصُونَ ، ويقول – سبحانه وتعالى – : وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ ، ويقول – سبحانه وتعالى – : وَمَا وَجَدْنَا لِأَكْثَرِهِمْ مِنْ عَهْدٍ وَإِنْ وَجَدْنَا أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَفَاسِقِينَ ، إلى غير ذلك .

فالميزان ليس هو الكثرة والقلة ؛ بل الميزان هو الحق ، فمن كان على الحق – وإن كان واحدًا – فإنه هو المصيب ، وهو الذي يجب الاقتداء به ، وإذا كانت الكثرة على باطل فإنه يجب رفضها وعدم الاغترار بها ، فالعبرة بالحق ، ولذلك يقول العلماء : الحق لا يعرف بالرجال ، وإنما يعرف الرجال بالحق . فمن كان على الحق فهو الذي يجب الاقتداء به .

والله – جل وعلا فيما قص عن الأمم – أخبر أن القلة قد يكونون على الحق ، كما قال تعالى : وَمَا آمَنَ مَعَهُ إِلَّا قَلِيلٌ وفي الحديث – الذي عرضت فيه الأمم على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم – رأى النبي ومعه الرهط ، والنبي ومعه الرجل ، والرجلان ، والنبي وليس معه أحد . فليست العبرة بكثرة الأتباع على المذهب أو على القول ، وإنما العبرة بكونه حقًا أو باطلا ، فما كان حقًا – وإن كان عليه أقل الناس ، أو لو لم يكن عليه أحد ، ما دام أنه حق – يُتمسك به فإنه هو النجاة . والباطل لا يؤيده كثرة الناس أبدًا ، هذا ميزان يجب أن يتخذه المسلم دائمًا معه .

والنبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – يقول : بدأ الإسلام غريبًا وسيعود غريبًا كما بدأ وذلك حين يكثر الشر والفتن والضلال ، فلا يبقى على الحق إلا غرباء من الناس ونزاع من القبائل ، ويصبحون غرباء في المجتمع البشري ، والرسول – صلى الله عليه وسلم – بعث والعالم كله يموج في الكفر والضلال ، ودعاء الناس ، فاستجاب له الرجل والرجلان ، إلى أن تكاثروا . وكانت قريش – وكانت الجزيرة كلها ، وكان العالم كله – على الضلال . والرسول – صلى الله عليه وسلم – وحده يدعو الناس ، والذين اتبعوه قليل بالنسبة للعالم .

فالعبرة ليست بالكثرة ، العبرة بالصواب وإصابة الحق . نعم ، إذا كانت الكثرة على صواب فهذا طيب ، ولكن سنة الله – جل وعلا – أن الكثرة تكون على الباطل وَمَا أَكْثَرُ النَّاسِ وَلَوْ حَرَصْتَ بِمُؤْمِنِينَ ، وَإِنْ تُطِعْ أَكْثَرَ مَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ يُضِلُّوكَ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ . من موقع العلامة افوزان

(from Shaikh Fawzaan’s explanation of the Principles of Jaahiliyah [by Shaikh Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab] from Shaikh Fawzaan’s website):

(Text of Masaa’il al Jaahiliyyah – translated – point no. 5)

The Fifth Principle:

Indeed from the greatest of their principles (from the Days of Ignorance) is: being deceived by what the majority (of people) does, and using what the majority does as the proof of the correctness of something, and using the strangeness of something and the fact that only a small number (of people) do it as a proof for it being false.  So He brought the opposite of that and made that clear in more than one place in the Qur’an.

Explanation (by Shaikh Fawzaan):

From the Principles of the Days of Ignorance (Jaahiliyah) is that they tried to use as a proof for something being true the fact that the majority did it (or were upon it) and they tried to use as a proof for something not being true the fact that only a small number did it (or were upon it).  So according to them, whatever the majority were upon was the truth and whatever the minority were upon wasn’t the truth.  This was their criterion for knowing the truth from the falsehood.  This is an error, Allah – Exalted and Most High – said (translated):

“And if you obey the majority (most) of those on the earth they will lead you astray from Allah’s Path. They only follow conjecture (guesses), they do nothing but lie” (6:116)

And He, Exalted and Most High, said (translated):

“But the majority of mankind don’t know” (7:187)

And He, Exalted and Most High, said (translated):

“And We found that the majority of them of them were not true to their covenant and We found the majority of them to indeed be faasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allah)” (7:102)

And verses other than those.  So the criterion (for what is the truth) is not what the majority or minority (of people) are upon, rather the criterion is the truth.  So whoever is upon the truth – even if it is one person – then he is the one who is correct and whom it is obligatory to take him as an example.  And when the majority are upon falsehood then it is obligatory to leave them and not be deceived by (the number of people following falsehood) because what matters is the truth. And because of that, the ulama say, “The truth isn’t known by the men, but the men are only known by the truth.”  So whoever is upon the truth, then it is obligatory to take him as an example.

And Allah, Exalted and Most High, in what He told us about the previous nations – He informed us that the minority were upon the truth.  As He, The Most High, said (translated):

“And none believed with him except for a few” (11:40)

And in the hadeeth in which the previous nations were shown to the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – he saw a prophet and with him was a small group, and a prophet who had with him one or two men (only).  And he saw a prophet who had nobody with him.  So it doesn’t matter how many people are following a way or (some) speech, the only thing that matters is what is true and what is false.  As for what is true – if only a few people are upon it – or even if no one is upon it  – as long as it is true then it is held onto because it is salvation.  And falsehood is not supported by the large number of people (following it) – ever.  This is the criterion which the Muslim must always have with him.

And the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – said (translated), “Islam began as something strange and it will return to being something strange just as it began….” – and that is when evil, afflictions, and misguidance are abundant.  So no one remains upon the truth except the strangers from the people….And they will become strangers to society.  The Messenger – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – was sent when the whole world was awash in disbelief and misguidance. He called the people (to Islam).  And one or two men answered the call (at first) until they (those who answered his call) became abundant.  And the Quraish, the Arabian Peninsula, the whole world used to be upon misguidance.  So the Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) – he alone called mankind (to Islam). And those who followed him were a few compared to the rest of the world.

So what matters is not the majority.  What matters is what is correct and the truth.  When the majority are upon the truth, then this is good.  However, it is the sunnah of Allah, Exalted and Most High, that the majority will (generally) be upon falsehood:

“And the majority of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly” (12:103)

“And if you obey the majority of those on earth, they will mislead you far away from Allâh’s Path” (6:116)

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The Living Scholar Saalih Fawzaan

December 16, 2010

Translated from: http://www.ajurry.com/TarjamaFozan.htm

A brief biography of the Shaikh, the Allaamah, Saalih  bin Fawzaan al-Fawzaan

His lineage:

He is the Noble Shaikh, the Doctor: Saalih bin Fawzaan bin Abdullah, from the people of ash Shamaasiyyah and al Wadaa’een, from the tribe of ad Dawaasir

His upbringing and studies:

He was born in the year 1354 Hijree (calendar) and his father died when he was young, so he was raised by his family.  He learned the Noble Qur’an, reading, and writing from the Imam of the Masjid in his area who was a skillful reciter and the Noble Shaikh: Hamood bin Sulaymaan at Tilaal – who was later appointed judge in the town Dariyah in the area of Qaseem.

Then he joined the government school when it opened in Shamaasiyyah in the year 1369 H. He completed his beginning studies at Faisaliyyah School in Buraidah in 1371H and he was appointed as an elementary school teacher.  Then he joined the educational institute in Buraidah when it opened in 1373H and graduated from it in 1377H.  Then he joined the School of Sharee’aah (Kuliyyah – school which is part of a larger university, ex: School of Medicine, School of Law, School of Business (etc) which are all part of a larger university) in Riyadh and graduated from it in 1381.  He later obtained a Master’s and then a Doctorate degree specializing in fiqh from this School.

His jobs

After his graduation from the School of Sharee’ah, he was appointed teacher in the educational institute in Riyadh.  Then he was  transferred to teach in the School of Sharee’ah. Then he was transferred to teach in Graduate Studies in the School of Fundamentals of the Religion.  Then (he was transferred) to the Higher Institute of the Judiciary.  Then he was appointed Principal of the Higher Institute of the Judiciary.  Then he went back to teaching in it after his time as principal ended.  Then he was transferred to being a member of the Permanent Committee for Fataawaa and Scholarly Research and he hasn’t stopped having that job.

His other work

He is a noble scholar from the Major Ulama, a member of the Fiqh Council in Noble Makkah (part of ar-Raabitah), a member of the Supervisory Committee over the Du’aat (callers) during Hajj, along with his work in the Permanent Committee for Fataawaa and Scholarly Research. And he is Imaam, Khateeb (lecturer), and Teacher at the Masjid of the Prince Mut’ib bin ‘Abdul ‘Azeez Aal Sa’ood in Malaz. He shares in answering questions on the radio program “Noor ‘alaa al Darb”. He also regularly contributes to knowledge-based publications at the Council for Scholarly Research, Studies, Treatises, and Fataawaa – some of which are collected and published. He also supervises many of the knowledge-based treatises (written by students) in the Masters (degree) and Doctorate programs. Numerous students of knowledge study directly from him, continually attending his sittings and Islamic lessons.

His Mashaayikh (Scholars who taught him)

The Noble Scholar studied at the hands of numerous lofty Scholars, the most well-known of them being: the Honorable Scholar ‘Abdul ‘Azeez Bin Baaz, the Honorable Scholar Abdullah bin Humaid – he would attend his lessons in the Masjid of Buraidah, the Honorable Scholar Muhammad al Ameen ash-Shinqeetee, the Honorable Scholar ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee, the Honorable Scholar Saalih bin ‘Abdur-Rahman as-Sukaytee, the Honorable Scholar Saalih bin Ibraheem al- Bulayhee, the Honorable Scholar Muhammad bin Subayyal, the Honorable Scholar ‘Abdullah bin Saalih al-Khulayfee, the Honorable Scholar Ibraheem bin ‘Ubayd al-‘Abd al-Muhsin, and the Honorable Scholar Saalih al-‘Alee an-Naasir. And he studied from other than them…

His Authored Works

The Noble Scholar has authored many works. From the most prominent of them:

An Explanation of (Ibn Taymiyyah’s) Aqeedatul Wasitiyyah in one small volume

A collection of lectures regarding Aqeedah (beliefs) and Dawah (calling to the correct path) in two volumes

A collection of fataawaa in Aqeedah and Fiqh (jurisprudence) taken from Noor ‘alaa ad-Darb (radio program) 4 volumes completed

Criticism of the book The Halal and Haram in Islam

An Explanation of Kitaabut Tawheed by Imam Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab – a simple explanation which can be used in schools (He also wrote his own very beneficial book called Kitaabut Tawheed)

Summary of Fiqh Principles in two volumes

Clarification of what the person making Hajj and/or ‘Umrah should do

(for a more complete list of his works, see the Arabic in the link given)

Additionally there are a number of books, research works and knowledge-based treatises – some of which have been published and some of which are in the process of being published.

 

(End of what I translated from his biography)

Translated by Ummu Khadijah

 

 A biography of him from salafitalk:

http://salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=19&Topic=9412

 

Shaikh Fawzaan on the meaning of “Ahlus Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah”

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/04/01/shaikh-fawzaan-on-the-meaning-of-ahlus-sunnah-wal-jamaaah/

Shaikh Fawzaan on so-called “Islamic” songs

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/04/01/so-called-islamic-songs/

The fact that the majority does something is not a proof that it is correct:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/04/01/the-fact-that-the-majority-does-something-is-not-a-proof-that-it-is-correct/

Explanation of “Don’t boycott more than three days”

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/04/01/explanation-of-dont-boycott-more-than-three-days/

Shaikh Fawzaan on saying “Madkhalis”

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2011/01/01/shaikh-fawzaan-on-saying-madkhalis/

 

9 Questions about the Jinn:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/08/18/9-questions-about-the-jinn-answered-by-shaikh-fawzaan/

 

Difference between Hadith Qudsi and the Quran

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/08/05/difference-between-hadith-qudsi-and-the-quran-and-between-it-and-other-ahaadeeth/

 

The devil didn’t make you do it

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/06/06/the-devil-didnt-make-you-do-it/

 

Putting Parents in a Rest Home

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/putting-parents-in-a-rest-home-by-shaikh-fawzaan/