Posts Tagged ‘mujarrad’

Some Useful Commands from Thulaathee Mujarrad Verbs

May 17, 2010

The 2nd person masculine singular command generally takes a sukoon on the last letter. Ex: اِجْلِسْ (You m.sg)

The 2nd person feminine singular command has a yaa attached to it. Ex: اِجْلِسِيْ (You f.sg)

The 2nd person masculine plural generally has a wow and alif attached to the last letter. Ex.: اِجْلِسُوا (You m.pl)

The 2nd person feminine plural has a noon attached to it. Ex: اِجْلِسْنَ (You f.pl.)

This chart is for thulaathee mujarrad regular verbs

اِفْعَلِيْ اِفْعَلْ اِجْلِسِيْ اِجْلِسْ
اِفْعَلْنَ اِفْعَلُوا اِجْلِسْنَ اِجْلِسُوا
Do! Sit up!
اُسْكُتِيْ اُسْكُتْ اِذهَبِيْ اِذْهَبْ
اُسْكُتْنَ اُسْكُتُوا اِذْهَبْنَ اِذْهَبُوا
Be quiet! Go!
اِفْتَحِيْ اِفْتَحْ اُخْرُجِيْ اُخْرُجْ
اِفْتَحْنَ اِفْتَحُوا اُخْرُجْنَ اُخْرُجُوا
Open! Leave/Exit!
اِعْلَمِيْ اِعْلَمْ اُقْعُدِيْ اُقْعُدْ
اِعْلَمْنَ اِعْلَمُوا اُقْعُدْنَ اُقْعُدُوا
Know! Sit down!
اُدْرُسِيْ اُدْرُسْ اِقْرَئِيْ اِقْرَأْ
اُدْرُسْنَ اُدْرُسُوا اِقْرَأَنَ اِقْرَؤُوا
Study! Read/Recite!
اِحْفَظِيْ اِحْفَظْ اُكْتُبِيْ اُكْتُبْ
اِحْفَظْنَ اِحْفَظُوا اُكْتُبْنَ اُكْتُبُوا
Memorize Write!
اِغْسِليْ اِغْسِل اِصْبِرِي اِصبِرْ
اِغْسِلْنَ اِغْسِلُوا اِصْبِرْنَ اِصْبِرُوا
Wash! Be patient!
اِخْلَعِيْ اِخْلَعْ اِلْبَسِيْ اِلْبَسْ
اِخْلَعْنَ اِخْلَعُوا اِلْبَسْنَ اِلْبَسُوا
Take off! Put on/Wear!
اُدْخُلِيْ اُدْخُلْ اِنْزِلِي اِنْزِلْ
اُدْخُلْنَ اُدْخُلُوا اِنْزِلْنَ اِنْزِلُوا
Enter! Get down!
اُنْظُرِي اُنْظُرْ اِشْرَبِي اِشْرَبْ
اُنْظُرْنَ اُنْظُرُوا اِشْرَبْنَ اِشْرَبُوا
Look! Drink!
مُرِي مُرْ خُذِيْ1 خُذْ
مُرْنَ مُرُوا خُذْنَ خُذُوا
Command! Take!
هاتِ كُلِي كُلْ
Bring!2 كُلْنَ كُلُوا
Eat!

This chart is for thulaathee mujarrad irregular verbs3 – weak middle letter

تُوْبِيْ تُبْ قُوْلِيْ قُلْ
تُبْنَ تُوْبُوا قُلْنَ قُوْلُوْا
Repent! Say!
قُوْمِيْ قُمْ كُوْنِيْ كُنْ
قُمْنَ قُوْمُوا كُنَّ4 كُوْنُوا
Stand! Be!
سِيْرِيْ سِرْ بِيْعِيْ بِعْ
سِرْنَ سِيْرُوا بِعْنَ بِيْعُوا
Travel/Go! Sell!
نَامِيْ نَمْ نَالِيْ نَلْ
نَمْنَ نَامُوا نَلْنَ نَالُوا
Sleep Obtain!

This chart is for thulathee mujarrad irregular verbs5 – double letter

صُبِّيْ صُبَّ اِسْحَبِي اِسْحَبْ
صُبَبْنَ صُبُّوا اِسْحَبْنَ اِسْحَبُوا
Pour! Pull!
رُدِّيْ رُدَّ عُدِّيْ عُدَّ
رُدَدْنَ رُدُّوا عُدَدْنَ عُدُّوا
Reply/Reject! Count!
مَسِّيْ مَسَّ شَمِّيْ شَمَّ
مَسَسْنَ مَسُّوا شَمَمْنَ شَمُّوا
Touch! Smell!

The masculine singular commands in the above chart should have a fat-hah over the double letter

This chart is for thulaathee mujarrad irregular verbs6 – weak first letter

قِفِيْ قِفْ جِدِيْ جِدْ
قِفْنَ قِفُوا جِدْنَ جِدُوا
Stop! Find!
صِلِيْ صِلْ ضَعِيْ ضَعْ
صِلْنَ صِلُوا ضَعْنَ ضَعُوا
Connect! Put!
قِيْ قِ7 زِنِيْ زِنْ
قِيْنَ قُوا زِنَّ زِنُوا
Save! Weigh!

This chart is for thulaathee mujarrad verbs8 – weak end letter

اِكْوِيْ اِكْوِ اِمْشِيْ اِمْشِ
اِكْوِيْنَ اِكْوُوا اِمْشِيْنَ اِمْشُوا
Iron! Walk!
اِرْمِيْ اِرْمِ اِطْوِيْ اِطْوِ
اِرْمِيْنَ اِرْمُوا اِطْوِيْنَ اِطْوُوا
Throw! Fold!
اُمْحِيْ اُمْحُ اُدْعِيْ اُدْعُ
اُمْحِيْنَ اُمْحُوا اُدْعِيْنَ اُدْعُوا
Erase! Invite/Call!
اِخْشَيْ اِخْشَ اِنْسَيْ اِنْسَ
اِخْشَيْنَ اِخْشَوا اِنْسَيْنَ اِنْسَوا
Fear! Forget

1These 3 verbs are from mahmooz- verbs that have hamzah as a root letter – أخذ and أمر and أكل

2This is a special type of verb, it doesnt have a present tense

3Most verbs taken from Madinah Book 2 chapter 27

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du2_28.htm

 

4Not to be confused with كنّا (with alif) which means “we were”

5Taken from Madinah Book 2 chapter 29

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du2_30.htm

 

6 Verbs taken from Madinah Book 2 chapter 26

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du2_27.htm

 

7From the verb وَقَى which is technically called lafeef- it has two weak letters

8Taken from Madinah Book 2 chapter 28

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du2_29.htm

 

(links updated 7/14/2014)

In file form : Some Useful Commands 1

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How to form the Doer (فَاعِلٌ) in thulaathee mujarrad verbs

May 5, 2010

For thulaathee (3 letter root ) mujarrad (bare) verbs, the doer of the action (and the doer may be a person OR a thing) is formed upon the pattern :

فَاعِلٌ

Examples:

حَفِظَ to memorize

حَافِظٌ one who memorizes

 (just add ة to make it feminine – حَافِظَةٌ )

فَهِمَ to understand

فَاهِمٌ one who understands

 (just add oon to make it m.pl.: فَاهِمُوْنَ )

نَطَقَ to speak

نَاطِقٌ one who speaks (just add aat to make it f.pl.: نَاطِقَاتٌ )

The doer may also be formed on the mubaalaghah patterns. Examples:

فَقِهَ to understand

فَقِيْهٌ one with deep understanding

and likewise خَطِيْبٌ -lecturer – is from خَطَبَ

Another common mabalaghah pattern is فَعَّالٌ (fat-hah. Examples:

خَبَّازٌ Baker from خبز – to bake

حَلَّاقٌ Barber from حلق – to shave

غَسَّالَةٌ Washing Machine (Washer) from – غسل to wash

 

Do not confuse this pattern with فُعَّالٌ (dammah) which is a plural form. Examples:

رُكَّاب Passengers

حُكَّامٌ Judges

كُفَّارٌ Disbelievers

Doers for double letter verbs (3 letter root, bare) are formed like this:

حَجَّ to make Hajj

حَاجٌّ pilgrim (person who makes Hajj)

Doers for weak middle letter verbs are formed like this:

سَاقَ to drive

سَائِقٌ Driver

Doers for weak last letter verbs are formed like this:

رَقَى to recite ruqya (not to be confused with رَقِيَ to climb)

رَاقٍ One who recites ruqya

(راقٍ  raaqin has kasrataan)

As a side note, doers which are formed like this (above) take a ي as an ending in three cases:

1.when it has ال .Example: المُحَامِيْ the lawyer (مُحَامِيَةٌ female lawyer)

2.when it is mudaf هُوَ قَاضِيُ المَدِيْنَةِ He is the judge of the town

3.when it is mansoob زَارَ مُحَامٍ قَاضِياً A lawyer visited a judge

(See Madinah Book 3, lesson 1,

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_2.htm

 

 about 1/3 down the page )

On how to form the Doer of an action (فاعِلٌ ) for 3 letter root mujarrad (bare) verbs, see Madinah Book 3, lesson 5

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_6.htm

 

Forming the Doer of the action (فاعِل ) for 3 letter root, bare verbs

May 2, 2010

For thulaathee (3 letter root ) mujarrad (bare) verbs, the doer of the action (and the doer may be a person OR a thing) is formed upon the pattern :

فَاعِلٌ

Examples:

حَفِظَ to memorize

حَافِظٌ one who memorizes (just add ة to make it feminine: حَافِظَةٌ)

فَهِمَ to understand

فَاهِمٌ one who understands (just add oon to make it m.pl: فَاهِمُوْنَ)

نَطَقَ to speak

نَاطِقٌ one who speaks (just add aat to make it f.pl.: نَاطِقَاتٌ )

The doer may also be formed on the mubaalaghah patterns. Examples:

فَقِهَ to understand

فَقِيْهٌ one with deep understanding

and likewise خَطِيْبٌ -lecturer – is from خَطَبَ

Another common mabalaghah pattern is فَعَّالٌ . Examples:

خَبَّازٌ Baker from خبز – to bake

حَلَّاقٌ Barber from حلق – to shave

غَسَّالَةٌ Washing Machine (Washer) from – غسل to wash

(for more professions:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/category/arabic/vocabulary-general/professions/ )

 

Do not confuse this pattern with فُعَّالٌ which is a plural form (and has dammah over the first letter). Examples:

رُكَّاب Passengers

حُكَّامٌ Judges

كُفَّارٌ Disbelievers

Doers for double letter verbs (3 letter root, bare) are formed like this:

حَجَّ to make Hajj

حَاجٌّ pilgrim (person who makes Hajj)

Doers for weak middle letter verbs are formed like this:

سَاقَ to drive

سَائِقٌ Driver

Doers for weak last letter verbs are formed like this:

رَقَى to recite ruqya (not to be confused with رَقِيَ to climb)

رَاقٍ (qaf has two kasrahs) One who recites ruqya (ruqya is reciting words in the hopes of curing a sick person.  There are two types of ruqya: 1.Legislated (from Quran and authentic Sunnah) and 2.Not legislated (may involve disbelief, polytheism or other things contradictory to Islam).  An excellent book on the subject is The rules and etiquettes of Ruqya by Shaikh Saalih ibn Abdil Azeez Aali Sheikh with comments by Shaikh Ibn Baaz  and Shaikh Rabee ibn Haddee al Madkhalee, published by al-ibaanah)

As a side note, doers which are formed like this (above) take a ي as an ending in three cases:

1.when it has ال .Example: المُحَامِيْ the lawyer (مُحَامِيَةٌ female lawyer)

2.when it is mudaf هُوَ قَاضِيُ المَدِيْنَةِ He is the judge of the town

3.when it is mansoob زَارَ مُحَامٍ قَاضِياً A lawyer visited a judge

See Madinah Book 3, lesson 1

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_2.htm

 

On how to form the Doer of an action (فاعِلٌ ) see Madinah Book 3, lesson 5

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du3_6.htm