Posts Tagged ‘mushaf’

Clarification of some sentences in Madinah Book 2

August 6, 2013

The following sentences are from Madinah Book 21, lesson 16, point #16

 

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du2_17.htm

 

 

 

نقول: القرآن كتابُ الله. قرأت القرآنَ. أحفظ القرآنَ

We say: The Quran is the Book of Allah. I recited the Quran. I am memorizing the Quran.”

ونقول: عندي ثلاثةُ مَصَاحِفَ. وَضَعْتُ المُصْحَفَ

على المكتب. أقرأُ من المُصْحَفِ

And we say: I have three mus’hafs. I put the mus’haf on the desk. I am reading from the mus’haf.”

 

These sentences seem to imply that the Quran is not what is in the mus-haf.  It has recently been clarified, alhamdulillah, that the Quran is also what is written in the mus-haf.  One proof mentioned in the beneficial article here:

http://www.bakkah.net/en/serious-errors-of-yusuf-estes-in-basic-muslim-creed.htm

is the hadeeth:

 

(( Do not travel with the Quran, since I can not guarantee that the enemies would not get a hold of it. ))

Collected by Muslim in his Saheeh (#1869)

 

It is important to understand that in Arabic, words have both a linguistic meaning ( لُغَةً ) and a meaning in the religion (اِصْطِلَاحًا or as it is sometimes worded, in the legislation – شَرْعًا )

It is important to refer to the Scholars of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah for both the linguistic meaning of a word, and especially its meaning in the legislation (Quran and Sunnah). 

Shaikh Uthaymeen said2 about the meaning of the word “Qur’an”:

 

ما هو القرآن الكريم؟ يقول القرآن في اللغة

مصدرُ قرأبمعنى تلاأو بمعنى جمعبأن

قرأ تكون بمعنى تلا مثل قول تعالى:

فإذا قرأت القرآن فاستعذ بالله

What is the Noble Quran? “Quran” linguistically is the masdar (verbal noun) of “qara’a”, meaning: “talaa” (to recite) or meaning “jama’a” (to gather).  Because qara’a means talaa (to recite) like in The Most High’s statement (translated):

So when you recite the Qur’an, seek refuge with Allah…” (16:98)…

 

وتكون بمعنى جمع ومنه القرية

يعني أن تجمع السكان

And it (also) means “jama’a” (to gather) and from it is (the word) “qaryah” (village), meaning – where the residents gather…

 

تقول قرأ قَرْأً وقُرْآنًا

كما تقول غفر غَفْرًا وغُفْرَانًا

…You say “qara’a” (the infinitive), “qar’an” (first masdar [verbal noun]) and “qur’aanan” (second masdar)

just like you say “ghafara”, “ghafran”, “ghufraanan”

(showing a similarity between the patterns for the verbs and masdars)

 

فصارت.كلمة القرآن مصدر

بمعنى اسم مفعول

وبمعنى اسم الفاعل

So the word “Qur’an” is a masdar (verbal noun) which (sometimes) means the ism maf’ool (object) and (sometimes) means the ism faa’il (doer of the action)

 

إن كان من التلاوة فهي بمعنى باسم مفعول

If (Quran) means tilaawah (recitation, as in 2:121), then its meaning is that of an object (i.e. something which is recited)

إن كان من الجمع فمعنى اسم الفاعل

If (Quran) means “jama’a” (to gather), then its meaning is that of a doer (i.e. something which gathers)…

فعلى المعنى الأول تلا يعني التلاوة يكون مصدرا بمعنى اسم مفعول أي بمعنى متلو

So for the first meaning (from) “talaa” (to recite), meaning: “tilaawah” (recitation), (quran) is a masdar with the meaning of the object, meaning: matloo (that which is recited)

وعلى المعنى الثاني جمع يكون مصدرا بمعنى اسم الفاعل أي بمعنى جامع لجمع الأخبار والأحكام

For the second meaning (from) “jama’a” (to gather), (quran) is a masdar with the meaning of the doer (of the action), meaning: Jaami’ (something which gathers) because it gathers the relayed information (conveyed to His Prophet [sallallahu alayhe wa sallam] in the Quran from Allah concerning matters of the unseen, previous nations, etc) and the rulings…

ويمكن أن يكون على اسم المفعول أيضا أي بمعنى مجموع بأنه جُمِعَ في المصاحف والصدور

…And it is possible that (quran) has the meaning (with regards to “jama’a”) of the object as well, meaning: majmoo’ (that which is gathered), because it is gathered in the mus’hafs and in the chests…

(End of first part of quoting from Shaikh Uthaymeen)

Later while explaining the legislative meaning (في الشرع) of Quran , Shaikh Uthaymeen mentions:

 

إذاً أولُ القرآن هو الفاتحة, كتابةً وتلاوة

Then, the first part of the Quran is al-Faatihah, in writing and in recitation

أما نزولا فأوله اقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلق

As for the first part to be revealed, that was (translated):

Read! In the Name of your Lord Who created…” (96:1)

المختوم بسورة الناس

It ends with suratun Naas (ch.114)…

وهذا القرآن ولله الحمد

And this Quran – and to Allah is due all the praise

محفوظ في الصدور

Is memorized in the chests

مكتوب في السطور

and is written on the lines…

(end of quoting from that audio – Usoolut-tafseer)

Umm Muhammad Zawjatu Abdul Malik

(Footnotes)

1 As a side point, the Madinah series consists of 4 semesters of books – each semester containing at least four books – 1 book is lessons in the Arabic language and the other books are side books, for example – ta’beer (conversation), Imlaa’, (dictation), hadeeth, fiqh, seerah, tafseer, etc.  Dr. V wrote the books which contain lessons in the Arabic language.  As for the side books, then some of them he helped write, some of them he reviewed, and some he didn’t write (like the tafseer book for semester four)

2 From: http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/publish/cat_index_31.shtml1st tape, side one (al wajhul awwal),  from 4:10 – 6:12 and 9:16 – 9:42

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The Quran is also what is written in the Mus-haf

August 29, 2012

The Quran is also what is written in the mus-haf.  Read the evidences from the file (e-book) which can be downloaded from this page:

 

http://www.bakkah.net/en/serious-errors-of-yusuf-estes-in-basic-muslim-creed.htm

 

starting at page 15 – The Basic Muslim Belief that the Quran is Written in Mushafs

Menstruating Women Touching the Mus-haf and Attending Lessons of Knowledge in the Masjid

August 15, 2012

Taken from: http://www.albaidha.net/vb/showthread.php?t=40185

Questions answered by Shaikh Muqbil

السؤال الثامن والعشرون : هل يجوز للمرأة الحائض والنفساء أن تمس القرآن ؟ وتقرأ فيه وخاصة في شهر رمضان المبارك الذي يخصصه الناس بختم القرآن ؟

جواب : لا اعلم مانعاً من هذا ، وحديث : (( لا يمس القرآن إلا طاهر )) ، منهم من يقول: إنه مرسل ، وعلى الفرض أنه بمجموع طرقه صالح للحجية فيكون محمولاً على ما قاله الشوكاني في < نيل الأوطار > يقول : لا يمس القرآن إلا طاهر ، أي مسلم ، فلا يمسه الكافر ، لأن النبي صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم نهى أن يُسافر بالقرآن إلى أرض العدو .

أما قوله تعالى :

لا يمسه إلا المطهرون ]

[الواقعة : 79 ]

فالمراد بهم الملائكة كما قال الإمام مالك في < موطئه > وقال : هذه الآية يُفسرها قوله تعالى :

كلا إنها تذكرة * فمن شاء ذكره * في صحف مكرمة * مرفوعةٍ مطهرة * بأيدي سفرة كرامٍ بررة *

[ عبس : 11 ـ 16 ]

أي : الملائكة كما قال ربنا عز وجل :

وما تنزلت به الشياطين * وما ينبغي لهم وما يستطيعون * إنهم عن السمع لمعزولون *

[ الشعراء : 210 ـ 212 ]

28th Question: Is it permissible for the Menstruating or Postpartum woman to touch the Qur’an? And is it permissible for her to read it – especially in the blessed month of Ramadan when people are devoted to finishing the Qur’an?

Answer: I don’t know anything to prevent this. And the hadeeth: ” No one touches the Quran except the pure one” then some (of the Scholars) say it is Mursal (the chain of narration goes back to the Taabi’ not the Sahaabi). If it is assumed that the hadeeth is authentic, then it takes the meaning that (Shaikh) ash-Shawkaanee said about it in “Neelul Awtaar” . He said: ” ‘ No one touches the Qur’an except the pure one’ meaning: The Muslim. The Kaafir doesn’t touch it.” Because the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) prohibited that someone travel with the Qur’an to the land of the enemy. As for Allah, The Most High’s statement (translated):

“None can touch it except for the Purified” (56:79)

Then what is meant by the Purified is ‘the angels’ as Imam Malik said in his Muwatta. And he said: These verses are explained by His, The Most High’s , statement (translated):

“Nay, indeed it is an reminder. So whoever wills, let him remember. (It is ) in Records held (greatly) in honor (al Lauhul Mahfooth). Exalted, purified. In the hands of honorable and obedient scribes. ” (80:11-16)

Meaning (of scribes): The angels…

السؤال التاسع والعشرون : وهل يجوز لها حضور مجالس العلم والدروس في المسجد ؟

جواب : لا بأس إن شاء الله ، وحديث : (( إني لا أحل المسجد لحائض ولا جنب )) هو حديث ضعيف ، والنبي صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم يقول لعائشة : (( إن حيضتك ليست في يدك)) ، ويقول لها أيضاً : (( أفعلي ما يفعل الحاج غير ألا تطوفي في البيت )) . فلا بأس أن تحضر دروس العلم في المسجد .

29th question: And is it permissible for her (Menstruating or Postpartum mentioned in Q 28) to attend the sittings of knowledge and lessons in the Masjid?

Answer: There is no harm (in that) in shaa Allah. And the hadeeth “Indeed I don’t make it permissible for the Menstruating woman or junub to go to the Masjid” – it is a weak hadeeth. And the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa alaa aalihi wa sallam) said to Aishah: “Indeed your menses is not in your hands” and he also said to her: “Do everything the Haajjee (person making Hajj) does except for tawaaf (circling) around the House (Ka’bah)”. So there is no harm for her attend lessons of knowledge in the Masjid.

[end of what was translated from that Q & A]

Shaikh Zaid al Madkhalee on how a woman does istikhaara while on her menses:

http://salaficentre.com/2012/06/salat-al-istikhaarah-for-a-woman-during-her-menstrual-cycle-shaikh-zayd-ibn-hadee-al-madkhalee/