Posts Tagged ‘Permanent’

Kaana, when used with Allah’s Names, is an affirmation

August 15, 2013

From the points of benefit that Shaikh Uthaymeen mentioned in his tafseer of verse (4:1) are1:

 

التحذير من مخالفة الله عزّ وجل، وتؤخذ من

قوله تعالى: { {إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا} }، ومن

آمن بأن الله رقيب عليه فسوف يحذر

من مخالفة الله عزّ وجل.

ويؤخذ من هذه الآية: إثبات اسم الرقيب لله عزّ وجل

ولا يراد بهذه الآية معناها الزمني؛ لأنه لو

أريد بها المعنى الزمني؛ لكانت الرقابة

قد مضت، ولكنه يراد بها تحقيق اتصاف الموصوف

بالصفة التي كانت خبراً في هذه الجملة، فالمراد هنا

تحقيق أن الله رقيب علينا، وكذلك قوله

تعالى: {{وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا}} [النساء: 96] ، ليس المراد

أنه كان فزال، بل المراد تحقيق اتصافه بالمغفرة والرحمة

The warning (people) from opposing Allah, Exalted and Lofty is He, taken from His, The Most High’s, statement: “Indeed Allah is ever Raqeeb (Watcher) over you”.

Whoever believes that Allah is Raqeeb over him will be cautious of opposing Allah, Exalted and Lofty is He.

And (another benefit) taken from this verse is:

Affirming the name “Ar-Raqeeb” for Allah, ‘Azza wa Jall.

And it is not intended in this verse for the meaning to be (restricted to) a certain time (i.e. kaana in this verse does NOT mean: “He was…”).  Because if what was intended by the meaning was a (certain) time, then the Riqaabah (watchfulness) would have passed already.  However, what is meant by it is affirming the description of the one being described using the sifah (characteristic, attribute) which is the khabar (predicate) in this sentence2. So what is intended is affirmation that Allah is Raqeeb over us. And similar to that is His, The Most High’s, statement:

وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا

And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, The Bestower of Mercy” (4:96)

The intention is not that He was (like that) and then He stopped (being like that).  Rather, the intention is affirmation of His being described with forgiveness and mercy

(end of that quote)

Shaikh Uthaymeen said in his excellent book:

  القواعد المثلى في صفات الله وأسمائه الحسنى

Lofty Principles Concerning the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allaah

القاعدة الخامسة:

الصفات الثبوتية تنقسم إلى قسمين:

ذاتية وفعلية:

فالذابية: هي التي لم يزل ولا يزال متصفاً بها

كالعلم والقدرة والسمع والبصر والعِزَّة

والحِكْمَة والعلو والعَظَمة

ومنها الصفات الخبرية كالوجه واليدين والعينين3

The Fifth Principle Concerning Allaah’s Attributes

    1. They Can Be Divided Into Two Kinds – Permanent, Continuous Attributes and Chosen Actions

Allah’s affirmed Attributes might either be permanent Attributes that He is always described with, or Actions that He performs when He likes.

His permanent Attributes ( الصفات الذاتية ), as-sifaat ath-thaatiyyah, are those He never ceases to be described with, like having Knowledge, Power, Hearing, Sight, Honor, Wisdom, Highness, amd Greatmess.  Some of them are Attributes that are only known to us through His reports, like His Face, two Hands, and two Eyes.4

(end of quoting from that chapter)

(See also: The Second Principle Concerning Allaah’s Names – They Are Both Titles and Descriptions (starting on p.25))

Footnotes

2 Kaana is used as an affirmation of the description here, it is not to be understood as meaning the past tense.  It does NOT mean that Allah was Raqeeb, but now He is not.  Rather, kaana is an affirmation of the description.  And as Shaikh Uthaymeen mentioned in his excellent work – Al Qawaaid al Muthlaa (Lofty Principles Concerning the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah)  – Allah does not cease to be described with these attributes (as-sifaat adh-dhaatiyah)

 

3 From p.34 of the Arabic text

 

4 English translation by Moosa Richardson, p. 75 of Lofty Principles Concerning the Names and Attributes of Allaah

 

 

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Sabaahul Khair صباح الخير

April 11, 2012

Fataawa taken from www.alifta.com  :

1.(Arabic)

السؤال الثالث من الفتوى رقم ( 3897 )

س 3: حكم قول: (صباح ) و (مساء الخير ).

ج 3: لا نعلم بذلك بأسًا، ويكون ذلك بعد البدء بالسلام، وبعد الرد الشرعي إذا كان القائل بذلك مسلمًا عليه.

وبالله التوفيق، وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وآله وصحبه وسلم.

 

اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والإفتاء

 

عضو عضو الرئيس
عبد الله بن قعود عبد الله بن غديان عبد العزيز بن عبد الله بن باز

 

 

1.(English)

The third question of Fatwa no.3897

Q 3:what is the ruling on greeting people saying: “Good morning” and “Good evening”?l

A:There is no harm in this, if it follows saying: “Al-Salamu `Alaikum (peace be upon you)” and receiving the response from the greeted Muslim.

 

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

 

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

 

Member Member Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

 

 

 

2. (Arabic)

السؤال الثالث من الفتوى رقم ( 9908 )

س 3: عندنا في مصر عادة في الصباح أن نحيي نقول: ( صباح الخير يا فلان) ما حكم هذه التحية في الإسلام ؟

ج 3: تحية الإسلام: (السلام عليكم) فإن زاد: (ورحمة الله وبركاته) فهو أفضل، وإن دعا بعد ذلك من لقيه: (صباح الخير) مثلاً فلا حرج عليه، أما أن يقتصر بالتحية عند اللقاء على: (صباح الخير) دون أن يقول: (السلام عليكم) فقد أساء.

( الجزء رقم : 24، الصفحة رقم: 120)

وبالله التوفيق، وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وآله وصحبه وسلم.

 

اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والإفتاء

 

عضو نائب الرئيس الرئيس
عبد الله بن غديان عبد الرزاق عفيفي عبد العزيز بن عبد الله بن باز

 

2.(English)

The third question of Fatwa no.9908

Q 3: It is customary in Egypt to greet each other in the morning saying :Good morning“. What is the ruling on this salutation?l

A:The Salam (Islamic greeting of peace) is: “Al-Salamu `Alaikum (peace be upon you)”. If one adds “Wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh (and the Mercy and Blessings of Allah be upon you, too)”, it is better. After saying that, if a Muslim greets others by saying “Good morning” for example, there is no harm. However, if a Muslim only says “Good morning” without saying: “Al-Salamu `Alaikum”, they are mistaken.

( الجزء رقم : 24، الصفحة رقم: 120)

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

 

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

 

Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz