Posts Tagged ‘recite’

Is Reciting the Quran with Tajweed Obligatory – Shaikh Fawzaan

December 2, 2013

 

The following was translated from:

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=17569

Arabic Text:

Tajweed Fawzaan


Question: Noble Shaikh – (we ask that) Allah grant you success – Is what is intended by “i’raab” of the Quran: reciting with tajweed or just the absence of grammatical errors which change the meanings? And is reciting with tajweed obligatory?

Answer (Shaikh Fawzaan): Reciting with “i’raab” of the Quran means: reciting it without linguistic, grammatical errors. This is “i’raab” of the Quran.

As for tajweed which is: Lengthening (vowels) and merging and what is similar to that from the rules of tajweed, then this is from beautifying and improving the recitation and pronunciation. It is not obligatory. It is only recommended (mustahabb), without exaggerations and without intensifications in the rulings of tajweed.

Tajweed and the rules of tajweed are from the things which beautify and improve (the recitation). Whoever learns them (the rules of tajweed) and pronounces them, then that is good. And whoever is ignorant of them, then there is no harm upon him with the condition that he recites the Quran without grammatical errors, not making marfoo’ what should be mansoob, or making mansoob what should be marfoo’, or making majroor what should be mansoob, or other than that.

So what is desired is: “I’raab” of the Quran – meaning: reciting it in Arabic without gramatical errors. As for beautifying the voice and improving the recitation and the tajweed, then these are mustahabb (recommended) and things which perfect (the recitation).

Reference: This fatwaa is quoted from Shaikh Fawzaan’s book Sharh Lum’atul I’tiqaad Guiding to the Path of Guidance, published by Daarul Imaam Ahmad

Translated by Ummu Khadijah

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Reciting the Quran with Tajweed – Shaikh Albaanee

December 2, 2013

 

The follwing is a question posed to Shaikh Albaanee regarding the rulings of tajweed along with his answer. Taken from the book:

 

1000 Fatwas of Shaikh Albaanee (a collection of some of his fatwas)

Chapter (Kitaab): Tafseer of the Quran, Manners of Recitation, and Rulings of Tajweed

Section (Fasl): Rulings of Tajweed

 

Arabic Text:

Tajweed Albaanee

 

 

 

Question: There has been a lot of speech around here regarding the rulings of tajweed and using these rules, when there are some scholars who say it is obligatory, and along with that some of these rulings, the Imaams of this science have differed over them. So what is your opinion on the legislativeness of these rulings and the ranging in the solidity of its proofs from the Book and the Sunnah?

 

 

Answer (Shaikh Albaanee): Indeed people have received the recitation of the Noble Qur’an successively from those who preceeded upon this well-known path with ( the tajweed rulings). And the tajweed rulings are, at their foundation, principles for the pronunciation of Arabic, where the one who is Arab by lineage pronounces his speech in this way when speaking or reciting. And with the advancement of mankind (in time), the extension of their time with the fundamentals of the Arabic language, and the mixing of the Arabs with the non-Arabs are from the causes of the spread of grammatical mistakes. Along with the Arabs becoming un-Arabicized, due to the non-Arabs. Special care must be taken to teach these rulings in the area of reciting the Noble Quran.

 

 

As for what the questioner mentioned about the Imams differing in some of the rulings of tajweed – then this is really true. For some of them were of the opinion that the Madd Munfassal (hamzah followed by a letter of madd in two words) was unrestricted while some of them stretched it to 3 counts, and some four. Some of them lengthened the madd (elongation) of this type like (the madds) other than it (are lengthened). Some of them put (the letters) ghain and khaa with (the letters which have the ruling of) ikhfaa’ (hiding) of noon and tanween.

 

 

Some of them made ghain and khaa clear (ith-haar) – and these are the majority (who did so). Some of them made the idghaam (merging) of noon -all of it (with all the idghaam of noon letters) – to be without ghunnah – even wow and yaa. And they confined the ghunnah of idghaam to tanween until even including (the letters) laam and raa. Some of them did imaalah1 with the properties of yaa, while some of them decreased the imaalah and it is called “taqleel” to them. And there is a level of imaalah that is between fat-hah and imaalah. Some of them made ishmaam2in words where the middle root letter is yaa and which are mabnee3 and majhool4. Some of them made laam tafkheem (heavy) with some of the letters. Some of them made raa with fat-hah tarqeeq (light) when it is preceded by a yaa or a letter with kasrah. Some of them extend, meaning: lengthen, the madd of badal, etc.

 

 

And the cause for these differings is also due to following the rulings of pronunciation in Arabic. For these rules are spread out through the rulings of the recitations. And it is known that differing in the recitations is originally due to differing in the way of the pronunciation of the word with the Arabs. It is indeed from the easement of Allah – Exalted and Lofty is He – upon this ummah regarding His Book that He sent it down with seven dialects as has come in the authentic ahaadeeth which are mutawaatir5 regarding this topic. From them is his statement: ‘Indeed this Quran has been sent down upon seven dialects‘ Agreed upon. And other than it from dozens of ahaadeeth spread throughout all of the books of the Sunnah like Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad, at-Tirmidhee, Abu Dawood, and other than them.

 

 

These dialects, as the Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) described them in another hadeeth when he said (translated): ‘The Quran was sent down in seven modes upon seven dialects, all of them are clear, definitive6, complete.7 So this differing that happens between the Imaams in the rules of tajweed is from this angle. This (particular) differing won’t ever harm anything.

 

 

It is upon a person to recite the Quran with the rules of tajweed, because Allah – The Most High – said (translated):

 

 

And recite the Qur’ân (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style.‘ (Al-Muzzammil 73:4)8

 

 

So if you recite it as you read any other book, then you have not recited it with tarteel (as mentioned in the verse 73:4). So it must be recited with the rules of tajweed. The Scholars call a mistake in the rules of tajweed al-lahn al-khafee (the hidden error). So it is upon a person to make sure he learns how to recite the Quran in the correct way. As for when he knows of a differing in some ruling, then he must stick to what his Shuyookh taught him so that he doesn’t fall into chaos. And he shouldn’t leave the way that his Mashaayikh taught him believing that another way is more correct than it, because all of them (these revealed qiraa’at) are correct. And all of them are as the Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) described: ‘Clear, definitive, complete.’

 

 

As for seeking proof from the Quran and Sunnah for these rulings, then this seeking, at its foundation, is an error. Because all of these rulings reached us by tawaatur of action (see footnote #5). So we learned recitation of the Quran from our Shaikhs and our forefathers by this way, and they (those we learned from) learned (it) the same way from their Shaikhs and forefathers, and so on until the time of the Companions who took it from the Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam). This will suffice, and all the praise belongs only to Allaah firstly and lastly.

 

 

(End of the Shaikh’s Speech)

 

Translated by Ummu Khadijah

 

Also see this beneficial article:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2013/06/25/diversity-of-the-seven-different-recitations-of-the-quran/

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

1Imaalah – إمالةpronunciation of “a” shaded toward “e” (Hans Wehr, see ميل)

2Ishmaam – إشمامthe pronunciation of “u” with a trace of “i” (Hans Wehr, see شم)

3 Mabnee – Indeclinable – the ending doesnt change

4 Majhool Unknown – usually refering to the passive form of verbs – for example – فُتِحَ البَابُ – The door was opened (it is unknown who opened it)

5 Mutawaatir: Narrated by a large number of people

6شافٍ– definition taken from www.almaany.com

7كافٍ– definition taken from www.almaany.com

8 Translation of the verse taken from: http://thenoblequran.com/sps/nbq/

Clarification of some sentences in Madinah Book 2

August 6, 2013

The following sentences are from Madinah Book 21, lesson 16, point #16

 

http://old.iu.edu.sa/spages/edu/syukbah/du2_17.htm

 

 

 

نقول: القرآن كتابُ الله. قرأت القرآنَ. أحفظ القرآنَ

We say: The Quran is the Book of Allah. I recited the Quran. I am memorizing the Quran.”

ونقول: عندي ثلاثةُ مَصَاحِفَ. وَضَعْتُ المُصْحَفَ

على المكتب. أقرأُ من المُصْحَفِ

And we say: I have three mus’hafs. I put the mus’haf on the desk. I am reading from the mus’haf.”

 

These sentences seem to imply that the Quran is not what is in the mus-haf.  It has recently been clarified, alhamdulillah, that the Quran is also what is written in the mus-haf.  One proof mentioned in the beneficial article here:

http://www.bakkah.net/en/serious-errors-of-yusuf-estes-in-basic-muslim-creed.htm

is the hadeeth:

 

(( Do not travel with the Quran, since I can not guarantee that the enemies would not get a hold of it. ))

Collected by Muslim in his Saheeh (#1869)

 

It is important to understand that in Arabic, words have both a linguistic meaning ( لُغَةً ) and a meaning in the religion (اِصْطِلَاحًا or as it is sometimes worded, in the legislation – شَرْعًا )

It is important to refer to the Scholars of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah for both the linguistic meaning of a word, and especially its meaning in the legislation (Quran and Sunnah). 

Shaikh Uthaymeen said2 about the meaning of the word “Qur’an”:

 

ما هو القرآن الكريم؟ يقول القرآن في اللغة

مصدرُ قرأبمعنى تلاأو بمعنى جمعبأن

قرأ تكون بمعنى تلا مثل قول تعالى:

فإذا قرأت القرآن فاستعذ بالله

What is the Noble Quran? “Quran” linguistically is the masdar (verbal noun) of “qara’a”, meaning: “talaa” (to recite) or meaning “jama’a” (to gather).  Because qara’a means talaa (to recite) like in The Most High’s statement (translated):

So when you recite the Qur’an, seek refuge with Allah…” (16:98)…

 

وتكون بمعنى جمع ومنه القرية

يعني أن تجمع السكان

And it (also) means “jama’a” (to gather) and from it is (the word) “qaryah” (village), meaning – where the residents gather…

 

تقول قرأ قَرْأً وقُرْآنًا

كما تقول غفر غَفْرًا وغُفْرَانًا

…You say “qara’a” (the infinitive), “qar’an” (first masdar [verbal noun]) and “qur’aanan” (second masdar)

just like you say “ghafara”, “ghafran”, “ghufraanan”

(showing a similarity between the patterns for the verbs and masdars)

 

فصارت.كلمة القرآن مصدر

بمعنى اسم مفعول

وبمعنى اسم الفاعل

So the word “Qur’an” is a masdar (verbal noun) which (sometimes) means the ism maf’ool (object) and (sometimes) means the ism faa’il (doer of the action)

 

إن كان من التلاوة فهي بمعنى باسم مفعول

If (Quran) means tilaawah (recitation, as in 2:121), then its meaning is that of an object (i.e. something which is recited)

إن كان من الجمع فمعنى اسم الفاعل

If (Quran) means “jama’a” (to gather), then its meaning is that of a doer (i.e. something which gathers)…

فعلى المعنى الأول تلا يعني التلاوة يكون مصدرا بمعنى اسم مفعول أي بمعنى متلو

So for the first meaning (from) “talaa” (to recite), meaning: “tilaawah” (recitation), (quran) is a masdar with the meaning of the object, meaning: matloo (that which is recited)

وعلى المعنى الثاني جمع يكون مصدرا بمعنى اسم الفاعل أي بمعنى جامع لجمع الأخبار والأحكام

For the second meaning (from) “jama’a” (to gather), (quran) is a masdar with the meaning of the doer (of the action), meaning: Jaami’ (something which gathers) because it gathers the relayed information (conveyed to His Prophet [sallallahu alayhe wa sallam] in the Quran from Allah concerning matters of the unseen, previous nations, etc) and the rulings…

ويمكن أن يكون على اسم المفعول أيضا أي بمعنى مجموع بأنه جُمِعَ في المصاحف والصدور

…And it is possible that (quran) has the meaning (with regards to “jama’a”) of the object as well, meaning: majmoo’ (that which is gathered), because it is gathered in the mus’hafs and in the chests…

(End of first part of quoting from Shaikh Uthaymeen)

Later while explaining the legislative meaning (في الشرع) of Quran , Shaikh Uthaymeen mentions:

 

إذاً أولُ القرآن هو الفاتحة, كتابةً وتلاوة

Then, the first part of the Quran is al-Faatihah, in writing and in recitation

أما نزولا فأوله اقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلق

As for the first part to be revealed, that was (translated):

Read! In the Name of your Lord Who created…” (96:1)

المختوم بسورة الناس

It ends with suratun Naas (ch.114)…

وهذا القرآن ولله الحمد

And this Quran – and to Allah is due all the praise

محفوظ في الصدور

Is memorized in the chests

مكتوب في السطور

and is written on the lines…

(end of quoting from that audio – Usoolut-tafseer)

Umm Muhammad Zawjatu Abdul Malik

(Footnotes)

1 As a side point, the Madinah series consists of 4 semesters of books – each semester containing at least four books – 1 book is lessons in the Arabic language and the other books are side books, for example – ta’beer (conversation), Imlaa’, (dictation), hadeeth, fiqh, seerah, tafseer, etc.  Dr. V wrote the books which contain lessons in the Arabic language.  As for the side books, then some of them he helped write, some of them he reviewed, and some he didn’t write (like the tafseer book for semester four)

2 From: http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/publish/cat_index_31.shtml1st tape, side one (al wajhul awwal),  from 4:10 – 6:12 and 9:16 – 9:42

Whoever recites the Quran skillfully…

March 21, 2013

 

 

1المَاهِرُ بِالقُرْآنِ مَعَ السَّفَرَةِ الكِرَامِ البَرَرَة ،

و الَّذِي يَقْرَؤُهُ و يَتَعْتَعُ فِيْهِ وهُوَ عَلَيْهِ شَاقٌّ لَهُ أَجْرَانِ

Aishah – radiallahu anhaa – narrated that the Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – said (translated):

“The one who recites the Quran skillfully is with the noble righteous scribes (angels).  And the one who recites and he falters and it is difficult for him, will have two rewards.”

Declared authentic by Shaikh Albanee in Saheeh al Jaamee’

(Footnote)

1There is a hadeeth with similar wording in Muslim, Book of Salah, chapter:

EXCELLENCE OF THE ONE WHO IS PROFICIENT IN THE QUR’AN AND ONE WHO FALTERS IN IT

Mensing women reciting from the computer

April 1, 2012

A question asked to Shaikh Abdul Muhsin al Ubaykaan taken from his website.

http://al-obeikan.com/show_fatwa/845.html

السؤال : السلام عليكم ورحمة اللة وبركاته بارك الله فيكم يا فضيلة الشيخ.. سؤالي هو: هل يجوز للحائض أن تقرأ القرآن من على شاشة الكمبيوتر، حيث هناك برامج تعرض نفس شكل المصحف الشريف على شاشةالكمبيوتر وبالتالي ليس هناك مس للمصحف، مما يتيح للحائض أن تقرأ سورة الكهف يوم الجمعة مثلا أو أن تختم القرآن الكريم في شهر رمضان .. أرجو التوضيح، وجزاكم الله خيرا..

الإجابة:

وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته . يجوز

The question: (first the questioner gives the Islamic greeting): Peace and the Mercy and Blessings of God be upon you, God bless you O Noble Scholar…My question is: Is it permissible for the mensing woman to read the Qur’an from the computer screen, when there are programs showing the pages of the Noble Mus-haf (the Quran is the actual recitation, the Mus-haf is the book, binding, ink, pages) on the computer screen and additionally there is no touching of the Mus-haf.  For example if the mensing woman recites suratul Kahf (18th chapter) on Friday or she completes (recitation of) the Noble Qur’an in the month of Ramadan…I would like clarification, (I ask that) God reward you with good.

The answer:  (returning the Islamic greeting): And the Peace, Mercy, and Blessings of God be upon you. It is permissible.

Memorizing Qur’an without a teacher

April 11, 2010

The fourth question of Fatwa no. 19282

Q 4: One of my teachers advised me not to go far in memorizing the Qur’an without having a shaykh in order to avoid making mistakes. Is this true?

A: It is better to learn and memorize the Qur’an at the hand of a good reciter who can recite well, if this is possible. If it is not, you should try to recite the Qur’an according to you ability, because Allah (Exalted be He) says: Allâh burdens not a person beyond his scope. The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said: The person who recites the Qur’an with difficulty and falters in it shall have a double reward.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd Salih Al-Fawzan `Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

From alifta.com

 (If the link doesn’t work, then  go to www.alifta.com , search for “avoid making mistakes” (include parentheses), click on the Fatwa: Memorizing Quran without a Teacher ]