Posts Tagged ‘Uthaimeen’

Kaana, when used with Allah’s Names, is an affirmation

August 15, 2013

From the points of benefit that Shaikh Uthaymeen mentioned in his tafseer of verse (4:1) are1:

 

التحذير من مخالفة الله عزّ وجل، وتؤخذ من

قوله تعالى: { {إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا} }، ومن

آمن بأن الله رقيب عليه فسوف يحذر

من مخالفة الله عزّ وجل.

ويؤخذ من هذه الآية: إثبات اسم الرقيب لله عزّ وجل

ولا يراد بهذه الآية معناها الزمني؛ لأنه لو

أريد بها المعنى الزمني؛ لكانت الرقابة

قد مضت، ولكنه يراد بها تحقيق اتصاف الموصوف

بالصفة التي كانت خبراً في هذه الجملة، فالمراد هنا

تحقيق أن الله رقيب علينا، وكذلك قوله

تعالى: {{وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا}} [النساء: 96] ، ليس المراد

أنه كان فزال، بل المراد تحقيق اتصافه بالمغفرة والرحمة

The warning (people) from opposing Allah, Exalted and Lofty is He, taken from His, The Most High’s, statement: “Indeed Allah is ever Raqeeb (Watcher) over you”.

Whoever believes that Allah is Raqeeb over him will be cautious of opposing Allah, Exalted and Lofty is He.

And (another benefit) taken from this verse is:

Affirming the name “Ar-Raqeeb” for Allah, ‘Azza wa Jall.

And it is not intended in this verse for the meaning to be (restricted to) a certain time (i.e. kaana in this verse does NOT mean: “He was…”).  Because if what was intended by the meaning was a (certain) time, then the Riqaabah (watchfulness) would have passed already.  However, what is meant by it is affirming the description of the one being described using the sifah (characteristic, attribute) which is the khabar (predicate) in this sentence2. So what is intended is affirmation that Allah is Raqeeb over us. And similar to that is His, The Most High’s, statement:

وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا

And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, The Bestower of Mercy” (4:96)

The intention is not that He was (like that) and then He stopped (being like that).  Rather, the intention is affirmation of His being described with forgiveness and mercy

(end of that quote)

Shaikh Uthaymeen said in his excellent book:

  القواعد المثلى في صفات الله وأسمائه الحسنى

Lofty Principles Concerning the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allaah

القاعدة الخامسة:

الصفات الثبوتية تنقسم إلى قسمين:

ذاتية وفعلية:

فالذابية: هي التي لم يزل ولا يزال متصفاً بها

كالعلم والقدرة والسمع والبصر والعِزَّة

والحِكْمَة والعلو والعَظَمة

ومنها الصفات الخبرية كالوجه واليدين والعينين3

The Fifth Principle Concerning Allaah’s Attributes

    1. They Can Be Divided Into Two Kinds – Permanent, Continuous Attributes and Chosen Actions

Allah’s affirmed Attributes might either be permanent Attributes that He is always described with, or Actions that He performs when He likes.

His permanent Attributes ( الصفات الذاتية ), as-sifaat ath-thaatiyyah, are those He never ceases to be described with, like having Knowledge, Power, Hearing, Sight, Honor, Wisdom, Highness, amd Greatmess.  Some of them are Attributes that are only known to us through His reports, like His Face, two Hands, and two Eyes.4

(end of quoting from that chapter)

(See also: The Second Principle Concerning Allaah’s Names – They Are Both Titles and Descriptions (starting on p.25))

Footnotes

2 Kaana is used as an affirmation of the description here, it is not to be understood as meaning the past tense.  It does NOT mean that Allah was Raqeeb, but now He is not.  Rather, kaana is an affirmation of the description.  And as Shaikh Uthaymeen mentioned in his excellent work – Al Qawaaid al Muthlaa (Lofty Principles Concerning the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah)  – Allah does not cease to be described with these attributes (as-sifaat adh-dhaatiyah)

 

3 From p.34 of the Arabic text

 

4 English translation by Moosa Richardson, p. 75 of Lofty Principles Concerning the Names and Attributes of Allaah

 

 

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Boycotting the People of Innovation is Obligatory – Shaikh Uthaymeen

June 18, 2013

From:

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_16865.shtml

هجران أهل البدع

الهجران مصدر هجر وهو لغة: الترك.

والمراد بهجران أهل البدع: الابتعاد عنهم، وترك محبتهم، وموالاتهم، والسلام عليهم، وزيارتهم، وعيادتهم، ونحو ذلك.

وهجران أهل البدع واجب؛ لقوله تعالى: (لا تَجِدُ قَوْماً يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِيُوَادُّونَ مَنْ حَادَّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَه)(266). ولأن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم هجر كعب بن مالك وصاحبيه حين تخلفوا عن غزوة تبوك.

لكن إن كان في مجالستهم مصلحة لتبيين الحق لهم وتحذيرهم من البدعة فلا بأس بذلك، وربما يكون ذلك مطلوباً؛ لقوله تعالى: (ادْعُ إِلَى سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِوَجَادِلْهُمْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ)(267). وهذا قد يكون بالمجالسة، والمشافهة، وقد يكون بالمراسلة، والمكاتبة، ومن هجر أهل البدع: ترك النظر في كتبهم خوفاً من الفتنة بها، أو ترويجها بين الناس، فالابتعاد عن مواطن الضلال واجب لقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم في الدجال: “من سمع به فلينأ عنه، فو الله إن الرجل ليأتيه وهو يحسب أنه مؤمن فيتبعه مما يبعث به من الشبهات“. رواه أبو داود(268). قال الألباني: وإسناده صحيح.

لكن إن كان الغرض من النظر في كتبهم معرفة بدعتهم للرد عليها فلا بأس بذلك لمن كان عنده من العقيدة الصحيحة ما يتحصن به وكان قادراً على الرد عليهم، بل ربما كان واجباً؛ لأن رد البدعة واجب، وما لا يتم الواجب إلا به فهو واجب.

Boycotting the People of Innovation

 

الهِجْرَانُ al-Hijraan is the masdar (verbal noun) for هَجَرَ (to abandon, keep away from).  In the language it (al-Hijraan) means التَّرْكُ (leaving).

 

What is intended by boycotting the People of Innovation is: distancing yourselves from them, not having love for them, not having allegiance to them, not giving them salaam, not visiting them, etc.

 

Boycotting the People of Innovation is obligatory due to the saying of Allah, The Most High (translated):

 

You won’t find a people who believe in Allah and the Last Day making friends with those who oppose Allah and His Messenger” (58:22)

 

And the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam boycotted Ka’b bin Malik and his two companions (for a brief time) when they remained behind from the battle of Tabouk (though they were Noble Companions, not upon innovation, and Allah accepted their repentance)

 

However, if there is a benefit in sitting with them – in that you clarify the truth to them and warn them from innovation – then there is no problem with that.

 

Perhaps that is required (clarifying the truth to them and warning them from bid’ah) due to the saying of Allah, The Most High (translated):

 

Call to the Way of your Lord with wisdom and good admonition and debate with them with that which is better.” (16:125)

 

This (da’wah) may be (in the form of) gatherings and speeches, or (in the form of) correspondence and writing.1

 

From boycotting the People of Innovation is: not looking into their books for fear of fitnah, and not circulating them among the people.

 

Staying away from the places of misguidance is obligatory due to his statement – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – regarding the Dajjaal:

 

Whoever hears of him, let him stay far away from him, for by Allah, indeed a man will go to him considering that he himself is a Believer, but will then follow him because of what he will bring of doubts” Recorded by Abu Dawood and Shaikh Albaanee said that its chain of narrators was saheeh

 

However, if the goal in looking through their books is to refute their innovation, then there is no problem with that for the one who has the correct aqeedah to protect himself and is able to refute them. Rather it may be obligatory (to do so).

 

Because refuting innovation is obligatory and whatever is needed to complete the obligation is itself  obligatory.

 

 

 

Footnote

 

 

 

1 Shaikh Ahmad an-Najmee was asked: “O Noble Shaykh, a person claims that he is Salafi, but he keeps company with the hizbis, and he was advised concerning this and responded, ‘Indeed, I am doing so for their advisement and guidance.’ So how do we judge this person?”

 

The Shaykh answered, “Advice does not necessitate that you keep company with them, and the advice is to be given at fixed times.  As for your keeping company with them with the argument that you are advising them, then if you  were advising them, there would be seen a change in their actions, and a difference in that which they were upon.  So if you say, for example, that you advise them, but they don’t listen to you or accept from you, then why do you keep company with them and come and go with them?  If they do not listen to you, then do not come and go with them or sit with them.  Rather, when we see that you come and go with them and keep company with them, we are aware that you are one of them.” For the reference, see this brief article: http://www.sunnahpublishing.net/modules/Manhaj/company.pdf