Archive for the ‘Siyar – Biographies’ Category

The Late Scholar Umar bin Muhammad al-Fulaanee (Fulaatah) d.1419H

January 11, 2014

 

Shaikh Umar bin Muhammad al-Fulaanee, also known as “Fulaatah”, was from the major scholars of our era who died in Madinah in 1419H (1999 C.E.).  For a more in depth biography, see the two biography links at the bottom.

 

He had many teachers, from them were:

 

Shaikh Bin Baz

http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/21295

 

Shaikh Hammaad al Ansaaree

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=51627

 

And he had a strong connection to Shaikh Albaanee.  When Shaikh Albaanee would come to Madinah while making umrah, he would stay with him and Shaikh Umar would honor him greatly

http://www.alalbany.net/5375

 

 

From his students is Shaikh Sulaymaan Ruhaylee who said about him:

 

He knew him from a young age and benefited from him

 

His father and Shaikh Umar sat in the study circle (halaqah) of  Shaikh AbdurRahmaan al Afreeqee and Shaikh Umar would say to him:

 

وَالِدُكَ زَمِيْلِي

 

Your father is my colleague.”

 

Shaikh Sulaymaan Ruhaylee said:

 

My father wasn’t a shaikh or from the students of knowledge, but he was eager ever since he got to Madinah to stick to the circles of knowledge.

 

Shaikh Umar Fulaatah was the most knowledgeable of the people in the narrations (aathaar) regarding Madinah.

Shaikh Sulaymaan doesn’t know of anyone in his time more knowledgeable about the narrations and locations (or situations) mentioned in the Sunnah about Madinah

 

He was eager for the sunnah and eager to explain the books of the sunnah (kutubus sunan)

He was very kind and treated people in an amazing way.

 

Shaikh Sulaymaan Ruhaylee said:

 

How many times did I fall into taking a confusing position that he caused me to come out of very easily

 

Shaikh Umar Fulaatah worked in the Islamic University of Madinah and had many efforts there. He had continuous lessons in the masjid of the Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – after the death of Shaikh (AbdurRahman) al-Afreeqee

 

Shaikh Sulaymaan Ruhaylee described Shaikh Umar Fulaatah as:

 

مَتِيْنٌ فِي العِلْم

Strong in knowledge

 

طَيِّبٌ فِي الأَخْلَاق

Good-mannered

 

أَنِيْسٌ فِي الحَدِيْث

Friendly in speech

 

صَاحِب عِبَادَة

One who had a lot of worship

 

Shaikh Sulaymaan Ruhaylee said:

 

I travelled with him to Nigeria once – his room was beside mine and there was a door between us.  I was responsible for calling the adhaan for fajr.  I got up before the adhaan in order to call the adhaan (on time).

 

I heard the shaikh in his room reciting the Quran and praying until close to the time for the adhaan of fajr

 

(end of what was taken from this audio:

https://mega.co.nz/#!IVYhRLaB!4QDKjKxPDYkPDlJJSKWJBXrb9Bivlgh5bIzPQNvWWJI

(link updated 11/19/14)

 

 

Some of the lectures of the Shaikh:

 

His explanation of  Book of The Conditions of the Hour (Ashraat as-Saa’ah) from Saheeh Muslim:

alwaraqaat

 

A collection of his lessons:

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=23228

 

 

 

Arabic biography of the Shaikh may be read here:

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=33755

 

English translation of the biography:

http://scholars-biographies.com/category/shaykh-umar-al-fallaatah/

 

 

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The Living Scholar ‘Aadil Mansoor

October 21, 2013

 

The following taken from:

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=19&Topic=9919

 

 

Kunyah: Abul Abbaas
Name: Aadil ibn Mansoor
Nationality: Yemeni

Teachers: When he was in Yemen, Shaykh Abul Abbaas Aadil Mansur hafidhahullah studied with Allamah Muqbil al-Wadi’ee for a while. Currently he is based in Riyadh where he studies with Allamah Salih al-Fawzaan.

He has also studied with Allamah Abdullah al-Ghudayyan, Allamah Ahmed an-Najmee and Allamah Rabee’ al-Madkhali. Thus, he is quite well-known to the senior mashaykh of Saudi Arabia.

He is also quite well-known to the mashaykh of Kuwait where he travels for Da’wah frequently viz. Shaykh Taariq as-Subay’ee, Shaykh Falaah ibn Isma’eel, Shaykh Ahmed as-Subay’ee, Shaykh Muhammad al-Anjaree and others.

His posts on Sahab.net can be accessed by clicking here.

sources:Sahab and SalafiTalk

 

 

 

 

Some of his audio lessons (Arabic):

 

http://vb.noor-alyaqeen.com/t14875/

 

 

English audio lessons:

Merits of the Qur’an and Tafsir of Surah al-Qadr (97)

http://www.miraathpublications.net/merits-of-the-quran-and-tafsir-of-surah-al-qadr/

 

 

The Living Scholar Khalid bin AbdurRahman al-Misree

October 21, 2013

 

 

Shaikh Rabee was asked about Shaikh Khalid bin AbdurRahman al Misree and he said about him: His Aqeedah is sound (saleem):

 

 

 

He has many lessons and lectures announced and posted on the well-known Salafee sites such as:

 

(Arabic)

 

(click on the sites to go to specific links)

 

alwaraqat.net

 

sahab.net

 

ajurry.com

 

albaidha.net

 

and such as:

 

(English)

 

(click on the sites to go to specific links)

 

mtws.posthaven Shaikh Khaalid speaks about Shaikh Taariq as-Subayee

 

dusunnah.com Shaikh Khaalid on the terrorist attack in Britain (Woolwich)

 

mpubs.org Holding tightly to the Sunnah in times of trials (fitan)

 

 

Shaikh Khaalid bin AbdurRahman al-Misree’s website:

www.khalied.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shaikh Abdul Lateef al-Kurdee – from the Shuyookh of Iraaq

October 2, 2013

 

 

 

The following is a summary translation from:

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=25606

 

 

He is (Abu Abdul Haqq) Abdul-Lateef bin Ahmad bin Mustafaa al-Kurdee

He was born in the year 1969. After completing high school, he was accepted into a university in Baghdad “al Mustansariyyah”. After a while, he left Iraaq and traveled to a number of Islamic countries. During his visits he studied with a number of the noble Salafee scholars

 

From those who taught him:

Shaikh Muqbil (from whom he has a tazkiyyah which can be seen at the above link) and Shaikh Abdur-Rahman al-Adanee

He also attended some of the lessons and lectures of the Imaams of Ahlus Sunnah: Shaikh Bin Baz, Shaikh Uthaymeen, Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan, Shaikh Saalih al-Luhaydaan, Shaikh al-Abbaad, and Shaikh Rabee.

 

 

(end of what was taken from that link)

 

 

He also has a tazkiyyah from Shaikh Ubaid al Jaabiree ( http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=135855 ) who mentions that the province (in Iraaq) of SalaahudDeen is very good and in it are three Salafee brothers (he mentions each one as “Our brother, the Shaikh…”). Among them is Shaikh Abdul Lateef al Kurdee whom Shaikh Ubaid mentioned is the one who established and who oversees Markazus Sunnah in the city of al-‘Alam.

 

His website:

http://kurdi.ilmsahih.com/

 

 

The Shaikh has an excellent lecture here (Arabic/English):

http://audio-islam.com/2013/09/29/islaam-condemns-every-facet-of-terrorism-by-shaykh-abdullateef-al-kurdi-audioar-en/

(from:

http://www.mpubs.org/features/events-sponsored-by-mpubs/355-event-live-tele-lecture-islaam-condemns-every-facet-of-terrorism-by-shaykh-abdullateef-al-kurdi )

The above link also mentions more about the Shaikh including what Shaikh Rabee said about him

 

 

Recitation of the Shaikh:

 

1.From surah (9) Tawbah

 

 

2.From the beginning of Aal-Imraan (3) in salaah

 

 

The Living Scholar Abdur-Rahmaan bin Naasir al-Barraak

September 23, 2013

 

 

This is a partial translation of the brief biography of Shaikh Abdur-Rahmaan bin Naasir al-Barraak from his website:

http://albarrak.islamlight.net/index.php

 

 

His name is: Abdur-Rahman bin Naasir bin Barraak bin Ibraheem al-Barraak

 

 

His Kunyah is Abu Abdillah

 

 

The Shaikh was born in the city of al-Bukairiyyah in the district of al-Qaseem in the year 1352H. He didn’t know his father because he died when he was young. His mother was responsible for his upbringing and she raised him in the best manner. Allaah decreed that the Shaikh be afflicted with an illness that took away his eyesight when he was nine.

 

 

The Shaikh began seeking knowledge at a young age. He memorized the Quran by the time he was almost 12 years old. He began his recitation to some of his relatives, then to the recitor of the city Abdur-Rahmaan bin Saalim al-Kareedees. He sought knowledge from Shaikh Muhammad bin Muqbil al-Muqbil, the judge of al-Bukairiyyah and Shaikh Abdul-‘Azeez bin ‘Abdullah as-Sabeel (Judge of al-Bukairiyyah, al-Khabraa’, and al-Badaa’i’ after his Shaikh bin Muqbil)

 

 

Then his was able to travel to Makkah. He stayed there for a number of years. While there he read to Shaikh Abdullah bin Muhammad al-Khaleefee – Imaam of al-Masjid al-Haraam. And he met a virtuous man from the students of al-Allaamah Muhammad bin Ibraheem whose name was Shaikh Saalih bin Husain al-‘Iraaqee. In the year 1369 he accompanied Shaikh al-Iraaqee in travelling to Shaikh Bin Baz when he was judge of the city of ad-Dulam. He stayed there with the Shaikh for close to two years which had a huge affect on his life in seeking knowledge.

 

 

Then he joined the Shaikh at the Institute of Knowledge when it opened in Riyadh in 1371H and graduated from it. He joined the College of Sharee’ah in 1378H. While at the Institute and College he studied under many of the Mashaayikh, from the most well-known of them are: al-Allaamah Muhammad al-Ameen ash-Shanqeetee – rahimahullah – who taught Tafseer at the Institute and the Foundations of Fiqh; and al-Allaamah Abdur-Razzaaq al-‘Afeefee – rahimahullah – who taught Tawheed, Grammar, and Foundations of Fiqh; along with many others – (we ask that) Allaah bestow mercy upon all of them. He also attended some of the lessons of al-Allaamah Muhammad bin Ibraheem Aalush-Shaikh.

 

 

The greatest of his Mashaayikh, the one having the biggest impact on his soul was al-Allaamah, al-Imaam ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin Baz – rahimahullah. He benefited from him for over 50 years starting in the year 1369H when Imaam Bin Baz was in the city of ad-Dulam until his death in the year 1420H. After that, (he benefited most from) his Shaikh al-Iraaqee from whom he learned the love of proofs, the abandonment of blind-following, and precision in the sciences of the language: Grammar, Sarf, and Prosody1

 

 

The Shaikh memorized the Quran, Buloogh al-Maraam, Kitaabut-Tawheed, Kashfush-Shubuhaat, Thalaathatul-Usool, Shurootus-Salaah, al-Ajroomiyyah, Qatrun-Nidaa, the Alifiyyah of ibn Maalik, and other books.

 

 

And there are books (mutoon) the Shaikh gave strong explanations of like at-Tadmuriyyah and Sharh at-Tahaawiyyah. The Shaikh taught them innumerable times and they were read to him (by his students) at the university and the masjid. Likwise (the book) Zaad al-Mustaqna’ and other than it.

 

 

The Shaikh worked as a teacher in the Institute of Knowledge in the city of Riyadh for three years from 1379H to 1381H. After that he taught at the College of Sharee’ah in Riyadh. When the College of Usool ad-Deen opened, he transferred there to the Aqeedah division. He worked as a teacher there until he retired in the year 1420H. He oversaw during his time there dozens of masters (MA) and doctorate (PhD) theses (pl. of thesis)

 

 

The Shaikh taught at his masjid which he was given leadership over – Masjid al-Khaleefee in the district of al-Faarooq – and most of his lessons took place there. He also taught some of his specific students in his house. And he had lessons in other masjids. In addition to that, he participated in many of the intensive, knowledge-based dawrah’s which take place in the summer, and gave lectures in Riyadh and other areas in the Kingdom. He has more than 20 weekly lessons in various Sharee’ah sciences. The Shaikh is also distinguished by his teaching the sciences of the language, pronunciation, and eloquent speech (balaaghah)

 

 

Most of his students are from the teachers at the universities, the known callers, and other than them from those who have benefited from him in general and specifically. Many students of knowledge in foreign countries follow the Shaikh’s lessons over the internet.

 

 

The Shaikh has made large efforts which are known in calling to the good and forbidding the evil, advising those in charge and writing them, and warning people from innovtion, deviations, and oppositions (to the Book and the Sunnah)

 

 

The Shaikh – hafithahullah – gives great importance to the the affairs of the Muslims in all parts of the world. He feels great sadness and is pained by what is happening to them in many of the countries. He always follows (trustworthy) reports about them, especially in times of crises. He is always making qunoot2 and dua for them in salaah and making dua against their enemies. He has a number of fataawaa specifically concerning this which are widespread.

 

 

The Shaikh is distinguished by his expertise in knowledge of the Aqeedah…and he is from the most important of those nowadays who are referred back to in that field.

 

 

Many of the Scholars have praised him – among them Shaikh Ibn Baz and Shaikh Uthaymeen. When Shaikh Uthaymeen was asked towards the end of his life whom the people should ask their questions to after him, he praised Shaikh Fawzaan and Shaikh al-Barraak and directed the people to ask them.

 

The Shaikh has explained numerous books and texts, from them:

 

Thalaathatul-Usool

Al-Qawaa’id al-Arba’ah

Kitaabut-Tawheed

Kitaab Kalimatul-Ikhlass of Ibn Rajab

al-Haa’iyah of Ibn Abee Dawood

Masaa;ilul-Jaahiliyyah

Aqeedatul-Waasitiyyah

Aqeedatut-Tahaawiyyah

 

(End of what was taken from that link)

Recitation of surah Yaa Seen (36) by the Shaikh:

http://k002.kiwi6.com/hotlink/15g4sc6mm8/surah_ya_seen_shaikh_abdur_rahman_al_barraak.mp3

 

 

Some translated statements of the Shaikh:

http://www.dajjaal.com/liar/articles/mrayz-shaykh-abdur-rahman-al-barraak-on-the-types-of-magic-and-their-ruling.cfm

http://mtws.posthaven.com/should-i-beat-my-daughter-shaykh-abdur-rahman

 

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=10&Topic=10951 (last post)

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

 

1Prosody: “the rhythm and pattern of sounds of poetry and language” ( http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/prosody )

2Qunoot: “a special supplication while standing in Prayer”

(definition taken from here: http://islamtees.wordpress.com/glossary-of-terms/ )

Shaikh Ubaid al Jaabiree’s Tazkiyyah for Shaikh Fu’aad al Amree

August 15, 2013

 

 

 

Shaikh Fu’aad al ‘Amree is a former graduate of the University of Madimah.  Some of his scholars whom he studied under are1:

 

Shaikh Bin Baz

 

Shaikh Uthaymeen

 

Shaikh Muhammad Amaan al Jaamee

 

Shaikh Abdul Muhsin al Abbaad

 

Shaikh Rabee bin Haadee al Madkhalee

 

Shaikh Ubaid al Jaabiree

 

 

To listen to the audio of Shaikh Ubaid al Jaabiree’s tazkiyyah2:

 

Www.up.noor-alyaqeen.com/uploads/www.noor-alyaqeen.com13215533131.mp3

 

 

 

The text:

 

طالبنا ، ورفيقنا في هذه الرحلة . وهو صاحبنا وتلميذنا وأخونـا في مدة تزيد عن العقد .وهو أبوعبد الرحمان فؤاد بن سعود بن عمير العمري وهو أحد رجال هيئة الأمر بالمعروف والنهي عن المنكر

Our student, our rafeeq (attending companion) on this trip, and he is our brother and has accompanied us and studied under us for more than a decade.  He is Abu Abdur Rahmaan Fu’aad bin Sa’ood bin ‘Umair al ‘Amree and he is part of the Committee for Enjoining the Good and Forbidding the Evil3

 

 

Another tazkiyyah from Shaikh Ubaid for Shaikh Fu’aad al ‘Amree4 can be listened to5 here:

 

http://www.imam-malik.net/vb/showthread.php?t=1822

 

 

 

 

Footnotes:

 

 

 

2Both the audio and text can be found here: http://www.imam-malik.net/vb/showthread.php?t=1737

 

3Est 1940 CE, Shaikh Fawzaan defends this committee here: http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/13600

 

4As well as Shaikh Muhammad bin Ghaalib al ‘Amree, Shaikh ‘Usamah bin Sa’ood al ‘Amree, and Shaikh ‘Arafaat bin Hasan al Muhammadee

 

5The Arabic text can be found at the bottom of this link: http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=117195

 

 

The Late Scholar ‘Atiyah bin Muhammad Saalim (d.1420H)

January 23, 2013

 

 

This is a summary translation of the brief biography of Shaikh ‘Atiyah bin Muhammad Saalim (d. 1420H) from:

 

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=10299&p=45620#post45620

 

‘Atiyah bin Muhammad Saalim was born in the village of Mahdiyah from the eastern provinces of Egypt in 1346H

 

He began his learning in its schools.  He memorized some ajzaa of the Noble Quran and something from the introductory Islamic sciences

 

In 1364H  he traveled to the city of Madinah and began seeking knowledge in the circles at the Masjid of the Prophet

 

He studied Imam Maalik’s Muwatta as well as Nail al Awtaar , Subul as-Salaam, and other than them from the books of hadeeth, the Arabic language, and the laws of inheritance at the hands of many of the Shuyookh and Ulamaa, from them: Abdur Rahman al Afreeqee, Hammaad al Ansaaree, Muhammad at Turkee,  Muhammad al Hirkaan, and other than them

 

He joined the Institute of Knowledge in Riyadh in 1371H and completed his secondary education before joining the Higher Institute of Riyadh.  He obtained two degrees – one in the Sharee’ah and one in the Arabic language.  His teachers were Shaikh Abdul Azeez ibn Baz, Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq ‘Afeefee, Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Hamzah, and others

 

Shaikh Muhammad al Ameen ash Shanqeetee played a prominent role in his life.  He studied under him and accompanied him in his travels for more than 20 years which were filled with giving, knowledge, understanding, good treatment of others, good manners of companionship, good behavior, and other than that

 

Shaikh ‘Atiyah taught at the Institute of Knowledge at al Ahsaa and at the College of the Sharee’ah and the College of the Arabic Language in Riyadh

 

In the year 1381H When the Islamic University of Madinah was founded, he moved there and was part of the teaching administration of the university.

 

He also taught at Imam Muhammad ibn Saud university

 

He moved to the Judiciary by order of the Mufti of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and was head of the judiciary and courts.  He was appointed to the rank of judge and then appellate judge (where he remained) until he retired in 1414H

He participated in conferences (teaching knowledge) both inside and outside of Saudi Arabia

 

He taught different branches of knowledge from the Sharee’ah in the Prophet’s masjid and students came to learn from him from all over the world

 

He died in 1420H and was buried in the cemetary of al Baqee’

 

 

Umar – ((we ask that) Allah be pleased with him) – never buried his infant daughter alive

January 22, 2013

 

 

 

 

Links used in preparation of this brief article:

 

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=25064

 

http://www.albaidha.net/vb/showthread.php?p=164625

 

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=135146

 

 

This is regarding the false attribution to Umar that he buried his infant daughter alive.

 

It is important to note that, according to those who have researched this matter (see above links) there doesn’t appear to be a chain of narration (isnaad) for this story

 

And this story is not found in the books of the people of the Sunnah, but is found in the books of the Shi’a

(who hate and slander the Companions – see here:

http://www.spubs.com/sps/downloads/pdf/GSC030003.pdf )

 

 

What follows is a brief quote from the book:

 

Diraasah Naqdiyyah fee al Marwiyaat al Waaridah fee Shakhsiyyah Umar ibn al Khattab (radiallahu anhu) wa Siyaasatuhu al Idaariyyah

(Download here:

http://k007.kiwi6.com/hotlink/4i0sfj8nh7/diraasaat_naqdiyyah_fee_al_marwiyaat_al_waaridah.pdf  )

 

by: Abdus Salaam ibn Muhsin Aal Eesa

 

This book was a Doctoral (PhD) thesis debated at the Islamic University of Madinah

 

The author emphasizes the importance of checking and verifying the authenticity of what is attributed to the Umar1 – checking the isnaad since by the isnaad it will be known whether the narrators are those who are reliable (and whose statements are acceptable) and those who are weak (and their statements are not acceptable

 

 

The author (Abdus Salaam ibn Musa Aal Eesa) said in Diraasah Naqdiyyah fee al Marwiyaat al Waaridah…(pp. 111 – 112):

 

As for Umar – (we ask that) Allah be pleased with him, then it has been narrated about hm that he buried alive  an infant daughter of his in the Pre-Islamic ignorance. And I didn’t find anyone who narrated that from Umar when I checked the references.  But I did find that the teacher Abbaas Mahmood al Iqaad mentioned it in his book “Abqariyyatu Umar”.  He said, ‘And the specifics of the story are: that he – radiallahu anhu – was sitting with some of his Companions when he laughed a little. Then he cried.  So he was asked about that.  He said, “In the Pre-Islamic Ignorance we would make an idol out of dates and then worship it.  Then we would eat it.  So that was why I laughed.  As for my crying, then it is because I had an infant daughter whom I wanted to bury (alive).  So I took her with me and dug a hole for her.  She was shaking the dirt from my beard and I buried her alive…”’

 

And al Iqaad doubted the authenticity of this story because burying alive (of infant daughters) wasn’t a widespread custom among the Arabs.2 Likewise, it was not known in Banee Adee (Umar’s tribe), nor in the family of al Khattaab in which Faatimah, the sister of Umar lived, along  with Hafsah, his oldest daughter from whose name  he was given the kunya Abu Hafs.  And Hafsah was born five years before the sending of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) –  he didn’t bury her alive.  Then why would he bury one of the younger daughters as is claimed?  Why is the information regarding this cut off – no one from her brothers or sisters has mentioned it, nor her paternal uncles, nor maternal uncles?

 

(Footnotes)

 

1It is important to authenticate the veracity of what is said about all of the Companions.  Also see this article:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/04/01/the-one-who-reads-the-biographies-of-the-sahabah-needs-to-be-careful/

 

2The author mentions on p.110 that some of the Arab tribes hated this practice and would take the infant girls (who were to be buried) from their parents and raise and protect them

Imaam Ibn Qudaamah al Maqdisee

January 20, 2013

From:

http://www.salafitalk.com/threads/185-Biography-of-Imaam-Ibn-Qudaamah-al-Maqdisee-Rahimahullaah

 

1. HIS LINEAGE:
He was Aboo Muhammad, `Abdullaah ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Qudaamah ibn Miqdaam ibn Nasr ibn `Abdillaah ibn Hudhayfah ibn Muhammad ibn Ya`qoob ibn al-Qaasim ibn Ibraaheem ibn Ismaa`eel ibn Yahyaa ibn Muhammad ibn Saalim ibn `Abdillaah ibn `Umar ibn al-Khattaab-radiyallaahu `anhu.
al-Qurashee; al-Maqdisee; al-Jammaa`eelee, then ad-Dimashqee; as-Saalihee; al-Hanbalee, ‘Muwaffaqud-Deen’. al-Qurashee: in ascription to the tribe of Quraish, since he was descended from `Umar-radiyallaahu `anhu-who was `Adawee (i.e. from the sub-tribe of Banoo `Adiyy who were part of Quraish).
al-Maqdisee: His family’s ascription to `Baytul-Maqdis’ (Jerusalem) since they lived close to it. al-Jamaa`eelee: In ascription to the village of Jammaa’eel where he was born; and it is a village on the hills of Nablus-a city about 40 miles north of Jerusalem in present day occupied Palestine. ad-Dimashqee: In ascription to Damascus (in Syria) which is where his family migrated to, and where he lived for most of his life, and where he died.
as-Saalihee: In ascription to the mosque of Saalihiyyah. His brother Shaikh Aboo `Umar said: “They ascribe us to ‘as-Saalihiyyah’ because we settled at the mosque of Aboo Saalih, not that we were righteous people (saalihoon).” [And this is from piety since they were indeed a family of righteousness and rectification.] al-Hanbalee: in ascription to the Hanbalee madhhab, i.e. that he learned and was an expert in the madhhab, i.e. that he learned and was an expert in the principles and details of Fiqh followed by the students of Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal. [and he was not a blind follower.] ‘Muwaffaqud-Deen’ :an honorific title meaning ‘one guided to and granted attainment of correctness in the Religion.’
2. HIS BIRTH:
He was born in the month of Sha`baan in the year 541H in the town of Jammaa`eel.
3. HIS FAMILY:
He was from a family who were noble in their lineage, their knowledge, and their piety. His father: Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Qudaamah was born in 491H and died in 558H. He was one of the righteous scholars; famous for knowledge, zuhd and worship. He was the Khateeb of the mosque of Jammaa`eel. He educated his children and taught them the Qur.aan, and the hadeeth, and correct manners.
He died when Muwaffaqud-deen was about 17 years old, so his elder son Muhammad ibn Ahmad-who was known as Aboo `Umar-continued his upbringing and education.
4. HIS EARLY YEARS, AND HIS SEEKING KNOWLEDGE, AND HIS TRAVELLING TO SEEK KNOWLEDGE:
For the first ten years of his life he remained with his family in Palestine, and he began memorization of the Qur.aan. Then in 551H his father performed Hijrah with the family, fleeing from the invading Christians, and migrated to Damascus. In Damascus he completed memorization of the Qur.aan, and he memorized a large number of ahaadeeth. Then he memorized ‘Mukhtasar al-Khiraqee’-on the Fiqh of Imaam Ahmad. (Then later in life he wrote an explanation of it in 9 volumes, called ‘al-Mughnee). He remained in Damascus for 10 years, and at the age of twenty he began his journeys in search of knowledge.
-In 561H: he travelled to the main city of knowledge and of the scholars at that time-Baghdaad. He was accompanied by his maternal cousin al-Haafiz `Abdul-Ghanee al-Maqdisee; He inclined towards the study of Fiqh and his cousin towards hadeeth, however they accompanied each other to the lectures and acquired both; There he studied with many of the scholars, amongst them: Shaikh `Abdul-Qaadir al-Jeelaanee (D. 561H), Ibnul-Battee, and Ibnul-Manniyy. He remained in Baghdaad for four years. He studied ‘Mukhtasar al-Khiraqee’ under `Abdul-Qaadir al-Jeelaanee, and then the Shaikh died 50 nights after his arrival; then they studied under Ibnul-Jawzee; then he remained with Ibnul-Manniyy, and learned the Fiqh of the Hanbalee madhhab with him, and its principles, and the different sayings of the scholars- and he excelled in that. He then returned to Damascus.
– In 567H he again travelled to Baghdaad where he remained for a year.
– In 573H he travelled to Makkah to perform Hajj, and he met the people of knowledge there; amongst them al-Mubaarak ibn at-Tabbaakh. Then after performing Hajj in 574:-
-Then from Makkah he travelled to Baghdaad-where he again remained for a year.
-Then from Baghdaad he returned to Damascus where he started to write works on many branches of knowledge, the most famous of his works being ‘al-Mughnee.’
5. HIS SHAIKHS:
-His Shaikhs included:
1. His father Ahmad ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisee (491-558H),
2. His elder brother Aboo ‘Umar Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisee (528-607H),
3. Shaikh ’Abdul-Qaadir al-Jeelaanee (471-561H),
4. Abul-Fath Nasr ibn Fityaan ibn Matr Ibnul-Mannee (501-583),
5. Abul-Fath Ibnul-Battee (477-564H),
6. Fakhrun-Nisaa. Shuhdah-the daughter of the Muhaddith Aboo Nasr Ahmad ibn al-Faraj Ad-Deenawaree -(>480-574H), Shaikh Badr ibn `Abdillaah al-Badr- hafizahullaah- in his introduction to his checking of Ibn Qudaamah’s book ‘Ithbaat Sifatil-`Uluww’ gathers a list of his Shaikhs numbering 67, and then said: “and many others besides them.”
6. HIS STUDENTS: Amongst them:
1. al-Bahaa.ul- Maqdisee (d. 624H) who wrote ‘al-`Uddah Sharh al-`Umdah’.
2. Diyaa.ud-Deen al-Maqdisee (d. 643H)
3. the son of his brother: Shamsuddeen ibn Qudaamah (d. 682H)
4. al-Haafiz al-Mundhiree (d. 656H)-who wrote many works, including; ‘Mukhtasar Saheeh Muslim’, ‘Mukhtasar Sunan Abee Daawood’, at-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb’… Shaikh Badrul-Badr gathers the names of 44 of his students and then says: “And many others.”
7. HIS PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION AND CHARACTERISTICS:
His student ad-Diyaa. al-Maqdisee said; “He was of full height, white, with a bright face, large distinct eyes; he was so handsome that it was as if his face gave off-light; he had a broad forehead and a long beard; a straight nose and his eyebrows joined. He had a small head, slender arms and legs; and a thin body; and full senses and faculties. He was extremely intelligent; and behaved in a fine manner…”
Ibnul-Najjaar said: “al-Muwaffaq was the imaam of the Hanbalees in the main congregational mosque of Damascus. He was fully reliable, an evidence (in narrating), noble. He had plentiful virtues; and he kept away from anything not befitting; he was pious, a worshipper. He was upon the way of the Salaf. Light and dignity could be seen upon him. A man would take benefit from seeing him even before hearing his speech.”
Ibn Katheer said: “He used to engage in optional Prayers between the two night Prayers close to his place of Prayer. Then when he had prayed the `Ishaa. Prayer he would return to his house of the street of ad-Duwalla`ee by the bank of the river .He would take back with him those he could from the poor and needy, and they would eat with him, and his primary house was upon Qaasiyoon….”
ad-Diyaa. said: “he was fine in his manners: he would hardly ever be seen except that he was smiling: He would relate incidents and joke. I heard al-Bahaa. say; When the people read with him he would joke with us, and be cheerful and at ease. Once they complained to him about some children who studied with him, so he said; “They are children. They have to have some play, and you used to be just like them.” And al-Bahaa. described him as being courageous, and said: “He used to go forward to the enemy, and he was wounded upon his hand; and he used to take part when the army and the enemy were firing at each other.”
ad-Diyaa. said: “He used to pray with ‘Khushoo`’ (humility and attentiveness). He would hardly ever pray the Sunnah prayer before Fajr and after `Ishaa. Except in his house; and between the two night Prayers he used to pray four rak`ahs, reciting: ‘as-Sajdah’, ‘Yaaseen’, ad-Dukhaan’, and ‘Tabaarak.’ He would hardly miss out on them. He used to stand in Prayer in the last hours of the night reciting 1/7th of the Qur.aan. He would sometimes raise his voice and he had a beautiful voice.”
8. SCHOLARS’ PRAISE OF HIM:
Aboo `Amr ibn as-Salaah said: “I have not seen the like of al-Muwaffaq.”
Aboo Bakr ibn Ghaneemah-the muftee of Baghdaad-said: “I do not know anyone in our time who has reached the level of ijtihaad except for al-Muwaffaq.” Sibt ibn al-Jawzee said: “He was an imaam in many fields. After his brother Aboo `Umar and al-`Imaad, there was no one in his time who had greater ‘zuhd’ or piety than him. He had a great deal of ‘hayaa.’ (sense of shame), and he remained aloof from this world and its people. He was easy and mild-mannered, humble, and he had love for the poor. He was fine in manners, generous and giving, whoever saw him then it was as if he had seen one of the Companions; and it was as if light came from his face. He was plentiful in worship.”
Shaikhul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah said: “After al-Awzaa`ee no one entered Shaam having more ‘Fiqh’ knowledge and understanding of the Religion than al-Muwaffaq.
ad-Diyaa. al-Maqdisee said: “He was an imaam with regard to the Qur.aan and its explanation; an imaam in the knowledge of hadeeth and its problematic matters; an imaam in Fiqh-indeed the outstanding scholar of his time in that; an imaam in knowledge of the disagreements of scholars; the outstanding scholar of his time in Laws of Inheritance; an imaam in ‘Usoolul-Fiqh’; an imaam in Arabic Grammar; an imaam in mathematics; an imaam in the movements and positions of stars and planets.
Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee said: “The ‘Faqeeh’, the ‘Zaahid’, the Imaam. Shaikhul-Islaam. The singular exception scholar.”
al-Haafiz Ibn Katheer said: “Shaikhul-Islaam. An Imaam. An outstanding scholar. There was not in his time, indeed even for a long time before him, anyone having greater knowledge of Fiqh than him.”
Ibn Rajab said: “He used to closely follow the texts in the matter of ‘al-Usool’ (Fundamentals and belief) and in other than it. He did not hold applying any acts of worship for which there was no narration. He used to order affirmation of the texts, and leaving them as they are-with regard to what occurs in the Book and the Sunnah from ‘as-Sifaat’ (Allaah’s attributes): not altering them, not declaring how they are, not distorting the meaning; not interpreting them away with ‘ta.weel’, and not negating them.”
9. HIS DEATH:
He died-rahimahullaah-on Saturday, the day of `Eidul-Fitr, in 620H, at the age of 79 in his home in Damascus. His funeral which had a huge attendance was held the next day and he was buried on the hill of Qaasiyoon.
10. HIS WIFE, SLAVE-GIRLS AND CHILDREN:
He married his paternal cousin Maryam bint Abee Bakr ibn `Abdillaah ibn Sa`d al-Maqdisee. They had a number of children: (al-Majd) `Eesaa, Muhammad, Yahyaa, Safiyyah, and Faatimah.
Then he took a slave girl, and then another. Then he married `Izziyyah- who died before him. All his sons died in his lifetime, and none of them had offspring except for `Eesaa- who had two righteous sons, however both of them died without any offspring. So the Shaikh had no remaining progeny.
11. HIS WORKS:
Dr. `Alee ibn Sa`eed al-Ghaamidee lists his works and they come to 38 in number. Amongst his printed works are: ‘al-Mughnee’ in Fiqh, (9 volumes); ‘Rawdatun-Naazir’ in ‘Usoolul-Fiqh’ (2 volumes); ‘Kitaabut-Tawwaabeen’ (1 volume); ‘Dhammut-Ta.weel’ (Booklet); ‘Ithbaat Sifatil-`Uluww’ (1 volume with checking of Shaikh Badrul-Badr-hafizahullaah). ‘Lum`atul-I`tiqaad’ (Printed along with the explanation of Shaikh Ibn `Uthaymeen-rahimahullaah- and translated and printed with the title: ‘Sufficiency in Creed.’) And (printed with the explanation of Shaikh al-Fawzaan-hafizahullaah)
Sources: (1) ‘Ikhtiyaaraat Ibn Qudaamah al-Fiqhiyyah’ of Dr. `Alee ibn Sa`eed al-Ghaamidee; (2) The biography of the author included in Shaikh al-Fawzaan’s explanation of ‘Lum`atul-I`tiqaad’; (3) The biography complied by Shaikh Badrul-Badr in his checking of ‘Ithbaat Sifatil-`Uluww’. References: (1) ‘Siyar A`laamin-Nubalaa.’ (22/165-173) of Dhahabee; (2) ‘al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah’ (13/99-101) of Ibn Katheer; (3) ‘Shadharaatudh-Dhahab’ (5/88-92) of Ibnul-`Imaad; (4) ‘Dhayl Tabaqaatil-Hanaabilah’ (2/133-149) of Ibn Rajab; (5) ‘al-Mughnee’ verifiers introduction (1/6-37).
Translated by Aboo Talhah Dawood Burbank

Chapters from the Life of the Messenger – Ibn Kathir

January 18, 2013

Translated by Abu Talhah Dawud ibn Ronald Burbank

 

http://ittibaa.com/life-of-the-prophet—audio.html