Archive for the ‘Knowledge’ Category

Allaah’s Mercy is more vast than your sins

December 28, 2015

 

 

The following was translated from Imaam Muhammad Amaan al-Jaamee’s explanation of Shaikh Uthaymeen’s excellent book:

 

القواعد المثلى في صفات الله وأسمائه الحسنى

Exemplary Principles Concerning the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allaah

 

This was taken from the fourth tape (or audio), starting at approximately minute 50.  It can be listened to here:

http://subulsalam.com/play.php?catsmktba=3198

 

 

The Question (summarized): The questioner says that he has transgressed against his soul numerous time and he fears for himself an evil end due to the abundance of transgressions and the lack of firmness in tawbah, so he wants to know what should he do?

 

Answer (Shaikh Muhammad Amaan al Jaamee): Firstly, we ask Allaah for yourself and for ourselves for a sincere repentance and for firmness in that repentance.  And we remind you of the statement of Allaah – He is free of all deficiencies and defects and The Most High, where He encouraged those who transgressed against themselves to repent, He called them “servants”, and He ascribed them to Himself in the statement:

 

قل يا عبادي الذين أسرفوا على أنفسهم لا تقنطوا من رحمة الله إن الله يغفر الذنوب جميعا إنه هو الغفور الرحيم

 

“Say: O My servants who have transgressed against themselves, do not give up hope of receiving Allaah’s Mercy.  Indeed Allaah forgives all sins.  Indeed He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” (39:53)

 

And there is encouragement after this encouragement.  He didn’t say (addressing them): “O Transgressors” or “O Sinners”.  Rather, He said:

 

“Say: O My servants”

 

He addressed them – while they are transgressors – He addressed them as “servants”, ascribing them to Himself with a kind ascription that encourages the sinner to rush to repentance.

 

“O My servants who have transgressed against themselves”

 

And committed many sins.

 

“Don’t give up hope of receiving Allaah’s Mercy”

 

We say to the questioner: your enemy Shaytaan has overpowered you and made you fall into sins and evil deeds.  Now he wants to make you fall again into something much more dangerous than those sins: giving up hope for Allaah’s Mercy.  And this is much more dangerous that all of those sins that you committed.

 

Don’t give up hope.  Don’t give up hope for Allaah’s Mercy.  No matter what you have committed, not matter what evil you have done, no matter how much you have transgressed,

 

Allaah’s Mercy is more vast that your sins.

 

Repent to Allaah.  Turn to Allaah having a good intention with your Lord – He is free from all deficiencies and defects and The Most High.  Fight against your soul.

 

If you have sinned then you admit it, you leave that sin, feel regret for it and are determined not to return to it.  Seeking repentance is admitting (your sin), feeling sincere regret, and that a person has sincere determination not to return to that sin.

If after that you slip and fall (into sin again), then know that your first repentance remains valid.  It wasn’t broken or nullified or corrupted if you were sincere and truthful with Allaah that time.  So repent again.

 

It is mentioned in some of the narrations that when a servant commits a sin, then he says: O my Lord, I have sinned

 

Allaah, The Most High, says: My servant knows that he has a Lord Who forgives sins.

 

If he slips (and sins) again, and says (the same thing), then Allaah says the same thing.  (The Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) mentioned this three times.[1]

 

Allaah – He is free from all deficiencies and defects and The Most High – spreads His two hands at night to accept the repentance of the one who does evil by day, and (He also does so) during the day to accept the repentance of the one who does evil by night.

 

Allaah – subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa – is tremendously pleased with the repentance of His believing servant – the likes of this pleasure has no comparison.  The Messenger of Allaah – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – affirmed that when he gave the example of the owner of the she-camel who was traveling with his she-camel in the earth[2].  So (he stopped to rest and) sleep overcame him.  He slept under a tree.  His camel left and upon it was his food and drink.  He woke up and searched for it but didn’t find it, so he accepted that he was going to die.  He returned to sleep and to die under that tree.  Sleep overcame him and when he woke up there was his she-camel standing at his head with his food and drink.

 

So he turned to it and said due to the severity of his happiness: O Allaah, I am your Lord and you are my servant (and he meant: You are my Lord and I am Your servant).  The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) said that he made that mistake due to the severity of his happiness.

 

The Messenger – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – said: “Allaah is more pleased with the repentance of His servant when he turns penitently towards Him than one of you would be on finding the lost camel.”[3]

 

What do you want, O you who has transgressed against your soul, and how numerous are those who transgress against their souls!  What more could you want than this encouragement?  Return to your Lord and your Lord will be pleased with you.  Because you are a runaway slave, return to your Master and Guardian, so that He will accept you.  Receive glad tidings of good.  We ask Allaah for ourselves and for yourself for a sincere repentance and for firmness.

 

 

Footnotes

[1] For example the hadeeth in Saheeh Bukhari, Book of Tawheed, narrated by Abu Hurairah:

 

I heard the Prophet saying, “If somebody commits a sin and then says, ‘O my Lord! I have sinned, please forgive me!’ and his Lord says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it, I therefore have forgiven my slave (his sins).’ Then he remains without committing any sin for a while and then again commits another sin and says, ‘O my Lord, I have committed another sin, please forgive me,’ and Allah says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it, I therefore have forgiven my slave (his sin). Then he remains without Committing any another sin for a while and then commits another sin (for the third time) and says, ‘O my Lord, I have committed another sin, please forgive me,’ and Allah says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it I therefore have forgiven My slave (his sin), he can do whatever he likes.” Translation of the hadeeth from: http://spubs.com/sps/sbk/

[2] See Saheeh Muslim, Book of Repentance, chapter: Exhortation for Repentance

[3] See Saheeh Muslim, Book of Repentance, Chapter: Exhortation for Repentance.  Translation of the hadeeth from: http://spubs.com/sps/smm/

How to be safe from the plots and traps of shaytaan

October 13, 2015

Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullah) said in Ighaathatul Luhfaan:

فلَا نَجَاةَ مِنْ مَصَائِدِهِ وَمَكَائِدِهِ إِلَّا بِدَوَامِ الإِسْتَعَانَةِ بِاللهِ تَعَالَى

There is no safety from the traps and plots of shaytaan except by constantly seeking the help of Allaah, The Most High

How can I obtain khashyah of Allaah?

September 18, 2015

The following was translated from:

http://ar.miraath.net/fatwah/12160

Question: (We ask that) Allaah bless you, our Shaikh.  The seventh question is: How can I truthfully obtain khashyah of Allaah, Mighty and Majestic is He?

Answer by Shaikh Ubaid al Jaabiree:

We advise you, O my young son, with several things:

(1) Reciting the Noble Quran a lot

(2) Doing many acts of worship: Preserving the acts of worship that Allaah has made obligatory and increasing in the extra (nawaafil) good deeds

Thirdly, mentioning the Name of Allaah – He is the Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects – a lot by saying:

subhaanAllaah (this means that you declare that Allaah is Free from all deficiencies, faults, and defects)

laa illaaha illallaah

Allaahu akbar

Alhamdulillah

(4) Sitting with the good people (Tayyibeen) wherever they gather in the masjids, at the times of the five prayers in congregation and at jumuah

The meeting between ibn Ladin and the Scholar from Mali

August 30, 2014

 

This is a summary translation of an extract of Shaikh Abdullah Bukhari’s speech in which he recounted a meeting between one of his teachers – The illustrious scholar from Mali Hammaad al Ansaree – rahimahullah – and the extremist, the terrorist, Osama ibn Ladin. Taken from:

http://www.albaidha.net/vb/showthread.php?t=51284

(This recounting starts about halfway down the page)

I mention to you (what happened) in the year 1407 (1986 CE) after the Hijrah, that this one (Osama bin Ladin) came to our Shaikh, Shaikh Hammaad al-Ansaaree – rahimahullah at his house which was in the area which we know – the street of al-a’madah – the Shaikh’s old house. And I was there in the library of the Shaikh with him along with some other people. So this one (ibn Ladin) entered and with him were two other people. He said, “O Shaikh! I want to speak.”

Shaikh Hammaad said, “Who are you?”

He said, “I am Osama ibn Ladin”

The Shaikh didn’t know him. He had no idea who he was.

Shaikh Hammaad said, “What do you want”

Ibn Ladin said, “I want to speak.”

Shaikh Hammaad said, “Say what you like.”

Ibn Ladin said, “O Shaikh! We read in the biographies of the Scholars that one would, for example, fight in the path of Allaah in this battle. And that he did this and that and he fought in the path of Allaah. So who is like this! Upon examination, this speech is false. This can not be said in the biography of every Imaam, right?

This (fighting in the path of Allaah) was done by some of them, but not all of them….But we find nowadays that the Scholars do not even fire one bullet in the path of Allaah!”

Shaikh Hammaad didn’t let him finish. He silenced him and said to him, “Who told you that?! Who told you that?! Every day we are firing numerous bullets: bullets of knowledge! Everyday we are firing numerous bullets: bullets of knowledge! So where are you getting this speech of yours (that the Scholars nowadays do not fight or do not fire bullets in the path of Allaah)?”

Of course, Ibn Ladin was unable to reply so he sought his permission to leave and then left.

A Treasure from the Treasures of Paradise

March 18, 2014

 

In Gateway ( مفتاح العربية ) Book 4, p.47, the expression:

 

لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ

 

(There is neither might nor power except with Allaah)

 

This expression is defined in the vocabulary box and after the definition is given for it, it says:

 

– an expression indicating despair or annoyance”

 

 

Imaam Ibn Baz – rahimahullah – said1:

 

The statement:

 

لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ

 

(There is neither might nor power except with Allaah)

 

Is a tremendous statement.  The Prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – said to Abu Musa al-Ash’aree – radiallaahu anhu – regarding it:

 

‘Shall I not direct you to a treasure from the treasures of Paradise? (It is the statement) Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah (There is neither might nor power except with Allaah).’2

 

So it is appropriate to increase in saying it at all times – in the mornings, in the evenings, and other than those times.”

 

 

Shaikh AbdurRazzaq bin Abdul Muhsin al-Badr – hafithahullah – said3:

 

Its meaning is: A person doesn’t change from one state to another, nor is any strength gained by the servant except with Allaah – meaning with His Allowance – He is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects.

 

A person doesn’t change from sickness to health, nor from misguidance to guidance, nor from disbelief to faith, nor from weakness to strength, nor from fragility to firmness except with Allaah (granting him that) – He is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects.

 

So all of the affairs of a person and all of his situations are in the Hand of Allaah – He is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects.

 

‘There is neither might nor power except with Allaah’ means: you can’t do any action except if Allaah helps you with it…

 

It is legislated for the Muslim when he leaves his house that he says:

 

بِاسْمِ اللهِ, تَوَكَلْتُ عَلَى اللهِ, لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ

 

(In the Name of Allaah, I put my trust in Allaah, there is neither might nor power except with Allaah)

 

It is from the Sunnah that he says that every time he leaves his house4. And in this (statement) is a request for help – that Allaah, The Mighty and Majestic, helps him with whatever he is about to do that is from the beneficial good deeds in his religion and his worldly affairs.”

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

 

 

2Saheeh Bukhari, Book of Invocations (Da’waat)

3In his second tape/audio explaining the book: Saheeh al-Kalim at-Tayyib, translated from:

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=29099

4From the hadeeth narrated by Anas bin Malik that the Prophet Muhammad – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – said:

 

من قالَ يَعني إذا خرجَ من بيتِهِ : بِسمِ اللَّهِ ، توَكَّلتُ على اللَّهِ ، لا حَولَ ولا قوَّةَ إلَّا باللَّهِ ، يقالُ لَهُ : كُفيتَ ، ووُقيتَ ، وتنحَّى عنهُ الشَّيطانُ

 

Whoever says when he leaves his house: ‘Bismillaah, tawakkaltu ‘alaallaah,  Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah’ (In the Name of Allaah, I put my trust in Allaah, there is neither might nor power except with Allaah), is sufficed and protected and Shaytaan withdraws from him.”

 

Imaam al-Albaanee said that it was Saheeh in Saheeh at-Tirmidhee (3426)

 

An Excerpt from: Advice Regarding the Way to Seek Knowledge by Shaikh Muhammad bin Haadee

March 1, 2014

The following is a translated excerpt from Shaikh Muhammad ibn Haadee al Madkhalee’s excellent lecture:

 

وصايا في طريقة طلب العلم

Advice Regarding the Way to Seek Knowledge (p.17-19)

 

which can be listened to and read from this link:

http://ar.miraath.net/audio/5024

 

…I direct some advice to everyone who hears it from us at this time – and you who are listening – regarding the subject of being eager to present the Mashaayikh, the teachers, and the speakers.  In reality, something which is not good has appeared among our sons (the Muslims): every one wants to say: “I brought the Shaikh to my masjid” not caring whether this (shaikh) is qualified so that knowledge can be taken from him or whether he is not qualified and knowledge is not taken from him.  All that is important (to this person) is that he brought a Shaikh.  Who is this Shaikh?  After that, look and you will find the most amazing of things.  He (the Shaikh) is either from the well-known people of innovation and desires that this person (who brought him) was ignorant of (him being from them).  So how many people have desired good but have not achieved it – as Umar – (we ask that) Allaah, the Most High, be pleased with him – said.

 

So he is ignorant of him (being from the people of innovation and desires) and he brings him to the people and perhaps he causes them to become attached to him. Then after that an attachment is formed between him and them so he leads the astray and he (the one who ignorantly brought this person to the people) is the cause of this.  And perhaps he will bring a Hizbee whom he is also ignorant of his condition so he falls into this calamity and causes others to fall into it.  And more amazing than that is that you see our sons in these times, after the ax has fallen into the head and cleaved it in two, he comes and asks (about the condition of this person).  So he is like the one who ends his recitation (of Quran) and then says: “I seek refuge with Allaah from the cursed shaytaan. In the name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy.” after he has ended his recitation.  After he has brought him (to the people) he asks about him.  This is not correct.  The affair is the opposite.  If you were wise, you would ask before you acted.  Because this is what Allaah has instructed us:

 

So know (O Muhammad – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) that Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh), and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women.”1 (47:19)

 

So He began with knowledge before statements and actions. So you must ask (about a person’s condition) before you act (by taking knowledge from them or directing the people to them).  Why is it that after you have brought him, you say: “What is his condition?”  This is not correct. So when the likes of this happen, and when deviation amongst the people happens due to this one you have brought while you didn’t know him (his state) – for the people are under your care.  So it is obligatory for you to  investigate (an individual before you put him in front of the people to teach) as our salaf used to investigate (them) in the time of good at the beginning of this ummah.

 

  The era of (Imaam) Maalik and those with him (from the scholars).  They would investigate (them).  So perhaps we can say that today is the era of widespread tribulations (fitan), of much turning about of the people, and of their changing (for the worse). What is obligatory upon us is that we have even more concern (for investigation of individuals). This affair – and I say this because it has spread in these times – that our brothers have begun to bring those who are not qualified (to teach) then they ask us about them. And they may bring to us some of the statements of these people which would make the small students of knowledge laugh.  That is because these people in reality are not qualified to have people studying under them….’

 

 

1Translation of the verse taken from: www.thenoblequran.com

Ask the People of Knowledge if you don’t know – Imaam as-Sa’dee

November 19, 2013

 

 

 

 

Imaam as-Sa’dee said in his explanation of verse:

 

 

فَاسْأَلُوا أَهْلَ الذِّكْرِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ لا تَعْلَمُوْنَ

So ask the People of Knowledge if you do not know.” (16:43)


{ وعموم هذه الآية، فيها مدح أهل العلم، وأن أعلى أنواعه، العلم بكتاب الله المنزل. فإن الله أمر من لا يعلم، بالرجوع إليهم، في جميع الحوادث، وفي ضمنه، تعديل لأهل العلم، وتزكية لهم، حيث أمر بسؤالهم}

 

And the generality of this verse contains praise for the People of Knowledge. And that the highest category of it (knowledge) is knowledge of the revealed Book of Allaah. For indeed Allaah commanded the one who doesn’t know to return to them (the People of Knowledge) in every situation. And contained in it is praise for the People of Knowledge and tazkiyyah (purification/recommendation) for them, because He commanded that they be asked.”

 

 

Imaam as-Sa’dee also said in explanation of verse (21:7):

 

 

فَاسْأَلُوا أَهْلَ الذِّكْرِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ لا تَعْلَمُوْنَ

So ask the People of Knowledge if you do not know.”

{وهذه الآية وإن كان سببها خاصا بالسؤال عن حالة

الرسل المتقدمين من أهل الذكر وهم أهل العلم,فإنها عامة في كل مسألة من مسائل الدين أصوله وفروعه,إذا لم يكن عند الإنسان علم منها,أن يسأل من يعلمها,ففيه الأمر بالتعلم والسؤال لأهل العلم,ولم يأمر بسؤالهم إلا لأنهم يجب عليهم التعليم والإجابة عما علموه}

 

 

This verse, even though the reason for it was specifically to ask about the case of the previous Messengers from the People of the Reminder – and they are the People of Knowledge, then indeed it is general for every matter from the matters of the religion – its foundations and its branches – when a person doesn’t have knowledge about it, he asks the one who knows it. So in this is the command to learn from and ask the People of Knowledge. And He didn’t command that they be asked except because it is obligatory upon them to teach and answer with what they know”

Those Who Claim They Follow Only the Quran

October 17, 2013

 

 

 

This is an excerpt of Shaikh Muhammad Amaan al Jaamee’s explanation of Shaikh Uthaymeen’s Book Al Qawaa’id al Muthlaa… (Exemplary Principles)…Taken from tape 4, starting at 13:521. Underlined speech is from the text of Shaikh Uthaymeen’s book2.

 

Arabic text of Shaikh Muhammad Amaan al Jaamee’s speech in this file:

Quraniyyoon Arabic quote

 

 

Shaikh Uthaymeen said (translated):

 

And where is the Imaan in the Messenger – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – who was entrusted with the Quran – for the one who doesn’t accept what is from his Sunnah

 

 

 

Shaikh Muhammad Amaan al Jaamee explained:

 

And he rejects that and says: We are sufficed with the Quran. What is in the Book of Allaah, we accept. And what is in the Sunnah, we reject. This one claims that he is a Qur’aanee – from those who believe in the Quran only.

 

These people disbelieve in the Quran without realizing it. Whoever disbelieves in the Sunnah has indeed disbelieved in the Quran. Because the Quran is that which commands to follow the Sunnah.3 And because the Quran mentions many of the rulings in a general way which are explained in detail in the Sunnah.

 

And some of the Attributes of Allaah, The Most High, have come in the Sunnah and they are not in the Quran. Separating the Book from the Sunnah and claiming Imaan in the Quran and rejecting the Sunnah is futility (useless). On top of that, it is disbelief in both of them.

 

The Shaikh (Uthaymeen) – (we ask that) Allaah bestow mercy upon us and upon him – said:

 

Allaah, The Most High, said:

 

وَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ تِبْيَانًا لِّكُلِّ شَيْءٍ

 

And We have sent down to you the Book (i.e. the Qur’an) as an explanation (tibyaan) for everything…” (16:89)

 

And from what is known

 

(Shaikh al Jaamee): to the students of knowledge

 

is that many of the knowledge-based sharee’ah matters

 

(Shaikh al Jaamee): from that is the Names and Attributes – this is called: “knowledge-based”

 

and the action-based matters –

 

(Shaikh al Jaamee): the rulings

 

their explanations come in the Sunnah

 

(Shaikh al Jaamee): many of them are explained in the Sunnah

 

So their explanations in the Sunnah are from the explanation (mentioned in) the Quran (“tibyaan”

as mentioned in the verse 16:89 above)

 

(Shaikh al Jaamee): Allaah, The Most High, said:

 

أقيموا الصلاة

 

Establish the salaah”4

 

How do you establish the salaah with the Book (the Quran) only, when you have disbelieved in the Sunnah? How do you purify yourself ? And these details from the actions of the salaah – from the takbeer (to begin the salaah) to the tasleem (to end the salaah) – from where do you know how to do these things?

 

When you have left off the Sunnah, that means that you leave off the salaah.

 

What verse from the Quran do you use to pray? With this general verse:

 

أقيموا الصلاة

 

Establish the salaah”?

 

And also:

 

ءاتوا الزكاة

 

Give the zakaah” (2:110)

 

From where (do you know how to do this)?? This tremendous command: The Hajj. The details and actions of Hajj – are they not from the Sunnah? Most of our actions are in the Sunnah. The Quran has placed a general outline, and the Sunnah has explained it. The place of return is to Allaah. Because the Sunnah5 is from Allaah…

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

2 The underlined text in this file from Shaikh Uthaymeen’s book can be found here: http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_16823.shtml

3 For example: 4:69; 3:31-32; 59:7; 4:59; 3:132; 4:64-65

4 This command occurs in many places, e.g. 2:110

The Importance of Saying: “O Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm on your religion”

September 19, 2013

 

 

 

 

 

Anas bin Malik narrated:

 

كانَ رسولُ اللَّهِ صلَّى اللَّهُ علَيهِ وسلَّمَ يُكْثِرُ

أن يقولَ : يا مُقلِّبَ القلوبِ ثبِّت قَلبي على دينِكَ ، فقلتُ : يا

رسولَ اللَّهِ ، آمنَّا بِكَ وبما جئتَ بِهِ فَهَل

تخافُ علَينا ؟ قالَ : نعَم ، إنَّ القُلوبَ

بينَ إصبُعَيْنِ مِن أصابعِ اللَّهِ يقلِّبُها كيفَ شاءَ

The Messenger of Allaah -sallalahu alayhe wa sallam – used to say a lot:

يا مُقلِّبَ القُلُوْبِ

ثَبِّت قَلْبِي عَلَى دِيْنِكَ

 

 

“O Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm upon your religion”

So I (Anas) said: O Messenger of Allaah, we have believed in you and believed in everything you have been sent with, so are you afraid for us? He said: “Yes.  Indeed the hearts are between two fingers from the fingers of Allaah – He turns them however He wills”

 

Shaikh Albanee declared this hadeeth to be Saheeh in Saheeh at Tirmidhee (2140)

The following translated from:

http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/12115

 

 

Question: The Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – used to say: Allahumma Muqallibal-quloob thabbit qalbee ‘alaa deenik (O Allaah, The Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm on your religion)1. And he said to ‘Aa’ishah (radiallahu anhaa): Indeed the hearts are between the two fingers of The Most Merciful2. What is the correct way to understand this hadeeth?

 

 

 

 

A (Shaikh Bin Baz): The hadeeth is clear. He – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – said:

 

إن القلوب بين أصبعين من أصابع الرحمن يقلبها كيف يشاء

Indeed the hearts are between two fingers from the fingers of The Most Merciful – He turns them however He wills”3

The meaning is that Allaah – Lofty and Exalted is He – He is the One in Whose Hand is the giving of firmness in (all) the affairs. So the Believer asks his Lord to keep him firm upon faith and keep him firm upon the truth. The hearts turn and they are between two fingers from the fingers of The Most Merciful – this is according to what is befitting to Allaah. It is established that Allaah has fingers in a manner that is befitting to Allaah4

And that Allaah – Lofty and Exalted is He – in His Hand is the ability to change the affairs and turn the hearts however He wills. He turns the heart of this one, so he apostates from his deen5, He turns the heart of this one and he becomes Muslim, and He turns the heart of this one and he falls into sin.

So the hearts are in the hand of Allaah – Lofty and Exalted is He – He is the One Who changes them however He wills – He is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects. The Believer asks his Lord (by saying):

اللَهُمَّ ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِي عَلَى دِيْنِكَ

‘O Allaah, keep my heart firm upon your religion’

(and by saying):

اللَهُمَّ يَا مُقَلِّبَ القُلُوْبِ ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِي عَلَى دِيْنِكَ

‘O Allaah, O Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm upon your religion’

(and by saying):

اللَهُمَّ يَا مُصَرِّفَ القُلُوْبِ صَرِّفْ قَلْبِي عَلَى طَاعَتِكَ

O Allaah, O Turner of the hearts, turn my heart to your obedience”6

(The Believer) asks his Lord for firmness.

And Allaah – Exalted and Lofty is He – is described as having fingers, and He has a hand – Exalted and Lofty is He – in a manner that is befitting to Him – He is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects.

He does not resemble the things He has created – not in the hand, nor the fingers, nor in speech, nor in being pleased, nor in being angry, nor in other than that just as He – Who is The Most High and Free from all deficiencies and defects – said (translated):

There is nothing like Him, and He is The All-Hearing, The All-Seeing” (42:11)

 

and He, The Most High, said (translated):

 

To Allaah belongs the most beautiful Names, so call upon Him by them.” (7:180)

 

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

 

1 Anas bin Malik narrated it with this wording:

 

اللهم يا مُقلِّبَ القلوبِ ، ثبِّتْ قلبي على دينِك

Shaikh Albaanee declared it to be saheeh in Saheeh al Adab al Mufrad (527)

2 ‘Aa’isha narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) used to say a lot:

يامُثَبِّتَ القلوبِ ثبِّتْ قلبي على دينِكَ

O One Who makes the hearts firm, make my heart firm upon your religion”. So I (‘Aa’ishah) said: “O Messenger of Allaah, you make this du’a a lot, are you afraid?” He said: “Yes. Who would keep me safe, O ‘Aa’ishah, while the hearts of the servants are between two fingers from the fingers of The Most Merciful?”

Shaikh Albaanee declared it saheeh in Takhreej Kitaab wa Sunnah (233)

http://dorar.net/enc/hadith (a hadeeth encyclopedia)

3 With the wording:

إنَّ القُلوبَ بينَ إصبُعَيْنِ مِن أصابعِ اللَّهِ يقلِّبُها كيفَ شاءَ

Narrated by Anas bin Malik. Shaikh Albaanee declared it saheeh in Saheeh at-Tirmidhee (2140). There are various authentic and similar wordings for this dua and hadeeth. And Allaah knows best.

http://dorar.net/enc/hadith (a hadeeth encyclopedia)

4 Translator’s note: we don’t say that Allaah’s Face is like the face of anything from His creation, or that His hearing is like the hearing of any of the creation, or that His fingers are like the fingers of any of the creation. While it is established that He has these attributes, we do not know “how” they are – but we do know that they befit His Majesty. And He has said (translated): “There is nothing like Him, and He is The All-Hearing, The All-Seeing” (42:11) And He said (translated): “So put not forward similitudes for Allâh (as there is nothing similar to Him, nor He resembles anything). Truly! Allâh knows and you know not. (An-Nahl 16:74) (translation of that verse taken from: www.thenoblequran.com). For an excellent book on the topic of Allaah’s Names and Attributes and what are the correct beliefs regarding them, see here:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/08/10/book-recommendation-exemplary-principles-concerning-the-names-and-attributes-of-allaah/ as well as here:

http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?secID=SCL&subsecID=SCL08&loadpage=displaysubsection.cfm

5 And Allaah is never unjust.

Verily! Allâh will not change the good condition of a people as long as they do not change their state of goodness themselves (by committing sins and by being ungrateful and disobedient to Allâh).” (13:11)

 

This is because of that (evil) which your hands have sent before you. And certainly, Allâh is never unjust to (His) slaves.” (Aali Imran 3:182)

Translation of both verses taken from: www.thenoblequran.com

6 With the wording:

اللَّهمَّ مُصرِّفَ القلوبِ صرِّف قلوبَنا على طاعتِكَ

Narrated by Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin al-‘Aas, from Saheeh Muslim, Book of al-Qadr (The Book of Divine Decree)

The Levels of the Prophetic Da’wah

July 21, 2013

 

The following is taken from a lecture by Shaikh Arafaat al Muhammadee – a student of the Scholars (such as Shaikh Abdul Muhsin al Abbaad and Shaikh Ubaid al Jaabiree). Many of his lectures are here: http://ar.miraath.net/

The following taken from one of his lectures on the Prophetic Seerah:

http://ar.miraath.net/sites/default/files/%20-%207_0.pdf

فقوله: اقرأ هذا أمر بالقراءة فقط لا بالتبليغ لم يأمره بأن يبلغ

شيئًا

So His statement – “Iqra” – this is a command to recite only, not to spread it. He didn’t command him to spread it.

لهذا قال العلماء عندما قال له اقرأ صار نبيًا عليه الصلاة والسلام

For this reason, the Scholars say that when it was revealed to him “iqra” (96:1) he became a Prophet – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam

لكن لما نزلت عليه ﴿يَا أَيُّهَ ا الْمدَّثِّر ﴿ ٠﴾ قمْ فَأَنذِر﴾ المدثر:

But when the verses were sent down: “Yaa ayyuhaal-muddaththir, qum fa’andhir” (Muddaththir 74: 1-2)

 

 

هنا أمر بالإنذار وبذلك صار رسولًا عليه الصلاة والسلام

This is the command to warn and with this he became a Messenger- alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam

 

 

 

 

إذً ا كما قال العلماء نبِّئَ باقرأ وأرسل بالمدثر

So as the Scholars say, he was made a Prophet with “iqra” and he was made a Messenger with “muddaththir”

 

 

 

صار نبيًا باقرأ وصار رسولًا عليه الصلاة والسلامحينما نزلت عليه يا أيها المدثر

He became a Prophet with (the revelation of the verse) “iqra” (96:1) and he became a Messenger – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam – when “yaa ayyuhaal-muddaththir” (74:1) was sent down

 

 

 

ولهذا هنا ذكر العلماء أيضاً مراتب للوحي فقالوا

And for this reason, here the Scholars have also mentioned the levels of the revelation.  They said:

 

 

المرتبة الأولى: هي النبوة

The First Level: is Prophethood

 

 

 

والمرتبة الثانية: أمر الله عز وجللنبيه بإنذار عشيرته الأقربين

The Second Level: Allah’s command – Lofty and Exalted is He – to His Prophet to warn the close relatives of his tribe1

 

 

 

والمرتبة الثالثة: الأمر بإنذار قومه

The Third Level: The command to warn his people

 

 

 

 

والمرتبة الرابعة: بإنذار قوم ما آتاهم من نذير من قبله وهم العرب

The Fourth Level: Warning a people whom no Warner had come to them before- and they are the Arabs

 

 

 

والمرتبة الخامسة: إنذار جميع من بلغته دعوته عليه الصلاة والسلام من الجن والإنس إلى آخر الزمن

The Fifth Level: Warning all whom his call reaches – alayhis-salaatu was-salaam – from the jinn and mankind until the end of time

 

هذه المراتب التي ذكرها العلماء مراتب الدعوة التي دعا النبي عليه

الصلاةوالسلام

These are the levels which the Scholars mention are the levels of dawah which the Prophet – alayhis-salaatu was-salaam called to

 

 

Footnote

 

 

 

1وذُكر أن هذه الآية لما نـزلت, بدأ ببني جده عبد المطلب وولده, فحذّرهم وأنذرهم.

It was mentioned that when this verse (26:214) was sent down, he (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) began with the children of his grandfather Abdul Muttalib and his children, so he warned them and admonished them. (Tafsir at-Tabari)