Posts Tagged ‘shaikh’

“The Jamaa’ah” meaning: Those who unite upon the truth…

September 8, 2015

وَفِيْ رِوَايَةٍ “الجَمَاعَةُ” يعني

الجماعة الذين اجتمعوا على الحق الذي جاء به محمد

من ص13 الفرقة الناجية أصولها وعقائدها للشيخ ربيع المدخلي

And in one narration, “The Jamaa’ah” meaning:

those who unite upon the truth that

Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) brought

From the book: The Foundational Beliefs and Principles of the Saved Sect (p.13)

By Shaikh Rabee al Madkhalee

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Al Qawaa’id al Muthlaa (Exemplary Principles…)

March 21, 2014

 

القواعد المثلى في صفات الله وأسمائه الحسنى

Exemplary Principles Concerning the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allaah

The Arabic Text (Written)

Download:

Al Qawaaid al Muthlaa pdf

The above file taken from:

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=26095

The English Translation (Written)

For purchase:

http://www.troid.ca/store/product.php?productid=16147

A benefit:

http://www.bakkah.net/en/tag/exemplary-principles

Minor corrections to the book:

http://www.troid.ca/index.php/forum/16-troid-publications/860-corrections-exemplary-principles-concerning

Book review:

https://sughayyirah.wordpress.com/2012/08/10/book-recommendation-exemplary-principles-concerning-the-names-and-attributes-of-allaah/

Audio of the Text (Arabic)

http://shaydzmi.wordpress.com/2012/04/13/alqawaid-almothla/

English Explanation (Audio)

For purchase:

http://www.troid.ca/store/product.php?productid=18733&cat=953&page=1

As a reminder, those seekers of knowledge who preceeded us went through many hardships (like traveling long distances before the invention of airplanes, trains, cars, etc) and spent much from their wealth in the pursuit of knowledge.  Many books of the ulama are found for free online, both in writing and audio  And many audio explanations of the ulama (and audio translations) are also found online for free – and this is a tremendous blessing from Allaah alhamdulillah.  However, that should not prevent one from spending one’s wealth in the pursuit of knowledge – wealth that might otherwise go to waste on something less important anyway.  If one is able, they should buy these CD’s and thank Allaah.  And if one is unable, they should make dua to Allaah that He provides them with these CD’s and be patient upon that.  And one should say,

My Lord! Increase me in knowledge” (20:114)

Arabic Explanations (Audio and Written)

Shaikh Muhammad Amaan al Jaamee (audio)

http://subulsalam.com/catplay.php?catsmktba=164

Shaikh Zaid al Madkhalee (audio)

http://subulsalam.com/catplay.php?catsmktba=411

 

Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq bin Abdul Muhsin al Badr

Sharh QM 1

Sharh QM 2

Sharh QM 3

Sharh QM 6

An Excerpt from: Advice Regarding the Way to Seek Knowledge by Shaikh Muhammad bin Haadee

March 1, 2014

The following is a translated excerpt from Shaikh Muhammad ibn Haadee al Madkhalee’s excellent lecture:

 

وصايا في طريقة طلب العلم

Advice Regarding the Way to Seek Knowledge (p.17-19)

 

which can be listened to and read from this link:

http://ar.miraath.net/audio/5024

 

…I direct some advice to everyone who hears it from us at this time – and you who are listening – regarding the subject of being eager to present the Mashaayikh, the teachers, and the speakers.  In reality, something which is not good has appeared among our sons (the Muslims): every one wants to say: “I brought the Shaikh to my masjid” not caring whether this (shaikh) is qualified so that knowledge can be taken from him or whether he is not qualified and knowledge is not taken from him.  All that is important (to this person) is that he brought a Shaikh.  Who is this Shaikh?  After that, look and you will find the most amazing of things.  He (the Shaikh) is either from the well-known people of innovation and desires that this person (who brought him) was ignorant of (him being from them).  So how many people have desired good but have not achieved it – as Umar – (we ask that) Allaah, the Most High, be pleased with him – said.

 

So he is ignorant of him (being from the people of innovation and desires) and he brings him to the people and perhaps he causes them to become attached to him. Then after that an attachment is formed between him and them so he leads the astray and he (the one who ignorantly brought this person to the people) is the cause of this.  And perhaps he will bring a Hizbee whom he is also ignorant of his condition so he falls into this calamity and causes others to fall into it.  And more amazing than that is that you see our sons in these times, after the ax has fallen into the head and cleaved it in two, he comes and asks (about the condition of this person).  So he is like the one who ends his recitation (of Quran) and then says: “I seek refuge with Allaah from the cursed shaytaan. In the name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy.” after he has ended his recitation.  After he has brought him (to the people) he asks about him.  This is not correct.  The affair is the opposite.  If you were wise, you would ask before you acted.  Because this is what Allaah has instructed us:

 

So know (O Muhammad – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) that Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh), and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women.”1 (47:19)

 

So He began with knowledge before statements and actions. So you must ask (about a person’s condition) before you act (by taking knowledge from them or directing the people to them).  Why is it that after you have brought him, you say: “What is his condition?”  This is not correct. So when the likes of this happen, and when deviation amongst the people happens due to this one you have brought while you didn’t know him (his state) – for the people are under your care.  So it is obligatory for you to  investigate (an individual before you put him in front of the people to teach) as our salaf used to investigate (them) in the time of good at the beginning of this ummah.

 

  The era of (Imaam) Maalik and those with him (from the scholars).  They would investigate (them).  So perhaps we can say that today is the era of widespread tribulations (fitan), of much turning about of the people, and of their changing (for the worse). What is obligatory upon us is that we have even more concern (for investigation of individuals). This affair – and I say this because it has spread in these times – that our brothers have begun to bring those who are not qualified (to teach) then they ask us about them. And they may bring to us some of the statements of these people which would make the small students of knowledge laugh.  That is because these people in reality are not qualified to have people studying under them….’

 

 

1Translation of the verse taken from: www.thenoblequran.com

Those Who Claim They Follow Only the Quran

October 17, 2013

 

 

 

This is an excerpt of Shaikh Muhammad Amaan al Jaamee’s explanation of Shaikh Uthaymeen’s Book Al Qawaa’id al Muthlaa… (Exemplary Principles)…Taken from tape 4, starting at 13:521. Underlined speech is from the text of Shaikh Uthaymeen’s book2.

 

Arabic text of Shaikh Muhammad Amaan al Jaamee’s speech in this file:

Quraniyyoon Arabic quote

 

 

Shaikh Uthaymeen said (translated):

 

And where is the Imaan in the Messenger – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – who was entrusted with the Quran – for the one who doesn’t accept what is from his Sunnah

 

 

 

Shaikh Muhammad Amaan al Jaamee explained:

 

And he rejects that and says: We are sufficed with the Quran. What is in the Book of Allaah, we accept. And what is in the Sunnah, we reject. This one claims that he is a Qur’aanee – from those who believe in the Quran only.

 

These people disbelieve in the Quran without realizing it. Whoever disbelieves in the Sunnah has indeed disbelieved in the Quran. Because the Quran is that which commands to follow the Sunnah.3 And because the Quran mentions many of the rulings in a general way which are explained in detail in the Sunnah.

 

And some of the Attributes of Allaah, The Most High, have come in the Sunnah and they are not in the Quran. Separating the Book from the Sunnah and claiming Imaan in the Quran and rejecting the Sunnah is futility (useless). On top of that, it is disbelief in both of them.

 

The Shaikh (Uthaymeen) – (we ask that) Allaah bestow mercy upon us and upon him – said:

 

Allaah, The Most High, said:

 

وَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ تِبْيَانًا لِّكُلِّ شَيْءٍ

 

And We have sent down to you the Book (i.e. the Qur’an) as an explanation (tibyaan) for everything…” (16:89)

 

And from what is known

 

(Shaikh al Jaamee): to the students of knowledge

 

is that many of the knowledge-based sharee’ah matters

 

(Shaikh al Jaamee): from that is the Names and Attributes – this is called: “knowledge-based”

 

and the action-based matters –

 

(Shaikh al Jaamee): the rulings

 

their explanations come in the Sunnah

 

(Shaikh al Jaamee): many of them are explained in the Sunnah

 

So their explanations in the Sunnah are from the explanation (mentioned in) the Quran (“tibyaan” as mentioned in the verse 16:89 above)

 

(Shaikh al Jaamee): Allaah, The Most High, said:

 

أقيموا الصلاة

 

Establish the salaah”4

 

How do you establish the salaah with the Book (the Quran) only, when you have disbelieved in the Sunnah? How do you purify yourself ? And these details from the actions of the salaah – from the takbeer (to begin the salaah) to the tasleem (to end the salaah) – from where do you know how to do these things?

 

When you have left off the Sunnah, that means that you leave off the salaah.

 

What verse from the Quran do you use to pray? With this general verse:

 

أقيموا الصلاة

 

Establish the salaah”?

 

And also:

 

ءاتوا الزكاة

 

Give the zakaah” (2:110)

 

From where (do you know how to do this)?? This tremendous command: The Hajj. The details and actions of Hajj – are they not from the Sunnah? Most of our actions are in the Sunnah. The Quran has placed a general outline, and the Sunnah has explained it. The place of return is to Allaah. Because the Sunnah5 is from Allaah…

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

2 The underlined text in this file from Shaikh Uthaymeen’s book can be found here: http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_16823.shtml

3 For example: 4:69; 3:31-32; 59:7; 4:59; 3:132; 4:64-65

4 This command occurs in many places, e.g. 2:110

Khutbahs and Lectures by Shaikh Abdul Azeez Aalush Shaikh

October 9, 2013

Audios by the current Grand Mufti Shaikh Abdul Azeez Aalush Shaikh

 

Khutab (khutbahs):

https://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/khotab

 

Lectures:

https://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/mohadrat

 

 

 

The Prohibition of Curing Magic by Using Magic – Shaikh AbdurRahmaan al Barraak

October 7, 2013

 


The following is Shaikh AbdurRahmaan bin Naasir al Barraak‘s reply to a question regarding curing magic using magic taken from the book: Shirk and what leads to it, the chapter on magic (Fatwa 17166)

The Arabic text of this speech is in this file: quote al Barraak

(originally from:

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=25441 )

 

Q: Is it permissible to cure magic by using magic when there is a need?

 

A (Shaikh AbdurRahman bin Naasir al-Barraak): All the praise belongs only to Allaah. Curing or removing magic is called “an-nushrah”. It is narrated from Jaabir that the Messenger of Allaah – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam was asked about an-nushrah, so he said: “It is from the work of shaytaan”1 (Imaams) Ahmad and Abu Dawood recorded it with a good chain. And in order to cure magic by using magic, one must go to a magician, ask him about who did the magic, and where is the location of the magic – and that is to nullify the work of the first magician. And it is known that the magician is a type of kaahin2. And it has been authentically reported from the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam:

 

من أتى عرافا أو كاهنا فسأله ، فصدقه بما يقول ، فقد كفر بما أنزل على محمد

Whoever goes to an ‘Arraaf or a Kaahin3, asks him (about something), and believes what he says, has indeed disbelieved in what was sent down to Muhammad.”4

So it is not permissible to cure magic by using magic because that is from the work of shaytaan. And it requires asking the magician and believing him (which is prohibited due to the hadeeth he quoted).

Ibnul Qayyim said5:

 

And “An-Nushrah” is to remove magic from the bewitched one.  And it is of two types:

 

(1) Removing the magic using magic – and this is from the work of shaytaan1. This is what al-Hasan (al Basree)’s saying refers to (None cures magic by using magic except the magician)6 So the one doing the nushrah and the one the nushrah is being done to get closer to him (shaytaan) by doing what he loves so that he (shaytaan) will cease his actions towards the bewitched one.

 

(2)An-Nushrah by using Ruqyah2 and (reciting) the Ta’awwudhaat3 and dua and permissible medicines.  So this is permissible, on top of that it is recommended

(end of quoting from Ibnul Qayyim)

And some of the People of Knowledge have narrated from Sa’eed bin al-Musayyib – rahimahullah – that he viewed it as permissible to cure magic by using magic in cases of necessity. But it isn’t clear that the speech of Ibn al-Musayyib indicates that it is permissible to cure magic by using magic. Rather, it is possible that he meant: curing it by using allowable means. Even with that, Shaikh Uthaymeen indeed replied to this speech in “al-Qawl al-Mufeed” (2/73):

But in any case, even if Ibn al-Musayyib (had actually said it was permissible), or someone higher in status that Ibn al-Musayyib from those whose speech is not a proof (i.e. everyone other than the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) had viewed it as permissible, that doesn’t mean that Allaah has ruled it to be permissible – unless we refer back to the Book and the Sunnah – and the Messenger – (we ask that) Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace – was asked about an-Nushrah and he said: ‘It is from the work of shaytaan7‘”

Translated by Ummu Khadijah

Footnotes:

4With the wording:

من أَتَى عَرَّافًا أو كاهنًا فصَدَّقه بما يقولُ ، فقد كَفَر بما أُنْزِلَ على مُحَمَّدٍ

Declared saheeh by Shaikh Albaanee in Saheeh al Jaamee (5939)

There are other authentic wordings.

http://dorar.net/hadith? (a hadeeth encyclopedia)

Stay Away from Tahir Wyatt

October 6, 2013

 

The student Abu Hafsah Kashif Khan on Tahir Wyatt:

 

 

Shaikh Abdul Lateef al-Kurdee – from the Shuyookh of Iraaq

October 2, 2013

 

 

 

The following is a summary translation from:

http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=25606

 

 

He is (Abu Abdul Haqq) Abdul-Lateef bin Ahmad bin Mustafaa al-Kurdee

He was born in the year 1969. After completing high school, he was accepted into a university in Baghdad “al Mustansariyyah”. After a while, he left Iraaq and traveled to a number of Islamic countries. During his visits he studied with a number of the noble Salafee scholars

 

From those who taught him:

Shaikh Muqbil (from whom he has a tazkiyyah which can be seen at the above link) and Shaikh Abdur-Rahman al-Adanee

He also attended some of the lessons and lectures of the Imaams of Ahlus Sunnah: Shaikh Bin Baz, Shaikh Uthaymeen, Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan, Shaikh Saalih al-Luhaydaan, Shaikh al-Abbaad, and Shaikh Rabee.

 

 

(end of what was taken from that link)

 

 

He also has a tazkiyyah from Shaikh Ubaid al Jaabiree ( http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=135855 ) who mentions that the province (in Iraaq) of SalaahudDeen is very good and in it are three Salafee brothers (he mentions each one as “Our brother, the Shaikh…”). Among them is Shaikh Abdul Lateef al Kurdee whom Shaikh Ubaid mentioned is the one who established and who oversees Markazus Sunnah in the city of al-‘Alam.

 

 

The Shaikh has an excellent lecture here (Arabic/English):

http://audio-islam.com/2013/09/29/islaam-condemns-every-facet-of-terrorism-by-shaykh-abdullateef-al-kurdi-audioar-en/

(from:

http://www.mpubs.org/features/events-sponsored-by-mpubs/355-event-live-tele-lecture-islaam-condemns-every-facet-of-terrorism-by-shaykh-abdullateef-al-kurdi )

The above link also mentions more about the Shaikh including what Shaikh Rabee said about him

 

 

 

 

 

Fa’eel is an intensive form and may mean the Faa’il or the Maf’ool

August 27, 2013

 

The following are some quotes from Shaikh Uthaymeen (and one quote from the Tafseer book of semester four of the Madinah series) regarding the meaning of the pattern فَعِيْل

 

 

The following from:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_18119.shtml

واللقيط في اللغة العربية فعيل بمعنى مفعول؛ لأن فعيلاً في اللغة العربية تأتي بمعنى مفعول في مواطن كثيرة، يقال: قتيل بمعنى مقتول، وجريح بمعنى مجروح، وإلا فالأصل أن فعيلاً بمعنى فاعل،

And “laqeet” in the Arabic language has the meaning of “maf’ool” (the object).  Because (a word on the pattern of) “fa’eel” in the Arabic language comes with the meaning of “maf’ool” in many places.  It is said: “qateel”, meaning – “maqtool” (killed) and “jareeh”, meaning – “majrooh” (injured).  And if it doesn’t mean that, then the foundational principle is that “fa’eel” has the meaning of “faa’il” (the doer of the action)…

 

(end of quote)

 

 

 

It is mentioned in a Madinah series side book for semester 4 (the book of tafseer) concerning the meaning of the word “rajeem” in the isti’aadhah:

 

والرجيم: فعيل بمعنى مفعول أي أنه مرجوم مطرود عن الخير

 

And “ar-rajeem” is (on the pattern of) “fa’eel” with the meaning of “maf’ool” (the object), meaning that he (shaytaan) is “marjoom” (cursed), “matrood” (expelled) from the good

 

(end of quote)

 

 

 

The following from:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/printer_18335.shtml

 

{ {الْحَكِيمُ} }: فعيل بمعنى مُفْعِل، وفعيل بمعنى فاعل، أما فعيل بمعنى فاعل فهو كثير في اللغة العربية، مثل: قدير بمعنى قادر، وسميع بمعنى سامع،

“al-Hakeem” is (on the pattern of) “fa’eel” which has the meaning of “Muf’il”1 and “fa’eel” which has the meaning of “faa’il” (doer of the verb).  As for “fa’eel” meaning “faa’il”, then this occurs many times in the Arabic language.  For example: “qadeer” meaning “qaadir” (one possessing power, ability), and “samee’” meaning “saami’” (one who hears)

 

(end of quote)

 

 

 

The following from:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/printer_18056.shtml

 

«حميد»: فعيل بمعنى فاعل، وبمعنى مفعول، فهو حامد ومحمود، حامد لعباده وأوليائه الذين قاموا بأمره، ومحمود يُحمدُ عزّ وجل على ما له من صفات الكمال، وجزيل الإنعام.

وأما «المجيد»: فهي فعيل بمعنى فاعل، أي: ذو المجد. والمجدُ هو: العظمة وكمالُ السُّلطان،

“Hameed” is: (on the pattern of) “Fa’eel” with the meaning of the “Faa’il” (Doer of the action).  And (also) with the meaning of the “Maf’ool” (object). For He is The Praiser and the Praised One.  He is the Praiser of His servants and His Awliyaa (righteous servants) who obey His commands.  And He is Mahmood (Praised), He is praised – Exalted and Lofty is He – for what He has from perfect Attributes and (His) abundance of favors (upon the creation).

 

As for “al-Majeed” then it is (on the pattern of) “Fa’eel” with the meaning of the “Faa’il”. Meaning: The One Who possesses al-majd.  And al-Majd is tremendous greatness and complete sovereignty.

 

(end of quote)

 

 

 

The following from:

 

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_17954.shtml

 

وقوله: ( رحيم ): هذه أيضاً اسم فاعل محول إلي صيغة المبالغة، وأصل اسم الفاعل من رحم: راحم، لكن حول إلى رحيم لكثرة رحمة الله عز وجل وكثرة من يرحمهم الله عز وجل

 

His statement: “Raheem”, this is also the “Faa’il” (Doer of the action) changed to a pattern of intensification.  The origin of the “Faa’il” for (the verb) rahima is: “Raahim”, however it was changed to (the intensive pattern) “Raheem” due to the abundance of Allah’s – Exalted and Lofty is He – Mercy and the abundance of those whom He – Lofty and Exalted is He – bestows His Mercy upon

 

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

 

 

1This is the “faa’il” (doer of the verb) pattern for three letter root verbs increased by 1 letter (and that one letter is a hamzah on an alif أ put at the front of the verb) for example: أَسْلَمَ and أَشْرَكَ (so the “doer” pattern for these two is “muf’il”, i.e. مُسْلِم and مُشْرِك )

Who are the Awliyaa, and The Difference between the Karaamah and the Mu’jizah

August 25, 2013

 

 

 

 

The following translated from:

http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/20394

 

 

Q: Do the Awliyaa have miracles, like what we hear about them?  Do they have free disposal in the world, the dominions of the heavens and the earth?  And do they intercede for people in the life of this world while they are in the barzakh or not?

A (Shaikh Bin Baz): The Awliyaa are the Believers.  The Awliyaa of Allah are the People of Imaan. (Allah) Lofty and Exalted is He, said (translated):

No doubt! Verily, the Auliyâ’ of Allâh [i.e. those who believe in the Oneness of Allâh and fear Allâh much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which he has forbidden), and love Allâh much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve,

 

Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism), and used to fear Allâh much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by doing righteous deeds). (Yunus 10:62-63)1

 

These are those who are the Awliyaa2 of Allah, from mankind and the jinn, from the men and the women. (Allah) The Most High said (translated):

 

The believers, men and women, are Auliyâ’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma’rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islâm has forbidden); they perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât) and give the Zakât, and obey Allâh and His Messenger. Allâh will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (At-Tawbah 9:71)3

And they have Karaamaat4 (miracles) when they are upright upon Eemaan (faith).  Allah may honor them with making it easy for them to practice their religion. The presence of comfort at the time of hardship is from the Karaamaat of Allah to them – that He relieves their hardship when they are surrounded by enemies, or when the enemies have gained power over them – Allah relieves them so that they are safe from their evil. Or (He helps them) with practicing their religion and with removing their difficult matters.  Or by saving them from thieves, or from predatory animals, or what is similar to that.  These are (all) from the Karaamaat of Allah to them.  And it (a karaamah) is a Ni’mah (blessing, favor) which happens to them which is out of the ordinary. This is what is called “a Karaamah” and this happens for the Awliyaa and for the Messengers.  With regards to the Messengers it is called: “a Mu’jizah” and with regards to the Awliyaa it is called: “a Karaamah”.  However (a Walee5) does not have free disposal over the dominions (of the heavens and earth).  They do not have free disposal over the creation, nor over the heavens, nor the earth.  They are restricted.  They do not have free disposal (in anything) except in what Allah has legislated, in what Allah has allowed for them.  And they do not know the unseen. And they do not have free disposal in the sky, nor the earth, except in what Allah permits.  Except in what Allah has legislated like buying, selling, farming and similar to that from what Allah has legislated for His servants.

As for what the Sufis and those who resemble them think – that the Awliyaa have free disposal (over the affairs) and that they know the unseen, then this is falsehood.  And it is ignorance.  The Awliyaa are like other than them – they have no sovereignty except what Allah has given them sovereignty over in farming and trade and other than that.  However, Allah may give them a Karaamah such as relieving their hardship or making easy their affairs as a bounty from Him to them in the time of need.  At the time of hardship and need Allah grants them a Karaamah like what happened to the People of the Cave. Allah honored them and they stayed in the cave for 300 (solar) years increased nine years (when  calculated by the lunar cycle) and nothing harmed them until Allah caused them to die the death he had prescribed for them.  And like what happened to ‘Abbaad bin Bishr and Usaid bin Hudhair – one night they were with the prophet – sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam – talking.  So when they left his presence on that dark night, each of their whips was lit up with a light until they reached their houses.  Allah put a light in their whips until they reached their houses.  This is a Karaamah from Allah, Exalted and Lofty is He.  And like what happened to ‘Amr bin at-Tafeel  when he came to his people, ad-Daws, he said, “O Messenger of Allaah!  Make for me an Aayah (sign) that they can benefit from” So he (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) asked Allah to make for him an Aayah.  So He made for him a light like that of a lamp in his face.  He said: “O my Lord, in other than my face.” So Allah put it (the light) in his whip.  When he raised it up, it would fill with light like a lamp.  So it was an Aayah for his people.  So Allah guided them because of it and they became Muslim. This is a Karaamah.  However, they (the Awliyaa) do not know the unseen, nor do they have free disposal over the affairs except with what Allah permits and what He gives them – Exalted and Lofty is He…

(end of the speech of Shaikh Bin Baz)

 

 

 

 

The following translated from:

http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_16931.shtml

The belief (tareeqah) of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah with regards to the Awliyaa and the Imaams

The Imaams of this Islamic Legislation, and to Allah is due all the praise, are well-known Imaams whom the Ummah has praised and known their value.  However, it is not believed that they are infallible. Because there is none according to Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah who is protected from (making) mistakes nor from acknowledging the mistake except for the Messenger – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam.   He was protected (by Allaah) from (making) mistakes (in the religion).  As for other than him, then no matter what level he has reached in being an Imam, he is still not infallible, ever.  Everyone makes mistakes. And everyone will have his speech taken (when he is in agreement with the Quran and Sunnah on the understanding of the Salaf) or left (when his speech opposes that) except for the Messenger of Allah – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – whom Allah, The Most High, has commanded us to obey unconditionally (in all cases).

So they (Ahlus Sunnah) say, undoubtedly, that there are Imaams in this Ummah, and undoubtedly there are Awliyaa in it, however, we do not intend by that to affirm infallibility for anyone from these Imaams, nor (do we intend by that) to affirm for anyone from the Awliyaa that he knows the unseen or has free disposal over the creation.  Nor do they (Ahlus Sunnah) consider to be a Walee (singular of Awliyaa) everyone who says that he is a Walee or who brings false propaganda with the purpose of drawing the people to him.  They (Ahlus Sunnah) say: Indeed Allah, The Most High, has made clear who the Walee is in His statement (translated):

No doubt! Verily, the Auliyâ’ of Allâh [i.e. those who believe in the Oneness of Allâh and fear Allâh much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which he has forbidden), and love Allâh much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve,

 

Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism), and used to fear Allâh much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by doing righteous deeds).” (Yunus 10:62-63)6

These are the Awliyaa: Those who believe (have eemaan) and have taqwaa. So Eemaan (faith) is: The Aqeedah (belief system).  And Taqwaa is: (good) deeds, whether from speech or actions.

And Shaikh ul Islam (Ibn Taymiyyah) took (came up with) from this verse (10:63) a good expression and it is his statement:

من كان مؤمناً تقياً كان لله ولياً

“Whoever is a believer and has taqwaa is a Walee of Allaah”

This is the Walee in reality.  The Walee is not the one who draws the people to him, who gathers attendants (about him) and says, “I did (this)”, who seeks the help of the devils to try to find out the hidden matters, who dazzles the people with his speech so that they say: “This is a Walee”

No, because al-wilaayah7 comes from following the Messenger – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam, and from a person’s Eemaan and his taqwaa. So if he is a Believer who has taqwaa, then he is a Walee.

Additionally, it is not necessary for every Walee that Allah gives him a Karaamah8. How numerous are the Awliyaa who have no Karaamah.  Because the Karaamah, most of the time, doesn’t come except to support the truth or repel falsehood.  It doesn’t come to make someone firm through seeing it with his eyes.  Therefore it is not obligatory for every Walee to have a Karaamah.  It may be that a Walee lives and dies and he does not have any Karaamah. And it may be that (a Walee) has numerous Karaamaat.  

The People of Knowledge say that every Karaamah for a Walee is indeed an Aayah for the Prophet whom he is following.  And I dont say “Mu’jizah” because it is more befitting that we call it an Aayah.  Because this is a Quranic expression (i.e. “Aayah”) and “Aayah” is more eloquent than “mu’jizah”. Because the meaning of “Aayah” is: a sign for the truthfulness of the Messenger who brought it.  Whereas the “mu’jizah” may happen at the hand of a magician or a strong person may do something which other than him are unable to do.  However, the expression: “Aayah” is more eloquent and more precise and it is a Quranic expression.  So that we call the “mu’jizaat” “Aayaat” is what is correct.

There are some people in this Ummah, according to what we have heard, who claim that they are Awliyaa.  However, whoever contemplates their situation finds that they are far from al-wilaayah and that they have no share in it (al-wilaayah).  However, they have devils who help them with whatever they want, so they use that to deceive the simple-minded people.

(end of Shaikh Uthaymeen’s speech)

 

 

 

The following question was answered by the Lajnah Daa’imah (Permanent Committee) consisting of the Scholars: Shaikh Bin Baz, Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq al Afeefee, Shaikh Ghudyaan, Shaikh Fawzaan, Shaikh Abdul Azeez Aalush-Shaikh (current Grand Mufti) and one other.

 

Fourth Question of Fatwa no. 164269

 

Q: What is the difference between the “Mu’jizah” and the “Karaamah”? And who are the “Awliyaa” of Allah?  Please give us a fatwa and we hope that Allah rewards you

 

 

A: The “Mu’jizah” is something out of the ordinary that Allah causes to happen at the hand of a Prophet as a confirmation of the truth that is with him which men are not capable of doing.  Like the she-camel (that came out of the middle of a rock10) of (Prophet) Saalih – peace be upon him.  And like the hand and stick of Musa11. And (like) the mu’jizah (miracle) of the Quran (revealed) to Muhammad – alayhe as-salaatu was-salaam.

 

And the “Karaamah” is something out of the ordinary that Allah causes to happen at the hand of a righteous servant as an honor to him, like in the story of Maryam, and the Companions of the Cave (mentioned in suratul Kahf (18)).  And this karaamah is a mu’jizah for the Prophet – sallallahu alayhe wa sallam – whom the righteous servant is following.  Because he doesn’t receive it (karaamah) except by being truthful in his following of him (the Prophet).  And it is not affirmed that it is a karaamah except when it occurs from one who is known to be upright following the legislation of (revealed to) Muhammad – (we ask that) Allah raise his rank and grant him peace.

 

With Allah is the success.  And peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his Companions and followers.

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

 

 

 

1Translation of these two verses taken from www.thenoblequran.com

2Shaikh Uthaymeen mentioned that Shaikhul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah came up with an expression based on verse 10:63 regarding who is a Walee (sg of Awliyaa):

مَنْ كَانَ مُؤْمِنًا تَقِيًّا كَانَ لله وَلِيًّا

Whoever is a Believer and has taqwaa is a Wali of Allah”

See: http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_16931.shtml

 

3Translation of this verse taken from www.thenoblequran.com

4Karaamah: the name of a miracle or something extraordinary that Allah gives to His righteous servants (other than the Prophets -their miracles are named “mu’jizah” and Shaikh Uthaymeen said that it is more befitting to call a miracle of the Prophets an “Aayah”)

5Walee is the singular of Awliyaa

6Translation of these two verses taken from www.thenoblequran.com

7Al-wilaayah: in this context – what makes someone a Walee

8Karaamah: the name of a miracle or something extraordinary that Allah gives to His righteous servants (other than the Prophets -their miracles are named “mu’jizah” and Shaikh Uthaymeen said that it is more befitting to call a miracle of the Prophets an “Aayah”)

9Translated from: www.alifta.net

10

وقد أتاهم بناقة أخرجها الله له من الصخرة

And he (Prophet Saalih) brought them a she-camel that Allah had made to come out of a large rock for him”

See Tafseer Muyassar for verse 26:155 www.qurancomplex.com

11

فألقى موسى عصاه فتحولت ثعبانًا حقيقيًا, ليس تمويهًا كما يفعل السحرة, وأخرج يده مِن جيبه فإذا هي بيضاء كالثلج من غير برص، تَبْهَر الناظرين

So Musa threw his stick and it turned into a real live serpent, not a fake like the sorcerer’s do.  And he brought his hand out from his pocket and suddenly it was white like snow – without any leprosy – dazzling the onlookers”

See Tafsir Muyassar for verses 26:32-33 www.qurancomplex.com